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Full text of "Nautical terms : in English and French and French and English"

NAUTICAL TEEMS 



ENGLISH AND FRENCH and ERENCH AND ENGLISH 



THE COPYRIGHT 

Of this Dictionary of Nautical Terms includes the following 
points : — 

I. The translation of all words and phrases given in the following 
pages which have not previously appeared in any other book. 

11. The notes and explanations given in various parts of the Vocabu- 
lary. 

•III. Portions of the Tables which are strictly original matter. 

IV. Tables published in this volume for the very first time, and not to 
be found elsewhere. 



NAUTICAL TERMS 

IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH AND FRENCH 
AND ENGLISH 

FOR THE USE OF NAVAL OFFICERS AND NAVAL CADETS 



LEON I^ELBOS, M.A., etc. 

Instructor in H.M,S. '^ Britannia^' 



FOURTH EDITION 

THOROUGHLY REVISED AND CONSIDERABLY ENLARGED 
WITH ADDITIONAL PLATES 




WILLIAMS & NORGATE 

[4 HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN, LONDON 
AND 7 BROADl STREET, OXFORD 

1902 






Firs I Edition, 1888 ; reprinted, i8go 
Third Edition, i8g6. 
Fourth Edition, jgo2. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Preface to the Fourth Edition . . . . vii 

Preface to Third Edition ix 

Preface to Second Edition xi 

Vocabulary — 

English-French i 

French-English 215 

Tables— French Metric System of Weights and 

Measures 422 

I. — Measures of Length, Capacity, Weight and 

Surface 424 

II. — Conversion of Metric Weights and Measures 

into English 426 

III. — Comparison of English with Metrical Weights 

and Measures 427 

IV. — English and French Coins and Bank-notes . 428 

V. — The English Barometric Scale in French Milli- 
metres 429 

VI. — The Thermometers 430 

VII. — Fahrenheit Degrees into Centigrades . . 432 

VIII. — English Fathoms into Metres . . , . 433 

948985 



VI CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

IX.— Metres into English Fathoms .... 433 

X.— Tide Signals in French Harbours . . . 435 

XI. — Abbreviations and Signs used on Admiralty 

Charts 436 

XII. — Alphabetical Lists of Initial Letters assigned 
to the various ports of England, Wales, 
Scotland, Ireland, France, Belgium, Holland, 
Germany, and Denmark, for the purposes of 
. Registry of Sea Fishing Boats, under the 
North Sea Fisheries Convention . . 439 

XIII. — The New International Code, Compulsory 

since ist January 1902 . . . ,445 

XIV.— International Code (Distant Signals) . . 447 

XV.— The Semaphore , . . . . . 449 

XVI.— Weather Signals . . . . . .451 

XVII. — Vessels' Lights as seen by the Lookout Man . 453 

XVIII. — Plate I., Insignes des Grades dans la Marine 

anglaise 455 

Plate II., Badges of Rank in the French Navy 457 

XIX. — Corresponding Ranks in the English and French 

Navies 458 

XX. — Plate I., English Distinguishing Flags . . 460 
Plate II., French Distinguishing Flags . 461 



PREFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION. 



This new edition has been carefully and thoroughly re- 
vised, and, it is confidently hoped, correspondingly improved. 
The French-English part is now given in full, instead of, 
as hitherto, with somewhat inconvenient references to the 
English-French part. 

The additions, which are very numerous, and among 
which are several most useful tables never before printed in 
any similar work, have not been made with a view to mere 
increase of bulk. The object constantly and steadily 
aimed at has been to provide officers of the Naval service 
with a really useful, and essentially modern, vocabulary of 
sea terms and expressions. No attempt has therefore been 
made at absolute completeness. Indeed, if we but bear in 
mind that of all technical languages the sea language is 
the richest in vocables, and the most varied in forms of 
expression, we shall have but little difficulty in realising the 
fact that absolute completeness cannot be easily obtained. 
The language of sailors has indeed been enriched by all or 
nearly all the other technical languages. The Naval 
architect, the soldier, the artillerist, the astronomer, the 
mathematician, the physicist, the naturalist, the engineer, 



Vlll PREFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION. 

the business man, the artificer, the mechanic, and a host 
of others, have all contributed to the wealth of its 
vocabulary by importing into it many of the words and ex- 
pressions derived from their own technical phraseology. 
Hence the utter impossibility of obtaining absolute com- 
pleteness within the compass of a single volume -of moderate 
size. 

Besides, is completeness such a desideratum? 

By no means. For general purposes absolute complete- 
ness is not required, and is positively useless and cumber- 
some. What is wanted is an essentially modern and up- 
to-date book, or, in plain words, a book supplying Naval 
officers with the ordinary sea vocabulary of the present time 
— that is, the vocabulary composed of words in constant use 
in sea-faring life, and found in books most likely to prove 
useful to a sailor, or bearing upon his profession. Now the 
many thousand words contained in this book, the numerous 
phrases and expressions given on almost every page, the 
information imparted here and there by means of notes, 
and, above all, the unremitting care bestowed upon the 
work for many years, contribute to make us hope that the 
object aimed at has been reached, and that this new edition 
supplies the requirements of Naval officers to their fullest 
extent. 

L. D. 

H.M.S. ''Britannia;' 

Dartmouth, March 1902. 



PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION. 



In this new edition, which is considerably larger than the 
preceding ones, the object constantly kept in view has 
not been so much to give a complete Vocabulary of all 
Nautical Terms as to make an essentially modern book. 
To attain this desirable end, great prominence has been 
given to words having reference to modern ship-building, 
gunnery, torpedoes, etc., etc., whilst a goodly number of 
now almost obsolete words have been purposely omitted. 
Nevertheless, it must not be understood from this that the 
old sea language has been completely expunged ; for whilst 
it has been remembered that the Nautical vocabulary has 
greatly altered during the last forty or fifty years, it has not 
been forgotten either that old expressions are still much 
used, and will continue to be so, as long as sailing vessels 
are not a thing of the past. 

Although the chief aim has been to make a book suited 
to the special wants of Naval officers, the claims of the 
Merchant Navy have not been forgotten, as will be seen 
from the insertion of commercial and maritime law terms. 

It has not either been forgotten that there are a good 
many books, both in the English and French tongues, in 



X PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION. 

which the old sea language is alone used ; and as several of 
these books are still much read, some of the expressions and 
words they contain, though now quite obsolete, have how- 
ever been inserted when they have been deemed necessary 
to a full understanding of the text. 

As this book has been in use on board H.M.S. 
" Britannia " for several years past, the opportunities of 
discovering defects and correcting mistakes have been ample, 
and have not a little contributed to the improvement of this 
new edition. The perusal of numerous works on naval 
engineering, ship-building, theoretical and practical gunnery, 
the many visits paid to various dockyards and ships of war, 
the particulars obtained from naval officers and others, and 
also a certain amount of practical experience, have enabled 
the author to make a selection which, if it is still far from 
perfection, is confidently believed to be far in advance of 
the previous ones. 

A special feature of this edition is that it contains, in 
addition to numerous sea phrases and words given here for 
the first time, a French-English Vocabulary. 

In short, the pains that have been taken in ascertaining 
the true rendering of every word and phrase have been such 
that their accuracy can hardly form the object of a doubt. 

L. D. 
H.M.S. '^Britannia,'' 

Dartmouth, May 1896. 



PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION. 



The first tentative edition of this book appeared about a 
year ago. Since then no pains have been spared to rid it 
of the few mistakes which, in spite of the greatest care, had 
crept into it. Hence this new edition, which has undergone 
important alterations, and which it has been my constant 
endeavour to render as useful and accurate as possible. 

Before entering into details, I wish to mention four persons 
who have taken a keen interest in this work. They are 
Captain F. Bedford, C.B.,* Aide-de-camp to the Queen, and 
one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty ; Admiral 
Barrera, of the French Navy, and Director of a department 
of the French Admiralty; Captain t S. F. Noel Digby, 
of H.M.S. "Britannia"; and the Rev. J. C P. Aldous, 
Chaplain to Cadets, and Chief Instructor on board H.M.S. 
" Britannia." 

To Captain Bedford I am indebted for a list of words 
now frequently used, as well as for some important remarks 
and corrections. Admiral Barrera has had the kindness to 



* Now Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick G.D. Bedford, K.C.B. 
t Now Vice-Admiral. 



Xll PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION. 

furnish me with particulars which I could not have obtained 
without his assistance, and which are not to be found in any 
book. He has taken the trouble to enlighten me, not once 
only, but at several different times. Captain Digby has 
given me a list of words, and explanations on some doubt- 
ful points, whilst Mr. Aldous has furnished me with some 
important additions and corrections. 

To all these gentlemen I tender my best thanks, not only 
for the trouble they have taken, but also for the encourage- 
ment which their friendly interest has given me to prosecute 
a task which, after all, bristles with numerous difficulties. 
These difficulties are far from being imaginary, since, of all 
the recent books on Nautical Terms, there is hardly one free 
from mistakes. The work of Lieut. Tiret, of the French 
Navy, is still the only one which can be trusted. Unfortu- 
nately, it is too bulky, and does not give certain words in 
frequent use nowadays. The other books are neither com- 
plete nor correct. Sometimes the English is not English, 
or the translation is faulty; and, moreover, these defects 
are found on every page. For instance, no one, not even 
Lieut. Tiret, has yet given the correct translation of such 
important terms as compass error and variation. Such are 
the reasons which induce me to say that this book is much 
more correct than those which have preceded it. 

I may be permitted to add that my experience of sea 
matters has been principally acquired afloat, and in my 
numerous and frequent visits to French and English dock- 
yards. All the principal terms used in naval ordnance, as 
well as in the theory and practice of navigation, the building 
of war-ships, etc., etc., and the words of command most use- 
ful to officers of the Fleet, will be found in this edition. 



PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION. Xlll 

A great number of words in frequent use nowadays will 
also be found, though no other book of the same kind has 
as yet given them : for instance, search lights collision mat, 
military tops, etc.; as well as notes which no manual of sea 
terms has ever thought of giving, such, for example, as under 
the words, bow f aye, aye! compass error, port and starboard, 
dog watch, and many others. 

Moreover, the alphabetical order which we have adopted 
is undoubtedly the best. It allows one to find a word in a 
moment, without the necessity of referring to such-and-such 
a chapter. 

So as not to swell too much the size of this book, the 
phrases and expressions which it contains will be found 
under the characteristic word. For example, the expres- 
sions, y?«^ half-mast -high, tidal harbour, safety-valve, must be 
respectively looked for under the words, flag, harbour, and 
valve. 

The tables which are at the end of the Vocabulary are 
absolutely correct. 

L. D. 
H.M.S. ''Britannia,'' 

Dartmouth, May 1890. 



NAUTICAL TERMS 

IN ENGLISH AND IN FRENCH. 



aback (to be). 

throw all aback ! 

to be taken aback. 

sails aback. 
abaft. 

abandon (to), 
abandonment, 
abate (to). 
abeam. 

A. B. (able-bodied seaman), 
aboard. 

to fall aboard of a ship [to 
collide). 

haul the tacks aboard ! 

all aboard ! 

above board. 

above board (fig.). 

to lay an enemy aboard. 
about (to put). 

about ship I 
ready about ! 



etre masque. 

masquez partout ! 

faire chapelle. 

en pan?ie. 
a I'arriere. 
abandonner. 

I'abandon {m. ), le delaissement. 
tomber. 
par le travers. 
un gabier brevete. 
\ bord. 

aborder un navire. 

amurez ! 

embarquez ! 

au dessus du pont. 

(fig.) franchement, ouverte- 

ment. 
aborder l*ennemi en grand. 
changer d'amures; virer de 
bord. 
envoy ez I 
pare a virer! 



. ABREAST — ADMIRAL. 



abreast of. . 

abroad. 

a- burton (casks laida-burton) 

access. 

difficult of access. 

port easy of access. 
accommodations. 

accoimnodation ladde?-. 
accost (to). 
accounts. 

shifs accounts. 
achromatic. 

achromatic lens. 
achromatism, 
act (to) as . . . 

action (fight). 

naval action, 
to clear for action, 
to prepare for action, 
to get into action. 

to have been in actio7i. 

to have been killed in action. 

to be wounded in action. 



adjustment of compass. 

to adjust the compasses. 
admiral. 

vice-admiral, 
rear-admiral 
admiral superintendent. 



de front, a la hauteur de, par 
.' le travers. 
a I'etranger. 
. en breton, en travers. 
abord, m. 

d'un abord difficile. [able, 
port d'un abord facile^ abord- 
les amenagements, m. 
une echelle de coupee. 
accoster, aborder. 
les comptes, la comptabilite. 

la comptabilite du bord. 
achromatique. 

une lentille achromatique. 
I'achromatisme, m. 
faire fonction de . . . 
{ uoe action, un engagement. 
I une bataille, un combat, le feu. 
une bataille navale. 
faire bratile-bas de combat, 
se preparer au C07nbat. 
entrer en ligne. 
( avoir ete au feu. 
\ avoir vu le feu. 

etre mort aufeu. 
j etre blesse aufeu. 
I avoir re^u des blesswes aufeu. 
/ le reglage du compas. 
J la rectification du compas. 
( la regulation du compas. 
regler les compas. 
un amiral. 

un vice-amiral. 
un contre-a77iiral. 
le major de lafiotte. 



ADMIRAL— AIR. 



admiral of the fleet. un amiral de la flotte. 

The title of "Admiral of the Fleet" corresponds to that of 
Amiral de France. There are not at present any Aviiraux de 
France^ that distinction being reserved for those who may, at some 
future time, specially distinguish themselves in war. 

admiralty. Tamiraute, / In France : le 

ministere de la marine. 



First Lord of the Admiralty . 
admiralty warrant. J 

adrift. 

to go adrift. 

to get adrift upo?i a lee shore. 
advance note. 
adze, 
affidavit, 
afloat, 
afore, 
aft. 

the wind is dead aft. 

the wind is right aft. 

haul aft jib sheet I 

haul aft tJie sheets ! 
against the sun. 
aground. 

to run agroufid. 
ahead. 

go ahead I 
ahoy ! 

ship ahoy I 
aide-de-camp, 
aim (to). 

t/ie aim. 
air. 

air shaft. 



Le ministre de la marine. 

decision de Pamiraute {Engl.) 

decision mifiisterielle 
en derive. [ {France). 

alter a la dirive. 

s'affaler a la cote. 
une avance. 
une herminette. 
une declaration sous serment. 
a flot, sur mer. 
a Tavant, sur I'avant. 
I'arribre, w. 

le vent est entre deux ecoutes. 

le vent est droit derriere. 

bordez le foci 

bordez partout ! 
de droite a gauche, 
echoue, a terre. 

s'echouer (see under ru7i). 
en avant. 

en avant I 
oh ! ohe ! 

ohe I du navire. 
un aide de camp, 
viser. 

le but. 
I'air, w. 

le puits daerage. 



AIR — AMMUNITION. 



air-tight cases. 
a-]ee. 

hard a-lee ! 

heliTis a-lee ! 
all a taunto. 
all gone ! (the rope), 
all in the wind, 
allotment (to wives, &c.). 

More commonly, though 
all right ! all's well ! 
all's well starboard ! 
allowance (of food), 
allowance for (correction). 

allow a?ice for leeway. 
almanac. 

nautical almanac. 

nautical almanac office. 
aloft. 

aloft {o?i the look out). 

away aloft ! 
alongshore, 
alongside. 

to come alongside. 

to come close alongside. 
altitude. 

meridian altitude. 

circum-meridian altitude. 

observed altitude. 

apparent altitude. 
A.M., ante-meridiem. 
amain. 

strike amain ! 
amidships. 

helm amidships ! 
ammunition. 



cellules etancheSj f 
dessous. 

loffe toute ! 

la barre dessous ! 
au complet. 

I'amarre (/ ) est largue ! 
en ralingue. 
une delegation, 
not correctly, called la ddlegue. 
c'est bien ! bon quart ! 
bon quart tribord ! 
la ration, 
la correction. 

la correction de la derive. 
I'almanach, m. 

la connaissafice des te^nps. 

le biireau des longitudes. 
en haut, dans la mature. 

en vigie. 

en haut les gainers ! 
le long de la cote, 
bord a bord. 

accoster. 

accoster a toucher le bord: 
la hauteur, I'elevation, /. 

la hauteur meridienne. \en?ie. 

une hauteur circummeridi- 

la hauteur observee. 

la hauteur apparente. 
avant midi, du matin, M. 
en bande. 

larguez en bande ! 
par le travers. 

droite la barre ! or zero ! 
les munitions,/. 



AMMUNITION— ANCHOR. 



ammunition lift. 


la planchette de chargement. 


ammunition case. 


le j?ionte-charge. 


amplitude. 


I'amplitude,/ 


anchor. 


une ancre. 


. ithe arjns. 


<6 


I les bras, m. 


o. 
si 


the bill. 




le bee. 


o 

c 


the crown. 




le diamant. 


j3 j the flukes. 


0) 


les pattes, f. 


i \ the ring. 


la cigale, or forganeau, m. 


o 
i2 


tlie shank. 


en 


la verge. 


^ 


tJie shoe. 




la sole^ la sabatte. 


^ \the stock or beam. 




le fas. 


best bower anchor. 


ufie ancre de bossoir. 


small boiver anchor. 


la seconde ancre. 


hedge anchor. 


une ancre a jet. 


mushroom anchor. 


un crapaud d^amarrage. 


sheet anchor. 


une ancre de veille. 


stream atichor. 


une ancre de touee. 


spare anchor. 


une ancn de rechatige. 


anchor tumblers. 


le mouilleur. 


a?ichor watch. 


le quart de rade. 


tnooring-block. 


une ancre de corps mort. 


anchor (to). 


ancrer, mouiller. 


to anchor with a spring. 


s'embosser. 


to anchor by the stern. 


mouiller en croupiere. 


to back an anclior. 


empenneler une ancre. 


to bring to an anchor. 


mettre au poste de mouillage. 


to cast anchor. 


Jeter l" ancre. 


to cat the anchor. 


caponner fancre. 


to come to an afichor. 


venir au mouillage. 


to drag the anchors. 


chasser sur les ancres. 


to drop anc/wr. 


laisser tomber F ancre. 


i 


'J drop an anchor underfoot. 




mouiller une ancre en plomb 



to fish the anchor. 



de sonde, 
traverser fancre. 



ANCHOR — ANGLE. 



to heave up the a?ichor. 

to lay out an anchor. 

to lay out an anchor with 
the launch. 

to lie at anchor. ) 

to 7'ide at anchor. J 

to secure an anchor. 

to steer to the anchor, 

to steam hard to one^s anchor. 

to strea?n an anchor. 

to weigh anchor. 

let go the anchor ! 

let go the starboard anchor ! 

the anchor is catted. 

the anchor is clear. 

the anchor is a-peak. 

the anclior is a-trip. \ 

the anchor is a-iveigh. J- 

the anchor is coming home. ) 
anchorage, 
anemometer, 
aneroid, 
angle. 

angle of elevation {astr.). 

angle of depression. 

dihedral angle. 

hour angle. I 

horary angle. ( 

plane angle. 

polar angle. 

solid angle. < 



deraper Vancre. 
elonger une ancre I 
mouiller une ancre en creance. 



etre a Vancre^ etre mouille. 

saisir une a?icre. 
gouverner sur Vancre. 
marcher sur son ancre. 
mouiller une ancre. 
lever Vancre. 
mouillez I 
mouillez tribordl 
Vancre est caponnee. 
Vancre est claire. 
Vancre est a pic. 

Vancre est derapee. 

le mouillage. 
un anemometre. 
un aneroide. 
un angle. 

la hauteur angulaire. 

angle de depression. 

un angle diedre. 



un angle horaire. 



un angle plan, 
un angle polaire. 
un angle triedre. 
un angle poly edre. 



A solid angle is called angle triedre when formed by three planes, 
not in the same plane and meeting at one point, and angle poly edre 
when there are more than three planes. 



ANGLE — ARMS. 



spherical angle* 
angle-iron, 
angular distance, 
antarctic. 

anti-fouling composition, 
antipodes, 
aphelion, 
apogee. 

apprentice (merchant ser- 
vice), 
apron (timber), 
apsides (line of), 
arc (geometry). 

arc of sextant. 
archipelago, 
arctic. 
Aries. 

first point of Aries. 
armour (of ships). 

armour plate. 

compound armour plates. 

steel armour plates. 

steelfaced armour plates. 

armour shelf 

soft armour. 

hard armour. 
armoured, 
armourer, 
arm rack, 
arms. 

small arms. 

side arms. 



un angle spherique. 
une corniere. 
la distance angulaire. 
antarctique. 
un enduit preservatif. 
les antipodes, m. 
aphelie, /. 
I'apogee, m. 
un novice. 

la contre-etrave. 
la ligne des apsides, 
un arc. 

Varc du limbe. 
un archipel. 
arctique. 
le Belier. 

le poi?it vernal. 
un blindage, une cuirasse. 

une plaque de blindage. 

plaques or blindages mixtes. 

plaques or blindages en 
acier. 

plaques a revetement d! acier. 

la lisse tablette. 

des plaques douces. 

des plaques dures. 
blinde, w., blindee, / 
le maitre armurier. 
un ratelier d'armes. 
les armes,/. 

petites armes. 

arm^s blanclies. 



Side arms. Annes blanches is the usual rendering, though it is 
not absolutely the correct one. Any weapon made of steel or iron, 



ARMS — A-WEIGH. 



and either cutting or piercing, or both, is termed, in French, arme 
blanche^ but not so in English. For example, a pistol which in 
English is a " side-arm " must not be called ime arme blanche^ but 
unearme a feu. 



fire arms, 
portable arms. 
arsenal. 

articles of war. 
artillery. 

■ heavy artillery. 

marine artillery, 

artillery butts. 
ascension (right), R.A. 
ashes, 
ashore, 
astern. - 

to back astern. 

astern of us. 

go astern 1 
asteroids, 
astronomy. 

nautical astronomy. 
asymptotes, 
athwart. 

athwart hawse. 

to come athwart of. 

to fall athwart of 
Atlantic. 

Atlantic Ocean. 

an Atlantic liner. 
atolls. 

a-trip (the anchor is), 
a- weather, 
a-weigh (the anchor is). 



amies a feu. 

armes portatives. 
un arsenal, un port de guerre, 

un port militaire. 
le code militaire. 
I'artillerie, /. 

la grosse ar tiller ie. 

Partillerie de marine. 

un poly gone (Vartillerie. 
I'ascension droite,/, A.D, 
des escarbilles,/ 
a terre, sur terre. 
de Tarriere, arriere. 

scier or nager a cider, 

derriere nous. 

en arriere I 
les asteroides. 
astronomic,/. 

Pastronomie nautiquc. 
les asymptotes,/ 
par le travers de, en travers de. 

par le travers. 

venir en travers de. 

tomber en travers de. 
TAtlantique, m. 

r Ocean Atla?itique. 

un trajisatlantique. 
des atoUes, m. 
derapee (I'ancre est), 
au vent, 
derapee (I'ancre est). 



AURORA — AYE. 9 

aurora borealis. une aurore boreale. 

j un batiment mixte. 
auxiliary screw (ship with). < un vaisseau a helice auxiliaire. 

» un vaisseau a machine aux- 

avast ! tiens bon ! [iliaire. 

avast heaving ! tiens bon virer ! 

awash. a fleur d'eau. 

7 L ^ 7 i i^^i^ roche a fleur d'eau. 

a rock awash at low \ , . , , , 

. \ une roche qui decouvre a maree 

ivater. \ , ^ 

I basse. 

away there ! les canot ers embarquent ! 

aivay there ist cutter ! les canotiers r embarquent ! 

awkward squad (the). le peleton des arrieres. 

awning. un tendelet, une tente. 

rain awning. un taud. 

to spread an aivning. /aire u?te tente. 

ridge of an awning, la titiire dune tente. * 

axe. une hache. 

axis (of the Earth). I'axe, in. (de la terre). 

axis {of the heavens). Vaxe {du mo fide). 

aye, aye ! {aiiswer to an order), bien monsieur ! bien command- 
ant ! &c., &c. 

The answer according to the rank of the person. An admiral is 
addressed as "Amiral," a captain as "Commandant," a Heuten- 
ant as " Capitaine,"and officers of the Civil branch " Monsieur." 

aye, aye ! (answer to a challenge) :—7:4d? coxswain, in the 
French Navy, answers as follows : If there is in the boat an 
officer superior to the rank of captain — Amiral ! (Eng. Flag !). 
If the officer is the captain of the ship —Commandant ! (Eng. name 
of ship). If he is the captain of another ship, the name of the 
ship is mentioned first — ' CoU'crt,' commandant ! If any other 
superior oflicer — Officier superieur ! Jf any other officer — Officier ! 
(Eng. ' Aye, aye !'). If there is no officer, and the boat is 
going to the ship which challenged her, the coxs7vain answers — 
A bord ! (Eng. ' No, no !'). If not going on board that ship — 
Rade ! 



10 



AYE — BAND. 



aye, aye ! (answer to a call). 

azimuth. 

azimuthal. 



voila ! 

azimut (sound the /), m. 

azimutal. 



back! back astern! (with oars). 

back astern ! {on steamers). 

back port I 
back board (of a boat), 
to back a boat, 
to back a sail, 
back stays. 

preventer back stays. 
backing (of armour). 

backing and filling. 
backwater, 
badge. 

bag (of a sailor), 
bagpipe (to) the mizzen. 
bale sling, 
bale out (to). 

to bale out a boat. 
baler, 
ballast. 

to ballast. 

to sail in ballast. 

to trench the ballast. 
ballistic. 

ballistic pendulum. 

the ballistic power of mod- 
ern ordnance is very great. 
band (the) (music). 

bandsman, 

band-master. 



B. 

sciez ! nagez a culer ! 

e7i arriere ! 

sciez bdbordl 
le dossier (d'un canot). 
faire culer un canot. 
masquer une voile, 
les galhaubans, m. 

galhaubans volants. 
le matelas. [dedans. 

deriver vent dessus vent 
le remous. 

une marque de distinction, 
le sac (d'un matelot). 
faire faire le sac a I'artimon. 
une elingue en double, 
vider. 

vider Peau d^un canot. 
une escope. 
le lest. 

tester. 

alter sur lest. 

ar rimer le lest. 
la balistique. 

le pendule balistique. 

la puissance balistique de, 
rartillerie moderne est tres 
la musique. [grande 

un musicieti. 

le chefde musique. 



BANK— BATTERV. 



II 



bank (of a river). 

bank {of a canal). 
banker (Newfoundland boat), 
bar of the capstan. 

bar of iron. 

bar {of harbour). 
barge. 

admiraVs barge. 
bargeman, 
barnacle, 
barqut. 
barometer.* 

marine barometer. 

the barometer is rising. 

the barometer is falling. 
barquantine. 
barratry, 
barrel (of a rifle). 

barrel {cask). 

barrel {of capstan). 
barricoe. 
basin (of a dock). 

tidal basin. 
batten. 

to batten down the hatches. 
battery. 

floating battery. 

barbette battery. \ 

barbette battery ship, 
central battery. 



la rive. 

la berge. 
un terreneuvien. 
une barre de cabestan. 

une barre defer. 

la barre {d'un port). 
une allege, une gabare, un 

canot. 

le ca?iot de Pamiral. 
un marinier, un batelier. 
un cravan. 
un trois-mats. 
un barom^tre. 

le barotnetre marin. 

le barotnetre monte. 

le barometre baisse. 
un trois-mats goelette. 
la baraterie. 
le canon (d'un fusil). 

un baril. [cabestan). 

la fusee or la cloche {du 
un baril de galere. 
un bassin. 

un bassin a tnaree. 
une batte, une tringle. 

condamner les panneaux. 
la batterie. 

un batterie flottante. 

une batterie barbette. 

une tourelle barbette. 

navire a batterie barbette. 

le reduit central. 



* For comparison between English and French barometric scales, see 
Table V. at the end of the book. 



12 



BATTLE — BEARING. 



battle ship. un navire de guerre. 

first-class battle ship. un cuirasse (Vescadre. 

The Amir at Baudin and Redoutahle are cuirassds d'escadre. 



bay. 
beach. 

to beach. 

to beach a boat stern foremost. 
beaching (a boat), 
beacon. 

beam (of anchor), 
beam (of deck). 

breadth of beam. 

on the beam. 

on the port beam. 

before the beam. 

right abeam, 

abaft the beam. 

on her beam ends. 
Bear (the great). 

to bear away. 

to bear down. 

to bear doivn upon an enemy. 

to bear up. 

bear up ! 
bearing (to take the) of. 

to take the bearings of the 
lighthouse. 

the lighthouse bears N. N.E. 

to lay off the bearings upon 
a chart. 

cross bearings. 

the bearing, 

compass bearing. 

true bearing. 

magnetic bearing. 



une baie. 

la plage, la greve. 

echouer^ faire cote. 

faire cote Parriere le premier. 
faire cote. 

une balise, un fanal. 
le jas (d'une ancre). 
un bau, un barrot. 

la largeur. 

par le travers. 

par le travers de bdbord. 

sur Pavant du travers. 

droit par le travers. 

sur farriere du travers. 

navire engage. 
la Grande Ourse. 

porter au large. 

arriver sur. 

arriver sur un ennemi. 

laisser arriver. 

laissez arriver I 
relever. 

re lever le phare. 

le phare est au N.N.E. 
porter les relevements sur la 

carte, 
des relevements qui seer oisent. 
le relevement. 
un relevement au compas. 
un relevement vrai. 
un relevement magneti^ue. 



BEARING— BEND. 



13 



to correct a dearmg. 
bearings (engineering). 

bearifig of engine. 
beat to arms (to), 
beat to windward (to). 

to beat out to sea. 

to beat to quarters. 
becalm (to), 
becket. 

becket {for bottom of block). 

swab becket. 
bed (of a river). 

bed (of the bowsprit) the. 
beeseating (of the bowsprit), 
beesblocks (of the bowsprit), 
behaviour (of a ship), 
belay (to). 

belay ! 
belaying cleat. 

belaying pin. 
bell. 

to ring the bell. 

to strike the bell {to indicate 
the time). 

bell buoy. 
belly (of a sail), 
below. 

the watch below. 
belt (of armour). 

belts of Jupiter. 
bend. 

to bend a rope. 

to bend a sail. 

to bend jibs. 



corriger un relevement. 
les coussinets, vi. 

une portee. 
battre le rappel. 
louvoyer. 

gagner le large. 

battre aux champs. 
abreyer, encalminer. 
une garcette, une petite erse. 

un ri?igot. 

une es trope defaubert. 
le lit (d'une riviere, d'un 

fleuve). 
le coussin (du beaupre). 
la tete (du beaupre). 
les violons (du beaupre). 
les qualites (/.) nautiques. 
amarrer. 

amarrez ! 
un taquet. 

un cabillot. 
la cloche. 

sonner la cloche. 

piquer Pheure. (See note 
under '"Watch.") 

U7ie bouee a cloche. 
le creux d'une voile, 
en bas. \service. 

la bord'ee qui n'est pas de 
une ceinture blindee. 

les ba?ides de Jupiter. 
un noeud. 
f rapper. 

enverguer une voile. 

garnir les foes. 



BEND — BITTER. 



to bend (a cable), 
to bend the sheets, 
bends {of a ship). 

carrick bend. 

double bend. 

fisherman^ s bend. 

single bend. 

studding sail halyard bend. 
beneaped. 
berth (cot). 

berth {post). 

berth {alongside a wharf). 

sick berth or bay. 

to shift a berth. 

to give a wide berth. 
besiege (to). 
bight (of a rope), 
bight (of a coast), 
bilboes. 

in bilboes. 
bilge water. 

bilge pieces. 

bilge pump. 

bilge ejector. 
bill of health. 

bill of lading. 

bill board. 
billows, 
binnacle, 
biscuit. 

biscuit dust. 
bite (to) (like the anchor), 
bitt (to), 
bitter. 



etalinguer. 

frapper les ecoutes. 

lespreceintes,f. {dhm navire). 

un noeud d^ajut. 

un noeud de vache. 

un noeud d'ecoute double. 

un noiud d'etalingure de 

un nceud d'ecoute. \grelin. 

un noeud de drisse de bonnette. 
echoue aux mortes-eaux. 
un gite. 

le poste. 

le poste d'amarrage. 

le poste des malades. 

changer de mouillage. 

eviter, donner du tour a. 
assieger. 

le double (d'une manoeuvre). 
Tenfoncement, m. (d'une cote). 

les fers, nt. pi. 

auxfers. 
I'eau de la cale. 

les quilles later ales y f. 

line pompe de cale. 

un ejecteur. 
la patente de sante. 

le connaissement. 

plan incline de traversiere. 
les vagues, /.//., les flots, 7n.pi. 
I'habitacle, m. 
du biscuit. 

de la machemoure. 
mordre. 
bitter, 
un tour de manoeuvre. 



BITTS — BLOW. 



15 



bitts. 
gallows bits or stanchions. 

main bitts. 

small bitts. 
bitt-pin. 

to bitt the cable. 
blacksmith, 
blade (of an oar). 

blade {of a sword). 
blast engine, 
block (pulley). 

block maker. 

dead block, 
'fish block. 

heel block. 

jewel block. 

7iine-pifi blocks. 

shoulder block. 

single block. 

snatch block. 

tail block. 

top block. 

the bouching {of a block)' 

the pin {of a block). 

the score {of a block). 

the sheave {of a block). 

the shell {of a block). 

blocks {ship building). 

^flooring block. 
blockade. 

to blockade. 

blockade runner. 

to raise the blockade. 
blow (to). 



les bittes,/. 

mojitants {m.)debarresseches. 

la potence de drome. 

les grandes bittes. 

bitons^ m. 
la paille de bittes. 

prendre le tour de bittes. 
un forgeron. 
la pelle d'un aviron. 

la lame. 
un ventilateur centrifuge, 
une poulie. 

un poulieur. 

une poulie a moque. 

poulie de traversiere. 

poulie a talon. 

poulie de bout de vergue. 

les marionnettes^ f 

poulie a sabot. 

poulie simple. 

une poulie coupee. 

poulie afouet. 

poulie de guifideresse. 

le de. 

Pessieu^ m. 

rengoujure, m. 

le rea^ le rouet. 

la caisse. 

les tinSf m. 

une ancre de corps 7nort. 
le blocus. 

bloquer, 

un farceur de blocus. 

lever le blocus. 
souffler, venter. 



i6 



BLOW — BOARD. 



the wind blows from the 

zvest, 
it is blowing hard, 
it is blowing fresh. 

it is going to blow hard. ^ 

the storm will soonblow over . 
to blow up. 

to blow up a ship {to cause 

to blow up), 
the blowing up. 
the ship blew up. 
he blew up ten of the 

enemy's ships, 
the blowing up of the pow- 
der magazine zvas heard 
several miles off. 
blow with the fist (slang), 
blow-off pipe, 
blowing off (the boilers), 
blue peter. 

blue jacket. < 

the blue jackets of the fleet. 
bluff (cliff), 
bluff (bulging). 

bluff bowed. 
board (on). 

the hands on board. 

to make a stern board. 

on board my ship. 

on board their ship. 

on board English vessels. 

on board the Britannia. 



le vent souffle de Pouest. 

il fait une tempete. 
ilfratchit. 
il va venter dur. 
ca va souffler dur. 
il va faire une tempete. 
ca ne soufflera pas longtemps. 
sauler. 
faire sauter u?i navire. 

r explosion^ f 

le navire sauta. 

il fit sauter dix des ?2avires 
ennemis. 

Vexplosion de la poudriere 
s^ente?idit aplusieurs 7nilles 
de let. 
un pare a virer (argot), 
le tuyau d'extraction. 
purger (les machines), 
le pavilion de partance. 
un marin de la flotte. 
un Mathurin. 

les equipages de la flotte. 
une falaise. 
renfle-e. 

renfie de Vavant. 
a bord. 

les hommes du bord. 

culer. 

a mon bord. 

a leur bord. 

a bord des vaisseaux Anglais. 

a bord du Britannia. 



BOARD — BOATMAN. 



17 



to board (as an enemy). 

to board (as a friend), 
board ! 

Board of Health. 
Board of Trade. 

by the board (overboard). 
boarders (boarding party), 
boarding, 
boat. 

boat building. 

ferry boat. 

fishing boat. 

Jolly boat. 

gun boat, 

life boat. 

open boat. 

pleasure boat. 

sailing boat. 

shore boat, 

steam boat. 

single-banked boat, 

double-banked boat. 

boat hook. 

boat ahoy 1 

boafs crew. 

to get into a boat. 

to jump into a boat. 

to man a boat. 

get the boat ready ! 
to boat. 

to boat the oars. 
boatman. 



aborder, monter a Vabordage, 
prendre a fabordage, 

aller a bord. 

a Vabordage I 

le bureau de la sante. 

le ministere de f agriculture et 
du commerce. 

par dessus le bord. 
la division d'abordage. 
abordage, ;;/. 
un canot, une embarcation, 

une barque. 

construction de bateaux. 

un bac, 

un bateau pecheur, 

un petit canot. 

une cano7iniere. 

un canot de sauvetage. 

un canot non ponte. 

un bateau d^agrement, 

un bateau a voiles. 

un bateau de terre. 

un bateau a vapeur, 

un canot arme en pointe. 

un canot a couple. 

une gaffe, 

ohe I du canot. 

les canotierSy m. 

embarquer dans un canot. 

sauter dans un canot. 

armer un canot. 

pare le canot ! 
embarquer, rentrer. 

rentrer les avirons. 
un batelier. 



18 



BOATSWAIN — BOOM. 



boatswain. J 

boatswain^ s mate(isi class). 

boatswain'' s wa/'^( 2nd class), 
bobstay. 
body (of a ship). 

body plan. 

body post. 

fore body. 

after body. 
boiler. 

to fill the boilers. 

to empty the boilers. 

fill the boiler ! 

boiler plate. 

boiler steel plate. 

boiler tubes. 

boiler testing. 

bursting of boiler. 

the boiler burst. 

tubulous boiler. 

water -tube boiler. 
bollards, 
bolster, 
bolt. 

eye bolt. 

ring bolt. 

screw bolt. 

starting bolt. 

bolt rope. 

bolt rope needle. 

bolt {of canvas). 
bonnet (of a sail), 
boom (of harbour). 



le maitre d'equipage. 
lemaitrede manoeuvre (usually 

called : le maitre). \oeuvre. 

le second maitre de man- 

le quartier do. do. 

la sous-barbe de beaupre. 
le corps (d'un navire). 

la projection transversale. 

Petambot avant, m. 

le couple de I'avant. 

le couple de Varriere. 
une chaudiere, un generateur. 
faire le plein des chaudieres. 

vider les chaudieres. 

faites le plein I 

de la tole. 

de la tole d'acier. 

les bouilleurs, m. 

une epreuve de chaudiere. 

une explosion de chaudiere. 

la chaudiere a fait explosion. 

une chaudiere tubulaire. 

une chaudiere a tubes d^eau. 
les apotres, m. 
un coussin d'elongis. 
une cheville, un boulon. 

une cheville a millet. 

une cheville a boucle. 

un boulon taraude. 

un repoussoir a manche. 

une ralingue. 

une aiguille a ralingue. 

une piece de toile a voiles. 
une bonnette maillee. 
une chaine, une estacade. 



BOOM— BOTTOMRY. 



19 



buovi {of a sail), 
boom irons, 
jib boom, 
flying jib boom, 
spaiiker boom, 
studding-sail boom, 
top up the boom ! 
to lie at the swifizink 



boom 



] 



to ride by the swingingboom 

lower the {swinging) booi7i ! 

top up the {sivinging) boom. 
boot topping (to give a), 
bore (of a gun). 

smooth bore. 

rifled bore. 

bore {on tidal river). 
bottom (of sea). 

foul bottom {for anchoring). 

no Iwttom ! 

stiff bottom {of sea) {clayey 
bottom). 

to sink to t/ie bottom. 
bottom (of ship). 

inner bottom, 
outer bottom, 
foul bottom {of ship), 
in British bottoms, 
in French bottoms, 
double bottom. 
flat bottomed, 
copper bottomed. 

bottomry. 

bottomry bond. 



le bout-dehors. 

les blins, m. 

le bout-dehors de foe. 

le bout-dehors de din foe. 

le gui. 

un bout-dehors de bonnettes. 

relevez le bout-dehors ! 

etre au tango n. 

croisez le tangon ! 

rentrez le ta?igon ! 
donner una demi-carene. 
le calibre, Tame,/ 

a dme lisse. 

a dme rayee. 

le mascaret^ la barre. 
le fond. 

un jftauvais fond. 

pas defond! 

un fond gras. 

couler a fond. 
la carene, les oeuvres vives, /. 

pi. la coque. 

la coque interieure. 

la coque exterieure. 

une carene sale. 

sous pavilion anglais. 

sous pavilion fran^ais. 

une double coque. 

a fond plat. 

double en cuivre. 
la bomerie. 
[ la grosse aventure. 

un contrat a la grosse. 



20 



BOTTOMRY — BOWSPRIT. 



bottomry interest. 
bound to, or for . . . (ship). 
outward bound. 

homeward bound. 
wJure are you bound to ? 

bounty on exports, 
bow. 

on the port bow. 

to cross the bow. 

to be down by the bow. 

bow chaser. 

bluff bowed. 

with double bow. 

tJu steam ferry betiveen 
Dartmouth and Kings- 
wear is double-bowed. 



le profit maritime. 
f navire en partance pour 



{ 



navire a destination de . . . . 

en partance pour 

a destination de 

sur son retour, en retour. 

oil allez-vous ? quelle est voire 

destination ? 
une prime d'exportation. 
I'avant, w., le bossoir. 

i, or par bdbord devant. 

courir a bord droits couper la 
route. 

etre sur le nez. 

une piece de chasse. 

renfle de I'avant. 

amphidrome. 

le bac a vapeur entre Dart- 
mouth et Kingswear est 
amphidrome. 



bow I — In gigs, and other small French boats, the bowmen take the 
boat-hook when the command, * Laissez allez!' 'Way enough!' 
is given. In cutters, and all double-banked boats, a whistle, or 
the words, * Rentrez devant ! ' give the bowmen the signal for taking 
the boat-hooks. 



le vogue-avant. 
la bouline. 

noiud de chaise double. 



nonud d'anguille. 
branches de bouline. 



bow-oar. 
bowline. 

bowline on the bight. 

running bowline. 

bowline bridles. 
bowlingalong(with free wind), courir largue. 
bowman. un brigadier, 

bowse (to). palanquer. 

to bowse to the compressor. fermer Vetrangloir. 
bowsprit. le beaupre. 



BOWSPRIT — BRACE. 



21 



the bed. 

the beesblocks. 

the beeseating, or /lead. 

the cap. 

the ganimoni?ig. 

the tenon. 

to run in the bowsprit. 
box the compass (to), 
boxhaul (to), by wearing 

short round, 
boxing off. 
boy (ship boy), 
brace. 

lee brace. 

weather brace. 

main brace. 

fore brace. 

main top sail brace, 

fore top sail brace. 

7?iain top gallant brace. 

fore top gallant brace. 

mizzen top sail brace. 

mizzen top gallant bi-ace. 

sprit sail brace. 

top sail brace. 

top gallant brace. 

to brace. 

brace in ! 

to brace aback. 

to brace all flat aback. 

to brace up. 

to brace the yards. 

brace tip fnain yard f 

starboard head braces ! 

haul taut weather braces ! 



le coussin. 
I les violons, m. 

la tete. 

la chouque. 

la liure. 

le tenon. 

re7itrer le beaupre. 
reciter la rose des vents, 
virer lof pour lof en masquant 

partout. 
contrebasser devant. 
un mousse, 
un bras. 

le bras de dessous le vent. 

le bras du vent. 

le grand bras. 

le bras de misaine. 

le bras de grand hunier. 

le bras de petit hunier. 

le bras de grand perroguet. 

le bras de petit perroguet. 

le bras de perroguet defougue. 

le bras de la perruche. 

le bras de la contrecivadiere. 

un bras de hune. 

un bras de perroguet. 

brasser. 

brassez ! 

brasser a culer. 

brasser a culer partout. 

orienter au plus pres. 

brasser les vergues. 

bras et bouli?ies derriere ! 

aux bras de tribord dc7-i'iere ! 

a hisser les hunier s ! 



22 



BRACE — BREECH. 



a brace (ship building). 

bracket (of gun). 

bracket plate. 

brail. 

to brail up. 

brake (of a pump). 

brass. 

sheet brass. 
breach of a sea over vessel, 
bread room, 

to break (like the waves), 
breakdown (to). 

for fear the engines might J 
break down. \ 

breakdown (a). 

a breakdown i?i the engine. 

for fear of a breakdown. 
breaking up (of the weather). 

breaking up of the monsoon. 

breaking up {pulling to pieces), 
breakers (danger). 

breakers ahead I 

breakers (casks). 
breakwater. 

stone breakwater. 
to bream, 
breast (to). 

to breast the waves. 

to breast the surf 
breastwork (of a ship). 

breastwork {fortification). 
breech (of a gun). 

breech loader. 



une liaison. 

la console. 

un tron^on. 

une cargue. 

carguer. 

le balancier, la bringuebale. 

le cuivre jaune. 
du laiton. 

un coup de mer. 

la soute au biscuit. 

deferler. 

manquer, avoir une avarie. 
de peur que les machines ne vins- 
sent a manquer, de peur d'une 
avarie dans les machines. 

une avarie. 

une avarie dans la machine. 

de peur d'une avarie. 
un changement (de temps). 

le renversement de la mousson. 

demolir. 
des brisants, m. 

des brisants devant ! 

barils {m.) de galore. 
un brise-lames. 

un enrochement. 
chauffer, 
attaquer de front. 

rencontrer les vagues. 

se maintenir droit a la lame. 
le fronteau de la dunette. 

un epaulement. 
la culasse. 

canon, ox fusil se chargeant par la 
culasse, or %xmr^\y pike-culasse. 



BREECH — BROACH. 



23 



breech block, i 

breech screw. .1 

breech chamber. 

to open the breech. 

to close the breech. 

blowing out of the breech. 
breeching (for gun), 
breeze. 

a fanning breeze. 

light l)reeze. 

land breeze. 

a stiff breeze. 

sea breeze. 

a spanking breeze. 

a breeze has sprung on the 
port bow. 

breezy. 
bridge (on a river). 

bridge {of steam-boat). 

swifig bridge. 
bridles (of the bowline), 
brig. 

brig of war. 
brigantine. 
brine-pump. 

brine-gauge. 
bring to (to). 

she is brought to. 

to bring to an anchor. 

we brought to an anchor 
i?i the port of Sydney. 

all hands bring ship to an 
anchor I 
broach to (to). 



la vis-culasse. 

le fosse. 

ouvrir la culasse. 

fei'mer la culasse. 

le deculassement. 
une brague. 
la brise. 

une brise molle. 

une petite brise. 

une brise de terre. 

une bonne brise. 

une brise de mer. 

une belle brise. 

la brise s'est levee sous le 
bossoir de bdbord. 

venteux. 
le pont. 

la passerelle. 

un pont tournant. 
Ics branches (de bouline). 
un brick. 

un brick de guerre. 
un brigantin. 
une pompe d'exhaustion. 

un salinometre. 
loffer, mettre en panne. 

son erre est coupee. 

mettre au poste de mouillage. 

nous vinmes Jeter r ancre dans 
le port de Sydney. 

chacun a son poste pour 
mouiller! 
lancer dans le vent, embarder 

au vent, lancer en travers. 



24 



BROAD — BULLET. 



broad arrow, 
broadside (of a ship). 

to corns broadside on to the 
enemy. 

to fire a broadside. 

to exchange broadsides. 

to deliver a broadside. 
broken backed (hogged), 
broken water, 
broker. 

ship broker. 
brokerage, 
bruise water. 

this vessel is a bruise tvater. 
buccaneer, 
bucket. 

bucket {for gtin). 
buckler (for hawse holes), 
buffers (hydraulic), 
bugle, bugler. 

bugle call. 
to build. 

English built. 
builder (ship), 
bulk. 

laden in bulk. 

to break bulk. 
bulkhead. 

water-tight bulkhead. 

longitudinal bulkhead. 

transverse bulkhead. 
bull's eye. 
bullet. 



la marque de I'etat (en Angle- 

terre). 
le cote, la bordee, le flanc, 

le travers. 

presenter le travers (or le 
flanc) a Pennemi. 

tirer une bordee. 

echa?iger des bordees. 

envoyer une bordee. 
arque. 
le remous. 
un courtier. 

un courtier maritime. 
le courtage, 
un tangueur. 

ce navire est un tangueur. 
un boucanier. 
un seau. 

une bailie. 
une gatte. 

des freins hydrauliques, m. 
un clairon. 

une sonnerie de clairon. 
construire. 

de construction anglaise. 
un constructeur. 
la charge. 

charge en vrac. 

commencer le decha^-gement. 
une cloison. 

une cloison etanche. 

la cloison diametrale. 

une cloison transversale. 
une cosse de bois. 
une balle. 



BULWARKS — BURGEE. 



25 



bulwarks (of ships). 

bumboat. 

bumkin. 

bunk. 

bunker (coal). 

bunt. 

bunting. 

buntlines. 

buoy. 

life buoy. . 

buoy rope. 

to buoy. 

a bell buoy. 

nun buoy. 

a horn buoy. 

a whistle buoy. 

to put down a buoy. 

the buoy watches. 

the buoy {of the anchor) 
watches. 

to make fast to a buoy. 

to pick up the buoys. 

let go the buoy ! 

the buoy is water-logged. 

to bleed a buoy. 

to stream the anchor buoy. 
buoyage, 
buoyancy. 

buoyant. 

burden (of a ship). 

a ship jooo tons burden. 

burgee. 



le pa vols. 

le bateau de la marchande. 

le minot. 

une couchette. 

la soute au charbon. 

le sein d'une voile. 

de I'etamine, /. 

des cargues-fonds. 

une bouee. 

une bouee de sauvetage. 

un orin. 

baliser. 

une bouee a cloche. 

la bouee de Pancre. 

une bouee conique. 

une bouie a trompe. 

une bouee a sifflet. 

fnouiller une bouee. 

la bouee veille. 

la bouee {de Pancre) est a 
poste. 

s'amarrer a une bouee. 

lever les bouees. 

jetez la bouee ! 

la bouee est entre deux eaux. 

saigner {vider) une bouee. 

mouiller la bouee {de Pancre). 
le balisage. 
la flottabilite, la legerete, I'in- 

submersibilite,/. 
flottant, leger, insubmersible. 
la contenance, le port. 

un vaisseau du port de jooo 
to?ineaux. 
un guidon. 



26 



BURSTING — CABLE. 



bursting (of a gun). 

/mr sting of the charge. 
burton. 

burton pe?idants. 

Spanish burton. 
butt end (of musket). 

butt strap. 

double butt strap. 
by and large. 



reclatement (;;/.) d'une piece. 

r explosion de la gargousse. 
une candelette. 

les pantoires de candelettes. 

un bredindin. 
la crosse (d'un fusil). 

un couvre-joint si7nple. 

un couvre-joi7it double. 
pres et plein. 



cabin. 

captain^ s cabin, 
fore cabin, 
state cabin, 
cabin passenger, 
cabin boy. 
cable. 

to bend {a cable to an anchor). 

to tmbend (a cable). 

to bitt the cable. 

to pay out 7nore cable. 

to see a cable clear {to 

anchor), 
chain cable, 
hempen cable, 
riding scope {of cable), 
telegraphic cable, 
to moor a cable each way. 
to shorten in the cable. 
ho-cv does the cable grow ? 
to slip the cable. 
to unshackle the cable, 
cable at short stay. 



la chambre, la cabine. 

la chambre du commandant. 

la cabine d'avant. 

la cabine de premiere classe. 

ufipassager de premiere classe. 

un 7nousse. 
un cable. 

etalittguer. 

detalinguer. 

prendre le tour de bittes. 

filer plus de chaine. 

parer un cable. 

la chaine. 

un cable en filin. 

une touee. 

un cable telegraphique. 

s^embosser. [chaine. 

virer le cdble^ virer de la 

cofmnent vient la chame ? 

filer la chaine par le bout. 

detalinguer la chame. 

la chaine a long pic. 



CABLE — CANT. 



27 



cable's length. 



une encdblure. 



The English cable's length is divided into 8 shackles of I2| 
fathoms each, so that it is equal to 100 fathoms. The French 
encdblure is equal to 200 metres, or nearly io6i English fathoms. 
The French 7nailloii (shackle) is equal to 30 metres, or nearly i6i 
English fathoms. 



caboose. 

cadet (naval) (in Britannia). 

cadet (?iaval) {afloat). 
calendar, 
calibre. 



la cuisine. 

un eleve de marine (sur le 

Britannia). [classe. 

un aspirant de deuxieme 
le calendrier. 
le calibre. 

The calibre of French ordnance is expressed in centimetres for 
calibres of 10 centimetres and over. Under 10 centimetres, the 
calibre is given in millimetres. 



call (to) (at a place), 
call (a) (to be called). 

a call with the pipe. 

a Imgle call. 
callipers, 
calm. 

dead calm. 

cal?n belts. 

equatorial calms. 
camber (of timbers). 

to camber. 
canal. 

the Suez canal. 

can hook. 

canister shot, 
cannon. 

cannon ball. 
canoe (used by savages), 
cant (to). 



faire escale, faire relache. 

un appel, un commandement. 

un coup de sifflet. 

U7ie sofinerie de clairon. 
un compas de calibre, 
le calme. 

un calme plat. 

la zone des cahnes. 

les calmes equatoriaux. 
la courbure. 

courber. 
un canal. 

le canal de Suez. 
f une ehngue a pattes. 
I une patte a futailles. 
une boite a mitraille. 
un canon. 

un boulet {de canon). 
une pirogue, 
incliner. 



28 



CANT — CAPSTAN. 



cant timbers, 
cant line. 
canvas. 

canvas {sails), 
to carry a press of canvas. \ 
to have plefity of canvas. I 
this ship carries plenty of 

canvas, 
to lie under a press of 

canvas, 
to clap on ca?ivas. 
to lie under canvas. 

to have too much canvas. ) 

to carry whole canvas. 
cap (for mast). 

cap {of bowsprit). 
cap (head covering). 

peak {of a cap). 

cap with turned down peak. 
cape. 

capitulation, 
capshore. 
capsize, 
capstan. 

the barrel. 

the drum. 

the pawls. 

the sprocket-wheel. 

the spindle. 

the whelps. 

steam capstan. 

to man the capstan. 

man capstan ! 

to heave in at the capstan. 



les couples {m.) devoyes. 
un cartalin. 
de la toile a voiles. 
de la toile. 

porter beaucoup de toile. 

ce navire porte beaucoup de 

toile. 
f aire force de voile. 

augmenter de voile. 

etre sous voile. 

avoir trop de toile. 

etre trop voile. 

etre toutes voiles dehors. 
un chouquet. 

la chouque {du beaiipre). 
une casquette. 

la visiere {d'lme casquette). 

casquette a visiere rabattue. 
un cap. 

une capitulation, 
une epontille. 
chavirer, capoter. 
le cabestan. 

la cloche. 

le chapeau. 

les linguets, m. 

la couronne a empreintes. 

la meche. 

les taquets. 

un cabestan a vapeur. 

7nettre du monde au cabestan. 

au cabestan ! 

virer au cabestan. 



CAPSTAN —CARVEL. 



29 



to rig the capstan, 
to surge the capstan, 
capstan bars, 
capstan sivifter (rope). 
captain (of a man of war). 



armer le cabestan. 
faire parer les tours, 
les barres du cabestan. 
un raban de barres. 
un capitaine de vaisseau. 



A French captain is always spoken of as ' le commandant,' and 
addressed in speaking as ' commandant ' — e.g. * Where is the cap- 
tain ? ' Oil est le coviina7idant ? ' Is the captain on board and may 
I see him ? ' Le commandant est-il a hord et piiis-je le voir ? This 
may be said to apply to any officer in command of a vessel, even 
if only a commander or lieutenant. 



captain (merchant navy). 

captain of the watch. 

captain of the gun. 
carbine. 

carcass (of a ship), 
cardinal points, 
careen (to), 
to careen (to incline). 

a ship careening to her 
bearings. 
careening-place. 
cargo. 

general cargo. 
carling. 
carpenter (of a ship). 

chief carpenter. 
carriage (of a gun), 
carry on (to). 

to carry away. 
cartridge (of rifle). 

cartridge {of gun). 

cartridge case. 

cartridge box. 
carvel built. 



un capitaine au long cours. 

le chef de quart. 

le chef de piece. 
une carabine, 
la carcasse (d'un navire). 
les points cardinaux. 
abattre en carene. 
se coucher, s'incliner. 
un navire qui donne forte- 

ment de la bande. 
le carenage. 
la cargaison, le chargement. 

ujt chargement en cueillette. 
un traversin. 
le charpentier. 

le maitre charpentier. 
Taffut {m.) (d'un canon), 
mettre tout dessus. 

enlever, emporter. 
une cartouche. 

une gargousse. 

un gargoussier. 

une giberne. 
a franc bord. 



30 



CASEMATE— CELESTIAL. 



casemate. 

cashier (to). 

cask (barrel). 

cast (to) (a ship casting from 

an anchor). 

to cast anchor. 

to cast off {a rope). 

a cast of the lead. 
cast loose (the ropes) (to), 
castaway (shipwrecked per- 
son), 
casting accounts (sea sickness) 
cat. 

cat block. 

cat davit. \ 

cat head, j 

cat d nine-tails. 

cafs paw {knot). 

cat's paw {clouds). 
to cat. 

to cat the anchor. 
catch hold ! 
catch a crab (to), 
catharpings. 
caulk, 
caulker. 

master caulker. 
caulking. 

caulking iron. 

caulking mallet. 
C.B. (Companion of the most 
honourable order of the 
Bath), 
ceiling, 
celestial body. 



une casemate. 

casser. 

un baril. 

faire son abattee. 

Jeter fancre. 

larguer {une manoeuvre). 

un sondage, un coup de sonde. 
larguer. 
un naufrage. 

.compter ses chemises, 
le capon. 

une poulie de capon. 

un bossoir de capon. 

la garcette. 

une gueule de raie. 

des barbes de chat. 
caponner. 

caponner I'ancre. 
attrapez ! 
engager I'aviron. 
le trelingage. 
calfater. 
un calfat. 

un niditre calfat. 
le calfatage. 

U7i calfait. 

un maillet d calfat. 
Compagnon de I'ordre du 

Bain. 

le vaigrage, les vaigres, / 
un astre. 



CELESTIAL— CHARGE. 



31 



celestial concave. 

cell. 

cellular subdivisions. 

centre, 
chafe (to), 
chain. 

chai?i locker. 

chain plates. 

chain shot. 

chains. \ 

chain wales. ( 

endless chain {for training 
gun).* 

fore chains. 
challenge (a ship to), 
chamber. 

projectile chamber. 

breech chamber. 
channel. 

a ftarrow channel. 

the British Channel. 

buoyed channel. 

chan?iel {of harbour). 

channels (of rigging). 

to enter into a channel. 
chapelling. 
chaplain, 
character of a ship (at Lloyd's) 

to withdraiv the character 
of a ship. 
charge (of powder for guns) 

full charge. 



la sphere celeste. 

le cachot. 

les tranches (/.) cellulaires, 

le compartimentage. 
le centre. 

fatiguer, etre rague. 
une chaine. 

le puits aux cables. 

les cadlnes. 

des boulets rames^ m. 

les porte-haubans, m. 
une chaine galle. 

les porte-haubans de niisaine. 
heler un navire. 
le logement. 

le logement du projectile. 

le logement de la culasse. 
un canal, un detroit. 

une passe, unchenal, ungoulet. 

La Manche. 

une passe balisee. 

une passe, un chetial. 

les porte-haubans, m. 

donner dans une passe. 
faire chapelle. 

un aumonier. [Veritas), 

la cote d'un navire (bureau 

declasser un navire. 

une gargousse, une charge. 
la charge de combat. 



Also called * pitch,' or ' ladder chain.' 



32 



CHARGE — CHEER. 



practice charge. \ 

dummy charge. ) 

bursting charge of a shell. 
charges (to be paid). 

import charges. 

port charges. 

dock charges. 
chart. 

Admiralty charts. 



la charge d' exercise. 



la charge interieure dhm obus. 
droits, m. pi. 

les droits d^ entree, 
les droits de port, 
les droits de bassin. 
une carte marine. 

les cartes de Pamiraute 
anglaise. 
In France the charts issued by order of the niinistre de la marine 
are called les cartes du d^pdt. 

une carte reduite. 

le kiosque des cartes. 
freter, affreter, or noliser. 

la charte partie. \navire. 

freter^ affreter^ noliser un 
le freteur, I'affreteur. 

Paffretement, le nolissement. 

un navire affretc par Petat. 



Mercator^s chart. 

chart house. 
charter (to). 

charter party. 

to charter a vessel. 
charterer. 

chartering. 

a ship chartered by govern- 
ment. 
Freter is to let one's own ship to some one, and affreter is to hire 
a ship from some one. Noliser means both friter and affrdter^ but 
its use is almost exclusively confined to the Mediterranean border. 



chase (of gun). 

to give chase. 

chase port. 

a stern chase. 
to check, 
check-piece, 
cheeks (of mast). 

cheeks {timber pieces). 
cheeks (of gun carriage), 
cheerily ! 
cheer (to). 



la volee. 

donner la chasse. 

un sabord de chasse. 

une chasse a cul. 
choquer. 
le safran. 
les jottereaux, 7n. 

les joues f. 
les flasques,/ 
enlevez ! hardi ! 
pousser des acclamations. 



CHESS— CINQUE. 



33 



chess trees. 

chest (box), 
chief mate, 
chinse (to), 
chock (a), 
chock (to). 

chock a block. 
chop (to) about (like the 

wind), 
chopping sea. 

chops (the) of the Channel, 
chronometer. 

the balance wlieel of a 

chronometer, 
to rate the chro7wmeters. 
the daily rate of the chro- 

nometers. 
the mean rate of the chro- 

tiometers. 
tJie vtean losing rate of the 

chrono?neters. 
the mean gaining rate of 

the chrono?neters. 
to wind up the chronometers, 
standard chronometer, 
these chronometers were 

regulated a week ago. 
the rate of this chronometer 
is losing j' daily. 



le massif d'amure (de grand 

voile), 
un coffre. 
le second, 
remplir d'etoupe. 
une cale. 
garnir, coincer, accorer. 

a bloc. 
jouer (comme le vent). 

une mer clapoteuse. 
I'entree de la Manche. 
un chronometre. 
le regulateur d^u?i chrono- 

mHre. 
regler les chronomttres. 
la marche diurne des chrono- 

mitres, 
la marche moyenne des chro- 

nometres. 
la marche moyenne en retard. 

la marche moyenne en avance. 

remonter les chronometres. 

le chronometre etalon. 

ces chronometres ont ete regies 
il y a huit jours. 

la marche diurne de ce chro- 
nometre est en retard de 5 
minutes. 
les Cinq Ports. 

le Gouverneur des Cinq Ports. 



Cinque Ports. 

Lord Warden of the Cinque 
Ports. 
These ports, on the South Coast of England, were originally y?w 

3 



34 



CIPHER — CLEAR. 



viz. : Dover, Sandwich, Romney, Hastings and Hythe. These are 
the Cinque Ports proper, to which were afterwards added Rye and 
Winchelsea. The original Cinque Ports have ' members' or ' limbs' ; 
for instance, Faversham is a limb of Dover. These ports being the 
nearest to the French coast, were at one time considered as the 
keys of the British Realms. 



cipher (see signal), 
circle. 

great circle. 

small circle. 

polar circle. 
circumnavigation, 
circum polar. 

a circumpolar star, 
cistern. 

citadel (of vessel), 
civilians, 
clap (to) on. 

to clap on a stopper. 

to clap in irons. 

to clap on canvas. 
clamp (for mast), 
claw (to) off. 

to claw off the shore. 
clean (to). 

to clean the bottom of a ship. 

to clean the bottom of a boat. 
clear (not foul). 

the coast is clear. 

clear weather. 

to clear up {of the weather). 

to keep something clear off. 
to clear (to free), 
to clear a vessel (out of port) 



un cercle. 

un gra?id cercle. 

un petit cercle. 

un cercle po lair e. 
la circomnavigation. 
circompolaire. 

une etoile circompolaire. 
une citerne. 
le reduit central, 
les officiers dela branche civile, 
frapper. 

frapper une bosse. 
f fourrer aux fers. 
\ (fig.) embrocher. 

forcer de toile. 
une bauquiere. 
s'elever, se dehaler. 

se dihaler de la cote. 
nettoyer. 

espalmer un navire. 

espalmer un canot. 
degage. 

la cote est belle. 

temps clair. 

s^eclaircir. 

faire parer. 
degager. 
. passer or expedier un vaisseau. 



CLEAR—COAK. 



35 



ships cleared in i8g8, 
to clear hawse, 
to clear for action, 
clearance (custom house), 
cleat. 

clerk (in paymaster's office), 
clew. 

dew garnets. 

to clew up. 

clew line. 

hammock clews. 
cliff, 
clinch. 

inside clinch, 

outside clinch. 
clinch (to). 

to clinch a nail. 
clincher or clinker built, 
clipper, 
close-reefed. 

close in shore. 

close hauled. 

at close quarters. 

to come to close quarters. 
cloth (canvas). 

a goring cloth. 
clothes-lines, 
cluster (of stars), 
cloud, 
cloudless, 
cloudy. 

// is cloudy. 

it is getting cloudy. 
clout (to) nails, 
coak. 



navires sortis en i8g8. 
depasser les tours de chaine. 
faire branle-bas de combat, 
un conge, 
un taquet. 
un fourrier. 
un point. 

les cargue-fondSj f. 

carguer. 

une cargue-point. 

des araigJiees de hamac. 
une falaise. 
une etalingure. 

un nceud de bouline double. 

un nceud de boulitte simple. 
rabattre. 

rabattre un clou. 
borde a clin. 
un finvoilier. 
au bas ris, a la cape. 

pres de terre. 

au plus pre s. 

tout pres, 

en venir aux mains. 
une laize (de toile). 

une laize de pointe. 
cartalins {m.) de linge. 
un amas stellaire. 
un nuage. 
sans nuages. 
nuageux, sombre. 

le temps est couvert. 

le temps se couvre. 
mailleter. 
un de (de poulie). 



36 



COAL — COCKED. 



coal. 

to coal. 

coal depot. 

coal bunker. 

coal barge. 

coal hulk. 

coal tar. 

to trim the coal. 
coamings, 
coast. 

dangerous coast. 

open coast. 

coast with a surf. \ 

iron bound coast. 

the coast is clear. 

to coast, 
coast defence, 
coast defence ship. 

The French Garde-cdtes are 
Fulminant, the Tonnerre^ &c. 

coaster, 
coasting. 

coasting trade. 

coasting vessel. 

coasting pilot, 
coast-guard (man). 

coast-guard cruiser. 

coast-guard vessel {to watch 
the coast). 
cock (a tap), 
cock-bill (to) (the anchor). 

the anchor is a cock-bill. 
cocked hat. 



le charbon de terra, la houille. 

faire son charbon, 

un depot de charbon, 

la soute au charbon. 

un bateau a charbon, 

un ponton a charbo?i. 

du collar. 

arr inter le charbon. 
les surbaux, w., les hiloires,/ 
la cote, le littoral. 

une cote dangereuse, 

une cote exposee, 

cote ou la mer brise. 

cote ayant une barre. 
une cote de fer. 

la cote est belle, or // n^y a 
pas de danger. 

cot oyer, ranger la cote. 

la defense des cotes. 

un garde-cote. 
represented by such vessels as the 

un caboteur, un cabotier. 
la navigation cotiere. 

le cabotage. 

un caboteur, un cabotier. 

un pilote cotier. 
un garde-cote. 

un navire garde-cote, 

un garde - cote station- 
naire. 
un robinet. 
faire penau. 

Vancre est en penau. 
un chapeau a cornes. 



COCKET— COLUMN. 



37 



cocket (customs). 


un acquit de la douane. 


cockpit. 


le poste des blesses, 
le carre du faux-pont. 


cod. 


une morue. 


cofferdam. 


un batardeau, un comparti- 




ment a cellulose. 


cog. 


une dent. 


cog-wheel. 


une roue dentee. 


coil (of rope). 


une glene. 


a flemish coil. 


un plet. 


to coil down. 


lover^ cueillir. 


collector of customs. 


un receveur des douanes. 


collide (to). 


aborder. 


collier (ship). 


un charbonnier. 


collimation (line of). 


la ligne de collimation. 


collision. 


un abordage, une rencontre. 


collision mat. 


un paillet larde. 


Also called in the French Service, un paillet Makaroff^ after the 


name of the inventor, who is a Russian officer. 


colonist. 


un colon. 


colony. 


une colonic. 


colours. 


le pavilion national, les coul- 




eurs,/.//. 


Jioist the colours ! 


arbor ez or hissez le pavilion ! 


strike the colours ! 


amenez le pavilion 1 


play the colours up ! 


les couleurs I 


to break the colours. 


defer ler le pavilion. 


to enforce the colours. 


assurer le pavilion. 


column. 


une colonne. 


column in two bowlines. 


colonne en angle de re- 




traite. 


column in two quarter 


colonne en angle de chasse. 


lines. 




the leading column. 


la colonne de tete. 


the rear column. 


la colonne de queue. 



38 



COLUMN — COMPASS. 



the starboard wing column, 
the port wing column, 
the leader of a column. 

lee column, 
weather column. 
command, 
commander. 

commander in chief. 

Le prifet maritime is 
commerce, 
commercial code. 

the international code. 
commission (ship in). 
commissio7ied. 
The ' Northampton ' was 
commissioned at Ports- 
mouth on the — of De- 
cember 19 — , and her 
crew turned over to the 
' Royal Sovereign.^ 
commission. 

acting commission, 
to throw up one^s commis- 
sion. 

commodore. \ 

companion. 

companion way. 
compass. 



la colonne de droite. 

la colon7ie de gauche. 

le vaisseau de tefe^ or chef de 

file, 
la colonne sous le vent, 
la colonne du vent. 
un commandement. 
un capitaine de fregate. 

le prefet maritime. 
always a Vice-Admiral. 
le commerce, 
le code de commerce. 
le code international. 
un vaisseau en armement. 
arme, 

Le ''Northampton^ a etearme 
a Portsmouth le — de- 
cembre 19 — , et V equipage 
tra7isborde sur le '■Royal 
Sovereign.^ 

un brevet, une commission, 
un poste. 

une commission speciale. 
donner sa demission. 

un chef d'escadre. 
un chef de division, 
le capot d'echelle. 

le dome. 
le compas (de mer), la 

boussole. 

The word boussole, which also means * compass,' is seldom heard 
on board a ship, and is considered only fit for the most confirrried 
longshoreman. 





COMPASS. 


English. 




French. 


N. 


N. 


nord. 


N. IE. 


N. JE. 


nord demi-est. ' 


N. b. E. 


N.JNE. 


nord quart-nord-est. 


N. b. E. \ E. 


N.N.E. IN. 


nord-nord-est demi-nord. 


N.N.E. 


N.N.E. 


nord-nord-est. 


N.N.E. \ E. 


N.N.E. 1 E. 


nord-nord-est demi-est. 


N.E. b. N. 


N.E.JN. 


nord-est quart-nord. 


N.E. J N. 


N.E.JN. 


nord-est demi-nord. 


N.E. 


N.E. 


nord-est. 


N.E. \ E. 


N.E. J E. 


nord-est demi-est. 


N.E.b. E. 


n.e.|e. 


nord-est quart-est. 


N.E.b.E. iE 


;. E.N.E. \ n. 


est-nord-est demi-nord. 


E.N.E. 


E.N.E. 


est-nord-est. 


E. b. N. 1 N. 


E.N.E. iE. 


est-nord est demi-est. 


E. b. N. 


E. iN.E. 


est quart-nord-est. 


E. IN. 


E.JN. 


est demi-nord. 


P1a.Rt. 


E 


est. 


E. JS. 


E.^S. 


est demi-sud. 


E. b. S. 


E.iS.E. 


est quart-sud-est. 


E. b. S. 1 S. 


E.S.E. \ E. 


est-sud-est demi-est. 


E.S.E. 


E.S.E. 


est-sud-est. 


S.E.b.E.JE. 


E.S.E. J S. 


est-sud-est demi-sud. 


S.E. b. E. 


S.E.iE. 


sud-est quart-est. 


S.E. \ E. 


S.E.JE. 


sud-est demi-est. 


S.E. 


S.E. 


sud-est. 


S.E. J S. 


S.E. \ S. 


sud-est demi-sud. 


S.E. b. S. 


S.E.|S. 


sud-est quart-sud. 


S.S.E. \ E. 


S.S.E. \ E. 


sud-sud-est demi-est. 


S.S.E. 


S.S.E. 


sud-sud-est. 


S. b. E. % E. 


S.S.E. IS. 


sud-sud-est demi-sud. 


S. b. E. " 


S.iS.E. 


sud quart-sud-est. 


S. J- E. 


S. JE. 


sud demi-est. 


South. 


S. 


sud. 



39 



40 


COMPASS. 


English. 




French. 


S. 1 W. 


S.lO. 


sud demi-ouest. 


S. b. W. 


S.JS.O. 


sud quart-sud-ouest. 


S. b. W. 1 W. 


s.s.o. \ s. 


sud-sud-ouest demi-sud. 


S.S.W. 


s.s.o. 


sud-sud-ouest. 


S.S.W. 1 W. 


S.S.0. 1 0. 


sud-sud-ouest demi-ouest. 


S.W. b. s. 


S.O.iS. 


sud-ouest quart-sud. 


S.W. 1 s. 


S.0. 1 s. 


sud-ouest-demi-sud. 


S.W. 


s.o. 


sud-ouest. 


S.W. \ w. 


S.0. 1 0. 


sud-ouest demi-ouest. 


S.W. b. w. 


s.o.io. 


sud-ouest quart-ouest. 


S.W.b.W.i w 


. o.s.o. \ s. 


ouest-sud-ouest demi-sud. 


w.s.w. 


o.s.o. 


ouest-sud-ouest. 


W. b. s. i s. 


o.s.o. 1 0. 


ouest-sud-ouest demi-ouest. 


W. b. s. 


0. JS.O. 


ouest quart-sud-ouest. 


W. JS. 


O.JS. 


ouest demi-sud. 


West. 


o. 


ouest. 


W. i N. 


O.IN. 


ouest demi-nord. 


W.> N. 


0. \ N.O. 


ouest quart-nord-ouest. 


W. b. N. 1 N. 


O.N.0.10. 


ouest-nord-ouest demi-ouest. 


W.N.W. ^ 


O.N.O. 


ouest-nord-ouest. 


N.W.b.W.JW.O.N.O.JN. 


ouest-nord-ouest demi-nord. 


N.W. b. W. 


N.O. \ 0. 


nord-ouest quart-ouest. 


NW. \' W. 


N.O.JO. 


nord-ouest demi-ouest. 


N.W. 


N.O. 


nord-ouest. 


N.W. 1 N. 


N.O.JN. 


nord-ouest demi-nord. 


N.W. b. N. 


N.O.iN. 


nord-ouest quart-nord. 


N.N.W. iW. 


N.N.O.JO. 


nord-nord-ouest demi-ouest. 


N.N.W. 


N.N.O. " 


nord-nord-ouest. 


N.b.W.iW. 


N.N.0. 1 N. 


nord-nord-ouest demi-nord. 


N. b. W. 


N.JN.O. 


nord quart-nord-ouest. 


N. JW. 


N.iO. 


nord demi-ouest. 


N. 


N. 


nord. 



The word Nord is pronounced like Nor. The / of Est is sounded, 



COMPASS. 



41 



as also the d of Stid, and the / of Ouesi, The latter word is pro- 
nounced like the English West. 

The Inter-Cardinal or quadrantal points, N.E., S.E., S.W., 
N. W. , are pronounced in a peculiar way by all French sailors : 

N.E. is sounded something like itor-ai. 
S.E. ,, ,, „ sti-ai. 

S.W. ,, ,, ,, su-roi. 

N.W. ,, ,, ., no-roi. 



compass. 



adjustment of compass. 



to adjust the compasses, 
azimuth compass. •] 

a point of the compass, 
binnacle compass, 
compass bearing, 
compass bowL 
compass card, 
compass course, 
compass course made good, 
compass error. 
Carefully note that the expression 

Compass error = 

becomes in French, 
Variation 



le compas. 

le reglage j 

la rectification r du compas. 

la regulation ' 

regler les compas. 

un compas de relevement. 

un compas de variation. 

une aire de vent. 

le compas d'habitacle. 

un relhjement au compas. 

la boite du compas. 

la rose des vents. 

la route au compas. 

la route parcourue au compas. 

la variation. 



Variation ± Deviation, 



compass needle, 
cofupass signal, 
liquid compass, 
standard compass, 
steering compass. 
Sir W. Thomson's compass, 
to swing the ship {for de- 
viation of compass). 



= Declinaison ± Deviation. 

r aiguille {f.)du compas. 
un signal d'aire de vent, 
un compas liquide. 
le compas etalon. 
le compas de route, 
le compas Thomson, 
faire un tour pour la deviation. 



42 



COMPASSES— CONTRABAND. 



compasses (a pair of). 




un compas. 


complement (of men). 




I'effectif, m. 


complement {of an an 


Sk). 


le complement {dhm angle). 


compressor. 




I'etrangloir, m. 


compressor {for gun). 




unfrein a lames. 


compressor lever. 




le levier de Vetrangloir. 


to bowse to the 


com- 


fermer Vetrangloir. 


pressor. 








rthe bed. 




. lie massif. 
"^^ le pied de biche. 
■•^ %\le linguet Le Goff^ or le 


•^s 


the block. 




li 


the controller. 




■^f 






^ k stoppeur. 


v> 


ythe lever. 




^ ^le levier. 


cone 


enser. 




un condenseur, un condensa- 



condensing engine. 

cone. 

conic sections. 

conjunction. 

conn (to). 

conning tower. 

consignee. 

consignment. 

consort (vessel). 

the ' Royal Sovereign 
her tivo consorts. 
consul, 
vice-consul, 
consulate, 
consumption (of fuel). 

contact. 

to obtain a contact. 
contraband. 



and 



teur. 

une machine a condensation. 

une machine a basse pression. 

un cone. 

les sections coniques, /. 

la conjonction. 

faire gouverner. 

le blockhaus. 

le consignataire. 

une consignation. 

vaisseau de conserve. 

le ' Royal Sovereign ' et ses 
deux vaisseaux de conserve. 

un consul. 

un vice-consul. 

le consulat. 

la consommation (du com- 
bustible). 

un contact (sound the final /). 
obtenir un contact. 

la contrebande. 



CON T R AB AND— COU RSE. 



43 



contraband of war. 


la contrebande de guerre. 


contract (transaction). 


un marche. 


contractor. 


un fournisseur. 


controller. 


le pied de biche. 


convict ship. 


un transport de forgats. 


convoy. 


un convoi, une escorte. 


to convoy. 


convoyer. 


under the convoy of . . 


. . sous r escorte de . . . . 


cook. 


le coq. 


coolies. 


des coolies. 


cooper. 


un tonnelier. 


co-ordinates. 


les coordonnees, / 


copper. 


le cuivre, le cuivre rouge. 


copper bottomed. 


double en cuivre. 


copper fastened. 


clone en cuivre. 


copper smith. 


un chaudronnier. 


cormorant. 


un cormorant. 


corporal (ship's). 


un caporal d'armes. 


corsair. 


un corsaire. 


corvette. 


une corvette. 


cot. 


un cadre. 


council of war. 


un conseil de guerre. 


counter (of vessel). 


la voute (d'un vaisseau). 


counter-sunk rivet. 


un rivet noye, ot f raise. 


countersign (the). 


le mot de ralliement. 


course (of a ship). 


la route. 


compass course steered. 


P angle de route au compas. 


to alter the course. 


changer la route. 


to steer a course. 


suivre une route donftee. 


true course. 


la route vraie. 


true course steered. 


r angle de route vrai. 


true course made good. 


la route parcourue vraie. 


the course and distance i 


made la distance parcourue est 158 


good is N. 4f E. 


J 38 milks IV. 43" E. 


miles. 





44 



COURSE— CROW. 



we shaped our course to- 
wards the south. 
courses (sails). 

main course {sail). 
court-martial, 
cove, 
coxswain, 
crab (crustacea). 

to catch a crab {in pulling). 

crab pot (see ^ creeV). 
crack (in armour). 

crack {in gun, Q^c). 
cradle (launching). 

cradle {of gun carriage). 
craft (boat), 
crane. 

steam crane. 
crank (machinery). 

crank {a ship that is). 

creek. 

creel (for lobster, &c.). 

crew. 

gun's crew (see also under 
' commissioned '). 
crib, 
cringle, 
cross (in the hawse). 

the Southern Cross. 
cross trees, 
cross-jack yard, 
cross (to) (like two ships). 

to cross the Channel. 
crossing (by sea), 
crow-bar. 



nous flmes route vers le sud. 

les basses voiles. 

la grand'' voile. 
un conseil de guerre, 
una anse. 

un patron (de chaloupe). 
un crabe. 

engager Paviron. 

une fente. 

une fissure. 
le ber. 

le berceau {d'un affiit). 
une embarcation. 
une grue. 

une grue a vapeur. 
une manivelle. 

un vaisseau portant mat la 
toile. 
une crique. 

un easier (a homards, &c.). 
I'equipage, m. 

les servants {de la piece)* 

une couchette. 

une patte. 

une croix (dans les chaines). 

la Croix du Sud. 
les barres traversieres, /. 
la vergue barree. 
se croiser. 

traverser la Manche. 
la traversee. 
une pince. 



CROWN— CURVES. 



45 



crown (of anchor), 
crow's-foot. 

crowd on sail (to). 
Crown (the). 

to serve under tlie Crown 
{in the Army or Navy). 
to serve uttder the Crown 
{as an official). 
crow's nest (shelter). 

{for lookout mafiy in 
polar regions). 
cruise (to), 
cruise (a), 
cruiser. 

armoured cruiser. 



le diamant (d'une ancre). 
un hanet de tente. 
une araignee de tente. 
forcer de voiles. 
I'Etat, le Gouvernement. 



servir 



PEtat. 



etre e^nploye du Gouverne- 
ment. 
un nid de corbeau (abri). 
{pour la vigie dans les regions 
polaires). 
croiser, aller en croisiere. 
une croisiere, une campagne. 
un croiseur. 

un croiseur blinde. 



The Armoured Cruiser corresponds to the French CuirassJ de 
station. The First-class Cruiser is like the French Croiseur, or 
Cuirass^ de haute vier. The Second-class Cruiser is represented 
by the Croiseur dtesccuire^ and also by the Croiseur de deuxihne 
classe. The Third-class Cruiser corresponds to the Eclaireur 
d^escadre. The Torpedo Cruiser is called Croisetir-torpilleur. 



' torpedo cruiser. 

belted cruiser. 
crutch (support), 
erutches (rowlocks), 
cuddy. 

cure (to) fish, 
curler (a wave), 
current. 

counter current. 

the current sets east. 

equatorial current, 
surface current, 
curves of stability. 



un croiseur torpilleur. 

un croiseur a ceinture blindee. 
un chandelier. 

les dames, /, les tolletieres, /. 
la tille, la chambre. 
caquer or saler du poisson. 
un brisant, une lame, 
le courant. 

un contre courant. 

le courant porte a Vest, 

le courant eqiiatorial. 
courant de surface, 
les courbes (/. //.) de stabilite. 



46 



CUSTOM— DAVITS. 



custom-house. 

a^stom-house officer. 

to pass the customs. 

custortis duties, 
cutlass, 
cutter (sailing). 

cutter {pulling). 

1st cutter. 

2nd cutter. 
to cut out a vessel. 

the cutting out {of a vessel). 
cutting down (to cut the 
laniards of a man's 
hammock), 
cutwater, 
cyclone. 

the centre of a cyclone. 

the path of a cyclone. 

the track of a cyclone. 

the less dangerous side of a 
cyclone. 
cylinder. 

jacket of cylinder. 



dab (sea flounder). 

dam. 

damages (to ship). 

damages (compensation). 
danger, 
dark glasses. 



la douane. 

un douanier. 

passer en douane. 

les droits {m.) de douane. 
un sabre d'abordage. 
un cotre. 

un canot. 

le canot nu7niro i. 

le canot numero 2. 
enlever un navire. \navire). 

Penlevement (m.) (d'un 
donner la cale a un homme 

(couper les rabans de son 

hamac). 
le taille-mer. 
un cyclone. 

le centre d^un cyclone. 

la route d'un cyclone. 

la direction d^u?i cyclone. 

le cote maniable i^un cyclone. 

*un cylindre. 

Venveloppe (/) du cylindre. 

D. 

une limande. 
un batardeau. 
des avaries,/. 

des dommages-interets, m. pi. 
un danger, 
des verres colores. 



darn (to) the waters (to J croiser a vue de cotes. 

cruise to and fro). | faire des ronds dans I'eau. 

darsena (dock). la darse. 

davits. lesbossoirs(w.)d'embarcation. 



DAVITS — DECK. 



47 



cat davit, 
fish davit. 
Davy Jones's locker. 

day. 

solar day. 

lunar day, 

meati solar day. 

sidereal day. 
day's work (of a ship). 

to work a dafs work. 
dead calm. 
dead block, 
dead eye. 

dead lights. 

dead water. 

dead works. 

foremost dead ivorks. 

aft dead ivorks. 
dead reckoning, D.R. 

positio7i by dead reckoning. 
deaden (to) a ship's 

way. 
deck. 

ar?noured deck. 

^tween decks. 

clear the loiver deck ! 

decked boat. 

deck house. 

flush deck. 

gun deck, 
the half deck. 



le bossoir de capo?t. 

le bossoir de traversiere. 
la grande tasse, la grande 

bailie, 
un jour. 

jour solaire. 

jour lunaire. 

jour solaire moyen. 

jour sideral. 
la route du vaisseau dans les 

24 heures, or le point. 

faire le point. 
un calme plat. 

une p02ilie a moque. 

un cap de mouton. 

les faux mantelets. 

les faux sabords. 

le remous du sillage. 

les Q'uvres mortes. 

le massif avant. 

le massif arriere. 
la route estimee. 

le point estime. 
amortir I'erre d'un vaisseau. 

le pont, le tillac. 
un p07it cuirasse. 
rentre-pont, 7n. 
tout le monde sur le pont ! 
une embarcation pontee. 
le rouf 
U7i pont entier^ un pont 

ras. 
la batterie^ le p07it de batterie. 
le faux-tillac. 



48 



DECK— DEFAULTER. 



Decks 
of a 
three- 
decker. 



Decks 
of a 
two- 
decker. 



mess deck, 
upper deck. '\ 
main deck. \ 
middle deck, \ 
lower deck. \ 
orlop deck. j 
upper deck, 
main deck, 
lower deck, 
orlop deck, 
poop deck, 
protective deck, 
quarter deck. 

spar deck. 

to deck in or over. 



tivo decker. 

three decker. 

turtle deck, 
water-tight deck. 

to be off deck. 

while in charge of deck. 

to stand on deck {as a pun- 
ishment). 
declination. 

circle of declination. 

parallel of declination. 
deep sea lead, 
deflection (of needle), 
defaulter. 

defaulter's book. 



le poste de V equipage. 
{ le pont des gail lards. 

le troisieme pont. 
{ le deuxieme pont. 

le premier pont. 
L le faux-pont. 

le pont des gail lards. 

le second pont. 

le premier pont. 

le faux-pont. 

le pont de la dunette^ f 

un pont protecteur. 

le gaillard d^arriere. 

{un pont sur montants. 
un pont volant. 

ponter. 
i navire a deux-ponts. 
{ un deux-ponts. 
f navire a trois-po?tts. 
\ un trois-ponts. 

un pont a carapace. 

le pont etanche. 
l' ne pas etre sur le pont. 
\ avoir quitte le pont. 
{ pendant le quart. 
I pendant qu^on commande. 

le peloton de punition. 

la declinaison. 

cercle de declinaiso?i. 

parallele de declinaison. 
la grande sonde, 
la declinaison. 
un homme en punition. 

le cahier de punitions. 



DEGREE — DIAMETER. 



49 



degree. 



un degre. 



It is a mistake to suppose, as is stated in some English works on 
Trigonometry, that the French divide the circumference into 400 
grades. Such a division has indeed been proposed, but never 
adopted ; and to this day the circumference, in France, as well as 
in other countries, is still divided into 360 degrees, the degree into 
60 minutes, and the minute into 60 seconds. The signs ° ' " 
stand respectively for degrees, minutes, and seconds. 



demurrage, 
density, 
departure, 
depth. 

depth of hold. 
derelict, 
derivation of a projectile. 

derrick. 

design (of a ship). 

to design. 



despatch vessel. 

detonator. 

deviation (of compass). 

dew. 

deiv point. 
diagonal, 
dial. 

sun dial. 
diameter. 

semi-diameter. 

tactical diameter. 

final diameter. 



les surestaries, / 

la densite. 

le chemin est ou ouest."^ 

la profondeur. 

le creux^ le creux sur payol. 
une epave. 

la derivation d'un projec- 
tile, 
un mat de charge, 
le devis (d'un navire). 
dessiner, projeter, donner un 

plan, 
un aviso. 

un croiseur d'escadre. 
See under armoured cruiser. 
le detonateur. 
la deviation, 
la rosee. 

le point de saturation. 
la diagonale. 
un cadran. 

un cadran solaire. 
le diametre. 

le demi diametre. 

le diametre d' evolution. 

le dia^netre final. 



* Literally, the way, east or west. 

4 



so 



DICKY— DISTANCE. 



dicky (in America ' second ' 

mate), 
dinghy, 
dip (of needle). 

dip {of horizon). 

to dip {a lug sail). 

to dip {a flag). 
dipping-needle, 
direction. 

sailing directions. 

sailing directions for the 
English Channel. 
dirk, 
disable (to). 

disabled. 

in the hope of disabling the 
ship. 
discharged (men), 
discipline (breach of), 
discover (to), 
disembark (to), 
disembarkation, 
disembogue (to), 
disengage (to) a rope, 
dismast (to), 
disobedience, 
dispensary, 
dispenser, 
displacement. 

the weight of water which 
a vessel displaces, when 
floating, is equal to the 
weight of the vessel. 
disrate (to) (a man), 
distance. 



le troisieme officier. 

un youyou. 
I'inclinaison, /. 

la depression {de P horizon). 

gambler {une voile a bourcet). 

faire marquer {un pavilion). 
une aiguille d'inclinaison. 
la direction, le gisenient. 

les instructions, f 

instructions sur la Manche. 

une dague. 
desemparer. 

hors de combat, desempare. 
dans Vespoir de mettre le 

navire hors de combat, 
des hommes congedies. 
une infraction a la discipline, 
decouvrir, reconnaitre. 
debarquer. 
le debarquement 
debouquer. 

degager une manoeuvre, 
demater. 
la desobeissance. 
une pharmacie. 
un pharmacien. 
le deplacement. 

le poids de Veau qu'un 

vaisseau deplace, quatid il 

est a flot, est egal au poids 

du vaisseau. 
casser (un homme). 
la distance. 



DISTANCE— DOLDRUMS. 



51 



polar distance, 
distress (in). 

to hoist a flag of distress. 

signal of distress. 
dive (to), 
diver. 

diver {with diving dress). 
divine service, 
diving-bell. 

diving dress. 
dividers (pair of compasses), 
divisions (morning). 

a division {of ships). \ 

a division {of men). J 
dock. 

dry dock. 

floating dock. 

graving dock. 

tidal dock. 

wet dock. 

dock charges. I 

dock dues. I 

to dock. 

to come into dock. 

to go out of dock. 
docker, 
dockyard. 

dog vane, 
dog watch. 

dog (carpenter's). 

span dogs. 
doldrums. 



la distance^ polaire. 
en detresse. 

mettre son pavilion en berne. 

un signal de detresse. 
plonger. 
un plongeur. 

un scaphandrier. 
la messe. 
une cloche a plongeur. 

un scaphandre. 
un compas a pointes seches. 
inspection du matin. 

une division. 

un bassin. 

un bassin a sec. 

un bassin aflot. 

un bassin de radoub. 

un bassin ; at Toulon, une 

darse. 
une forme. 

les droits de Imssin. 

f aire passer au bassin. 

entrer au bassin. 

sortir du bassin. 
un debardeur. 
un arsenal de la marine, un 

chantier. 
un penon. 
les petites quarts. (See under 

* watch.') 
un valet (d'etabli). 

un renard double. 
les calmes equatoriaux. 



52 



DOLPHIN— DRESS. 



dolphin striker. 

dolphin (mooring), 
donkey-engine, 
double a cape (to). 
down from aloft ! 

downhaul. 

studding sail doivnhauL 
downs (sand), 
draft (a) of hands, 
draft (a bill), 
drag (a). 
drain. 

main drain, 

draitiage system, 
draught (of water). 

what is your draught of 
water 1 

light water draught. 

draught of water fonvard. 

mean draught of water. 

draught of water aft. 
draught (of boiler). 

natural draught. 

forced draught. 
draughtsman, 
drawback (customs), 
dredge (to), 
dredge (a), 
dredger. 

dredging machine, . 
dress ship (to). 

to dress ship rainbow 
fashion. 



un arc-boutant de martin- 
gale. 

un coffre d'amarrage. 

un petit-cheval. 

doubler un cap. 

en bas les gabiers ! 

le hale-bas. 

le cale-bas. 

le cale-bas d\me bonnette. 

des dunes,/ 

un detachement de matelots. 

une traite (billet). 

une drague. 

un drain. 

le grand drain, 
le drainage, 

le tirant d'eau or la calaison. 
combien calez-vous ? 

le tirant d'eau lege. 

le tirant d^eau avant. 

le tirant d'eau moyen. 

le tirant cTeau arriere. 
le tirage. 

le tirage naturel. 

le tirage force. 
un dessinateur. 
un acquit a caution, 
draguer. 
une drague. 
une drague. 

une machine a draguer. 
pavoiser. 

pavoiser avec le grand pavois. 



DRESS— DUTY. 



S3 



to dress ship with mast- 
head flags. 
drift. 

drift {of projectile). 

drift {current), 

to drift, 

drift net. 

all the drift nets. 
drifting, 
drive (to), 
driven ashore, 
driver (sail). 
drizzle (to), 
drizzling rain, 
drop down with the tide (to). 

to drop astern. 
drum. 

drum {of capstan). 

drummer. 

drumhead (of capstan). 

dry rot. 

duck (canvas). 

dues. 

harbotir dues. 

dock dues. 

light dues {nofie ift France). 
dunnage, 
dusk. 

Dutchman's breeches, 
duty. 

to be on duty, 

to be off duty. 

to be sent on duty. 



pavoiser avec le petit pavois. 

la derive. 

la derivation {d^un projectile). 

courant de surface. 

deriver. 

line roie, line varnette. 

la taisure. 
en derive, 
deriver, drosser. 
jete a la cote, 
une fleche-en-cul. 
brouillasser. 
une pluie fine, 
descendre en jusant. 

rester de Parriere. 
un tambour. 

la fusee or la cloche {du cabes- 
tan). 
le tambour, 
la noix (du cabestan). 
la pourriture seche. 
de la toile a voiles fine, 
les droits, ;//., les frais, ;;/. 

les droits de port, les droits de 
mouillage. 

les frais de bassifi. 

les droits de phare. 
un fardage. 
la brune. 

un ceil de boeuf, une eclaircie. 
le service. 

etre de service. 

7ie pas etre de service. 

etre envoy i en corvie. 



54 



DUTY — EBB. 



the officer on duty. 
duties (custom), 
dyce ! ) 

very well, dyce ! J 
dynamite, 
dynamo-electrical machine. 

dynamometer. 



Pofficier de garde. 
les droits, ;;/. //. 

comme ga ! 

la dynamite. 

une machine dynamo -elec- 

trique. 
un dynamometre. 



eagre. 

earrings. 

earth. 

earth! s axis. 

earth-shine. 
ease (to) (a cable). 

ease off. 

ease her ! {engine). 

ease off the slieet I 

ease off the braces ! 

ease off tJie after sheets ! 

ease the helm. 

ease the helm dotvn ! 
east. 

the east. 

east wind. 

eastward. 

easting or westing. 
East Indies. 

the East India Company. 
easy ! 

easy a/tead I 
ebb. 

ebb tide. 



un mascaret. 

les empointures,/. 

la terre. 

Paxe de la terre. 

la lumiere cendree. 
filer (un cable). 

larguer ! 

doucej?ie7it ! 

mollissez Vicoute ! 

mollissez les bras ! 

filez les ecoutes derrih-e ! 

mollissez la ba7Te ! 

la barre dessous e?i douceur ! 
est ; pronounce the t. 

Portent, w.. Pest, m. 

le vent d'est. 

a Pest. 

le chemin est ou ouest. 
les Indes Orien^ales. 

la Compagnie des Indes. 
doucement ! 

en ava?tt, doiuement ! 
le reflux. 

le jusant. 



ECCENTRIC — ENDLESS. 



55 



eccentric (of engine), 
eclipse. 

eclipse of the su7i. 

eclipse of the moo7i. 

a partial eclipse. 

a total eclipse. 

magnitude of an eclipse. 
ecliptic. 

obliquity of ecliptic. 
eddy. 

edge (of plate, plank, &c.). 
to edge away. 



to edge down* 



to edge down upon a ship. 

eel. 

sea eel. 
eider duck, 
elbow in the hawse, 
electricity, 
electric dynamo, 
ellipse, 
elongation, 
embargo, 
embark (to) (goods, &c.). 

to embark {pnis self), 
embarkation, 
embayed (to be), 
endless chain (for training 

gun).* 



I'excentrique, w. 
une eclipse. 

une eclipse de soleil. 

une eclipse de lune. 

une eclipse partielle. 

une eclipse totale, 

les dimensions d'une eclipse. 
Tecliptique, ;;/. 

Vobliquite de Vecliptique. 
le remous. 

le can (d'une plaque, &c. &c.). 
s'eloigner, laisser porter en 

dependant. 

arriversur\ .. . ^ 
( en dependant, 
accoster ) ^ 

arriver sur ) un navire, en 
accoster j dependant. 

une anguille. 

tme afiguille de mer. 
Tedredon, w. 
un tour de chaine. 
I'electricite, /. 
un dynamo electrique. 
une ellipse. 
I'elongation. 
un embargo, 
embarquer (des marchandises, 

&c.). 

^embarquer. 
I'embarquement, w. 
etre encape. 
une chaine galle (de pointage). 



Also called ' pitch,' or ' ladder chain.' 



56 



END — ENSIGN. 



end on. 
engine. 

engine room. 

engine trials. 

beam engine. 

blast engine. 

compound e?tgine. 

fire engine. 

oscillating engine. 

trunk engine. 

high-pressure engine. 

low-pressure engine. 

triple-expansion engine. 

quadruple-expansion engine. 

lOO horse engine, 
propelling power of engine. 

engineer. 



droit debout. 
la machine. 

la chambre des machines. 

essais de machi?ie. 

U7ie machine a bala?icier. 

7in ventilateur centrifuge. 

une machine composee. 

U7ie pompe a incendie. 

une machine oscillante. 

une machine a fourreau. 

tme 7?iachine a haute pression. 

machine a basse pression. 

machine a triple expansion. 

machine a quadruple expa?i- 
sion. 

machine de cent chevaux. 

la force motrice d^une 
machine. 
un mecanicien, un construc- 

teur, un ingenieur. 

The mecanicien is a working engine-man ; the constructeur'vs, the 
engineer who builds engines ; and Pingenieur the designer of ships, 
engines, or other works connected with engineering. 



assistant engineer. 

enlist (to), 
enlistment. 

place of enlistment. 
ensign. 

to keep the ensign flying 
the white ensign. 

the red ensign. 



un mecanicien principal de 
2eme classe. 
s'enroler. 
I'enrolement m, 

le quartier maritime. 
le pavilion de poupe, I'en- 
seigne,/ 

conserver le pavilion battant. 
le pavilion des navires de 

guerre Anglais, 
le pavilion des navires de com- 
merce Anglais. 



ENSIGN — EYE. 



57 



the blue ensign. 

enter (to) into a place, 
entry port. 

to receive an officer at the 
entry port, 
epaulets, 
equation of time, 
equator, 
equinox. 

spri?ig equinox. 

autumn equi?iox. 

precession of equifioxes. 
equinoctial. 

equinoctial points. 
escort, 
to escort. 

establishment of port, 
estuary. 

estuary (at the mouth of 
river). 

the estua?y of the Seine. 
evolutions. 



fleet evolutions. 

sailifig evolutiofts. 

steam evolutions. 
executive branch, 
explode (to) (powder or a 

torpedo), 
explore (tc). 

to explore a coast. 
eye. 

flemish eye. 



le pavilion des navires affretes 
par VEtaty cr'c. a^c. 
donner dans un endroit. 
la portiere, la coupee. 

passer un officer sur le bord. 

les epaulettes,/. 
I'equation du temps. 
I'equateur, 7n. 
I'equinoxe, m. 

Vequinoxe du prititemps. 

Viquinoxe d^autonme. 

la precession des equinoxes. 
I'equateur celeste. 

les points iquinoxiaux. 
une escorte. 
escorter, convoyer. 
I'etablissement (;;/.) du port, 
un estuaire, un bras de mer. 
a V embouchure (f.) de. 

r embouchure de la Seine. 
les evolutions, /, les ma- 
noeuvres, /, les grandes 

manoeuvres. 

les mancetivres d'escadre. 

les ivolutions sous voiles. 

les ivolutions sous vapeur. 
la branche executive, 
exploser (de la poudre ou une 

torpille). 
explorer, reconnaitre. 

reconnaUre une cote. 
un ceil. 

un ceil a la flama7ide. 



58 



EYE — FID. 



keep yourweather eye open ! 
{to he on the look out). 
eyelet hole. 



ouvrez V ceil I 
{/aire attention). 
un ceil de pie. 



face (of a gun), 
fag end of a rope, 
fair (weather). 

fair wind. 
fairway (of harbour), 
fake (of cable). 

to fake. 
falls (of boat), 
fast (to make). 

to make something fast. 

to make fast to a quay. 
fathom. 

The French ' brasse ' 
4 inches. An English 
See Table VIII. 
feather (to) the oar. 
feathering paddle, 
felucca, 
fender. 

i?i fe?iders ! 
fend off (to). 
fend off! 
fend off ahead ! 
ferry-boat. 
to ferry over, 
ferry-man. 
fid (of mast). 
to fid. 
splicing fid. 



F. 

la tranche (d'un canon), 
le bout d'une manoeuvre, 
beau temps. 

bo?t vent. 
le chenal, la passe (d'un port), 
un plet. 

lover. 
les garants, ;;/. 
amarrer, s'amarrer. 

amarrer. 

s^ amarrer a u?t quai. 
une brasse. 

is equal to i 624 metre, or very nearly 5 ft. 
' fathom ' is equal to i "829 metre = 6 feet. 

mettre la rame a plat, 
une aube articulee. 
une felouque. 
une defense. 

rentrez les defenses ! 
ecarter, defendre. 

defends I pare I 

pare devant ! 
un bac (sound the c). 

passer. 

le passeur. 
une cle, un burin. 

7nettre en cU. 

un epissoir. 



FIDDLES— FIRE. 



59 



fiddles, 
fife rail, 
fight. 

7iaval fight. 

sha7?i fight. 
fight (to), 
fighting gear. 

to reeve the fighting gear, 

fighting 7nachi?te. 
figure-head, 
fill (to) (with water). 

the boat filled at oftce. 



to fill the boilers. 

to fill a ship's bottom with 

copper nails, 
the fillifig, d^c.j with copper 

flails. 
fire. 
to fire. 

Hring {2vith weapon), 
fire box {of eftgine). 
a raking fire, 
to light the fires 

to bank the fires. 



une table a roulis. 
le ratelier. 
un combat. 

un combat naval. 

U7i simulacre de combat. 
se battre, combattre. 
les manoeuvres (/.) de combat. 

passer les 7Jianosuvres de co77i- 
bat, 

un engin de combat. 
la guibre, le buste. 
remplir. 

r e77ibarcatio7i re77iplit i77i77ii' 
diate77ie7it. 

faire le plein des chaudieres. 

77iailleter la carhie d'un 
7iavire. 

le 77iailletage. 



to miss fire, 
fire bill, 
fireplug. ) 
fire 77iain. ) 
fire hose, 
fire quarters, 
to fire a gtrn. 
to fire at ra7tdo7n. 



le feu. 

faire feu. 
le tir. 

la boite a feu. 
un feu (C enfilade, 
alhwier lesfeux. 
co7iserver lesfeux allu77ies, 
rester sur les feux. 
rater, 
le role d^i7icendie. 

U7ie prise d'eau. 

une 77ia7iche a i7icendie. 
r exercise {7)1.) d'incendie. 
tirer un coup de ca7ion. 
tirer a toute volee. 



6o 



FIRE — FISHING. 



fire ship. 

line of fire. , 

converging fire. 

direct fire. 

horizontal fire, 

oblique fire. 

plunging fire. 

ricochet fire, 

straight fire. 

fire! 

cease firing I 
fireman (stoker), 
fish (a). 

green fish. 

sea fish. 

fresh-water fish. 

fish hook. 

fish tackle. 
fish (for mast or yard). 

fish davits. 
to fish (a mast). 

to fish the a?ichor. 
fisheries. 

deep sea fisheries. 

fishery guard-ship. 

cod fisheries. 

herring fisheries. 

oyster fisheries. 

sardine fisheries. 

the Newfoundland fisheries. 

fisherman, 
fishing. 

fishing hoat^ fishing smack. 

fishing tackle. 



un brulot. 

la ligne de tir. 

le tir converge ?it. 

le tir de plein fouet. 

le tir horizotital. 

le tir oblique. 

le tir plongea7it. 

le tir a ricochet. 

le tir 7iormal. 

feu! 

cessez lefeu I 
un chauffeur, 
un poisson. 

du poisson frais. 

du poisson de 7ner. 

du poisson d'eau douce. 

un hamepn. 

la traversiere. 
une jumelle (de mat, &c.). 

les bossoirs de traversiere. 
jumeller (un mat). 

traverser Vancre. 
les pecheries,/ 

la grande peche. 

U7i garde-peche. 

la peche a la morue. 

la peche au hareng. 

la peche aux hiutres. 

la peche a la sardifie. 

la peclie au banc de Terre- 
Neuve, 
un pecheur. 
la peche. 

un bateau pecheur. 

les engins (fn.) de peche. 



FISHING— FLAT. 



6; 



fishing vessel. 

fishing ground, 
fit out a ship (to), 
flag. 

admiralty flag. 

flag half-mast high. 

flag lieutenant. 

flag captain. 

flag officer. 

house flags and funnels. 



flag of truce. < 

the bearer of a flag of truce, 
flag ship, 
flag staff, 
flag loft 
flyiftg {like a flag). 

to fly a flag. 

natiofial flag, 
pilot flag. 

quarantine flag. 

square flag. 

triangular flag. 

to dip the flag. 

to strike t lie flag. 
flap (to) (like a sail). 

flare (a). | 

flash (a). 

flashing signal. 
flats (of a battle ship), 
flat bottomed. 



un navire de peche. 

les pecheries. 
armer or equiper un navire. 
le pavilion, I'enseigne,/. 

le pavilion de Vamiraute. 

le pavilion en berne, or a mi- 
mat^ or a mi-drisse. 

un lieutenant de pavilion. 

un capitaine de pavilloti. 

un officier general. 

pavilions particuliers et mar- 
ques distinctives sur les 
cheminees. 

le pavilion parlementaire. 

le drapeau blanc. 

un parlementaire. 

le vaisseau amiral. 

le mat de pavilion. 

la pavillonfierie. \lon). 

battre, battant {comme unpavil- 

ar borer u?i pavilion. 

le pavilion national. 

un pavilion de pilote. 

un pavilion de quarantaine* 

un carre. 

un triangle. 

faire marquer le pavilion. 

amener le pavilion. 
fouetter (comme une voile), 
un feu de Bengale. 
un fen intermittent, 
un eclat. 

un signal a eclats. 
la plate-forme de cale. 
a fond plat. 



62 



FLEET — FOG. 



fleet. 

a fleet. 

ironclad fleet. 

going through the fleet (as 
punishment^. 
flemish horse (of yard arm). 

float (to). 

afloat (for nets or lines). 

afloat {a basin). 

to float a ship. 
floating battery. 

floating anchor. 

floating stage. 

floe (ice). 

flood, flood tide. 

flood (to). 

flooding (purposely). 

floor plates. 

flotilla. 

flotsam. 

flounder (^fish). 

flow (to). 

flukes (of an anchor). 

flush deck. 

fly (to let). 

to fly (a flag). 

to be flying (like a flag). 
foam. 

F. O. B. (free on board), 
focus. 

to focus. 
focussing, 
fog. 



la flotte. 

tme arniee navale. 
line flotte cuirassee. 
a passer a la bouline {punition), 

marchepied de bout de 

vergue. 
surnager. 

un flotteur. 

un petit bassin. 

mettre un navire a flot. 
une batterie flottante. 

{line ancre du large, 
une ancre flottante. 
une plate, un ras. 
une banquise {de glace). 
la maree, le flux, 
noyer. 
le noyage. 
les varangues,/. 
une flottille, 

le jet de la mer, une epave. 
un carrelet. 
couler. 

les pattes (/) (d'une ancre). 
un pont entier, un pont ras. 
larguer en bande. 
arborer (un pavilion). 

tattre (comnie tin pavilion). 
I'ecume, /. 
sous vergues. 
le foyer. 

mettre au point. 
la mis^ au point, 
la brume, le brouillard. 



FOG. 



6i 



fog horn. 

fog signal, 
fog bank. 



une trornpe de brume. 
un cornet a bouquin. 
un signal de brume, 
une banquise de brume. 



SOUND SIGNALS FOR FOG. 

A Steam vessel shall be provided 
with an efficient whistle or siren, 
sounded by steam or some sub- 
stitute for steam, so placed that the 
sound may not be intercepted by 
any obstruction ; and with an effi- 
cient fog horn, to be sounded by 
mechanical means; and also with an 
efficient bell. A sailing vessel of 
20 tons gross tonnage, or upwards, 
shall be provided with a similar fog 
horn and bell. 



In fog, mist, falling snow, or 
heavy rain storms, whether by day 
or night, the signals described 
below shall be used as follows : — 

(a) A steam vessel having way 
upon her, shall sound, at intervals 
of not more than 2 minutes, a pro- 
longed blast. 

{b) A steam vessel under way, 
but stopped and having no way 
upon her, shall sound, at intervals 
of not more than 2 minutes, 2 pro- 
longed blasts, with an interval of 
about I second between them. 

• {c) A sailing vessel under way 
shall sound, at intervals of not 
more than i minute, when on 



SIGNAUX PHONIQUES DE BRUME. 

Un navire a vapeur sera pourvu 
d'tm sifflet suffisamment puissant, 
ou d'une sirene actionnes par la 
vapeur, ou par quelquechose qui 
remplace la vapeur, et places de 
maniere a ce que le son ne soit in- 
tercepte par aucun obstacle. II sera 
pourvu aussi d'une trompe de bnime 
d'une sonorite suffisante et qui sera 
mise en action par des moyens 
mecaniques. II auraaussi une cloche. 
Tout voilier de 20 tonneaux, tonnage 
reel, ou plus, sera pourvu d'une 
trompe de brume et d'une cloche du 
meme genre. 

En temps de brume, de brouil- 
lard, de neige, ou de forts grains de 
pluie, soit de jour, soit de nuit, les 
signaux decrits ci-dessous devront 
etre employes : — 

{a) Tout navire a vapeur, en 
marche, doit faire entendre un coup 
prolonge a des intervalles qui ne 
doivent pas exceder 2 minutes. 

{b) Tout batiment en marche, 
mais momentanement arrete et 
n'avan9ant plus, fera entendre, a 
des inter\'alles qui ne doivent pas 
exceder 2 minutes, 2 coups pro- 
longes, avec un intervalle entre eux 
d'une seconde. 

{c) Tout voilier en marche, fera 
entendre, a des intervalles qui ne 
doivent pas exceder i minute, 



64 



FOG — FORE. 



the starboard tack i blast, when 
on the port tack 2 blasts in suc- 
cession, and when with the wind 
abaft the beam, 3 blasts in suc- 
cession. 

foggy- 

// is foggy. 
foot. 

foot rope. 
force-pump, 
fore. 

fore and aft. 

fore and aft rigged. 

fore and aft sails. 

fore brace. 

fore cabin. 

fore chains. 

fore course. \ 

fore sail. J 

foreganger {of a cable). 

fore and main top sails. 

fore mast. 

fore rigging. 

fore royal. 

fore royal mast. 

forerunner {of log-line). 

fore sheets {of a boat). 

fore stay. 

fore sky sail. 

fore spencer. 

fore stay-sail. 

fore top. 

fore top-men. 

fore top-sail. 

fore top-mast. 



lorsqu'il est tribord-amures, I 
coup, quand il est babord-amures, 
2 coups, de suite ; et quand il a 
le vent de I'arriere du travers 3 
coups de suite. 

brumeux. 

il y a de la brume. 
un pied (see Table III.). 

un marchepied. 
une pompe foulante. 
avant, de I'avant. 

de V avant a Varriere. 

a voiles goelettes. 

les voiles auriques. 

le bras de misaine. 

la chambre d* avant. 

les porte-haubans de misaine. 

la misaine. 

le bout etalingue sur Vancre. 

les hunierSy m. 

le mat de misaine. 

le gree??ient de P avant. 

le petit cacatois. 

le petit mat de cacatois. 

la houache. 

f avant {d^un canot). 

un etai de misaine. 

le petit cacatois volant. 

la misaine goelette. 

la trinquette, le tourmentin. 

la hune de misaine. 

les gabiers de misaine. 

le petit hunier. 

le petit mat de hune. 



FORE — FRAME. 



65 



fore top-mast staysail. 

fore top-gallant mast. 

fore top-gallant sail. 

fore yard. 
forecast (of the weather), 
forecastle deck. 

forecastle men. 

forecastle there 1 

top-gallant forecastle. 
forefoot (of keel), 
foreganger (of cable), 
foreganger (of harpoon), 
foreign, 
foreland, 
forge (to) ahead, 
fork and lashing eyes, 
fort. 

fortification, 
fortify (to), 
forward. 

forward ! 
fothering-, to fother. 
foul. 

to foul {the anchor). 

foul hawse. 

foul bottom. 
fouling (of ship's bottom), 
founder (to). 
fox (Une). 
frame, framing (of a ship). 

frame {of gun carriage), 
frames {ship tmilding). 
beak-head frame, 
bend frame. 



le petit foe. 

le mat de petit perroquet. 

le petit perroquet. 

la vergue de misaine. 
les previsions (/.) du temps, 
le gaillard d'avant. 

gabiers de beaupre. 

oh, deVavantl 

la teugue. 
le brion. 

Tetalingure (/.) (du cable), 
la harpoire (d'un harpon). 
etranger (w.), etrangere (/.). 
un promontoire. 
courir de I'avant. 
une fourche de collier d'etai. 
un fort, 
fortification, /. 
fortifier, 
a I'avant, en avant. 

avancez ! en avant ! 
aveugler une voie d'eau. 
engage. 

surjaler, engager {une aftcre). 

avoir des tours de chaine. 

une carene sale. 
la salissure (de la coque). 
sombrer. 

de la commande. 
la membrure, la charpente 

(d'un navire). 

le chassis {d^un affut). 

les couples, m. 

le coltis. 

le gabarit d^un couple. 

5 



66 



FRAME— FUNNEL. 



bracket frame. 

cant frame. 

fashion frame. 

longitudinal frames. 

midship frame. 

principal fra?ne. 

square frame. 

stermiiost frame. 

transverse frame. 
frap (to). 

to f rap {a ship). 
Trapping, 
freeboard, 
freeze (to), 
freight. 

freight price. 

to freight. 

freighter. 

French leave (to take). 

freshen (to) (to increase) 

the breeze freshens. 
freshen (to) (to relieve). 

to freshen the cable {the 
freshes (of a river). 

freshwater sailor. 

frigate. 

frock-coat. 

frost. 

fuel. 

fulcrum. 

full and by ! 

funeral honours. 

funnel (of steamer). 



un couple tronpmie. 

un couple devoye. 

le couple de Varriere. 

les longitudinales, f 

le mditre couple. 

le couple de levee. 

un couple droit. 

Pestain, m. 

un couple transversal. 
genoper, brider. 

ceintrer un navire. 
une genope, une bridure. 
le franc- bord. 
geler. 
la cargaison. 

lefret. 

freter^ affreter (see 'char- 
terer '). 
un affreteur. 
filer a I'Anglaise. 
fraichir. 

la brise fratchit, 
rafraichir. 
nip). rafraichir le cable, 
j la sous-berne. 
I la queue d'un fleuve. 
un marin d'eau douce, 
une fregate. 
une redingote. 
la gelee. 
le combustible, 
le point d'appui. 
pres et plein ! 
les honneurs funebres. 
une cheminee, un tuyau. 



FUNNEL — GALLEY. 



67 



telescopic funnel . 
funnel (of mast), 
furl (to) a sail. 

to furl in a bunt. 
furlough. 

to be on furlough. 
furnace, 
futtocks. 

futtock shrouds. 
fuze. 

fuze hole {of a shell). 

percussion fuze. 

time fuze. 



une cheminee a telescope. 
un manchon (de capelage). 
serrer une voile. 

serrer en perroquet. 
un conge. 

etre en conge. 
un fourneau. 
les allonges,/ 

les gavibes {f) de revers. 
une fusee. 

la lumiere {d^u?i obus). 

une fusee a percussion. 

une fusie a temps. 



gabion, 
gaff. 

at the e?id of the gaff. 

gaff sail. 

mizen gaff top-sail. 

spafiker gaff. 

to peak the gaff. 

to lower the gaff. 
gage (weather). 

to have the weather gage. 
gain (to) the wind, 
gale. 

equi?wctial gales. 

a moderate gale. 

a heavy gale. 
galleon, 
galley. 

cook^s galley. 

captain^ s galley. 



G. 

un gabion, 
la come. 

a la come. 

une voile goelette. 

laflecheen-cul. 

la come de brigantine. 

apiquer la come. 

amener la cor fie. 
I'avantage du vent. 

avoir Pavantage du ve?tt. 
gagner la position du vent, 
une tempete, un vent, unebrise. 

les tempetes de Piquinoxe. 

un vent maniable. 

une brise carabinee. 
un gallon, 
une yole. 

la cuisine. 

la yole du commanda?it. 



6S 



GALLEY — GEAR. 



galley packets (slang). 

galley (a vessel). 

the algerine galleys. 
galliot, 
gallows bitts. 
galvanic action. 

Galvanic action accelerates the 
corrosion of iron ships, and pre- 
vents the fouling of those with 
zinc sheathing. 

gammoning (of the bowsprit), 
gang (of men). 

gang board. 
gangway. 

gangway port. 
gantline. 
garboard strake. 
garnet. 

cleiv garnet. 
gasket. 

sail gasket. 

sea gasket. 

to pass a gasket round a sail. 
gauge. 

gauge {draught oftvater). 

glass gauge. 

steam gauge. 



gear. 

to throiv out of gear, 
to throw into gear. 

electric firing gear. 

hand steering gear, 
steam steering gear. 



la gazette de la meche {argot). 

une galore. 

les galeres algeriennes. 
une galiote. 
la potence de drome. 
Taction (/) galvanique. 

L'action galvanique accelere la 
corrosion des navires en fer, et em- 
peche la salissure de ceux qui sont 
doubles en zinc. 

la liure (du beaupre). 
une equipe. 

une planche de debarquement. 
le passavant. 

la portiere^ la coupee. 
un cartahu simple, 
le gabord or le galbord. 
un palan de charge. 

une cargue-fond. 
une sangle, une garcette. 

une jarretiere. 

un raban de ferlage. 
. rabanter une voile. 
la jauge. 

le tirant d^eau. 

le tube de niveau. 

un mano7netre. 
le greement, les apparaux^ ;;/. 
la garniture. 

declancher, arreter, 

enclancher. 

appareil de mise de feu elec- 

pile a infla7nmation. \trigue. 

la barre a main. 

la barre a vapeur. 



GEAR — GRAMPUS. 



69 



turret turning gear, 
training gear. 

gig- 
gimbals. 

gimbal frame. 
gin (a pulley). 

gin-block. 
girder (of a ship), 
girt line, 
give way ! 

give way together ! 
glacis plates (ship building), 
glass (spy). 

binocular glasses. 

hour glass^ sand glass. 

weather glass, 

with a falling glass, 

with a rising glass. ^ 

the glass {barometer) is falling. 

the glass {barometer) is rising. 
globe, 
globular, 
go about (to). 

go ahead! 

go asterfi ! 

going free. 

let her go off! 

to go into dock {to refit). 

to go {to enter) into dock. 

to go down a river, 

to go up a river. 
goods. 

goose neck. 
gondola, 
grampus. 



le vireur de la tourelle. 

les engins {m.) de pointage. 
la yole. 
des balancierSj m. 

une suspension a la Cardan. 
une poulie de mat de charge. 

une chape. 
un barrot. 
un cartalin. 
avant ! 

avant partout ! 
le glacis (construction), 
un telescope, une lunette. 

des jumelles^ f 

une ampoulette, un sablier. 

tin barometre. 

avec le barometre en baisse. 

avec le barofnetre eti hausse. 

le barometre baisse. 

le barometre monte. 
un globe. 

spheroidal (/;/.) spheroidale, / 
virer de bord (vent devant). 

en avant ! 

en arri^re / 

courant largue. 

laissez arriver ! 

se radouber. 

entrer au bassin. 

descendre, alter en aval. 

monter^ alter en amont. 
les marchandises, /. 

un cou de cygne. 
une gondole. 
le dauphin gladiateur. * 



70 



GRAPHIC—GUN. 



graphic integration. 


I'integration graphique. 


grapnel. 


un grappin. 


to drop the grapnel. 


mouiller le grappin. 


gratings. 


des caillebotis, ;;/. 


graving dock. 


un bassin de radoub. 


Greenwich Observatory. 


I'observatoire de Greenwich. 


G. M. T,{Gree?iwichMean 


) T.M. (Temps moyen de 
) Paris). 


Time) corresponds to 


fasto/G.M.T. 


en avance sur le T.M. 


sloiv of G.M.T. 


en retard sur le T.M. 


gripe. 


le brion. 


gripes {of boat). 


les sangles, /, les saisi/ies, f 


grooves (of gun). 


les rayures, /. 


ground (to). 


echouer, s'echouer. 


the ship grounded on a 


le vaisseau s'echoua sur un 


sandba?ik. 


banc de sable. \jn. 


grounding (the). 


I'echouage, ;//., I'echouement, 


grummet. 


une estrope a ersiau. 


guard-ship. 


le ponton amiral, le station- 




naire. 


gudgeons. 


les femelots, ;;/. 


guesswarp. 


un faux bras elonge en creance. 


gulf. 


un golfe. 


Gtdf Stream. 


le Gulf Stream^ le courant 




du Golfe. 


gull (sea). 


une mouette, un goeland. 


gun. 


un canon, une bouche a feu. 




une piece (de canon). 


gun boat. 


une canonniere. 


first-class gun boat. 


un aviso torpilleur. 


armoured gun boat. 


une canonniere cuirassee. 


torpedo gun boat. 


un contre-torpilleur. 


river gun boat. 


une chaloupe canonniere. 


gun {rifle). 


un fusil. 


gun barrel. 


un canon de fusil. 



GUN. 



71 



gun carriage, 
gun cotton, 
gun deck, 
gun exercise, 
gun nietal. 
gun port. 

gun room. 

gun room officers, 
gun shot distance. 

gun tackle purchase, 
gun signal, 
gun's crew. 
gun mountifigs. 
coiled gufi, 
disabled gun. 
evening gun. 
morning gun. 
captain of the gun. 
field gun. 
heavy gun. 
Hotchkiss gun. 
machine gun. 
minute guns (funeral 
honours). 

quick-firing gun. 

rifled gun. 

saluting guns. 

siege gun. 

tangent scale {of a gun). 

tangent slide {of a gun). 

to scale a gufi, 

to zvork a gun. 



un affiit. 

du fulmi-coton. 

la batter ie^ lepont de batter ie. 

^exercise du canon. 

le bronze. , 

un sabord. 
( lafausse Sainte Barbe {old). 
\ lepostedes aspirants{modern). 

les sous-officiers, 

a portee de fusil or de 
canon. 

une itague. 

un signal a coups de canon. 

les servants de la piece. 

les garnitures dHun canon. 

une pihe frettee. 

une piece hors de combat. 

le coup de canoti de retraite. 

le coup de cation de Dia?ie, 

le chef de piece. 

une pihe de campagne. 

une pihe de gros calibre* 

le canon revolver. 

une mitrailleuse. 

des coups de ca?ion de minute 
en minute {honneurs 
funebres). 

un canon a tir rapide. 

un canon raye. 

les feux de salut. 

une piece de siege. 

la hausse. 

le curseur. 

flamber un canon. 

manoeuvrer un canon. 



72 



GUN — GYBE. 



to fight a gun. 

to fire a gun. 

to get in t/ie guns. 

to train a gun. 

to load a gun, 

to man a gun. 

to run a gun in. 

to run a gun out. 

the chase (of a gun). 

the range of a gun. 

to be entitled to j, 5, 21 
guns. 

to bring the guns to bear 
on the enemy. 
gunner. 

chief gunner. 
gunnery (practical). 

gunnery {theoretical). 

gunnery instructor. 

gunnery ship. 

naval gunnery. 
gunpowder, 
gunsmith, 
gunter (sliding). 

sliding gunter sail. 

sliding gunter yard. 
gunwale (of ship). 

gunwale {of boat). 

gunwale under. 
gust of wind. 

guy. 

guy rope, 
guy tackle. 
gybe a sail (to) (purposely). 
to gybe a sail {accidentally). 



tirer un cation. 

tirer un coup de canon. 

embarquer Vartillerie. 

pointer une pihe. 

charger une piece. 

armer une piece. 

mettre une piece au recul. 

mettre une piece en batterie. 

la volee {d^ une piece). 

la portee d^un canon. 

avoir droit a j, 5, 21 coups 
de canon. 

pointer les pieces sur 
Pennemi. 
un canonnier. 

un maitre canomiier. 
le canonnage. 

Vartillerie^ f 

un canonnier instructeur. 

le navire Scole des canonnier s. 

Vartillerie navale. 
de la poudre a canon, 
un armurier. 
a houari. 

voile a houari. 

vergue a houari. 
le plat-bord. 

lafargue. 

plat-bord a Veau. 
une rafale, 
un gui, une retenue. 

un maroquin. 

un palan de suspente. 
changer une voile. 

coiffer une voile. 



GYRATION— HANDS. 



73 



gyration. 

centre of gyration, 
radius of gyration. 



la giration. 

le ccjitre de giration. 
le rayon de giration. 



H bar. 

haddock. 

hail. 

hail (to) from. 

hail (to) (a boat, a ship,&c.). 

to hail {in order to speak). 

to hail the pilot. 

ivithin hail {tvithin call), 
hake (fish), 
halliard, or halyard, or 

haulyard. 

peak halliard. 

throat halliard. 
halo, 
hammer (tool). 

hammer {of a gun). 
hammock. 

hanwwck netting. 

hammock clews. 

hammock laniard. 

to sling a hamtnock. 

to unsling a hainmock. 
handle, 
handsomely ! 
handspike, 
hands (the) on board. 

all hands ahov ! 



H. 

un fer a double T. 
une merluche. 
la grele. 
r dependre de . . . . 
I etre immatricule a . . . . 
heler, arraisonner. 

arraisonner. 

arraisonner le pilote. 

a portie de voix. 
le gade merlus. 
une drisse. 

un martinet. 

une drisse de mat. 
un halo, un cercle lumineux. 
un marteau (outil). 

le percuteur. 
un hamac, un branle. 

le bastingage. 

des araignies (f) de hamac. 

ufi raban de hamac. 

greer un hamac. 

degrier un hamac. 
une manivelle. 
en douceur ! 
un anspect. 
les hommes du bord, 

I'equipage, m. 

tout le ?nonde sur le ponti 



74 



HANDS— HATCH. 



all hands loose sails I 
all hands make sail! 
bear a hand I 
to be short of hands, 
to lend a ha?id. 
to send some hands to . . 
jiandy. 

a handy ship. 

a handy man, 

handy-billy, 
hang on ! 
hanger. 

hang on her ! 

hang on there ! 

to hang aback (figura- 
tively). 
hank. 

hank {of yarn). 
harbour. 

harbour dues. 

harbour lights. 

harbour master. 

harbour of refuge. 

inner harbour. 

outer harbour. 

tidal harbour. 

to put into harbour. 
hard a-lee ! 

hard a-port I 

hard a-starboard ! 

hard a-weather! 
harpoon, 
hatch. 



a larguer les voiles I 

en haul le monde I 

un coup de mai?i I 

avoir peu de monde. 

donner un coup de nuiin. 
. envoy er du motide a . . . . 
maniable, adroit. 

un navire maniable. 
{ un homme adroit. 
\ un honune de ressource. 
un palan de dimanche. 
etalez ! 

un sabre d'abordage. 
f allongez la nage ! 
I appuyez dessus ! 

etalez dessus I 

etre mou comme u/ie chigue 
{au figure). 
une bague, una cosse. 

une manoque. 
le port. 

les droits de mouillage, 

lesfeux de port. 

un capitaine de port. 

un port de refuge. 

le port interieur. 

rava?it-port. 

un port a maree. 

entrer au port. 
loffe toute ! 

bdbord toute I 

tribord toute I 

arrive toute I 
un harpon. 
un panneau. 



HATCH — HAWSER. 



75 



booby hatch. 

to batten doivn the hatches. 

hatchway. 

after hatchway. 

main hatchway. 

the fore hatchtvay. 
haul (to). 

haul aft ! 

haul doivn I 

haul in ! 

haul off I 

haul out I haul up I 

Jiaul over the boom I 

haul taut 1 

haul well taut the juain 
brace I 

mainsail haul! 

of all haul t 

one, two, three, haul I 

to haul (to come tiearer). 

to haul up. 

to haul off. 

to haul the land. 

to haul to the wind. 

to haul a boat up on a beach. 
haulyard {see * halliard '). 
haven, 
hawse hole. 

haivse plug. 

clear haivse. 

foul hawse. 
hawser. 

small hawser. 

towing hawser. 



un capot en bois. 

clouer or condamner les 
patineaux. 
une ecoutille, un panneau. 

Vecoutille de Varriere. 

la grande ecoutille. 

le panneau de Pavant. 
haler. 

bordez I 

amenez I hale bas I 

halez a bord I 

au large I 

hissez I 

bordez le guil 

raidissez I embraquez I 

embraquez le grand bras I 

derriere changez I 

aux bras de devant ! 

une, deux, trois, hisse ho ! 

rallier. 

carguer, hisser. 

se haler au large. 

rallier la terre. 

serrer le vent. 

haler une embarcation a terre. 

un havre, un port, 
un ecubier. 

un tampon, une tape. 

un cable clair. 

un cable engage. 
une aussiere, un grelin. 

un faux-bras. 

une remorque. 



76 



HAWSER— HEEL. 



haivser bend. 
haze. 

head (of a ship). 
figure head. 

head wind. 

head sails. 

how is her head ? 

mast head. 
headland, 
headway (to gather). ) 

to make headway. J 
health (bill of). 

board of health. 
health officer, 
heart (of a rope). 

heart block. 
heave (to). 

the heave {of t lie sea). 

to heave away. 

heave a strain I 

heave in ! 

to heave down {a ship), 

to heave in at the capstan. 

to heave in sight. 

heave taut ! 

to heave to. 

heave up the anchor I 

heave and a-weigh ! 
heavily laden, 
heel of a mast. 

heel rope. 

to heel over. 

to heel to port. 



un nceud de plein poing. 
la brume. 
I'avant, w., le cap, la poulaine. 

la guibre^ Peperon^ m. 

vent debout. 
( les voiles (/.) de Vavant. 
1 les foes ^ m. 

oil est le cap ? 

le ton. 
une pointe, un promontoire. 

aller de I'avant. 

la patente de sante. 

le bureau de la sante. 
I'officier de la sante. 
la meche. 

une 7noque. 
Jeter, lancer, virer. 

la levee {de la mer). 

virer, 

vire un bon coup ! 

virez I 

abattre {un navire) en carene. 

virer au cabestan. 

parditre a VJwrizofi. 

raidissez I 

mettre en panne. 

derapez ! 

on est derape I 
pesamment charge, 
le pied d'un mat. 

le halebreu. 

etre a la bande^ donner, de la 
bande. 

donner de la bande a bdbord. 



HEEL — HERRING. 



77 



to cause to heel. 
heeling (of ship). 

heeling error. 
heUacal. 
heliocentric, 
helm. 

down helm ! 

ease the hehn ! 

liebn amidships ! 

helm a-weather ! 

{helm) hard a- lee ! 

helm indicator. 

helm hole. 

mind the helm ! 

put the helm up ! 

put the helm down I 

put the hehn hard over I 

right the helm ! 

the man at the helm. 

this ship carries lee helm. 

this ship carries weather 
helm. 

to answer the helm. 

the ship a?iS2vers her helm. 

the ship does ?iot answer 
her hehn. 

to ease the hehn. 

to shift the hehn, 
helmsman, 
helpless (disabled), 
hemisphere, 
hemp, 
hen-coop, 
herring. 



faire giter. 
la bande. 

erreur prove nant de la bande. 
heliaque. 
heliocentrique. 
la barre, le gouvernail. 

la barre dessous ! 

mollissez ! 

droite la barre I zero ! 

la barre au vent ! 

loffe toute ! 

Paxiometre, m. 

le trou de jau7niere. 

attention a la barre ! 

arrive un peu ! 

la barre dessous ! 

la barre toute ! 

dresse la barre I 

r homme de barre. 

ce navire est mou. 

ce navire est ardent, 

sentir la barre. 

{le fiavire gouverne bien. 
le navire sent sa barre. 
{le navire gouverne mal. 
le navire ne sent pas sa barre, 
mollir la barre. 
changer la barre. 
le timonier. 
desempare. 
un hemisphere, 
du chanvre. 
une cage a poules, 
un hareng. 



78 



HERRING — HOGGING. 



bloat herring {bloater), 
fresh herring, 
full herring, 
kippered herring, 
red or smoked herring, 
spent herring. 
high and dry. 
high water. 

high water-mark. 

the time of high ivater. 

hilt (of a sword), 
hitch. 

blackmail hitch. 

double blackwall hitch. 

bowline hitch. 

cafspaw hitch. 

clove hitch, 

half hitch. 

half hitch and seizing. 

half hitch and timber hitch, 
marline hitch, 
marling-spike hitch. 



rolling hitch. 

timber hitch. 
hitch (to). 
H.M.S. 
hogged. 

to be hogged. 
hogging. 

hogging strains. 



un hareng bouffi. 

un hareng vert. 

un hareng plein. 

un hareng fu7ne. 

un hareng saur. 

un hareng marchais. 
a sec. 
la pleine mer, la maree haute. 

le niveau des hautes eaux. 
( Pheure de la pleine mer. 
I Vheure du plein. 
la garde (d'une epee). 
un noeud. 

ufi noeud de bee d'oiseau. 

un nceud de bee d^nseau 
double. 

un noeud de chaise. 

une gueule de raie. 

deux demi-clefs a capeler. 

une demi-clef 

un ajut avec demt-clef et 
amarrage. 

u?ie demi-clef et barbouguet. 

un noeud de tresillon. 

un nceud de griffe, une patte 
de chat, un tra?isfilage 
avec demi-clef. 

un laguis, un noeud de bosse. 

un noeud de bois. 
nouer, amarrer. 
Vaisseau de sa Majeste. 
arque. 

avoir de Varc. 
Fare, ;;/. 

les effo7'ts de Varc. 



HOGSHEAD— HOOK 



79 



hogshead. 


une barrique. 


hoist (of a sail). 


un guindant (de voile). 


to hoist. 


hisser. 


to hoist in. 


embarquer. 


to hoist out. 


debarquer. 


to hoist {with a wi?tch). 


guinder. 


to hoist a boat. 


hisser un canot. 


to hoist a 77iast. 


guinder un mat. 


hoist away ! 


hissez ! 


hoist handsomely ! 


hissez en douceur / 


hoist taut up/ 


itarquez I 


to hoist the colours. 


arbor er or hisser le pavilion. 


hold. 


la cale. 


fore hold. 


la cale avant. 


main hold. 


la cale. 


after hold. 


la cale arri^re. 


depth of hold. 


le creux sur payol. 


captain of tlie hold. 


le chef de cale. 


hold on ! 


tenez bon I etalez I 


hold water ! 


italez sur les avirons I 


holder. 


un calier. 


holystone (to) the deck. 


briquer le pont. 


home (in its place). 


a bloc, rendu, a joindre, a 




poste. 


haul home / 


halez a bloc I 


to sheet home. 


border a joindre. 


home (in one's country). 


la metropole. 


homeward bound. 


sursonretour, en retour, a desti- 




nation de son port d'attache. 


hood. 


un capot. 


binnacle liood. 


le capot d^habitacle. 


hook. 


un croc. 


to hook. 


accrocher, crocher. 


boat hook. 


une gaffe. 


fish hook. 


u/i hamepn. 



So HOOPS — HOUSE. 

hoops (metal) of breech. les frettes (/) de culasse. 

horizon. I'horizon, m. 

artificial horizon. un horizon artificiel. 

dark glass horizon. un horizon a glace. 

dip of the horizon. la depression de V horizon. 

horizon glass {of sextant). le petit miroir {du sextant). 

mercurial horizon. un horizon a mercure. 

oil horizon. un horizon a huile. 



rational horizon. ) J f horizon rationnel. 

true horizon. j 1 V horizon astronomique. 



■ sensible or visible horizon. V horizon sensible ox appare7it, 

the horizon is clear. V horizon est clair. 

the horizon is foggy. V horizon est brumeux. 

horse-power. un cheval vapeur. 

The English horse- power is equivalent to the work done by con- 
tinuous exertion, at the rate of 33,000 lbs. raised through one foot 
in one minute. The Cheval vapeur is equivalent to 75 kilogram - 
metres. The kilogrammetre is equal to the work done by the 
continuous exertion necessary to raise one kilogramme, one metre, 
in one second. It * follows from this, by reducing the French 
measures to English ones by means of the Tables given at the end 
of the book, that the French horse-power is equal to 32,550 lbs., 
plus a small fraction ; or in other words, and by simplifying, that 
the English horse-power is to the French horse-power as 220 is 
to 217. 

effective horsepower. le rendement pratique. 

indicated horse-power. le rendement theorique. 

horse (for yard). une bataviole, un vire-lof. 

to work up the dead horse 

{to work for money paid V ^ */// \ 
in advance). ) 

hose. une manche a eau. 

fire hose. une manche a incendie. 

hour angle. un angle horaire. 

hour-glass. une ampoulette. 

house (to) a mast, caler un mat 



regagner ses avances {de 



HOUSE— LMPULSE. 



8l 



house /ine. 

admira/fy Jioiise. 
Official residence of 
hove to. 

hove in sight. 

to be hove in stays. 
howitzer, 
hulk. 

coal hulk. 
hull. 

hurricane, 
husband (ship's), 
hydrographer. 
hydrographic notices, 
hydrographic office, 
hydrography, 
hydrometer, 
hygrometer, 
hypotenuse. 



du lusin. 

la prefecture maritime. 
commander-in-chief in Royal dockyard. 
en panne. 

parut a t horizon. 

etre vent devant. 
un obmsier. 
un ponton. 

un ponton a charbon. 
une coque. 
un ouragan. 
le gerant (d'un navire). 
un ingenieur hydrographe. 
annonces (/)hydrographiques. 
le bureau des cartes et plans. 
I'hydrographie, /. 
un hydrometre. 
un hygrometre. 
I'hypotenuse, / 



I. 



ice. 


la glace. 


ice field. 


un banc de glace. 


iceberg. 


une banquise. 


ice blink. 


le reflet des glaces. 


ice bound. 


{ emprisonne par les glaces. 
\ encombrc par les glaces. 




drifts of ice. 


des glaces en derive. 


impact. 


I'impact, w. 


the point of impact. 


le point d* impact. 


import duty. 


le droit d'entree. 


import commerce. 


le commerce d' importation. 


impressment (of seamen). 


la presse. 


impulse. 


I'impulsion,/ 
6 



82 IN- 


-IRON. 


in boats ! 


a embarquer les canots ! 


inch. 


un pouce (see Table III.). 


incidence (angle of). 


Tangle (w.) d'incidence. 


inclination (of an orbit). 


I'inclinaison d'une orbite. 


index-error of sextant. 


I'erreur (/) instrumentale. 


index bar {of sextant). 


Validade (/) {du sextant). 


index glass {of sextant). 


le grand miroir {du sextant). 


to clamp the index. 


fixer Validade. 


Indiaman (East). 


un navire des Indes. 


indraught of the sea. 


I'entrainement {m.) des eaux. 


initial velocity. 


la Vitesse initiale. 


injector. 


un injecteur. 


Giffard's injector. 


Pinjecteur Giffard. 


inlet. 


un bras de mer. 


inshore. 


vers la terre. 


instructor. 


un instructeur. 


gunnery instructor {officer). 


un instructeur de canonnage. 


naval instructor. 


unprofesseurde Pecole navale. 


insurance. 


une assurance. 


Lloyd^s itisurance. 


line assuratice maritime. 


international signal code. 


le code international des sig- 




naux. (See Tables XIIL, 


invalid. 


un invalide. [XIV., XV.). 


invalided. 


invalide. 


invoice. 


une facture. 


iron. 


le fer. 


cast iron. 


de lafojite. 


galvanised iron. 


fer galvanise. 


hard iron. 


fer ordinaire. 


/wop iron. • 


du feuillard. 


pig iron. 


une gueuse. 


sheet iron. 


de la tole. ■ 


soft iron. 


du fer doux. 


wrought iron. 


du fer forge. 


iron-bound coast. 


une cote de fer. 



IRON — JETTY. 



83 



iron-dad. 

iron wire. 
irons (fetters). 

a man in irons. 

to be in irons {like a ship). 
island, 
isochronism. 

isochronism of pendulum. 
isochronous. 

The oscillations of the pendulwn 
are isochronous when their ampli- 
tude is not more than 4 or 5 degrees. 

isthmus. 



un cuirasse^ un navire blinde. 

dujil defer, m. 
les fers, m. pi. 

un homme aux fers. 

faire chappelle. 
une lie. 
risochronisme, ///. 

risochronisme du pendule. 
isochrone. 

Les oscillations du pendnlc sont 
isochrones quand leur amplitude ne 
dcpasse pas 4 ou 5 degrh. 

un isthme. 



J. 



jack (lifting). 

hydraulic Jack. 

Jack (Jag). 

Jack stays. 

Jack tar. 

Jack in the dust. ■ 
Union Jack. 
jacket (of cylinder). 

jacket {of gun). 

Jacket {of projectile). 
a blue jacket (sailor of the 
jam (to). [navy), 

jaw (of gaff or boom), 
jeer. 

Jeer-block. 
jelly fish. 

jerquer (of customs), 
jetsam, 
jettison (to), 
jetty. 



un verin. 

un verin hydrauligue. 

un pavilion de beaupre. 

des filieres, f 

un Mathurin. 

le cambusier. 

le yac a?7glais (also yak). 
la chemise (du cylindre). 

lajaquette {d^un cation). 

la ceinture {cTun projectile). 
un collet bleu (matelot de 
etrangler. [I'etat). 

la machoire. 
une drisse de basse vergue. 

palandedrisse de basse vergue. 
une meduse. 

un verificateur (des douanes). 
le jet a la mer. 
Jeter a la mer. 
une jetee. 



84 



JEWS — JUNK. 



Jew's harp. 

jib. 

doivn jib ! 

ease off the jib sheets I 

Jlyingjib. 

Jiyingjib boom. 

/wist jibs I 

jib boom. 

jib stay. 

jib traveller. 

standing jib. 
jigger (sail), 
jigger. 

jigger block, 
tail jigger. 
jobation (slang). ' 

join (to) one's ship. 



/ shall join my ship next 
week. 



joint. 

butt-strap joint, 
double butt-strap joint. 

lap joint. 
journal (machinery). 
Julian period, 
jump (to) into a boat, 
junior to commander (officer), 
junk (vessel). 

junk {old rope). 



une manille d'etalingure. 
le foe. 

halez bas le grand foe I 
Jilez les foes ! 

le din foe. 

bout dehors de din foe. 

hissez les foes I 

bout-dehors de foe. 

la draille. 

un rocatnbeau de foe. 

le grand foe. 
le tapecul. 
un palan, un cartalin. 

un palan volant. 

un palan afouet. 
un savon (argot). 
rejoindre son bord. 
rallier le bord. 
embarquer. 

fembarquerai la senmine 
prochaine. 

je rallierai, or je rejoindrai 
mon bord la semaine pro- 
chaine. 
un joint. 

un joint a franc-bord. 

un double joint a franc- 
bord. 

un joint a din. 
un portage (mecanique). 
la periode Julienne, 
sauter dans un canot. 
un officier subalterne. 
une jonque. 

de la fourrure. 



JURY — KICK. 



85 



jury-mast. 

jury rudder. 
jute. 



un mat de fortune. 

un gouvernail de fortune. 
le jute. 



K.C.B., Knight Commander of 
the most honourable order of 
the Bath. 

K.G. (Knight of the Garter), 
keckle a cable (to), 
kedge anchor. 

to kedge. 
keel. 

bilge keels. 

false keel. 

ituier keel. 

keel haulbig {old punishment"^ . 

outer keel. 

0)t ati eve?i keel. 

Some vessels sail best on an 
even keel, others when brought 
by the head or by the stern. 

vertical keel. 
keelson. 

keep her away ! (same as hear^ip !) 
keg (cask), 
kentledge. 
Kepler's laws, 
ketch, 
kettle-net 
kevel. 
kick (of rifle, of revolver). 



Chevalier de Tordre du Bain. 



Chevalier de la Jarretiere. 
fourrer I'etalingure d'un cable, 
une ancre a jet. 

se touer, s^ embosser. 
la quille. 

les quilles de roulis. 

lafausse quille. 

la quille interieure. 

supplice de la cale humide. 

la quille extirieure. 

sans difference de calaison. 

II y a des vaisseaux qui naviguent 
mieux sans difference de calaison, 
d'autres lorsqu'ils sont sur le nez ou 
sur I'arriere. 

une carlingue verticale. 
la carlingue. 

laissez arriver ! laissez porter ! 
une caque. 
une gueuse. 
les lois de Kepler, 
un cotre a tapecul, un ketch, 
une madrague. 
un taquet. 
le recul (d'un fusil, d'un 

revolver). 



86 



KIDDY — LADDER. 



kiddy fellow (slang). 

kink. 

kippering (fish). 

kit (of a sailor). 

knees. 

knight heads. 

knot (in a rope). ) 

knot (in a log line). j 

huoy-rope knot. 

cafs paw knot. 

figure of 8 knot. 

fisherman^ s bend knot. 

half-crown knot. 

horse-shoe knot. 

Matthetv Walker knot. 

reef knot. 

running boivli7ie knot. 

sheet knot. 

shoulder knot. 

shroud knot. 

slip knot. 

standing Turk^s head knot. 

stopper knot. 

to tie a knot. 

two bowlines. 

wall knot. 

koiv many knots do 7ve run ? 

to run 12 knots an hour. 
kydle. 



labour (to) (like a ship), 
laboursome (ship), 
lacings, 
ladder. 



un faraud (argot). 

une coque. 

le fumage (du poisson). 

le sac (d'un matelot). 

les courbes,/. 

les apotres, /;/. 

un noeud. 

un noeud d^orin. 
une gueule de raie. 
un noeud d^ arret, 
un nceud de grappin. 
un a7tiarrage en etrive. 
un noiud de griffe. 
un noeud de ride, 
un noeud plat, 
un noeud d^anguille. 
un noeud d'ecoute. 
les aiguillettes, /. 
un noeud de haubafi. 
un noeud coulant. 
un bonnet turc. 
u?i cul de pore double, 
faire un noeud. 
un noeud d^agui. 
un cul de pore simple. 
C07nbien filons-nous ? 
filer 1 2 nceuds a Pheure. 
un barrage. 

L. 

fatiguer. 
dur a la mer. 
le transfilage. 
une echelle. 



LADDER — LAND. 



87 



accommodation or entering 


line echelle de coupee. 


ladder. 




companion ladder. 


une echelle de commandement. 


gangway ladders. 


echelles de passavant. 


Jacob's ladder. 


une echelle de revers. 


stern ladder. 


une echelle de poupe. 


a hang ladder. ) 
a rope ladder. ) 


■ une echelle de corde. 


quarter ladder. \^ 
stern ladder, j 


( une echelle de dunette. 
\ une echelle de poupe. 


laden. 


charge. 


laden in bulk. 


{ charge en vrac, en grenier^ 
\ or en pagale. 




The term en vrac is more 


\ used by commercial men, and eji 


grenier and en pagale by sailors. 


lading (bill of). 


le connaissement. 


lagging (of boiler). 


enveloppe (/.) (de chaudiere). 


lagoons. 


des lagunes, / 


laid up (ship). 


desarme (navire). 


lamp. 


une lampe. 


binnacle lamp. 


une virine. 


incandesce?it lamp. 


une lampe a incandescence. 


lamp oil. 


de rhuile a brfiler. 


land. 


la terre. 


land ho ! 


terre / 


land marks. 


des afners, m. 


landsffien. 


les terriens^ m. 


main latid. 


la terre fer me. 


the lands of a gun. 


les cloisons, f. 


to hug the land. 


serrer la terre de pres. 


to keep the land aboard, ■ 


serrer la terre. 


to lattd {to get ashore). 


aborder^ debarquer. 


to la?id {goods). 


mettre a terre. 


to land {passengers^ troops ^ 


dibarquer {des passagers^ 


^c). 


^c). 



LAND — LATEEN. 



to land on a shore, 
to lose sight of land, 
to run for the land, 
the ship lay land to. 
to set the la?td. 
to clear the land. 

Iioiv does the land hear 1 
to settle the land. 
landing. 

landing company or party 

landing place or stage. 



aborder une cote, 
perdre la terre de vue, 
courir sur la terre. 
le navire etait a perte de viie. 
relever la terre. 
parer la terre., etre degage 

des terres* 
oil releve-t-on la tet-re ? 
noyer la terre. 
le debarquement. 

line compagnie de debarque- 
ment. 
un dSbarcadere, im embarca- 
dere, une cale. 
D3arcadere literally means ' a place to disembark from,' and 
embarcadere ' a place to embark from. ' 



land-locked, 
land-lubber, 
landfall. 

to make a good landfall. 
landward, 
laniard or lanyard, 
lantern. 

lantern {of lighthouse). 
lap (of one plate over another), 
larboard {see * port '). 
larder, 
lascars. 
lash (to). 

lashed (made fast), 
lashing. 

rose lashing. 

Portuguese lashing. 
lateen sail. 

latee?i yard. 



abrite par la terre. 

un marin d'eau douce. 

un atterrissage, un atterrage. 

faire un bon atterrisage. 
vers la terre. 
une aiguillette, une ride, 
une lanterne. 

lefaftal. 
I'accostage, m. 
babord. 
I'office, m. 
les lascars. 



faire un amarrage, 



saisir. 



amarre. 

un amarrage. 

un aiguilletage. 

un amarrage en portugaise. 
une voile latine. 

une anten?ie. 



LATITUDE — LEAD. 



89 



latitude. 

latitudes {J)arts). 
celestial latitude. 

difference of latitude. 

horse latitudes. 

latitude by meridia?i alti- 
tude of the Sim. 

latitude by dead reckoni/ig. 

latitude by observation. 

low latitudes. 

middle latitude. 

parallel of latitude. 

reduced latitude. 

true latitude. 
launch (to). . 

a lau7ich. 
launching (the). 

lau?iching 7vays. 
lay days. 

lay out I {lie out!) {on 
yards). 

the lay {of a rofe). 

to lay {rope). 

to lay up {a ship). 

to lay a ship {to lose sight 

to lay tlie course. \jfil). 

to lay in. 
law (the) of nations, 
lazaretto, 
lead (metal). 

deep-sea lead. 

deep-sea line. 

lead tempering {of steel). 

red-lead. 



la latitude, le parage. 

les parages, 7n. pi. 

la dklinaison^ la latitude 
celeste. 

la difference de latitude. 

les cahnes du cancer. 

la latitude par la hauteur 
meridienne du soleil. 

la latitude estifnee. 

la latitude observee. 

les basses latitudes. 

la latitude moyenne. • 

un parallele. 

la latitude corrigk. 

la latitude vraie. 
mettre a I'eau, lancer. 

7ine chaloupe. 
le lancement, la mise a I'eau. 

ufie lissedecale de construction. 
les jours de planche. 

sur les vergues I 

le commettage. 

cofjwiettre. 

disarmer. 

noyer un vaisseau {le perdre 

tracer la route. [de vue). 

re?itrer. 
le droit des gens, 
le lazaret, 
le plomb. 

la grande sonde. 

la ligne de sonde. 

la trempe au plo?nb, 

du jninmm. 



90 



LEAD— LEECH. 



the lead (for sounding). 

Thomson'' s patent lead. 

to arm the lead. 

to heave the lead. 

zvhite lead. 
lead (to). 

a fair-lead. 
leading seaman, 
leadsman, 
leak (to). 

to spring a leak. 

to stop a leak. 
leakage. 

leakage of steam. 
leather for pump, 
leave (of absence). 

a man on leave. 

on leave. 

to grant leave. 
lee (on the). 

lee board. 

brought by the lee. 

lee gage. 

lee lurches. 

lee shore. . 

lee side. 

lee tide. 

the lee anchor. 

to get adrift upon a lee shore. 

we had the lee gage. 

they had the weather gage. 

leech (of a sail). 



la sonde. 

le sondeur Thomson. 

garnir le ploiiib de so?tde. 

Jeter la sonde. 

du blanc de ceruse. 
conduire, guider. 

un chaumard. 
un matelot de premiere classe. 
le sondeur. 
faire eau. 

faire une voie d'eau. 

aveugler une voie d'eau. 
une voie d'eau. 

unefuite de vapeur. 
une maugere. 
une permission. 

un permissionnaire. 

en permission. 

donner la permisso?i, 
sous le vent. 

une aile de derive. 

empanne. 

la position sous le vent. 

coups de roulis sous le vent. 

une terre sous le vent. 

le coti sous le vent. 

une maree portant sous le 
vent. 

Vancre sous le vent. 

s'affaler a la cote. 

nous avions le desavantage 
du vent. 

ils avaient Vavantage du 
vent. 
la chute (d'une voile), 



LEECH— LIE. 91 


leech line. 


une cargue bouli?ie. 


leeward (to). 


sous le vent. 


keep to leeward of ... . 


arrivez pour .... 


leewardly. 


mou. 


a very leewardly ship. 


un navire tres mou. 


a ship that requires a great 


7iavire qui demande beaucoup 


deal of lee helm. 


de barre dessous. 


leeway. 


la derive. 


to fnake leeway. 


deriver. 


allowafice for leeway. 


la correction de la derive. 


lens. 


une lentille. 


let draw ! (in a boat). 


changez la misaine ! 


let dra7v I {on board ship). 


cha?igez lesfocs I 


let fly ! 


larguez en bande ! 


let fly the main sheet I 


filez rScoute de gratid^ voile I 


let go. 


larguez. 


to let go. 


larguer. 


to let go a rope. 


larguer une manoeuvre. 


let go I {rope). 


larguez ! 


let go afidhaul! {in tackifig). devant^ changez ! {en virant). 


to let go U7ider foot. 


mouiller sur son ancre. 


let go top-gallant bowlines! 


larguez les boulines de pef-ro- 




quetf 


let fall! 


larguez I 


letter of mark. 


{ une lettre de marque. 
1 un corsaire. 





libration (of the moon). 

lie to (to) (in a gale of wind). 

to lie off. 
to lie at anchor, 
to lie in port. 
This vessel has been lying 
in port for three ?nonths. 



la libration (de la lune). 
etre a la cape (pendant un 

coup de vent), 
tenir la cape. 



rester au large. 



etre a V ancre, etre mouille. 
etre au port, au port. 
Ce ?iavire est au port depuis 
trois 7nois, 



92 



LIE — LIGHT. 



lie off I {order to a boat). au large I {ordre a un canot). 



to lie under arms. 
lien (a) (commercial term). 

ifi lien. 
lieutenant. 
first lieutenant. 



coucher sous les amies. 
une garantie, un nantisse- 

ment. 

conime garantie. 
le lieutenant. 

le lieutenant. 



A French lieutenant is always addressed as capitaine, unless he 
happen to be the commanding officer of a vessel, in which case he 
would be spoken of, and addressed as commaiidant. However, by 
some strange anomaly, a French lieutenant commanding as second 
officer is always called le lieutenant. . 



flag lieute?iant. 

navigating lieute?iant. 
sub-lieutenant. 
life belt. 
life boat, 
life buoy. 

life line. 

life saving apparatus, 
life saving arrow {as used 

in the French Service), 
life savi?tg station. 
Natioftal Lifeboat Institu- 

tiofi. 
life boafs crew aivay I 

Captain Nares^ life kite. 

lifts. 

topping lift. 

spanker boom lift. 
light. 



j lieutenant de pavilion. 
I un aide de camp. 

Voffjcier des montres. 

un enseigne. 
une ceinture de sauvetage. 

un canot de sauvetage. 

7ine bouee de sauvetage. 
j une filiere a roulis, 
\ une ligne de sauvetage. 

tin porte-amarre. 

unefleche porte-amarre. 

un poste de sauvetage. 
Societe Centrale de Sauve- 
tage. 
les canotiers de sauvetage^ 

embarquent I 
le cerf volant porte ama7're 
du Capitaine Nares. 
les balancines,/ 
le bonhomme. 
la balancine de gui. 
un feu, une lumiere. 



LIGHT. 



93 



a flask {of light) every 

minute, 
a green light, 
a light ahead ! 
a light on the port bow I 

a red light, 
a white light, 
blue lights, 
electric light, 
fixed light, 
first order light, 
flare up light. ) 
flashing light, j 
floating light, 
intermittent light. ) 
occulting light. i 
light dues {'tone in France), 
light house, 
light house keeper, 
light skip, 
mast kead ligkt. 
port l)oiv light, 
position light, 
revolving ligkt, 
searck ligkt. 
side ligkts. 

signal ligkt. 

starboard boiv light. 

the ligkts carried by a ship 

under way. 
to burn a ligkt {signal), 
to exkibit a ligkt. 
twinkling light. 



un eclat de minute en minute. 

uftfeu vert. 

un feu devant ! 

un feu par le bossoir de 

babord I 
un feu rouge, 
un feu blanc. 
desfeux de Bengale. 
une lumiere electrique. 
un feu fixe, 
unfeu de premier ordre. 

unfeu a eclats. 

unfeu flottant. 

unfeu ix eclipses. 

les droits de pkare. 

un pkare^ un feu. 

un gardien de pkare. 

un bateau feu. 

unfeu de tete de mat. 

lefeu de babord. 

unfeu de position. 

unfeu tournant. 

un projecteur. 

les feux de cote. 
( unfanal. 
1 desfeux de signaux. 

lefeu de tribord. 

les feux de route cfun vais- 
seau. 

briiler une amorce. 

montrer unfeu. 

unfeu scintillant. 



94 LIGHT. 

LIGHTS FOR STEAM SHIPS. FEUX DES NAVIRES A VAPEUR. 



EXTRACT FROM THE NEW 
REGULATIONS. 

The word ' visible ' in these 
rules, when applied to lights, 
shall mean visible on a dark night 
with a clear atmosphere. 

Art. I. The rules concerning 
lights shall be complied with in 
all weathers from sunset to sun- 
rise, and during such time no 
other lights which may be mis- 
taken for the prescribed lights 
shall be exhibited. 

Art. II. A steam vessel, when 
under way, shall carry : — 

{a) On or in front of the 
foremast, or if a vessel without 
a foremast, then in the fore- 
part of the vessel, at a height 
above the hull of not less than 
20 feet, and if the breadth of 
the vessel exceeds 20 feet, then 
at a height above the hull not 
less than such breadth, so, how- 
ever, that the light need not be 
carried at a greater height above 
the hull than 40 feet, a bright 
white light, so constructed as to 
show an unbroken light over an 
arc of the horizon of 20 points of 
the compass, so fixed as to throw 
the light 10 points on each side 
of the vessel, viz. from right ahead 
to two points abaft the beam on 
either side, and of such a charac- 
ter as to be visible at a distance 
of at least 5 miles. 

{d) On the starboard side a 



EXTRAIT UU NOUVEAU 
RfeGLEMENT. 

Dans les regies ci-dessous, le mot 
' visible ' applique aux feux, signi- 
fiera visible par une nuit noire mais 
atmosphere pure. 

Art. I. On se conformera aux 
regies sur les feux, par tous les 
temps, du coucher au lever du 
soleil, et, pendant toute cette 
periode, on n'exhibera aucune 
lumiere qui puisse etre prise par, 
erreur, pour les feux reglementaires. 

Art. II. Tout navire a vapeur, 
en marche, doit porter : — 

{a) Sur le mat de misaine, 
ou en avant de ce mat, ou, si le 
vaisseau n'a pas de mat de misaine, 
sur I'avant du batiment, a une 
hauteur de 6™* 10 au moins au- 
dessus du plat-bord, et si le vaisseau 
a plus de 6™'io de largeur, alors a 
une hauteur au-dessus du plat-bord, 
au moins egale a cette largeur sans 
toutefois qu'il soit necessaire de 
placer le feu a une hauteur de plus 
de I2i*^'20, un feu blanc brillant 
construit de maniere ^ fournir une 
lumiere uniforme et sans interrup- 
tion sur tout le parcours d'un arc de 
I'horizon de 20 quarts du compas, 
fixe de fa9on a projeter la lumiere 
sur un arc de lo quarts de chaque 
cote du navire, soit, depuis I'avant 
jusqu'a deux quarts de I'arriere du 
travers, de chaque cote. Ce feu 
devra etre visible a une distance 
d'au moins 5 milles. 

{b) A tribord, "un feu vert, etabli 



LIGHT. 



95 



green light, so constructed as to 
show an unbroken light over an 
arc of the horizon of lo points of 
the compass, so fixed as to throw 
the light from right ahead to two 
points abaft the beam on the star- 
board side, and of such a char- 
acter as to be visible at a distance 
of at least 2 miles. 

(c) On the port side a red light, 
of the same construction and de- 
scription as the starboard light. 

{d) The said green and red 
side lights shall be fitted with in- 
board screens, projecting at least 
three feet forward from the light, 
so as to prevent these lights from 
being seen across the bow. 



{e) A steam vessel when under 
way may carry an additional 
white light similar in construction 
to the light mentioned in sub- 
division (a). These two lights 
shall be so placed in line with the 
keel that one shall be at least 
15 feet higher than the other, and 
in such a position with reference 
to each other that the lower light 
shall be forward of the upper one. 
The vertical distance between 
these lights shall be less than the 
horizontal distance. 



de maniere a projeter une lumiere 
sans interruption sur tout le par- 
cours d'un arc de I'horizon de dix 
quarts du compas, fixe de maniere 
a projeter la lumiere depuis I'avant 
jusqu'a deux quarts de I'arriere du 
travers a tribord, Ce feu devra 
etre visible a une distance d'au moins 
2 milles. 

(<:) A bdbord, un feu rouge d'une 
construction et d'une portee sem- 
blables a celui de tribord. 

{d) Ces feux de cote vert et 
rouge seront pourvus d'ecrans 
places sur le cote du navire se pro- 
jetant, en avant, d'au moins 91 
centimetres, pour qu'on ne puisse 
apercevoir le feu vert de babord 
devant et le feu rouge de tribord 
devant. 

{e) Un vapeur, en marche, peut 
porter, en outre, un feu additionnel 
blanc d'une construction semblable 
au feu mentionne dans la section (a). 
Ces deux feux seront places suivant 
la ligne de la quille, de maniere 
que I'un deux soit au moins a 
4™ '57 plus haut que I'autre et 
dans une position telle que le feu 
inferieur sera en avant du feu 
superieur. La distance verticale 
entre ces deux feux sera moindre 
que la distance horizontale. 



LIGHTS FOR TUGS. 

Art. in. A steam vessel when 
towing another vessel shall, in 
addition to her side lights, carry 
two bright white lights in a vertical 
line, one over the other, not less 



FEUX DES REMORQUEURS. 

Tout navire a vapeur qui re- 
morque un autre navire, devra 
porter, outre ses feux de cote, deux 
feux blancs brillants, places verti- 
calement I'un au-dessus de I'autre a 



96 



LIGHT. 



than six feet apart, and when tow- 
ing more than one vessel, shall 
carry an additional bright white 
light six feet above or below such 
lights, if the length of the tow, 
measuring from the stern of the 
towing vessel to the stern of the 
last vessel towed, exceeds 600 feet. 
Each of these lights shall be of 
the same construction and char- 
acter, and shall be carried in the 
same position as the white light 
mentioned in Art. II (a), except 
the additional light, which may be 
carried at a height of not less 
than 14 feet above the hull. 

LIGHTS FOR SAILING SHIPS. 

A sailing vessel under way, and 
any vessel being towed, shall 
carry the same lights as steam 
ships under way, with the excep- 
tion of the white mast-head lights, 
which they shall never carry. 

LIGHTS FOR SMALL SAILING 
VESSELS. 

Whenever, as in the case of 
small vessels under way during 
bad weather, the green and red 
side lights cannot be fixed, these 
lights shall be kept at hand, 
lighted and ready for use, and 
shall, on the approach of other 
vessels, be exhibited on their re* 
spective sides in sufficient time to 
prevent collision, in such a manner 
as to make them most visible, 
and so that the green light shall 
not be seen on the port side, nor 
the red light on the starboard 
side. 



une distance minimum de ini-83 
I'un de I'autre. S'il remorque plus 
d'un batiment il devra porter un 
autre feu blanc brillant a i'"'83, au- 
dessus ou au-dessous des premiers, 
si la longueur de remorque mesuree 
de I'arriere du remorqueur a I'arriere 
du dernier vaisseau remorque de- 
passe 183 metres. Ces feux seront 
de la meme construction et du meme 
genre que le feu blanc mentionne 
a I'article II. {a), et il seront fixes 
dans la meme position, a I'exception 
du Iroisieme feu qui ne sera jamais 
place a moins de 4^1 '27 de hauteur 
au-dessus du plat-bord. 

FEUX DES NAVIRES X VOILES. 

Un batiment a voiles qui fait 
route ou un batiment remorque, doit 
porter les memes feux que les 
navires a vapeur qui font route, a 
I'exception du feu blanc du mat de 
misaine qu'il ne doit jamais porter. 

FEUX DES PETITS NAVIRES A 
VOILES. 

Toutes les fois que, comme cela a 
lieu a bord des petits navires en 
marche pendant le mauvais temps, 
les feux de cote rouge et vert ne 
peuvent etre mis a leur poste, ces 
feux seront tenus a portee de la 
main allumes et prets a servir. A 
I'approche d'autre batiments, on 
devra montrer ces feux a leurs bords 
respectifs, en temps utile pour 
empecher I'abordage, et les placer 
de maniere a ce qu'ils soient le plus 
visibles possibles et de fafon que le 
feu vert ne puisse etre vu de babord, 
ni le feu rouge de tribord. 



LIGHT. 



97 



To make the use of these port- 
able lights more certain and easy, 
the lanterns containing them 
shall each be painted outside with 
the colours of the light they 
respectively contain, and shall be 



Tour rendre plus facile et plus si\r 
I'emploi de ces feux portatifs, les 
lanternes qui les contiennent seront 
respectivement peintes a Texterieur 
de la couleur du feu qu'elles con- 
tiennent et elles seront pourvues 



provided with proper screens. d'ecrans convenables. 



LIGHTS FOR SHIPS AT ANCHOR. FEUX DES NAVIRES k l'ANCRE. 



A vessel under 150 feet in 
length, when at anchor, shall 
carry forward, where it can best 
be seen, but at a height not ex- 
ceeding 20 feet above the hull, 
a white light in a lantern so con- 
structed as to show a clear, uni- 
form, and unbroken light visible 
all round the horizon at a distance 
of at least i mile. 

A vessel of 150 feet or upwards 
in length, when at anchor, shall 
carry in the forward part of the 
vessel, at a height of not less than 
20, and not exceeding 40, feet 
above the hull, one such light, 
and at or near the stern of the 
vessel, and at such a height that 
it shall be not less than 15 feet 
lower than the forward light, 
another such light. 



Un batiment de moins de 46 
metres de longueur, lorsqu'il est a 
I'ancre, devra porter, a I'avant, a 
I'endroit le plus visible, et a une 
hauteur maximum de 6 metres au- 
dessus du plat-bord, un feu blanc 
dans une lanterne construite de 
maniere a montrer une lumiere 
claire, uniforme et sans interruption, 
visible tout autour de I'horizon a 
une distance d'l mille au moins. 

Un batiment de 46 metres de 
longueur et au-dessus, lorsqu'il 
est a I'ancre, devra porter a la 
partie avant, a une hauteur d'au 
moins 6 metres et qui ne depassera 
pas 12 metres au-dessus du plat- 
bord, un feu semblable et, de plus, 
a I'arriere, ou pres de I'arriere du 
batiment, un autre feu du meme 
genre, place de maniere a ce qu'il 
ne soit pas a plus de 4™'57 pUis 
bas que le feu de I'avant. 



LIGHTS FOR PILOT VESSELS. 

Sailing pilot vessels shall not 
carry the lights required for other 
sailing vessels, but shall carry a 
white light at the mast-head, visi- 
ble all round the horizon, and 
shall also exhibit a flare-up light, 



FEUX DES BATEAUX PILOTES. 

Les bateaux pilotes a voiles ne 
porteront pas les memes feux que 
les autres batiments a voiles, mais 
ils porteront, a la tete du mat, un feu 
blanc visible tout autour de I'horizon 
et ils montreront aussi, un feu inter- 



98 



LIGHT. 



or flare-up lights, at short inter- niittent, ou des feux intermittents 
vals, which shall never exceed a de courts intervalles qui ne de- 
fifteen minutes. passeront jamais un quart d'heure. 



LIGHTS FOR FISHING VESSELS. FEUX POUR BATEAUX DE pfeCHE. 



Open fishing boats and other 
open boats shall not be required 
to cany the side lights required 
for other vessels ; but shall, if 
they do not carry such lights, 
carry a lantern having a green 
slide on the one side and a red 
slide on the other side ; and on 
the approach of, or to other ves- 
sels, such lantern shall be exhi- 
bited in sufficient time to prevent 
collision, so that the green light 
shall not be seen on the port side, 
nor the red light on the starboard 
side. 

All vessels when engaged in 
fishing with drift nets shall exhi- 
bit two white lights from any part 
of the vessel, where they can be 
best seen. Such lights shall be 
placed so that the vertical dis- 
tance between them shall be not 
less than six feet, and not more 
than ten feet. 

A vessel employed in line fish- 
ing with her lines out, shall carry 
the same lights as a vessel engaged 
in fishing with drift nets. 

If a vessel when fishing becomes 
stationary in consequence of her 
gear getting fast to a rock or 
other obstruction, she shall show 
the light and make the fog signal 
for a vessel at anchor. 

Steam vessels engaged in trawl- 



Les embarcations non pontees, 
soit de peche, soit tout autres, ne 
sont pas forcees de porter les feux 
de cotes que portent les autres bati- 
ments ; mais, si elles ne portent pas 
ces feux, elles seront pourvues d'une 
lanterne dont I'un des cotes aura un 
verre vert et I'autre cote un verre 
rouge. Si on approche d'un autre 
batiment ou si on en est approche, 
on montrera cette lanterne en temps 
utile pour empecher I'abordage et 
de maniere a ce que le feu vert ne 
soit pas vu a babord, ni le feu rouge 
a tribord. 

Tous les navires qui pechent avec 
des filets derivants doivent montrer 
deux feux blancs de la partie du 
batiment ou ils seront le plus visi- 
bles. Ces feux seront places de 
maniere que leur ecartement vertical 
sera de i™, 83 au moins et de 3 
metres au plus. 

Un bateau pechant a la ligne et 
ayant ses lignes dehors, portera les 
memes feux qu'un batiment pechant 
avec des filets derivants. 

Si un bateau de peche devient 
stationnaire par suite de I'engage- 
ment de ses engins de peche dans 
un rocher ou tout autre obstacle, il 
devra montrer le feu d'un batiment 
au mouillage et faire le signal de 
brume. 

Les navires a vapeur de plus de 



LIGHT. 



99 



ing, when under steam, if up- 
ward of twenty tons registered 
tonnage, and having their trawls 
in the water and under way, shall 
carry the same lights as other 
steamers, or the following lights : 
On or in front of the foremast 
head, and in the same position as 
the white light which other steam 
ships carry, a lantern showing a 
white light ahead, a green light 
on the starboard side, and a red 
light on the port side. 

Fishing vessels and open boats, 
when at anchor, or attached to 
their nets and stationary, shall 
exhibit a bright white light. Fish- 
ing vessels and open boats shall, 
however, not be prevented from 
using a flare-up in addition, if 
considered expedient. 



20 tonneaux de jauge et faisant la 
peche au chalut doivent, lorsqu'ils 
sont en marche, et qu'ils ont leur 
chalut dehors, porter les memes feux 
que les autres navires a vapeur, ou 
bien les feux suivants : sur la tete 
du mat de misaine ou en avant du 
mat de misaine et a la place du feu 
blanc que les vapeurs sont tenus 
d 'avoir, un fanal montrant un feu 
rouge a I'avant, un feu vert a tribord 
et un feu rouge a babord. 

Les bateaux de peche et embarca- 
tions non-pontees, au mouillage, ou 
stationnaires, par suite de I'engage- 
ment de leurs filets, montreront un 
feu blanc brillant. Les bateaux de 
peche et embarcations non-pontees, 
pourront aussi se servir en plus d'un 
feu intermittent, si cela est juge 
necessaire. 



LIGHTS FOR SHIPS NOT UNDER 
CONTROL, OR ENGAGED IN LAY- 
ING TELEGRAPH CABLES. 

A vessel which from any acci- 
dent is not under command, shall 
carry at the same height as the 
white light mentioned in Article 
II. (a), where they can best be seen, 
and, if a steam vessel, in lieu of 
that light, two red lights, in a 
vertical line one over the other, 
not less than six feet apart, and 
of such a character as to be visible 
all round the horizon at a distance 
of at least 2 miles ; and shall 
by day carry in a vertical line one 
over the other, not less than six 



FEUX DES NAVIRES QUI SONT DANS 

L'iMPOSSIBILITt DE MANCEUVRER 

OU QUI POSENT DES CABLES SOUS- 

MARINS. 

Tout batiment qui, par suite d'un 
accident, n'est plus libre de ses 
mouvements doit porter a la meme 
hauteur que le feu blanc mentionne 
a I'article II. {a), a I'endroit le plus 
apparent, et si c'est un vapeur au 
lieu de ce feu, 2 feux rouges 
places verticalement I'un au-dessus 
de I'autre, a une distance minimum 
de Ji", 83. Ces feux devront etre 
visibles tout autour de I'horizon a 
une distance d'au moins 2 milles. 
En jour ils doivent porter verticale- 
ment, I'un au-dessus de I'autre, 



oo 



LIGHT — LIGHTEN. 



feet apart, where they can best be 
seen, two black balls or shapes, 
each two feet in diameter. 

A vessel employed in laying or 
in picking up a telegraph cable 
shall carry in the same position 
as the white light mentioned in 
Article II. (a), and, if a steam 
vessel, in lieu of that light, three 
lights in a vertical line one over 
the other, not less than six feet 
apart. The highest and lowest 
of these lights shall be red, and 
the middle light shall be white, 
and they shall be of such a char- 
acter as to be visible all round the 
horizon, at a distance of at least 
2 miles. By day she shall 
carry in a vertical line one over 
the other, not less than six feet 
apart, where they can best be seen, 
three shapes not less than two 
feet in diameter, of which the 
highest and lowest shall be 
globular in shape and red in 
colour, and the middle one 
diamond in shape and white. 

The vessels referred to in this 
article, when not making way 
through the water, shall not carry 
the side lights, but when making 
way shall carry them. 

light airs. 

light water draught. 

lighten (to) (when there are 

lightnings), 
lighten (to make lighter 

in weight). 



a une distance d'au moins i ™, 83 
et a I'endroit le plus apparent, deux 
globes ou ballons noirs de 61 centi- 
metres de diametre chacun. 

Tout batiment employe soit a 
poser, soit a relever un cable 
telegraphique doit porter a la place 
occupee par le feu blanc mentionne 
a I'article II. (a), et, si c'est un 
vapeur, au lieu de ce feu, trois feux 
places verticalement I'un au-dessus 
de I'autre et a une distance d'au 
moins i™, 83 I'un de I'autre. Le 
feu superieur et le feu inferieur 
doivent etre rouges et le feu du 
milieu devra etre blanc. Ces feux 
doivent etre visibles tout autour de 
I'horizon a une distance d'au moins 
2 milles. En jour il doit porter, 
verticalement et I'un au-dessus de 
I'autre, a une distance d'au moins 
I ™, 83 et a I'endroit le plus appar- 
ent, trois ballons de 61 centimetres 
de diametre chacun. Le ballon 
superieur et le ballon inferieur 
seront de forme spherique et 
rouges de couleur, et le ballon du 
milieu sera de la forme d'un diamant 
et de couleur blanche. 

Les bailments dont il est parle 
dans cet article ne porteront pas 
leurs feux de cote s'ils ne sont pas 
en marche, mais s'ils sont en marche 
ils les porteront. 

des petites brises. 
le tirant d'eau lege, 
eclairer, faire des eclairs. 

alleger. 



LIGHTER — LINE. ' 



TOl 



lighter. 

lighterage. 

lighterman. 
lightning (a). 

a swnmer lightning. 

a forked lightning. 
lightning conductor, 
limb (of the sun). 

lower limb {of the sun). 

upper limb {of the sun). 

limb of a circle. 
limbers. 

limber hole. 

limber boards. 
line (a rope, &c.). 
line abreast (tactics). 

line ahead. 

quarter line, 

colmnns in line ahead. 

double quarter line. 

double bow line. 

line of battle. 

to keep line. 

the lee line. 

the zveather line. 

light water line. 

hauling line. 

rising line {of floor), 
tripping line {of a sail), 
tripping line{of yard J mast). 
line (the equator). 
to cross the line, 
the crossing of the line. 



une allege. u»ie ^abaTe'. 
un chalan. 

le gabariage. 

un gabarieur. 
un eclair. 

un eclair de chaleur. 

un eclair. 
un paratonnerre. 
le bord du soleil. 

le bord inferieur. 

le bord superieur. 

le lifnbe d'un cercle. 
les anguilliers, in. 

le canal des anguilliers. 

les paradoses^ f 
une corde, une amarre, &c. 
une ligne de front. 

une ligne defile. 

une ligne de relevement. 

rordre defile en colonne. 

r angle {in.) de chasse. 

r angle {m.) de retraite. 

une ligne de bataille. 

conserver Fordre. 

la ligne sous le vent. 

la ligne du vent. 

la ligne deflottaison lege. 

un va-et-vient, un bout de 
ligne. 

la lisse. 

un leve-nez. 

un hale-breu. 
la ligne (I'equateur, w.). 

passer la ligne. 

le passage de la ligne. 



102 



j.Ii^ER — LODESTONE. 



lf?ier, Atlantic liner. 
link (of a cable), 
liquid fuel, 
list (to have a). 

to have a list to starboard. 

this ship has a list to port. 

list (Navy). 

to be on the Navy list. 

to be on the active list, 
to be on the retired list, 
to be on the reserve list. 

lizard. 

Lloyd's office (England). 

Lloyd^s agent {England). 
load. 

load water-line. 
load (to) (a ship, a gun, &c.). 
loading. 

loading apparatus. 

loading position. 
loadstone {see ' lodestone '). 
lobster. | 

spring lobster. 
local attraction, 
locker. 

chain locked. 

Davy Joneses locker. 

lodestone. 



un transatlantique. 
une maille. 

le combustible liquide. 
avoir de la bande. 

avoir de la bande a tribord. 

ce navire a de la bande a 
bdbord. 
I'Annuaire (;;/.) de la marine. 

etre dans VAnnuaire de la 
[niarine. 

etre en activite. 

etre en retraite. 

etre sur le cadre de reserve. 
un margouillet. 
une cosse conductrice. 
le bureau Veritas (France). 

un agent du Veritas {France). 
la charge. 

la ligne deflottaison en charge. 
charger, 
le chargement. 

le chariot de chargement. 

la position de chargement. 
un aimant. 
un homard. 

une langouste* 
Tattraction (/.) locale, 
un caisson. 

le puits aux cables. 

la grande tasse or la grande 
bailie. 
un aimant. 



This word, nearly always incorrectly written ' loadstone, ' has no 
connection whatever with the word ' load.' It is derived from the 
Anglo-Saxon 'ladu' meaning 'direction.' It is akin to the old 



LODESTON E — LOOK. 



^03 



Saxon word Madman,' a 'leader.' This word is found in old French 
as 'lotman,' a 'pilot,' a 'guide,' and to this day the French word 
'lamanage,' is still used in the sense of 'pilotage.' Chaucer uses the 
word * lodemanage ' in the same sense, and calls the Pole-Star 
'lodestere,' that is the leading or guiding star. 



log (to measure speed). 
/og book. 

log line. 

log ship. 

patent log. 

the forerunner {of the log). 

to heave the log. 

the reel {of the log). 
logged. ) 

water logged, j 
logarithm. 

a table of logarithms. 
longitude. 

celestial longitude. 

difference of longitude. 

longitude by suti chrono- 
ineter, 

observed longitude. 

to find the longitude by 
chronometer. 

true longitude. 
longshoreman, 
look-out (the). 

look out! 

look-out man. 

to be 071 the look-out. 

to keep a good look-out. 

sharp look out before I 



le loch, le bateau de loch. 

le journal de bord, le livre 
de loch. 

la ligne de loch. 

le bateau de loch. 

un loch enregistreur. 

la houache. 

Jeter le loch. 

le touret. 
desempare, entre deux eaux. 
plein d'eau. 
un logarithme. 

une table de logarithmes. 
la longitude. 

la longitude celeste. 

la difference e?i longitude. 

la longitude par Pangle 
horaire. 

la longitude observie. 

trouver la longitude par les 
montres. 

la longitude vraie. 
un terrien, un soldat. 
la vigie. 

veille I 

Phomme de veille. 

itre en vigie. 

veiller-bien, faire bon quarts 
avoir Vmil au bossoir. 

ouvre rosil au bossoir I 



I04 



LOOM — LUFF. 



loom (of an oar), 
loom (to), 
lop-sided (to be)f 
loss (of a ship). 

constructive loss {of a ship). 

the total loss. 

the actual loss {of a ship). 
louvre (for ventilator), 
low water. 

low water mark. 
lower mast. 

lower yard. 

lower handsomely I 

lower of all { 

to lower, 

to lower a boat. 

to lower away. 

to lower handsomely. 

to lower one^s self down 
a rope. 
loxodromic. 
lubber. 

lubber's hole, 

lubber's point. 
lubricate (to). 
lubrication, 
luff (to). 

keep your luff! 

luff a-lee I 

to spring the luff, 
to bend luff upon luff. 



la poignee (d'un aviron). 

paraitre. 

avoir un faux-bord. 

la perdition, la perte, le bris. 

le delaissement {d^un navire). 

la perte totale. 

le bris, 
un volet a coulisse. 
la maree basse. 

le niveau des basses eaux. 
un bas-mat. 

une basse vergue. 

en douceur I 

amenez partout I 

baisser, affaler. 

mettre une embarcation a la 
mer, 

amener un canot. 

amener. 

amener en douceur. 

s^ affaler le long d'un cor- 



loxodromique. 

un mauvais marin, un soldat, 

un lourdeau. 

le trou du chat. 

la ligne defoi, 
lubrifier. 
le graissage. 
loffer. 

tenez le plus pres I 

loffe toute I 
( venir au lof 
\ venir du lof. 

frapper palan sur garant. 



LUG — MAIL. 



105 



lug sail. 

dipping lug sail. 

standing lug sail. 

to dip a lug sail. 

lug {on watertight door). 
lugger, 
lull. 

lump (boat in a dockyard), 
lumper (workman), 
lunar distance, 
lurch (a). ) , ^ , , . , 
lurching. } (of the ship). 

lying to. 

lying (to lie at ancJior). 
the frigate was lying two 
miles from the s/wre. 



una voile a bourcet. 

une voile a bourcet gambey ant. 

ufie voile a bourcet fixe. 

gambler. 

la gorge. 
un lougre, un chasse-maree. 
une accalmie. 
une chaloupe de port, 
un dechargeur. 
la distance lunaire. 
J un coup de roulis, une 
( arrivee, une embardee. 
etre a la cape. 

etre mouille, etre a Pancre. 

la fregate etait mouillee a 
deux milles du rivage. 



machinery. 

machinery {engines of a ship), 
the machinery employed for 
the purpose is iftgenious. 
propelling machitiery. 

mackerel. 

inackerel sky. 
magazine (the powder). 

to flood the magazine. 

magazine rifle. 
magnet. 

horse-shoe magnet. 
magnetic needle. 

magnetic beariftg. 
mail steamer. 



le mecanisme. 

la machine^ les machines. 

le fnkanisme qu^on eitiploie a 
cet effet est inginieux. 

les appareils {m.) de propul- 
sion. 
un maquereau. 

u?i del p07nmeli. 
la soute aux poudres. 

noyer les poudres. 

un fusil a repetition. 
un aimant. 

uti aimant enfer a clieval. 
une aiguille aimantee. 

un relevement magnetique. 
un paquebot-poste, la malle. 



io6 



MAIN — MAN. 



main. 






main chains 
main brace 
main course 
main sail, 
main mast, 
main topmen. 
main royal, 
main royal mast, 
main sail {of cutter, Fretuh rig), 
main sail haul 1 
main sheet, 
main stay sail. 

. main top. 

main top sail. 

main top mast* 

main top-gallant mast. 

main top-gallant sail. 

main try sail. . 

main yard. 
main drain, 
make a sternboard (to). 

to make sail. 

to make the land. 

to make for the harbour. 

to make headway. 

to make water. 
mallet. 

serving mallet. 
man (to). 

man the gig ! 



/ mas.^ grand, haut, maitre, 
J principal. 

\/em., grande, haute, maitresse, 
V principale. 
les porte-haubans de grand mat. 
le grand bras. 

la grand^ voile. 

le grand mat. 

les gabiers de grand mat. 

le grand cacatois. 

le grand mat de cacatois. 

le taille-vent. 

derriere changez I 

la grand' ecoute. 

la pouillouse^ la grand' voile 
d'etai. 

la grand' hune. 

le grand hunier, 

le grand mat d'hune. 

le mat de grand perroquet. 

le grand perroquet. 

la benf amine. 

la grand vergue. 
le grain drain, 
culer. 

forcer de toile. 

atterrir^ approcher de la terre. 

faire route sur le port. 

alter de Pavant. 

faire eau. 
un maillet. 

une mailloche afourrer. ■ 
armer, monter, &c. 

armez la yole ! 



MAN — MARINE. 



107 



man the side I 

man the falls f 

man the hatvser ! 

man the capsta7iJ 

man the sheets I 

to f?ian a prize. 

to ma?t a ship. 

to man a gun. 

to man the ship. \ 

to man the yards. ] 

to man a putnp. 

to man a boat, 

to man the side. 
manger. 

man-hole (of boiler), 
man-of-war. 

man-of-war^ s me?i. 
manifest, 
manilla rope, 
manoeuvres, 
manual exercise, 
map. 

map of the ivorld. 
marine (a soldier). 

marine board. 

marine engines. 

marine glue. 

marine insurance, 

marine officer, 

marine stores. 

royal marine light itifantry. 

royal marine artillery. 
mariner's compass, 
marine school. 



du monde sur le bord I 

elongez les garants I 

elongez Vaussiere I 

au cabestan I 

du monde aux ecoutes ! 

amariner une prise. 

embarquer F equipage. 

armer une piece, 

mettre du monde sur les 
vergues. 

armer une pompe, 

armer un canot. 

mettre du monde sur le bord. 
une gatte. 
le trou d'homme. 
un navire de guerre. 

les marins de lafiotte. 
le manifeste. 
un cordage de manille. 
les grandes manoeuvres,/. 
Texercise du fusil, 
une carte. 

une mappemonde. 
un soldat de marine. 

le bureau de la marine. 

les machines de navires. 

la glu marine. 

une assurance maritime. 

un officier d*infanterie de 
marine. 

approvisionnemefitSy m, 

Vinfanterie (/.) de marine. 
Partillerie (f) de marine. 
le compas de mer, la boussole. 
une ecole d'hydrographie. 



io8 



MARINES — MAST. 



marines (the), 
maritime laws. 

maritime powers* 
mark (aim). 

to fire at a jnark. 
marksman, 
marl (to). 

to marl doivn. 
marline (yarn). 

marline hitch. 
marline spike, 
mart. 

martial law. 
martingale, 
mast."^ 

a three master. 

before th£ mast. 

he began his career before 
the mast. 

cutting away the masts. 

down mast I {in a boat). 

hand mast. 

an iron mast, 
jury mast. 

lower mast. 

mast head, 

mast head there I 

mast head man. 

mast rigging. 

mast head rope. 

pole mast. 

the masts {as a whole). 



rinfanterie de marine, 
les lois (/) maritimes. 

les puissances (f.) maritimes, 
le but. 

tirer sur un but. 
un tireur, un bon tireur. 
merliner. 

guirlander. 
du merlin. 

un noeud de tresillon. 
un epissoir. 

un marche, un entrepot, 
la loi martiale. 
une martingale, 
un mat. 

un trois mats. 

a Vavant. 

il a commence sa carriere a 
Pavant. 

couper les mats. 

demdtez I 

un mdtereau. 

un mat enfer. 

un mat de fortune. 

un bas mat. 

les barres de cacatois. 

oh I de la vigie I 

Vhomme de vigie. 

le capelage. 

la guinderesse. 

mat a pible oxfieche. 

la mature. 



For names of masts, refer iofore, main^ and inizen, according 
to the mast required. 



MAST — MEAN. 



109 



three masted. 

to be at the mast head. 

to be mastheadedipitnishment). 

top mast. 

to send up a mast. 

to send down a 77iast. \ 

to strike a mast, ) 

to step a mast. 

to strike top gallant masts. 

up top gallant masts I 

up mast 1 {in a boat), 
mast (to), 
master (merchant navy). 

master, sailing master {in 
old English navy). 

the ffiaster's ?nate. 
master-at-arms. 

master mariner. 

mat. 

collision mat. 

sword mat. 

thrummed mat. 
match. 

jnatch-tub. 
mate (merchant navy), chief ) 

mate. J 

second mate (dicky), 
mathematics. 

mixed mathej?iatics. 

pure J fiat hematics. 
mean time, G.M.T. 



a trois mats. 

etre en vigie. 

alter fair e un tour de bar res. 

un mat d^hune. 

guinder un mat. 

dipasser un mat. 

emplanter un mat. 

dipasser les mat sde per roquet. 

a guinder les mats de per ro- 
quet! 

mdtez I 
mater, 
le capitaine. 

le fiavigateur, le maitre pilote 

{dans la vieille mar i fie afi- 
glaise). 

le secofid ffiaitre pilote. 
le capitaine d'armes. 

{un capitaine au long cours. 
un capitaine marchand. 
une sangle, un paillet. 
see under ' collision.' 
une safigle au ffietier. 
un paillet lardi. 
une meche. 

la ffiarffiotte {de la ffieche). 

le second officier, le second. 

le troisieme officier. 
les mathematiques, / 

les mathe'ffiatiques appliquies. 

les mathematiques pures. 
le temps moyen, T.M. (See 

p. 70.) 



no 



MEAN — METAL. 



mean noon, 
mechanics, 
medicine chest. 
Merca tor's charts, 
merchantman, 
merchant vessel. 

merchant navy or service. 
meridian. 

Greenwich meridia?t. 

magnetic meridian. 

meridian {of a place). 

77ieridian passage. 

prime meridian. 
meridional parts. 

meridional difference of 
latitude. 

mesh (of a net), 
mess. 

77iess room. 
to mess together. 

7?iessman. 

messmate. 

mess deck. 

petty officers^ mess. 

ward-roo7n officers' 77iess. 

warrant officers^ 77iess. 

to 77iess together. 
messenger (for capstan). 

to use a messenger. 

to fleet the messe7iger. 
metacentre. 
metal. 

metal {artillery). 

gun metal. 

Miintz 77ietal. 



midi moyen. 

la mecanique. 

le coffre aux medicaments. 

les cartes (/) reduites. 

un navire marchand. 

un batiment de commerce. 

la 77iarine marchande. 
un meridien. 

le 77ieridien de Greenwich. 

le 7neridien 77iagnetique. 

le 77ieridien {d^u7i lieu). 

le passage au meridien. 

le premier 7neridie7i. 
les latitudes croissantes. 

changement en latitude crois- 
sa7ite. 
une maille (de filet). 
la table, le plat. 

la table des officiers. 
faire plat ensemble. 

le maitre d* hotel. 

un camarade de plat. 

le poste des hommes. 

la table des seconds maitres. 

la table des officiers du carri. 

la table des 77iaitres. 

a77iatelotter. 
la tournevire, la marguerite. 
faire marguerite. 

reprendre la tournevire. 
le metacentre. 
un metal. 

artillerie {see ' weight '). 

le bronze. 

le 77ietal Mihitz, 



METEOROLOGY — MIZEN. 1 1 1 

meteorology. la meteorologie. 

micrometer. un micrometre, 

mid, middy. abreviations de * midship- 

man.' 
midshipman (R.N.). un aspirant de premiere classe. 

midshipman {merchant service), un pilotin. 
midships. par le travers. 

mile. un mille. 

a nautical mile. un ?fiille 7?iarin. 

The French nautical mile, like the English nautical mile, is the 
length of a minute of latitude. Though it is different for every 
latitude, it is considered to be equal to 1852 metres, that is, 6076*40 
feet. As the Admiralty mile is equal to 6080 feet, the difference 
between the French and the English nautical miles is then equal 
to 3 "60 feet, a difference which it is hardly necessary to take into 
consideration except for very long distances, for on a distance of 
20,000 nautical miles this difference amounts only to a trifle over 
13^ miles. The English statute mile being equal to 5280 feet, and 
the nautical mile to 6080, the difference between them is then 800 
feet. In nautical parlance the words ' knot ' and * nautical mile ' 
are synonymous, and allude to the geographical mile of 60 to the 
degree of latitude, although it is obvious that a 'knot,' which is 
a division of the log-line, and only a small fraction of the mile, 
is not the same thing as a nautical mile. 

milky way. la voie lactee. 

mine. une mine. 

submarine jnine. une mine sous-niarine. 

minute guns (to fire). tirer des coups de canon de 

minute en minute, 

miss (to) stays. manquer a virer. 

to miss fire. rater. 

mist. la brumaille. 

misty. brumeux. 

mistral (wind). le mistral, 

mizen. I'artimon, ;«. 

mize?t mast. le mat cPartitnon. 

mizen chains. les porte-haubans cTartimon. 



112 



MIZEN— MOOR. 



mizen 7nast-cap. 
mizen royal, 
mizen royal-mast, 
mizen top. 

mizen lug {of a boat), 
mizen sail {of a ship). 

The spanker goes by the 
storm sail. 

mizen sail (boat). 

mizen stay-sail. 

mizen top-mast. 

mizen top-men. 

mizen top-sail. 

mizen top-gallant mast. 

mizen top-gallant sail. 
mobilization, 
moke (of a net), 
moment of inertia, 
momentum, 
monsoon. 

the breaking up of the 
monsoon. 
moon. 

age of the moon. 

earth shine {of the moon). 

first quarter of the moon. 

full moon. 

last quarter of the moon. 

new moon. 
moor (to). 

to moor a cable each way. 
to inoor across {one anchor 
across stream). 



le chouquet d'artimon. 
le cacatois de perruche. 
le mat de cacatois de perruche. 
la hune d^artimon. 
le tapecul. 
fartimon de cape. 
name of ' mizen sail ' when it is a 

le tapecul. 

le foe d'artimon. 

le mat de perroquet defougue. 

les gabiers dartimon. 

un perroquet defougue. 

le mat de perruche. 

la perruche. 
la mobilisation, 
une maille. 
le moment d'inertie. 
le moment, 
la mousson. 

le renverseme?it de la 
mousson. 
la lune. 

Page {m.) de la lune. 

la lumiere cendree. 

le premier quartier de la 
lune. 

la pleine lune. 

le dernier quartier de la 
lune. 

la nouvelle lune. 
affourcher, mouiller. 

s^embosser. 

s^ embosser efi travers. 



MOOR — MUZZLE. 



113 



to moor along {one anchor 

on shore), 
to moor ivith a spring. 

moored {to be). 
mooring. 

at her moorings. 

tnoorifig buoy. 

mooring ring. 

mooring swivel. 
mop. 

morse (walrus), 
mortar. 
Mother Carey's chicken. 

Mother Carey* s goose. 
mother of pearl, 
mould. 

mould loft. 
mouse a hook (to), 
mud. 

muffle (to) the oars, 
mufti (in), 
muggy (weather), 
mull (headland), 
mullet, 
musketry, 
mussel 
muster. 

itiuster roll. 

to muster the creiv. 

to muster the watch. 
mutiny, 
muzzle (of a gun). 

muzzle loader (gun). 



s amarrer a quai. 

s^embosser en faisant crou- 
piat. 

etre affourche. 
un amarrage. 

au mouillage. 

un coffre d^ amarrage. 

Porganeau, m. 

un e merit Ion d' affourche. 
la vadrouille, le guipon. 
le morse, le cheval-marin. 
un mortier. 
le petrel. 

le pitrel geant. 
la nacre, 
un gabarit. 

la salle des gabarits. 
moucheter un croc, 
la vase. 

assourdir les avirons. 
en bourgeois ; slangs en pekin. 
(temps) lourd. 
un promontoire. 
un surmulet. 
la mousqueterie. 
une moule. 
I'inspection,/. 

le role de V equipage. 

assembler r equipage. 

assembler le quart. 
une revolte. 
la bouche (d'un canon). 

piice se chargeant par la 
bouche. 
8 



114 



NADlk — NAVIGATION. 



N. 



nadir, 
nail, nails. 

to clout nails. 
name (to) a ship. 

nautical almanac. 



le nadir. 

un clou, des clous. 

mailleter, 
baptiser un navire. 
J la connaissance des temps. 
( les ephemerides (/.) maritimes. 
le Neptune, 
r astronomie nautique. 
le milk marin (see p. 1 1 1). 
les etoiles servant aux 

observations* 
les tables^ f. pi. 
naval-e, maritime. 
Vecole navale. 

In England, H.M.S. * Britannia,' in Dartmouth harbour ; in 
France, * Le Borda,' in Brest harbour. 

naval architect, un ingenieur des constructions 

navales. 
naval brass. le naval brass. 

This metal is composed of 62 parts of copper, 37 of zinc, 
and I of tin. 



nautical atlas, 
nautical astronomy, 
nautical mile, 
nautical stars> 

nautical tables. 
naval. 

naval school. 



naval cadet. 

naval constructor. 

naval force. 

naval officer, 

naval reserve* 

naval station. 

naval tactics. 

naval ivays and customs. 
navel pipe, 
navigate (to), 
navigation. 



un eleve de Vecole navale. 

un constructeur de la marine. 

une armee navale, 

un officier de marine. 

la reserve maritime. 

un port de guerre. 

la tactique navale. 

les us et coutumes de mer. 
un ecubier de pont. 
naviguer. 
la navigation. 



NAVIGATION — NODE. 



15 



ocean navigation. 

navigator, 
navy. 

civil branch of t/ie navy. 

merchant navy, 

7tavy list, 

navy yard. 

royal navy. 

the navy estimates. 

the English navy. 

the French navy, 

^^' > headland, 

ness. j 

Compare, Walton on 
Ic Cap Gris-nez. 

neaped, 
neap-tide. 

nebula. 

needle (of the compass). 

net. 

drift net. 

the mesh {of a net). 

to net. 
netting (hammock). 

netting needle. 

netting pin or inesh. 
nettle stuff, 
neutrals, 
nip (a good). 

a bad nip. 
nipper, 
node (astronomy). 



{la navigation de long cours. 
la navigation hauturiere. 
un navigateur. 
la marine. 

les corps auxiliaires de la 

marine, 
la 7narine marchatide. 
Vannuaire de la marine, 
unport militaire, un chantier. 
la marine militaire. 
le budget de la marine, 
la marine anglaise, 
la marine franfaise*. 

un promontoire, nez. 
the Naze, Dungeness and, in French, 

amorti. 
I une maree de morte-eau. 
( une marce de quadrature, 
une nebuleuse. 
I'aiguille, / 
un filet. 

un filet trainant. 

la maille (Tun filet. 

faire du filet. 
le bastingage. 

une navette, 

un moule. 
de la commande. 
les neutres, ;;/. 
une chalne bien prise. 

une chaine mal prise. 
I'etrangloir, m. 
un nceud (astronomie). 



ii6 



NODE — OAR. 



the ascending node. 

the descending node. 
no higher ! 
no, no ! 

noon. 

apparent noon. 

mean noon. 

true noon. 
north. 

northern light, 
north-wester. 

northing or southing, 
nose (of a ship), 
notch (in back sight). 

movable notch. 
nothing off ! 
nun buoy, 
nut. 

butterfly nut. 



le noeud ascendant. 

le noiud descendant, 
pas plus pres ! 
a bord ! (see p. 9, under aye^ 

aye I) 
le midi. 

le midi apparent. 

le midi moyen. 

le midi vrai. 
le nord. 

une aurora boreale. 
un vent de nord-ouest (see 

note, p. 40). 
le chemin nord ou sud. 
le nez (d'un navire). 
le cran de mire. 

le cran mobile. 
n'arrivez pas ! 
une bouee conique. 
un ecrou. 

u?i ecrou a oreilles. 



oakum. 

spuing oakum. 
oar. 

a stroke of the oar. 
back the oars I 
bend to your oars I 

boat the oars 1 
bow oar. 

double banked oars, 
down I {oars). 



O. 

de I'etoupe,/ 
cracher de I'etoupe. 
un aviron, une rame. 

une palade. . 

sciez I nagez a culerl 

allongez la nage ! nagez de 

long I 
rentrez les avirons 1 
r aviron de Pavant. 
avirons a couple, 
laisse tomber f 



OAR — OFF. 



117 



lay on your starboard oars! 

lay out on your oars I 

look to your oars 1 

oars ! 

oar laniard. 

ship your oars I 

single banked oars. 

steering oar. 

stern oar. 

stroke oar. 

to lie on the oars. 

toss the oars up ! up oars ! 

imship your oars I 
obliquity (of an orbit). 

obliquity of the ecliptic. 
observatory, 
obturator. 

obturator groove. 
obturation, 
occultation. 
Ocean. 

the Atla?itic Ocean. 

the Pacific Ocean. 

the Arctic Ocean. 

the Antarctic Ocean. 

an Ocean greyhound. 
off (near a place). 

lie off! 

off and on. 

off Start Foifit. 

off she goes / 

offshore. 

off the wind I 

shove off! 

to get (a ship) off. 



leve rames tribord I 

forcez de rames I 

attention a vos avirons I 

leve raines! 

une sauvegarde d'aviron. 

ar?nez les aviro7is I 

avirons en pointe. 

Vaviron de queue. 

un avirofi de queue. 

Vaviron de Varri^re. 

rester sur les avirons. 

mdtez les avirons I 

desarmez I 
I'obliquite (/) d'une orbite. 

Vobliquiti de Vicliptique. 
un observatoire. 
I'obturateur, in. 

le logei7ient de Vobturateur. 
Tobturation, / 
Toccultation,/. 
rOcean, ;;/. 

VOceaii Atlantique. 

VOcian Facifique. 

rOceafi Ar clique. 

r Ociaii A ntar clique. 

U7ipaquebot h grande vitesse. 
au large de, a la hauteur de. 

au large ! 

courir au large et a terre, 

a la hauteur de Start Point. 

e?ilevez I 

au large. 

plus plein ! 

poussez ! 

renflouer u?i 7iavire. 



Ii8 



OFF — ON. 



to beat off. 
nothing off I 
officer. 

com?nanding officer. 

executive officer. 



s^elever au large. 

n^arrivez pas I 
un officier. 

le commandant. 
{ un officier de marine. 
\ un officier de vaisseau. 



In France, none are called officiers de marine but executive 
officers. Thus surgeons, paymasters, naval instructors, engineers, 
and all such officers, are not called officiers de marine. 



flag officer. 

junior officer. 

naval officer. 

navigating officer. 

officer junior to cojnmander. 

officer of the watch. 

officer of the day. 

petty officer. 

retired officer. 

settlor officer. 

2vard-room officer. 

warrant officer. 

chief ivarrant officer. 

to receive an officer at the 
entry port. 
offing (in the), 
oil skin, 
ooze, 
on a wind. 

on a bowline {sailing). 

on the bow. 

on duty. 

on leave. 

on the quarter. 

on the starboard quarter. 

on the port bow. 



un officier general. 

Pofficier le moins ancien. 

un officier de marine. 

l^ officier des mofitres. 

un officier subalter?ie. 

V officier de quart. 

V officier de garde. 

un second maitre. 

un officier en retraite. 

Pofficier le plus ancien. 

un officier du carri. 

un mattre. 

u?i viaitre entretenu. 

passer un officier sur le bord. 

au large. 

un cire, un suroi. 

la vase. 

au plus pres. 

au plus pres. 

par le bossoir. 

de service. 

en permission. 

par la hanche. 

par la hanche de tribord. 

par le bossoir de bdbord. 



OPEN — ORDER. 



119 



open hawse. 

to have an ope?i hawse. 

open roadstead. 

orbit. 

order (a decoration). 

a national order. 

a foreign order. 

order of the Bath. 

order of the Garter. 

co7Hpanion of the order of 
the Bath. 

Jmight comma7ider. 
order (a command). 

order {regulation). 

standing orders. 

to give orders. 

order book. 

to revoke an order. 

sealed orders. 

standing orders. 

order of battle. 

ift dose order. 

to keep in order. 

indented order (tactics). 

in working order. 

order of sailing. 

route order. 

to give over the order to 

an orderly, 
to transgress orders, 
to obey an order. 

order (to). 



les chaines claires. 

avoir les chaines claires. 
{ u?ie rade ouverte. 
\ une rade for aine. 
une orbite. 
une decoration, un ordre. 

un ordre national. 

un ordre etranger. 

r ordre du Bain. 

V ordre de la Jarretiere. 

cofnpagnofi de Pordre du 
Bain. 

un chevalier comma?ideur. 
un ordre, une consigne. 

un reglement. 

les ordres perma?ients. 
{ donner des ordres. 
I donner une consigne. 

le cahier d? ordres. 

lever une consigfie. 

des ordres secrets. 

le service riglemejitaire. 

ordre (in.) de bataille. 

e?i ligne serrie. 

se tenir en ligne. 

V ordre endente. 

e?i bon Stat. 

V ordre de marche. 

V ordre de route. 

passer la consigne. 
violer la cotisigne. 
obiir a un ordre, observer 
la consigne. [mer. 

ordonner, commander, nom- 



I20 



ORDER — PADDLE. 



to he ordered. 

to be ordered to ... . 

ships ordered to sail. 

orderly, 
ordnance (British). 

a piece of ordnance. 

naval ordnance, 

rifled ordnajtce. 
orlop deck, 
oscillation. 

period of oscillation. 
osprey. 
outhaul. 
outrigger. 

outward bound. 

overboard. 

man overboard I 
overhaul a ship (to). 

to overhaul {a sheet, a 
buntline^ ofc^. 

to overhaul {to overtake). 
overhead netting, 
overloaded, 
owner (of a ship), 
oyster. 

oyster bed. 



recevoir des ordres. 

recevoir Vordre de . . , . 

navires atte?idant leurs 
ordres. 
un planton. 
I'artillerie (anglaise). 

une bouche a feu. 

rar tiller ie de laflotte. 

Vartillerie rayee. 
le faux-pont. 
oscillation, / 

la piriode oscillatoire, 
I'orfraie, / 
le hale-breu. 
un boute-lof. 
en partance. 

a destination d'un port etranger. 
a la mer, par dessus le bord. 

un homme a la mer I 
visiter or inspecter un navire. 

affaler. 

gagner {un navire). 
un filet de casse tete. 
trop charge, surcharge. 
un annateur. 
une huitre. 

un banc d^huitres. 



packet boat. 

steam packet. 
paddle (of canoe). 

paddle {of steamer). 



un paquebot. 

un paquebot a vapeur. 
une pagaie. 

une aube. 



PADDLE — PASS. 



121 



paddle box, 

paddle steamer. 

paddle wheel, 
feathering paddle wheel. 
painter (of boat). 

the lazy painter. 
painter (workman), 
palm and needle. 
Pampero (wind), 
parabola, 
parallax, 
parallel (lines). 

parallel {in fortification). 

parallel motion. 

parallel of latitude. 
parbuckle, 
parcel a rope (to), 
parrel. 

part (to) (like a rope breaking), 
part-owner, 
parts (countries). 

in tliose parts of the ivorld 
where, cs^c. 

in our parts of the ivorld. 
partners (framework), 
pass (to). 

to pass a stopper. 
passage. 

north-east passage. 

north-west passage. 

to work one's passage. 

to take passage. 

passage ?noney. 
passenger, 
pass-word. 



le tambour. 

un vapeur a aubes. 

une roue a aubes. 

une roue a aubes articulees. 
la bosse. 

la fausse-bosse. 
un peintre. 
une paumelle. 
le Pampero, 
une parabole. 
la parallaxe. 
des paralleles,/ 

un parallele. 

le parallelogram me de Watt. 

un parallele de latitude. 
une trevire. 
limander. 
un racage. 
casser. 

co-proprietaire, ;;/. 
parages, ;;/. //. 

dans les parages oi), d^c 

dans nos parages. 
les etambrais, m. 
fouetter. 

fouetter u?te bosse. 
la traversee. 

le passage du fiord-est. 

le passage du nord-ouest. 

gagner son passage. 

pre?idre passage. 

le prix de la traversk. 
un passager. 
le mot d'ordre. 



122 



PAUL— PENSION. 



paul. 

to paul. 

to paul the capstan. 
pay the ship's head off (to), 
paymaster. 

assistant pay^naster, 
pay. 

extra pay. 

full pay. 

half pay. 

the paying off. 

retired pay. 
pay off (to). 

to pay off a ship. 

to pay off the men. 

to pay out [cable, c^<r.). 

to pay a vessel's botto?n. 
peak. 

to peak. 

peak halliards. 
pearl. 

pearl fisheries. 
pendant (flag). 

answering penda?tt. 

church pendant. 

distinguishing pendant. 
pendant (rope), 
pendulum. 

wheel pendulmn. 
peninsula, 
pennant. 

broad pennant. 

The broad pennant is not 
pension (military or naval). 

civil pension. 



un linguet. 

mettre les linguets. 

mettre leslifiguetsau cabestan. 
faireretomberFavantdunavire. 
un commissaire. 

un aide-commissaire. 
la solde. 

la haute pay e. 

la solde entiere. 

la demi-solde. 

le desartnement. 

la pensiofi de retraite. 
desarmer. 

desarmer un navire. 

congedier V equipage. 

filer {du cable, ct'c). 

espalmer, e?iduire. 
pic, m. 

apiquer. 

les drisses du pic. 
une perle. 

les pecheries (/.) de perle s. 
un trapeze. 

Papercu, m. 

le pavilion de messe. 

uneflamme disti7tctive . 
une pantoire. 
le pendule, le balancier. 

un oscillographe double, 
une peninsule. 
une flamme. 

une fla7?wie. 
used in the PVench Navy. 
la retraite. 

une periston. 



PENSIONER — PILOTING. 



23 



pensioner, 
penumbra, 
perforation. 

perforation at muzzle. 

perforatio7i at 1000 yards 
{E?igltsh). 
perigee, 
perihelion, 
perils of the sea. 
periodic time, 
periwinkle, 
petrel, 
petty officer, 
picket boat, 
pickling (of steel), 
pick (to) up. 

pick up (to) (a lighthouse, &c.). 
pier. 

pier dues. 
pier head, 
piggin. 
pile driver (ship that pitches 

heavily). 
pilot. 

pilot boat. 

pilot flag. 

branch pilot. 

proper pilot. 

pilot water. ) 

pilofs fairway. ) 

allozvance to a pilot {taken 
out of his district). 
pilotage. 

pilotage fee. 
piloting. 



un retraite. 
la penombre. 
la perforation. 

la perforation a bout portant. 

la perforation a 1000 metres 
{French). 
le perigee, 
le perihelie. 
la fortune de mer. 
la revolution siderale. 
un bigorneau. 
le petrel. 

un second-maitre. 
une vedette, 
le decapage (de I'acier). 
relever. 

relever un phare. 
une jetee. 

le droit dejetie. 
le musoir de la jetee. 
une escope. 
un tangueur, un canardeur. 

un pilote. 

u?i bateait-pilote. 
un pavilion de pilote. 
un pilote lama7ieur. 
un pilote hauturier. 

U7ie passe da?is les droits. 

la conduite d^un pilote {hors 
de ses lignites), 
le pilotage, le lamanage. 

les frais (m.) de pilotage. 
le pilotage. 



24 



PINION — PLAN. 



pinion (mechanism), 
pinion and rack work, 
pinnace. 

pintle, 
pipe. 

pipe {for drainage). 

branch pipe (of engine). 

blast pipe. 

discharge pipe. 

pipe {of boatswain). 

pipe down I 

pipe the nien to quarters I 

to pipe the side, 
piracy, 
pirate, 
piston. 

length of piston stroke. 

pistofi rod. 
pitch (substance). 

bastard pitch. 

black pitch. 

melted pitch. 

pitch boat. 

pitch kettle. 

pitch ladle. 

pitch mop. 
pitch (of screw), 
pitching (motion of a ship). 

pitchifig stay. 
pivot. 

place of call, 
plan (design). 

body plan. 

half-breadth pla?t. 



un pignon. 

le pignon et sa cremaillere. 

le grand canot, le canoi 

major, la peniche. 
un aiguillot. 
un tuyau, un sifflet. 

un tuyau. 

un tuyau d^embranchement. 

un tuyau d^echappeme?tt. 

un tuyau de decharge. 

le sifflet {du maitre). 

en bas le monde I 

branle-bas I 

faire les ho?tneurs du sifflet. 
la piraterie. 

un pirate, un ecumeur de mer. 
le piston. 

la longueur du coup de pis to ft. 

la tige du piston. 
la poix, le brai. 

le brai gras. 

le brai sec. 

le brai fondu. 

une pigouliere or pegouliere. 

une 7?iar?fiite a brai. 

une cuiller a brai. 

u?i guipon. 
le pas (de Thelice). 
le tangage, un coup de tangage. 

un etai de tangage. 
un pivot. 

une escale, une relache. 
un plan. 

la projection transversale. 

la projection horizontale. 



PLAN — POINT. 



125 



sheer plan. 
plane. 

plane of the meridian. 
planet. 

The planets are Mercury, Venus, 
the Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, 
Uranus and Neptmie, and the As- 
teroids between Mars and Jupiter. 

planking (outside of ship), 
plate (armour). 

inner flat heelplate. 

outer Jlat keel plate. 

bracket plate. 

the drilling of a plate. 

the edge {of a plate). 

the punchifig of a plate. 

wrought iron plate. 
plating (with sheet iron). 

inner bottom plating. 

plating of outer bottom. 

outer bottom plating. 
platoon. 

platooji firing. 
pliable (flexible). 

pliable rope. 
plug. 

plug Jwle {of boat). 
plumber, 
plunging fire. 
P.M. post meridiem, 
point (of the compass). 



la projection longitudinale. 
un plan. 

le plati du meridien. 
une planete. 

Les planetes sont Mercure, Vinus, 
la Terre, Mars, Jupiter, Saturne, 
Uranus et Neptune, et les Ast&oides 
entre Mars et Jupiter. 

le borde. 

une plaque de blindage. 

le galbord interieur. 

le galbord exterieur. 

un tronpn. 

le per^age d'une plaque. 

le can. 

le poin(onnage d'une plaque. 

une plaque en fer forge. 
le platelage. 

le vaigre. 
\ ( le platelage. 
J \le borde. 
un peloton. 

unfeu de peloton. 
maniable. 

du filin maniable. 
un tampon, un bouchon. 

le nable {d'un canot). 
un plombier. 
le feu plongeant. 
apres midi, du soir, S. 



un quart, une aire de vent. 
In the French Navy the course is more usually steered by degrees 
than by points and quarter points. 
cardinal poifits. les points car dinaux. 

one^ t7V0, three points ofi the un^ deux, trois quarts par 
starboard bow I tribord ! 



126 



POINT — PORT. 



to point a rope. 
point-blank firing, 
polacca. 
polar. 

polar circles. ■ 

polar distance, 

polar regions. 
pole. 

the North pole. 

the South pole. 

poles of the earth. 

poles of the heavens. 

pole star. 
pontoon, 
poop. 

poop lantern. 

pooped (to be). 



faire une queue de rat. 
le tir de but en blanc. 
une polacre. 
polaire. 

les cercles polaires. 

la distance polaire. 

les regions polaires. 
le pole. 

le pole nord. 

le pole sud. 

les poles. 

les poles du 7nonde. 

Vetoile polaire. 
un ponton, 
la dunette, la poupe. 

un fanal de poupe. 
i etre capele par la lame. 
< embarquer par Farriere. 
I embarquer une baleine. 



poppets. les montants (des dames), 

porpoise. un marsbuin. 

shoal ox school of porpoises. U7ie bande de marsouins. 

In many parts of England a 'shoal of porpoises' is called a 
' school of porpoises.' This provincialism is evidently a corruption 
of the old Anglo-Saxon word Scdlu, 'a band,' *a crowd,' found in 
old English under the form of Schole and Shole. 



port (harbour). 
home port, 
outer port. 

the ports of the Levant, 
to enter a port, 
to put into port for shelter, 
we put into port at A . . . . 
through stress ofiveather. 



le port. 

un port de la nietropole. 

Pavant port, in. 

les Echelles {f) die Levant. 

entrer dans un port. 

reldcher a. 

nous reldchdmes a A ... . 

d cause du mauvais 

temps. 



PORT — POWDER. 



127 



port (side of ship). 



babord, gauche. 



In the French Navy the words hdbord and tribord, * port ' and 
'starboard,' have reference to the head of the ship, and not to the 
helm. Thus the command babord! 'port!' does not mean that 
the helm is to be put over to port, but that the head of the ship is 
to go to port. When the order refers specially to the tiller, the 
French officer commands, b&bord la barre ! tribord la barre ! In 
English, the order always refers to the tiller supposed to be used, 
and the kind of steering-gear employed makes no difference. 
The v^'oxds gauche, * left,' and droile, * right,' are now used in the 
French Navy, respectively for babord, * port,' and tribord, 
' starboard,' words which, owing to the ending bord, common to 
both, are easily mistaken. 



port! 

back port 1 

hold port ! 

hard a port ! 

on the port bow. 

on the port tack, 
port hole. 

port lid, 

port sill. 

chase port. 

entry port. 

to Jiaul up t/ie ports. 

to lo2uer the ports. 
position (of ship). 

position by dead reckoning. 

position by observation. 
postman (in army or navy). 
powder. 

powder magazine. 

powder chamber. 

black powder. 

cocoa poivder. 

quick burning powder. 



babord! 

sciez babord! 

endurez babord! 

babord tout ! 

par babord devant. 

babord amures. 
un sabord. 

un inantelet de sabord. 

un seuillet de sabord. 

un sabord de chassc. 

la coupie. 

ouvrir les sabords. 

fermer les sabords. 
le point. 

le point estime. 

le point observe. 
le vaguemestre. 
la poudre. 

la soute aux poudres. 

la chambre a poudre. 

la poudre noire. 

la poudre brune. 

la poudre vive. 



128 



POWDER — PRICKER. 



slow burning powder. 

smokeless powder, 
powder hoy. 
pratique. 

to receive pratique. 
precession of the equinoxes, 
present ! 

present arms I 
press gang. 

press men. 
pressure. 

pressure gauge. 

atmospheric pressure. 

effective pressure. 

high pressure. 

low pressure. 

proof pressure. 

the proof pressure stamped 
on this boiler is y. pounds 
per square inch. 

the worki^^tg pressure. 

to raise the pressure. 

do not let the pressure get 
loiv I 
preventer. 

preventer brace of yard. 

preventer back stays. 

preventer main brace. 

preventer shroud. 

preventer stay. 
prick (to) the ship's position 

on the chart. 

to prick her off {the ship). 
pricker (sail maker's). 



la poudre lente. 

la poudre sans fumee. 
un bugalet a poudre. 
la libre pratique. 

obtenir la libre pratique. 
la precession des equinoxes, 
feu! 

presentez, armes I 
la presse. 

les hommes de la presse. 
la pression. 

un manometre. 

la pression atmospherique. 

la pression effective. 

la haute pression. 

la basse pression. 

la pression d'epreuve. 

la pression d^epreuve estam- 
pillee sur cette chaudiere 
est de X. 

la pression de marche. 

faire monter la pression. 

ne laissez pas tomber la 
pression I 
un faux-bras. 

un faux-bras de mauvais 
temps. 

galhaubans volants. 

un faux-bras. 

un pataras. 

un faux-etai. 
pointer la position du navire 

sur la carte. 

porter le point sur la carte. 
un poingon de voilier. 



PRIME — PULL. 



129 



prime (to) (said of boiler). 

to prime (a giifi). 
priming tube, 
prismatic compass, 
privateer, 
privateering, 
prize. 

prize money, 

prize master. 
projectile. 

armour-piercingprojectile. 

chilled iron projectile, 

chrome steel projectile. 

base of projectile, 

head of projectile. 

jacket {of projectile). 

projectile chamber, 
promontory, 
promotion. 

promotion by seniority, 
promotion by selection, 
to be promoted to the rank 
of admiral, 

prop up (to). 

propeller. 

protected (with armour). 

provisions. 

prow. 

puddening (to make a). 

pull (to) (with an oar). 

pull port I 

pull starboard I 

to pull stroke. 



avoir des projections d'eau. 

amorcer, 
une etoupille. 
le compas azimutal. 
un corsaire. 
la guerre de course, 
une prise. 

une part de prise. 

Vofficier qui commande la prise, 
un projectile, un obus (.? is silent). 

\ un obus de rupture. 

un projectile en acier chrome. 

le culot. 

r ogive J. 

la ceinture. 

le logement du projectile. 
un promontoire. 
Tavancement (///.), la nomina- 
tion. 

Pavancemefit a Vanciennetc. 

Favancement au choix. 

ctrepromu au graded^ amir al. 

accorer, bequiller, epontiller. 
le propulseur. 
I blinde-e. 
I protege-e. 
les approvisionnements, /;/. //. 
la proue. 
emboudiner. 
nager. 

nage bdbord ! 

nage tribord I 

donner la nage. 



ISO 



PUMP — PUT. 



pump. 

air pump, 
bilge pu7np. 
circulating pump, 
double force pump, 
feed pump, 
hand pump, 
head pumps, 
lift and force pump. 

main pumps. 

pump dale. 

pump gear. 

to fetch a pu7np, 

to work a pump. 

to pujnp the water {out of 
a boat orpi?inace, c^c). 

to relieve the men at the 
pumps. 

to take a spell at the pump. 

the pump is foul. 

the pump sucks. 

pump ship I 
pumping engine, 
puncheon, 
punishment. 

punishme?it {inflicted by a 
court martial). 
purchase. 

tivofold purchase. 

fourfold purchase. 

to rig a purchase. 
put (to) about (a ship). 



to put back into, 
to put into port. 



} { 



une pompe. 

une pompe a air. 
une pojfipe de cale. 
ime pompe de circulation, 
une pompe a double effet. 
une pompe alimentaire. 
une pompe a bras, 
les pompes d'etrave. 
une pompe aspirante et foul- 
ante, 
les pompes royales. 
un dalot de pompe. 
une garniture de pompe. ^ 
allumer une pompe. 
matioeuvrer une pompe. 
agrener. 

relever le mo?tde aux pompes. 



relever a la pompe. 

la pompe est engorgee. 

la pompe est eventee. 

V equipage aux pompes I 
une machine d'epuisement. 
un poin^on. 
une punition. 

tme peine {infligee par un 

conseil de guerre). 
un palan, une caliorne. 

un palan double. 

une caliorne. 

greer un palan., une caliorne. 
virer. 

en reldche a. 

reldcher a. 



PUT — QUARTERS. 



131 



to put to sea, 
pyrotechny. 

quadrant (of circle). 

quadrantal points. \ 

quadrature, 
quarantine. 

quarantine Jlag. 

to put into quarantine. 

to come out of quarafitine. 

to perform quarantine. 
quarter (of the ship). 

general quarters* 

on the quarter. 

on the port quarter. 

quarter bill. 

quarter {of t/ie moon'). 

quarter-deck. 

to walk the quarter-deck \ 
{that is, to he a?i officer). J 

a quarter-decker {a bad 
officer). 

Jack^s quarter-deck. 
quarter-master. 

chief quarter-master. 
quarters (region). 

in dangerous quarters. 
quarters (station). 

to beat to quarters. 

all hafids to quarters I 



prendre la mer, niettre a la 
mer. 
la pyrotechnie. 



Q. 



un quart de cercle. 

le N.E., le S.E., le S.O., et le 

N.O. (c'est a dire les points 

a 45° des points cardinaux). 
la quadrature, 
la quarantaine. 

le pavilion de quarantaifie. 

mettre en quarantaine. 

lever la quarantaine. 

faire la quarantaine. 
la hanche. 

le branle-bas. 

par la hancJie. 

par la hanche de bdbord. 

le role de combat. 

un quartier de la lune. 

le gaillard d^arriere. 

etre a Varriere {c'est a dire 
etre officier). 

un officier de salon. 

la du?iette des gabiers. 
second-maitre de timonerie. 

le c/tef de timonerie. 
parages, /;/.//. 

dans des parages dangereux. 
un poste, un quartier, &c. 

rappeler aux postes de combat. 

tout le mottde aux postes de 
combat I 



32 



QUARTERS — RAIN. 



evening quarters. 

morning quarters. 

head quarters. 

winter quarters. 
quay. 
King's Regulations and 

Admiralty instructions, 
quiescent point (of ship's 

motion), 
quicksands. 

to sink in the quicksands. 
quick works, 
quoin (for gun). 



le branle-has du soir. 

le branle-bas du nuitin. 

le quartier general. 

les quartiers dliiver. 
un quai {pronou/iced kay). 
Decrets et arretes concernant 

le service de la flotte. 
le point tranquille. 

des sables (;;/.) mouvants. 

s'enliser. 
les oeuvres vives,/ 
le coin de mire. 



rabbet. 

race (a tide way). 
the race of Alder ney. 

The race of Alderney runs be- 
tween the isle of Alderney and 
Cape la Hogue, with a velocity of 
more than lO miles an hour. 

rack (mechanism), 
racking. 

racking turns. 
radius. 

radius vector, 
raft. 

rail (of a ship), 
rain. 

drizzling rain. 

heavy rain. 

rain awning. 

rain gauge. 



la rablure. 

un raz de maree {also ras). 
le raz Blanchard. 

Le raz Blanchard, entre I'iled'Au- 
rigny et le Cap de la Hague, 
court avec une vitesse de plus de lO 
milles a I'heure. 

une cremaillere. 
une bridure. 

des tours de bridure, 
un rayon. 

le rayon vecteur. 
un radeau. 
la lisse. 
la pluie. 

la bruine. 

une grosse pluie. 

un taud. 

un pluviometre. 



RAINBOW — RATING. 



133 



rainbow. 

rainy. 

raise tacks and sheets ! 

rake (the) of the masts. 

rake of the stem. 

rake of the stern post. 

to rake {with shot). 
raking fire, 
rally (to). 

to rally the men. 
rallying word, 
ram (of a ship). 

battering ram. 

hydraulic ram. 

ram (to drive piles). 

to ram. 
rammer, 
rampart, 
ramrod (of rifle), 
range (of weapon). 

a ratige of cable. 

range of tide. 

to try the range. 

ivithin range. 
rank. 
rap (a) full ! 

keep her a rap full ! 
rate (rank). 

all first rate men. 

all first rate ships. 

second rate ships. 
rate (to) (regulate). 

to rate the chronometers. 

to rate {ii man). 
rating. 



un arc-en-ciel. 
pluvieux, pluvieuse. 
levez les lofs ! 
I'inclinaison (/) des mats. 

Velancement de Vetrave. 

la quite de Veta7nbot. 

enfiler. 
un feu d'enfilade. 
rallier. 

rallier les hommes. 
le mot de ralliement. 
I'eperon. 

u?i belier. 

un piston hydraulique. 

un mouton. 

aborder a Veperon. 
un refouloir. 
un rampart. 

la baguette (d'un fusil), 
la portee (d'une arme). 

une bitture. 

la hauteur de la maree. 

essay er la portie. 

a portee de. 
le rang, 
pres et plain ! 

pas trop pres I 
la classe. 

tous honunes choisis. 

tous navires de premie re classe. 

navires de deuxieme classe. 
regler. 



regler les montres. 



classer (un homme). 
le rang, le grade, la classe. 



134 



RATING— REEF. 



to obtain the rating of 
petty officer. 
ration, 
ratlines (on shrouds). 

a catch ratline. 

ratline {rope). 
rattle (to) down, 
reach (of a river), 
ready. 

ready about I ready ho ! 
rear. 

recall (general), 
recess, 
reckoning. 

dead reckoning. D.R. 

to work up the reckoning. 
recoil, 
reconnoitre (to). 

recruiting, 
redoubt (on land). 

redoubt {of a ship). 
reef (rock). 

coral reef. 

barrier reef. 

fringing reef. 
reef (in a sail). 

balanced reef. 

cast off reef points ! 

close reefed, 

haul out reef tackles I 

reef bands. 

reef becket. 

reef cringle. 

reef earring* 



obtenir le grade de second- 
mattre, 
la ration, 
les enflechures, /. 

une enflechure batarde. 

du quarantenier. 
enflecher. 

I'ouvert {m.) (d'un fleuve). 
pare. 

pare a virer 1 envoy ez I 
I'arrie re garde, / 
le rappel general, 
un encastrement. 
I'estime,/. 

la route estimie. 

faire le point. 
le recul. 

reconnaitre, faire une recon- 
naissance, 
le recrutement. 
une redoute. 

le riduit. 
un recif. 

un banc de corail^ un ricifde coraiL 

une barriere de recifs. 
une ceinture de rkifs. 
un ris. 

un ris diagonal, 
larguez les garcettes ! 
au bas ris. 
les palanquins I 
bandes de ris. 
un raban de ris, 
une patte de ris. 
une empotnture. 



REEF — REGISTRAR. 



135 



reef knot. 

reef pendants. 

reef points. 

reef tackle. 

reef topsails^ otie reef! 

to shake out a reef. 

to take in a reef 
reel (of log). 

deafi off the reel {iv it ho id 
stopping) {figuratively). 
reem (to), 
reeming iron, 
reeve (to). 

to reeve a rope. 
refit (to), 
reflection, 
refraction, 
register (to). 

general register and record 
office of seamefi. 

General Register of Sea men 
for continuous service in 
the Navy. 



un noeud plat. 

dormants (m.) de palanquin. 

garcettes de ris. 

un palanquin. 

a prendre un ris aux huniers! 

larguer un ris. 

prejidre un ris. 
le touret (du loch). 

sans deraper (sans s'arreter) 
{au figure). 
patarasser. 
une patarasse. 
passer. 

passer une manoeuvre^ 
se radouber. 
la reflection, 
la refraction, 
enroler, immatriculer. 

le bureau de la matricule 
ginerale. 

V Inscription Maritime. 



In France, a certain number of men are taken every year, mostly, 
though not exclusively, from the sea-faring and fishing population 
of the coast, for service in the Navy. The names of the men are 
entered when they reach the age of 18, and remain on the roll until 
the age of 50. The men are arranged according to classes, e.g. , 
seamen, carpenters, caulkers, &c. &c. This institution, better 
known under the name of 'Inscription Maritime,' dates from 
Colbert. 

to register a seaman. immatriculer un matelot. 

to register a ship. enroler un navire. 

registrar general of merchant le commissaire de la matricule 

seamen. generale. 



i:;6 



REGISTRY— RIDE. 



registry of merchant seamen, 
regulation. 

regulation sivord^ 6^^., 6^^. 
relieve (to). 

to relieve the deck. ) 

to relieve the watch. J 
relieving tackles, 
report. 

to report, 

to report {something). 

he reported the occurrence to 
the officer of the watch. 

to report one's self. 

he reported himself on re- 
turnitig to his ship. 
reprisals, 
reserve. 

reserve list^ retired list. 
retired (to be), 
retirement, 
returns (account), 
reveille, 
revenue cutter, 
reverse (to) an engine, 
review, 
revolution of screw. 

revolution {of planets). 

to^O revolutions I {of screw). 
rhomboid, 
rhombu.s. 
rhumb. 

ribs (of a ship), 
ricochet fire, 
ride (to) head to wind. 



la matricule generale. 
d'ordonnance. 

un sabre d\}rdonnafice, c^c, 
relever. [e^^. 

relever le quart. 

des palans {ni) de barre. 
un rapport. 

faire un rapport. 

refidre conipte de {quelque 
chose). 

il retidit compte de V incident 
a Vofficier de quart. 

se presenter a son chef. 

il se presenta a son chef en 
rentrant a hord. 
des represailles, / 
la reserve. 

le cadre de reserve. 
etre mis a la retraite. 
la retraite. 

un etat, un compte-rendu. 
le branle-bas du matin, 
la patache. 
renverser la marche. 
une revue, 
un tour d'helice. 

la revolution {des planetes). 

a 50 tours I {d'helice). 
un parallelogram me. 
un losange. 
un rumb. 
la membrure. 
le tir a ricochet, 
etre evite debout au vent. 



RIDE — RIGHT. 



^^7 



to ride at anchor. 
ride (to) out. 

to ride out a gale. 

to ride uttder the lee of a 
rope yarn {slang). 
rider, 
rifle. 

magazine rifle. 
rifled. 

rifled gun. 

rifled ordnance. 
rifling (of fire arms). 

the pitch of the rifling. 
rip (to) (a ship). 

to rip (a sail). 

to rig. 
rigged. 

de Horsey rigged. 

afore and aft rigged vessel. 

barque rigged. 

square rigged. 

square rigged {said of a ma?i) 

this man is ahvays square 
rigged. 
rigger, 
rigging. 

standing riggi?ig. 
running rigging, 
lower riggi?ig. 
topmast rigging, 
tlie rigging of the masts. 
Right Ascension, R.A. 



etre a Vancre. 
etaler. 

Staler un coup de vent. 

etre a Vabri de sa bouee 
{argot). 
une porque. 
un fusil. 

un fusil a repetitio?i. 
raye. 

un canon raye, une piece 
rayee. 

Partillerie rayee. 
les rayures,/ 

le pas des rayures. 
deborder, dedinquer. 
decoudre (une voile), 
le greement, la voilure. 

grier, voiler^ garnir, monter. 
gree, voile. 

grii a la de Horsey. 

un bdtiment a voiles goelettes. 

grei en trois-mdts barque. 

gree en carre. 

bien astiqui, un faraud. 

cet homm^ est toufours bien 
astiqui, c^est un faraud. 
un greeur, un gabier. 
le greement, les agres, le cape- 
lage. 

les majia'uvres dormafites. 

les ma7toeuvres courantes. 

le capelage de bus mat. 

le capelage de hune. 

le capelage des mats. 
I'ascension droite, A.D. 



138 



RIGHT— ROE. 



right away. 

right away on the port bow. 
right (to). 

the boat righted at once. 

the righting of a boat. 
ring (of anchor). i 
ring (of moorings). J 
rising floor, 
river. 

down the river. 

up the river. 

in the river. 

to come up a river. 

to go down a river. 
rivet. 

counter sunk rivet. 

screw rivet. 
roadstead. 

land locked roadstead. 

open roadstead. 

roband. 

rock. 

a ledge of rocks, 
the rock is awash at low 
water. 
rocket. 



rocket apparatus. 

roe (of fish). 
hard roe. 
soft roe. 
hard roed. 



droit, tout droit. 

droit par le bossoir de babord. 
redresser. 

le canotseredressa immediate- 
ment. 

le redressenient cPtm canot. 

la cigale, I'organeau, w. 

les varangnes (/) acculees. 
une riviere, un fleuve. 
en aval, 
en amont. 
en riviere, 
remonter un fleuve. 
descendre un fleuve. 
un rivet. 

un rivet f raise, or noye. 
un rivet prisonnier. 
la rade. 

une rade fermee. 
une rade ouverte, u?ie rade 
foraine. 
j une garcette d'envergure. 
( un raban de tetiere. 
un rocher. 

une chaine de rochers. 
la roche decouvre a maree 
basse. 
une fusee. 
I une fusee porte-amarre. 
( un va-et-vient. 
oeufs, m. pi. 
un (Euve. 
une laite, 
oeuvi. 



ROE— ROPE. 



139 



soft roed. 
roll (to) (like a ship). 

the roll {rolling of a ship). 

to roll gunwale under. 

a roll. 

the weather roll, 
the downward roll 
roll, muster roll. 

roller (of gun carriage). 

roller {for a boat, e>Y.). 
roller (a wave). 

roller {a heavy sivell). 
rolling (of ship). 

rolling tackle. 
room (engine). 

engine room telegraph. 

bread room, 

sail room. 

shell room. 

ship's steward's room. 

spirit room. 
rope. 

bolt rope, 
coir rope, 
foot rope, 
leech rope, 
tow rope, 
rope walk, 
rope yarn, 
cable laid rope, 
hawser laid rope, 
shroud laid rope. 



laite. 
rouler, avoir du roulis. 

le roulis. 
faire la cuiller. 

rouler panne sur pa?ine. 

un coup de roulis. 

le rappel au vent. 

le roulis sous le ve?tt. 
le role de I'equipage, la feuille 

d'appel. 
un galet (d'aff6t). 

un rouleau. 

une lame de houle. 

grande lame de houle. 
le roulis. 

un palan de roulis. 
la chambre des machines. 

le transmetteur d'ordres. 

la soute au biscuit. 

la soute aux voiles. 

la soute a obus. 

la soute du commis. 

la cale au vin. 
un cordage, une manoeuvre, 

une corde. 

une ralingue. 

un cordage en pitte, 

un marche-pied. 

une ralingue de chute. 

la remorque, le faux bras. 

une corderie. 

dufilde caret. 

commis en grelin, or en cable. 

commis en aussilre. 

une aussilre e?i quatre. 



40 



ROPE— ROYAL. 



soft laid rope. 

wire rope. 

man ropes, side ropes. 

the running part of a rope. 

the standing part of a rope. 

yoke ropes., ox yoke lines. 
ropemaker. 

ropemaker's winch. 

ropemaker' s loper. 

ropemaker' s top. 
rose lashing, 
round (to) in. 

round house. 

a round turn in haivse. 

to take a round turn. 

to round a point. 
rounds (inspection). 

to go the rounds. 

7nan on the rounds. 

round {a discharge). 

round {of ammunition). 

^o rounds per gun. 
row (to). 

rowed of all ! 

to row to seaward. 

to row dry. 

row dry ! 
rower, 
rowlock, 
row-port, 
royal mast. 

Royal Navy (English), 
royal naval reserve, 
royal standard, 
royal yard. 



dufilin. 

cordage enfil defer. 

les tire-veilles, f 

le courant d'une manoeuvre. 

le dormant d^une manoeuvre. 

les tire-veilles de barre. 
un cordier. 

un mouli?t a bitord. 

une molette de cordier. 

une chevre de cordier. 
un aiguilletage. 
brasser au vent. 

le rouf les bouteilles., f 

un tour de chaine. 

faire un tour mort. 

doubter une pointe. 
la ronde. 

faire la ronde. 

un rondier. 

une decharge. 

coups a tirer. 

cinquante coups par piece. 
nager, ramer. 

rentrez partout I 

gagner le large. 

nager a sec. 

nage a sec ! 
un nageur, un rameur. 
une tolletiere. 
un sabord d'aviron. 
un mat de cacatois. 
la marine royale (Anglaise). 
la reserve, le cadre de reserve. 
I'etendard royal, 
une vergue de cacatois. 



ROYALS — RULE. 



141 



royals (sails). 

cross royal yards ! 

down royal yards I 

in royals! 
rub (to), 
rudder. 

balanced rudder. 

bow rudder. 

jury rudder. 

main piece of rudder. 

rake of rudder. 

rudder chaifis. 

rudder pendants. 

rudder head. 

rudder hole. 

rudder post. 

to shift the rudder. 

to ship the rudder. 

to unship the rudder. 



.. I 



les cacatois.* 

a greer les cacatois ! 

a degreer les cacatois ! 

a serrer les cacatois ! 
riper. 
le gouvernail. 

un gouvernail compense. 

un gouvernail avant. 

un gouvernail de fortune. 

la meche. 

le safran. 

les sauvegardeSy f {du 
gouvernail). 

la tete du gouvernail. 

le trou de jatimiere. 

retambot^ 7n. 

cka?iger le gouvernail. 

monter le gouvernail. 

dhnonter le gouvernail. 



EXTRACT FROM THE NEW 
RULE OF THE ROAD. 

When two sailing vessels are 
approaching one another, so as to 
involve risk of collision, one of 
them shall keep out of the way of 
the other, as follows : — 

(a) A vessel which is running 
free, shall keep out of the way of a 
vessel which is close hauled. 

{b) A vessel which is close 
hauled on the port tack, shall 
keep out of the way of a vessel 
which is close hauled on the star- 
board tack. 



EXTRAIT DE LA NOUVELLE 
REGLE POUR GOUVERNER. 

Quand deux batinients a voiless'ap- 
prochent I'un de I'autre de maniere 
a faire courir le risque d'abordage, 
I'un des deux s'ecartera de la route 
de I'autre, de la fa9on suivante : — 

{a) Le batiment qui court largue 
doit s'ecarter de la route de celui 
qui est au plus pres. 

{h) Le batiment qui est au plus 
pres, babord-amures, doit s'ecarter 
de la route de celui qui est au plus 
pres tribord-amures, 



* See under yi7;r, main^ and mizen, according to the 
mast or sail required. 



42 



RULE. 



(c) When both are running 
free, with the wind on different 
sides, the vessel which has the 
wind on the port side, shall keep 
out of the way of the other. 

{d) When both are running 
free, with the wind on the same 
side, the vessel which is to wind- 
ward, shall keep out of the way of 
the vessel which is to leeward. 

(e) A vessel which has the wind 
aft, shall keep out of the way of 
the other vessel. 

When two steam vessels are 
meeting end on, or nearly end on, 
so as to involve risk of collision, 
each shall alter her course to star- 
board, so that each may pass on 
the port side of the other. 

This article only applies to 
cases where vessels are meeting 
end on, or nearly end on, in such 
manner as to involve risk of col- 
lision, and does not apply to two 
vessels, which must, if both keep 
on their respective courses, pass 
clear of each other. 

The only cases to which it does 
apply are, when each of the two 
vessels is end on, or nearly end 
on, to the other ; in other words, 
in cases in which, by day, each 
vessel sees the masts of the other 
in a line, or nearly in a line, with 
her own ; and by night, to cases 
in which a vessel is in such a 
position as to see both side lights 
of the other. 



It does not apply, by day, to 



(c) Si tous les deux courent 
largue, mais avec des amures de 
bords differents, le batiment qui a 
le vent par babord, doit s'ecarter de 
la route de I'autre. 

(d) Si les deux batiments courent 
largue, et avec le vent du meme 
bord, celui qui est au vent doit 
s'ecarter de la route de celui qui est 
sous le vent. 

{e) Le batiment qui est vent-arriere 
doit s'ecarter de la route de I'autre 
batiment. 

Lorsque deux navires a vapeur, 
ont le cap I'un siir I'autre, ou a tres 
peu pres, de fa9on a faire courir 
le risque d'abordage, chaque navire 
devra venir sur tribord, de fa9on a 
ce que chacun puisse passer I'autre 
a babord. 

Get article ne s'applique qu'au cas 
ou les batiments ont le cap I'un sur 
I'autre ou a tres peu pres et de telle 
maniere qu'il y ait risque d'abordage 
et non pas a deux batiments, qui, 
s'ils suivent leurs routes respectives, 
se croiseront sans se toucher. 

Les seuls cas auxquels cet article 
s'applique sont ceux dans lesquels 
les deux batiments ont le cap I'un sur 
I'autre, ou presque I'un sur I'autre ; 
en d'autres termes les cas dans les- 
quels, pendant le jour chaque bati- 
ment voit les mats de I'autre en ligne 
droite, ou a tres peu pres dans le 
pronglongement de la ligne de ses 
propres mats, et pendant la nuit le 
cas ou chaque batiment est place de 
fajon a voir a la fois les deux feux 
de cote de I'autre. 

II ne s'applique pas aux cas ou 



RULE. 



43 



cases in which a vessel sees another 
ahead, crossing her own course ; 
or by night, to cases where the 
red light of one vessel is opposed 
to the red light of the other, oi 
when the green light of one vessel 
is opposed to the green light of 
the other, or where a red light 
without a green light, or a green 
light without a red light, is seen 
ahead, or where both green and 
red lights are seen anywhere but 
ahead. 

When two steam vessels are 
crossing, so as to involve risk of 
collision, the vessel which has the 
other on her own starboard side 
shall keep out of the way of the 
other. 

When a steam vessel and a sail- 
ing vessel are proceeding in such 
directions as to involve risk of 
collision, the steam vessel shall 
keep out of the way of the sailing 
vessel. 

Where, by the above rules one 
of two vessels is to keep out of the 
way, the other shall keep her 
course and speed. 

Every vessel which is directed 
by these rules to keep out of the 
way of another vessel, shall, if the 
circumstances of the case admit, 
avoid crossing ahead of the other. 

Every steam vessel which is 
directed by these rules to keep 
out of the way of another vessel, 
shall, on approaching her, if 
necessary, slacken her speed or 
stop, or reverse, 



pendant le jour, un bailment en aper- 
(^oit un autre droit devant lui, et 
coupant sa route ; ni au cas ou pen- 
dant la nuit, chaque batiment 
presente a I'autre son feu rouge, ou . 
encore au cas oii chaque batiment 
presente a I'autre son feu vert, ou 
encore au cas ou I'on aper^oit droit 
devant un feu rouge sans voir un feu 
vert, ou un feu vert sans voir un 
feu rouge ; ni encore au cas oil Ton 
aper^oit en meme temps un feu vert 
et un feu rouge dans toute autre 
direction que droit devant. 

Lorsque deux navires a vapeur, 
font des routes qui se croisent de 
fa9on a faire courir le risque d'abor- 
dage, celui qui a I'autre par tribord 
doit s'ecarter de la route de I'autre. 

Si deux navires, dont I'un est un 
vapeur et I'autre un voilier font des 
routes qui leur font courir le risque 
d'alx)rdage, le navire a vapeur doit 
s'ecarter de la route du voilier. 

Lorsque, d'apres les regies ci-des- 
sus, I'un des deux navires doit s'ecar- 
ter de la route de I'autre, I'autre 
batiment devra continuer la sienne 
et conserver sa vitesse. 

Tout batiment qui d'apres les 
regies ci-dessus doit s'ecarter de la 
route d'un autre batiment, evitera 
de couper la route a I'autre, si toute- 
fois les circonstances le permettent. 

Tout navire a vapeur qui d'apres 
les regies ci-dessus doit s'ecarter de 
la route d'un autre navire devra, 
diminuer de vitesse, ou stopper ou 
aller en arriere, s'il est necessaire. 



44 



RULE- 



.UN. 



In narrow channels every 
steam vessel shall, when it is safe 
and practicable, keep to that side 
of the fairway or mid-channel 
which lies on the starboard side 
of such vessel. 



Dans les passes elroites tout navire 
a vapeur doit prendre le cote de la 
passe ou du chenal qui est a tribord 
pourvu que cela soit practicable et 
sans danger pour lui. 



run (to) between Dover and 
Calais. 

to run aground {purposely), 
to run ashore (accidentally), 
to run betiveen {to pass 

betiveen). 
to run to the shore {in a 

boat), 
to run before the wind, 
to run 75 knots an hour, 
to run before a gale under 

bare poles, 
to run free, 
to run down a ship, 
to run athtvart a ship\s 

course. 
to run foul of. 
to run into a ship, 
run azvay with it ! 
to ru?i do2vn a coast, 
to run the gauntlet, 
to run the guns in. 
to run the guns out. 
run in ! {gtms). 
run out / {guns), 
let run I 

to rtm under sail, 
to run down Channel, 
to run up Cha?inel. 



faire le service de Douvres a 
Calais. 

echouer. 
s'echouer. 
piqtier entre. 

aborder une cote avec une 

embarcation. 
filer vent arriere. 
filer 75 nauds a Vheure. 
fuir devant le temps a sec de 

toile. 
co2irir largue. 
couler bas un navire. 
couper la route d'un vaisseau. 

aborder. 

aborder mi navire. 

enlevez ! 

cotoyer. 

passer a la bouline. 

inettre les pieces au recul. 

mettre les pieces en batterie. 

les pieces au recul I 

en batterie ! 

laissez alter I 

courir sous voile. 

descendre la Manche. 

remo7iter la Manche. 



RUN— SAIL. 



145 



deserter. 

couHr au nord, au sudy &^c. 



to run away {to desert). 

to run to the north, to the 
souths Q^C. 

runner and tackle. un palan sur itague. 

rust. la rouille. 

rust joint. un joint a mastic defonte 



sabre. 

sacks of coal (Magellanic 

clouds), 
saddle, 
safe conduct, 
safety valve, 
sagged (to be), 
sagging strains, 
sails. ■'*■ 

a co7nplete suit of sails. 

a strange sail. 

sail-doth. 

sail-loft. 

sail-maker. 

sail ho ! 

a sail lifting. 

The vQxh faster is 
a sail shaking, 
clews {of a sail), 
foot {of a sail), 
fore and aft sails, 
head {of a sail), 
head sails. 



S. 

un sabre. 

les sacs a charbon (les nuees 

de Magellan). 
un racage. 
un sauf-conduit. 
une soupape de surete. 
avoir du contre-arc. 
les efforts (;;/.) du contre-arc. 
une voile. 

la voilure. 

un navire inconnu, 

de la toile a voiles. 

la voilerie. 

ufi voilier. 



voile en vue ! navire en 

vuef 
une voile qui fasie, 
also ^xxWtXifasHer. 

une voile en ralingue. 

les points d'ecoutes. 

Ic fond. 

voiles auriques. 

la titiere. 

les voiles de Pavajit, les foes. 



For particular names of sails, see under ^r^, main, mizen, lug, jib. 

10 



146 



SAIL. 



lateen sail, 
leech {of a sail), 
luff {of a sail), 
sheets {of a sail), 
shoulder of mutton sail, 
spare sail, 
square sail, 
studding sail, 
lower studding sail, 
sails loosed to dry and 
hauled out to a bowline, 
sails loosed to dry with 

buntlines hauled up. 
sail blown out from the 

bolt rope, 
stay sails, 
storm Sails, 
tack {of a sail). 

try sails. 

to back a sail. 

to bend a sail. 

to carry plenty of sail. 

to crowd on sail. 

to fill the sails. 

to furl the sails. 

to get under sail 

to gybe a sail. 

to hoist a sail. 

to loose sails. 

to lower a sail. 

to make all plain sail. 

to make more sail. 

to reef a sail. 

to set sail. 

to set a sail. 



une voile latine, 

la chute {d'un voile). 

le lof {d'une voile). 

les ecoutes, f 

une voile a houari. 

une voile de rechange. 

une voile carree. 

une bonne tte. « 

une bonnette basse. 

voiles larguees en banieres. 

voiles larguees sur les cargues. 

voile deralinguee par un 

coup de vent, 
les voiles d'etat, 
les voiles de cape. 
Pamure, f. 
les voiles goelettes. 
masquer une voile, 
enverguer une voile, 
porter de la toile. 
forcer de toile. 
7nettre le vent dans les voiles, 
serrer les voiles, 
appareiller. 

coiffer or changer jine voile, 
hisser une voile, 
larguer les voiles, 
amener une voile, 
etablir la voilure. 
forcer de toile. 
prendre un ris. 
mettre a la voile, 
etablir une voile. 



SAIL — SAILING. 



147 



to shift a sail. 

to shiver a sail. 

to shorten sail. 

to strike sail, 

to take in a sail. 

to trim the sails. 

to unfurl all sail, 

to unbend a sail. 

to take the wind out of a sail. \ 

to spill a sail. J 

to work the sails. 

the sails becalm each ot/ier. 

under what sail is the ship 
in sight ? 
sail (to). 

to sail {to depart). 

to sail in company. 

to sail on a bowline. 

to sail {on a particular cotirseV 

to sail large. 
sailer (a ship). 

afi?ie sailer. \ 

a fast sailer. 1 

good sailer. 
sailing. 

plane sailing. 

Mercator's sailing. 

parallel sailing, 
traverse sailing. 



great circle sailing. 



rate of sailing, 
sailing vessel. 



changer une voile, 
ralinguer. 
diminuer de voiles, 
saluer avec une voile, 
serrer une voile, 
orienter les voiles, 
mettre toutes voiles dehors, 
diverguer une voile. 

ddventer une voile. 

manoiuvrer les voiles. 

les voiles s^abrite?it. 

quelle est la voilure du 
navire en vue 1- 
faire voile, naviguer. 

faire voile, mettre a la voile. 

naviguer de conserve. 

etre au plus pre s. 

cingler. 

courir largue. 
un voilier. 

unfifi voilier 

u?i bon voilier. 
la navigation. 

navigation a Vaide des cartes, 
navigation a Vaide des cartes 

reduites. 
courir en latitude, 
navigation a la bouli?ie. 
navigation orthodrotnique. 
?iavigatiofi sur Pare de grand 

cercle. 
la Vitesse du havire. 
un navire a voiles. 



148 



SAILING— SAND. 



list of sailings. 

sailing orders. 

sailing directions. 
sailor. 

St. Elmo's fire, 
salmon, 
saloon. 

saloon passenger. 
salt. 

an old salt {figuratively). 



.. I 



salt junk {slang). 
salute. 

to fire a salute. 

to fire a salute. 

to return a salute. 

to return a salute with a 

like number of guns. 
a salute of 21 gu?ts. 

salute (to). 

the fort saluted us with 
twelve guns, which we 
returtied with a like 
number of guns. 
salvage. 

salvage men. 

salvage money. 
salvager, 
salvo. 

samson's post, 
sand. 

sand bank. 

sand glass. 

sand hills. 



les navires en parlance. 

les ordres de marche. 

le routier. 
un marin, un matelot. 
le feu St. Elme. 
un saumon. 
le grand salon. \classe. 

un passager de premiere 
le sel. 

un vieux loup de mer, un 
vieux massouin. 

du ba^uf sale. 
un salut. 

faire un salut. 

rendre un salut. 

rendre un salut coup pour 

coup, 
un salut de 21 coups de 

canon. 
saluer, faire un salut. 

le fort nous salud de douze 

coups de canon que nous 

rendimes coup pour coup. 

le sauvetage. 

les sauveteurs, m. 

une i?ide77initi de sauvetage. 
un sauveteur. 
une salve, 
une epontille. 
du sable. 

un banc de sable. 

une ampoulette, u?i sablier. 

des dunes, f. 



SAND — SCULL. 



149 



quick sands. 

embedded in the sand. 
sandy. 

sargasso sea. 
satellite, 
scabbard, 
scale passage, 
scales (for sub-lieutenant), 
scantling, 
scarph (to). 
'scending (ascending). 
school of porpoises 
schooner. 

top sail schooner. 

three-masted schooner. 
score (of a block), 
scout (ship), 
screw (propeller). 

auxiliary screw {ship with). 

a revolution of the scrciv. 

blade of the screw. 

shaft of the screw. 

three bladed screw. 

to coHfiect the screw. 

to disconnect tlie screw. 

t2vin scretvs. 

elevating screiv {of gun). 

screiv {for screwing) > 

screw doivn valve. 



des sables mouvants. 

ensable. 
sablonneux, sablonneuse. 
la mar des sargasses. 
un satellite, 
un fourreau. 
le canal de hausse. 
les contre-epaulettes, / 
I'equarrissage, m. 
ecarver, faire une ecart. 
le renvoi (du tangage). 
(See " porpoise.") 

une goelette. 

un brick goelette. 



un trois-mdts goelette. 
I'engoujure, / 
un eclaireur. 
I'helice, / 

vaisseau a machine auxiliaire. 

une rivolutian de rhilice. 

une brafiche d^hilice. 

Varbre porte-Mlice. 

hi lice a trois bratiches. 

embrayer Phelice. 

disembrayer Philice. 

liilices Jumelles. 

la vis de point age. 

une vis {sound the s). 

une fermeture a vis. 



scud (to). 

to scud under bare poles, 
scud {clouds). 
scull (to). 

sculls {pair of oars). 



{ avoir le vent sous vergue. 
( fuir devant le temps. 

courir a sec. 

des diablotinsy m. 
nager a couple. 

avirons a couple. 



ISO 



SCULL— SEA. 



to scull {ivith a stern oar), 
scupper, 
scuttle (of a ship). 

to scuttle. 
sea. 

arm of the sea. 

a sea, 

a phosphorescent sea. 

at sea. 

inland sea. 

in British seas. 

open sea. 

on the high seas. 

perils of the sea. 

polar seas. 

sea-anchor. 

sea-boat. 

sea-chart, 

sea-coast. 

sea-dog {figuratively). 

seafaring {adj.). 

sea-faring man. 

sea-faring men. 

sea-fight. 

seafowl. 

sea-girt. 

sea- going ship. 

sea-gull^ sea-mew. 
sea-language, 
sea-nettle, 
sea-ooze. 



godiller. 
un dalot. 
un hublot. 

saborder^ couler bas, 
la mar. 

un bras de mer. 

un coup de mer., un paquet 
de mer. ^ 

une mer phosphor escefite. 

sur mer. 

une fner interieiire. 

dans les eaux anglaises. 

la pleine mer. 

en pleine mer. 

la fortune de mer. 

les mers polaires. 

une ancre du large. 

une ancre flottante. 

une ancre de cape. 

un navire mar in. 

une carte marine. 

la cote, le littoral. 

un vieux loup de mer. 

de la marine, maritime. 

un marin^ un homme de mer. 

les gens de mer. 

un combat naval. 

un oiseau de mer. 

entoure par la mer. 
( navire de mer. 
\ navire de long cours. 

une mouette. 

le langage marin. 

une meduse. 

la vase. 



SEA. 



51 



sea-plant. 

sea-port, 
sea-rover. 






une plante marine, 
un port de mer. 
un icumeur de mer. 


sea-shore. 

sea-risk. 

sea-sickness. 






la cote, le rivage. 
la fortune de 7ner, 
le mal de mer. 


sea-urchin. 






un oursin de mer. 


seaward. 






vers le large. 


sea-water. 






eau de mer. 


sea-way. 






endroit oil il y a de la 7ner. 


see-weed. 






algue if), goemon {m.\ varech 

('"■)■ 


The word goemon is chiefly used on the coast of Brittany, and 
varech on the shores of Normandy and parts of the Bay of Biscay. 



sea-ivrack grass. 

the open sea. 

the heave of the sea. 

the 7nain sea. 

the sea breaks on shore. 

the sea swept the deck. 

the top sails ivere becabned 

ivhen we were in the 

trough of t/te sea. 
the ship behaves ivell at 

sea. 
three of our 7nain deck 

ports were stove in by a 

sea. 
tossed by the sea. 
to breast the sea. 
to be half-seas over {sla7ig). 
to be sea-sick, 
to be struck by a sea. 
to co77iefrom the sea. 
to find one^s sea legs. 



le varech. ' 

la 7ner libre. 
la levie de la mer. 
la haute mer. 
la mer brise a la cote, 
la la77ie balayait le pont. 
nos hu7iiers itaie7it abriyes 
par le creux de la la77ie. 

le navire se co/nporte bien 
a la mer. 

trois des sabords de notre 
troisieme pont furent de- 
fo7ices par un coup de mer. 

battu par la /ner. 

epauler la la//ie. 

ctre e)itre deux vins (argot). 

avoir le mal de 77ier. 

recevoir mi coup de ?ner. 

ve7iir de la mer. 

avoir le pied 77iarin. 



52 



SEA. 



to go to sea, 

to go to sea again. 

toga to sea {to become a sailor), 
to have sea room, 

to keep the sea. 
to keep end on to the sea, 
keep her end on to the sea ! 
to keep the bow on to the sea. 
to put to sea. 

to run before the sea, 

to ship a sea. 

to standout to sea. 

to scour the sea, 
to top the sea. 
we have just shipped a sea 
over the port quarter. 



THE STATE OF THE 

a cabn sea, 
a chopping sea. 
a heavy sea, 

a high sea. 

a long sea. 

a raging sea. 

a short sea. 

a smooth sea. 
a squally sea. 



prendre la 7ner, s^e7nbarquer. 
reprefidre la mer^ se rembar- 

quer, 
se faire mar in, 
avoir de la chasse^ avoir de 

Vevitee. 
tenir la mer, 
se tenir debout a la lame, 
tiens debout a la lame I 
presenter Vavant a la la7ne. 
mettre a la mer., prendre la 

mer. 
gouverner Varriere a la lame, 
embarquer un coup de mer. 
se tenir au large, porter au 

large, 
ecumer les mers. 
s^elever a la lame. 
710US venons d* embarquer un 

coup de mer par la hanche 

de bdbord. 



SEA. l'ETAT de la MER. 

2me mer belle. 

une 77ier clapoteuse, 

une mer houleuse. 
[ une grosse mer. 
\ une lame haute. 
{ une fner longue. 
1 une lame longue. 

une mer dimontee, 
( une mer courte. 
\ une lame courte. 

une mer plate. 



SEA — SEAMAN. 



153 



a topping sea, 

a very smooth sea. 

a very heavy sea. 

a sea with crested waves 

{white horses), 
the sea is getting up. 
the sea is falling, 
the sea is rising, 
the sea sets towards the shore, 
the sea is running high, 
the sea is going down, 
the sea is rough. 



une mer qui leve. 
une mer tres belle. 
une mer furieuse. 

{une mer moutonneuse. 
la mer moutonne. 
la mer se fait, 
la mer tombe. 
la mer se leve. 
la mer porte a la cote, 
il y a de la mer. 
la m^r se calme. 
la mer est dure. 



NOTATION OF SEA. 




NOTATION DE LA MER. 


0. Calm. 




0. Plate. 


I. Very smooth. 




I. Tres belle. 


2. Smooth. 




2. Belle. 


3. Slight swell. 




3. Assez belle. 


/ Some swell. 
^' \ Rather rough. 


- 


4. Petite houle. 


5. Swell. 




5. Houleuse. 


6. Squally. 




6. Forte. 


7. High. 




7. Grosse. 


8. Very high. 




8. Tres grosse. 



9. Very heavy. 
No special notation is used in the French Navy for No. 9, * Very 
heavy.' The two notations here given are the ones officially used 
in both the navies of England and France. 

seal, 

sea-lawyer (fine talker) 

(slang), 
seam, 
seaman. 



un parisien 



un 



ordinary seama?i. 
able seama7t. 



un phoque. 
un avocat, 

(argot), 
une couture, 
un marin, un matelot 

homme de mer. 

un matelot de pant. 

un matelot de troisieme classe, 

un matelot de deuxiem^ classe. 

un mbier breveti. 



54 



SEAMAN — SENTRY. 



leading seaman. un matelot de premiere dasse, 

seamanship. la manoeuvre, le matelotage. 

La manoeuvre is the working of a ship at sea by an officer ; le 
matelotage is the knowledge required of able seamen. 



search light, 
search warrant, 
sea wall, 
seaward, 
seaworthiness, 
seaworthy. 

secretary, 
section (drawing). 

inner sections. 

outside sections. 
sector, 
segment, 
seize (to), 
seizing. 

flat seizing. 

a quarter seizing. 

racking seizing. 

throat seizing. 
seizure of a ship (the), 
selvagee (to), 
semaphore. 

arms of the semaphore. 
seniority. 

promotion by seniority. 

sennit. 

French sennit. 

sennit for hats. 
sentry. 



un projecteur. 

un mandat de perquisition. 

un endigage, un endiguement. 

vers la mer. 

la navigabilite. 

qui peut tenir la mer, en bon 

etat, mar in, navigable, 
un secretaire, 
la coupe. 

les coupes sur borde, 

les coupes sur membres, 
un secteur. 
un segment. 

faire un amarrage, genopper. 
un amarrage, une genoppe, un 

aiguilletage. 

uti amarrage a plat. 

une velture. 

un amarrage en portugaise. 

un amarrage plat double. • 
la saisie d'un navire. 
arreter, terminer, 
un semaphore. 

les ailes (/.) du shnaphore. 
I'anciennete, /. 

ravancement {m.) a Vancien- 
nete. 
une tresse anglaise. 

U7ie tresse. 

de la tresse pour chapeaux. 
un factionnaire. 



SERVANT — SERVICE. 



155 



servant (ofificer's). 

serve a rope (to), 
service (of rope), 
service (the) (the navy). 

active service. 

continuous service man. 



harbour service. 

sea service. 

junior service {England). 

senior service, „ 



un ordonnance. 

un domestique d'officier. 

fourrer une manoeuvre. 

la fourrure. 

la marine. 

Pactivite, f. 

u?i marin inscrit. (See 
" General Register of 
Seamen.''^) 

le service au port. 

le service a la mer. 

Parmee^ f. 

la marine. 



In France there is no senior service ; and when officers of both 
services are assembled together, the precedence of those of the 
same relative rank is determined by seniority of rank. 

le service a bord. 



the service afloat, 
the service ashore, 
the King's service. 
the merchant service, 
to enter tJie service, 
to leave the service. \ 
to quit the service. ) 
to be called out for service, 
to be discharged from the 

service. 
to be dismissed tlie service 

(punishment), 
to be fit for service, 
to be unfit for service, 
to Join the service {as a 

volunteer^ to enlist). 

to see service. 

this officer has seen service. 



le service a terre. 
le service de PEtat. 
la marine marchande. 
entrer au service. 

quitter le service. 

ctre appelc au service, 
etre congedie. 

etre renvoye du service. 

etre bon pour le service. 

ne pas etre bon pour le service. 

s' engager, prendre du service. 



f ^aire la guerre. 
\ fair 



faire une campagne. 
cetojficier afaitdes campagne s. 



156 



SERVICE — SHACKLE. 



the medical service. 
set and drift of a current. 

setting up rigging, 
settle (to) the land, 
setdement. 
sextant. 

adjustments {of sextant). 

adjusting screw. 

arc proper. 

arc of excess. 

blank tube. 

clamping screw. 

collar. 

frame. 

graduation. 

handle. 

horizon glass. 

index bar. 

index error. 

index glass. 

limb. 

microscope. 

shades. 

tangent screw. 

telescopes. 

up and dozvn screiv. 

vertiier. 

wires {of the telescopes), 
shackle. 

anchor shackle, 
bolt of shackle, 
lugs of shackle, 
pin of shackle* 



le service de la sante. 
la direction et la force d'un 

courant. 
rider le greement. 
noyer la terre. 

un etablissement, un comptoir. 
un sextant. 

les rectifications du sextant. 

la vis de rappel. 

rarCy m. 

Pare en exces. 

la pinnule. 

la vis de pression. 

le support. 

le corps. 

la graduation. 

la poignee. 

le petit miroir. 

r alidade, f 

Perreur instrume?itale. 

le grand miroir. 

le limbe. 

la loupe. 

les verres colores., m. 

la vis de rappel. 

les telescopes, in. 

la tige a frottement. 

le vernier. 

le reticule. 
un maillon, une manille : see 

under to veer. 

une manille d^etalingure. 

un bouloti de manille. 

les oreilles, f 

la goupille. 



SHAFT — SHELF. 



57 



shaft (machinery). 

shaft {of screw propeller). 
shake (to). 

don^t let her shake ! 
shag (sea bird), 
shank (of anchor), 
shank-painter, 
shark. 

land shark {figuratively). 
shallow waters. See under 
sheathing of the keel. 

sheathing of bottom. 

copper sheathing. 

zi7ic sJieathifig. 

sheathing nail. 
sheave (of block). 

sheave liole {of mast). 

dumb sheave. 
sheepshank, 
sheer (to) (like a ship). 

to sheer off. 

to sheer up. 
sheer (of vessel or deck). 

sheer plan. 

sheer strake. 

sheer -pole. 
sheers, or shears, 
sheet (rope). 

sheet tackle. 

sheet home I 

t>oth sJieets aft. 

fore and main sheets I 

topsail sheets I 

let go the sheet ! 
shelf-piece. 



un arbre (de machine). 

Varbre porte helice. 
fouetter, battre, ralinguer. 

defie du vent / 
un cormorant, 
la verge (d'une ancre). 
une serre-bosse. 
un requin. 

un ecumeur de port. 
water," p. 202. 
le doublage de la quille. 

le doublage de la coque. 

le doublage en cuivre. 

le doublage e7i zinc. 

un clou a doublage. 
un rea. 

le clan. 

une engoujure. 
une jambe de chien. 
faire des embardees. 

prendre le large. 

laisser porter en dependant. 
la tonture. 

la projection longitudinale. 

un couple renforce. 

une bastaque. 
des bigues,/. 
une ecoute. 

un palafi de retenue. 

les ecoutes a bloc ! bordez ! 

vefit arriere. 

a border les basses voiles ! 

a border les huniers I 

filez r ecoute ! 
la bauquiere. 



158 



SHELF— SHIP. 



shelf -piece (stringers). 
shell (shrapnell). 

shell {bomb). 

Pallisser shell. 

steel shell with chromium. 

the base of a shell. 

the head of a shell. 

the jacket of a shell. 

extractor-holes of shell. 

to load ivith shell. 

fragment of shell. 

to shell. 

the shelling {of a place). 

the shell of a torpedo. 
shelving land. 1 
shelving shore, j 

shelving rocks. 
shield (for gun), 
shift (of wind). 

shift over I {in boats). 

shift over ! {English rig). 

shift over I {French rig). 

shift over the head sheets I 
shift (to). 

to shift {to get displaced). 
shingle. 

a shingle beach. 
ship. 

about ship I 
a crank ship, 

a handy ship, 
a full rigged ship, 
battle ship. 



la ceinture {ship construction ) . 
un obus (the s is silent). 
u?ie bombe. 
un obus de rupture, 
obus en acier chromi. 
le culot dun obus, 
Pogive{f.)^ la pointed un obus. 
le ceinture d^ufi obus. 
les events {m.) dun obus. 
charger a obus. 
un eclat dobus. 
bombarder. 
le bombardement . 
la carcasse dune torpille. 

une cote en terrasses. 

des falaises (/) en terrasses. 
un masque en acier. 
une saute de vent. 

change z les voiles / 

changez la misaine I 

changez le taille-vent I 

changez les foes I 
changer. 

riper. 
des galets, 7n. 

une plage de galets. 
un batiment, un navire, un 

vaisseau. 

envoyez I 

un navire qui porte mal la 
toile. 

un Jiavire maniable. 

un trois-mdts carri. 

un navire de guerre. 



SHIP. 



159 



coast defence ship. 


un garde-cote. 


drill ship. 


vaisseau ecole des canonniers. 


flag ship. 


le vaisseau amiral. 


guard ship. 


le stationnaire^ le ponton 




amiral. 


gunnery ship. 


vaisseau icole des canonniers. 


hospital ship. 


un vaisseau hopital. 


light ship. 


un bateau-feu. 


line of battle ship. 


un vaisseau de ligne. 


in my ship. 


sur moil vaisseau^ a mon bord. 


on board ship. 


a bord. 


port wing ship. 


le vaisseau de gauche. 


sailing ship. 


un navire a voiles. 


screw ship. 


un navire a hilice. 


ship-broker. 


un courtier maritime. 


ship-builder. 


un constructeur de 7iavires. 


ship-building. 


construction de np,vire. 


ship-chandler. 


un fournisseur de navires. 


ship master. 


un capitaine marchand. 


shipmate. 


un camarade. 


ship-owner. 


un armateur. 


skip -yard. 


un chantier. 


ship's books. < 


les livres du bord. 
le rdle de tiquipage. 


to be borne on the ship's books. 


etre sur le role de V equipage. 


ship's company. 


I'iquipage^ m. 


ship's corporal. 


le caporal d'armes. 


ship's husband. 


le girant du bord. 


ship's papers. 


les papier s du bord. 


ship-shape. 


en ordre, ?narin, bien arrifne. 


ship's side. 


la muraille. 


ship's steward. 


le commis aux vivres. 


sister ship {to anotlier 


lefr^re. 


vessel). 




steam ship. 


un navire a vapeur. 



i6o 



SHIP — SHIPMENT. 



starboard wing ship, 
store ship, 
troop ship, 
training-ship, 
training-ship for naval 

cadets, 
training-ship for boys, 
the leading ship, 
the pivot ship, 
the rear ship. 

the ship next ahead, 
the ship next astern, 
the working of a ship, 
ships outward bound, 
ships ready to proceed to sea. 
the bendiy,g moments of a 

ship, 
the lo7igitudinal moments 

of a ship, 
the ship is lying i?i a good 



le vaisseau de droite. 

une flute. 

un transport de troupes. 

un vaisseau ecole. 

Vicole navale. (See " naval 

school.") 
V ecole des mousses* 
le vaisseau de tete, le chef defile, 
le pivot, 
le vaisseau de queue, or serre- 

file. 
le matelot davant, AV. 
le matelot d'arriere, AR. 
la manoeuvre d'un navire. 
les navires pour Petranger. 
les navires en parlance, 
les mome?its flechissants d'un 

navire. 
les moments longitudinaux 

d^un navire. 
le navire est a un bon mouil- 



berth. 






lage. 


ship (to). 






embarquer. 


to ship {goods). 






embarquer {des marchand- 
ises). 


to ship {to put 


into 


its 


moiiter, armer. 


place). 








to ship a sea. 






embarquer un coup de mer. 


to ship the screw. 






monter Vhelice. 


to ship the rudder. 






monter le gouvernail. 


ship your oars ! 






armez les avirons I 


we shipped water 


at each 


reau e^nbarquait a cliaque 


roll. 






coup de roulis. 


shipment. 






le chargement, I'embarque- 
ment, m. 



SHIPPER — SHOT. 



l6] 



shipper (of goods), 
shipping (the) (of a country). 

shipping agent, 
shippifig charges, 
shipping intelligence, 
shipping office. 
shipwreck. 

shipwrecked {person). 

to be shipwrecked. 
shipwright, 
shoal (of fish). 

a shoal of herrings. 

a shoal of porpoises. 

shoals {shallow water). 
shoe (of an anchor), 
shoot (to). 

to shoot with a rifle. 
shore. 

lee shore. 

iveather sliore. 

to stand for the shore. 
shore (a prop), 
shore (to) up. 
shores (parts, latitudes), 
shot. 

case shot. 

shrapnel shot. 

canister shot, grape shot. 

spent shot. 

random shot. 

to be shot {as a punish- 
ment). 



chargeur, m., expediteur, w. 
la marine marchande, les na- 

vires, m. pi. 

tin expediteur. 

lesfrais {m.) de mise a bord. 

les noiwelles (/) de mer. 

line agence maritime. 
un naufrage, un sinistre mari- 
time. 

un naufrage. 

faire naufrage. 
un charpentier d'arsenal. 
un banc (de poissons). 

un banc de harengs. 

une bande de marsouins. 
(See "porpoise.") 

des bas-fondSf m. 
la sole, la sabatte. 
tirer, decharger. (See "shot.") 

tirer a la carabine. 
la terre, le littoral, le rivage. 

une cote sous le ve?it. 

une cote au vent. 

courir a terre. 
une accore, une epontille. 
accorer, epontiller, bequiller. 
parages, ni.pl. 
un boulet, un obus. 
J un obus a balles. 
\ ufie boite a mitraille. 

la ??iitraille. 

une balle morte. 

un coup perdu. 

etre fusille, ctre passe par les 
amies. 
II 



62 



SHOT — SIDE. 



to be shot {accidentally). 



to be shot dead. 

he was sentenced to be shot. 

the bowsprit was shot 
away. 
shove off! 
show a leg and turn out ! 



etre emporte par un coup de 
feu^ or etre tui d^un coup 
de fusil^ or de canon. 

etre tue sur le coup. 

ilfutcondamnea etrefusille., or 
a etre passe par les armes. 

le beauprefut emporte par un 
coup defeu. 
poussez ! 



This exclamation of the boatswain's mate in turning the watch 
out at night, and which literally means that the men thus summoned 
must give ostensible proof of their being awake by putting a leg 
over the side of their hammock, corresponds to the French, N'as 
tii pas entendu, les tribordais (or les bdbordais) au quart? debout, 
debout, debout I ' ' Hav'n't you heard starboard watch (or port watch) 
on deck ? up, up, up ! " 



shrapnell shell, 
shrimp. 

shrouds. 

bentinck shrouds. 
sick. 

sick-list. 

sick-bay. 

sick-bay man, or ) 

sick-berth attendant, f 
sick-berth steward, 
to be on the sick-list. 
side. 

the side of a ship. 

the sides {of a gun carriage). 



(See under shot.) 

une crevette, une chevrette, 

une salicoque. 
les haubans, m. 

un pataras. 
malade. 

la lisle des malades, le cahier 
d^hopital. 

le poste des malades. 

un infirmier. 

rijtfirmier major, 
etre sur la lisle des malades. 
le cote, le bord, le flanc, la 
muraille. 
le flanc, or la muraille d'un 

navire. 
les flasques (/.) d'un affut^ 



SIDE — SIGNAL. 



63 



side-ropes. 

side boys. 

the side boys at the gangway 
sidereal day. 
siege. 

siege artillery. 
sight (in). 

to sight. 

within sight. 

sight vane. 

sight {of fire-arm). 

fore sight. 

back sight of rifle. 

notch in back sight. 

sight patch {of gun). 

tangent sight (of gun). 

line of sight. 

to heave in sight. 

ivithi7i sight of land. 

to keep sight of land. 

to arrive in sight of land. 

to lose sight of land. 

to take sights. 
signal. 

signal-ball {for time). 



les tire-veilles (/) de coupee. 

les mousses., m. 
' les mousses au bas de Vechelle I 
le jour sideral. 
un siege. 

Partillerie (f) de siege. 
en vue. 

apercevoir. 

a portee de la vue. 

une pinnule. 

la hausse, le guidon. 

le guidon de mire. 

la hausse d'un fusil. 

le cran de mire. 

lefronteau de mire. 

la hausse. 

la ligfie de ?nire. 

paraitre. 

en vue de terre. 

rester en vue de terre. 

arriver en vue de terre. 

perdre la terre de vue. 

prendre des observations- 
un signal, //., des signaux. 



la boule. 

The French observatories, established in the most important ports 
on the French coast, signal the time at 22 hours Paris mean-time. 
The indicating ball — ^which is always white — is hoisted exactly at 
50'. It drops exactly at 22 hours. It is hoisted again, 



21 



and 

falls a second time two minutes later, viz. at 22l», 2' Paris mean- 
time, thus affording another opportunity of obtaining the correct 
mean-time. 



signal for battle. 

signal-man. 

signal-man {any man watching)- 

compass signal. 



le signal du combat. 

un timonier. 

un guetteur. 

un signal d'aire de vent. 



164 



SIGNAL. 



day signal, 
gashing signal, 
fog signal, 
horary signal, 
numeral signal, 
night signal, 
cipher signal, 
the key of a cipher signal, 
to answer a signal. 
to enforce a signal, 
to fly a signal of distress, 
to haul down a signal, 
to hoist a signal, 
to keep a signal flyiftg. 
to make a signal, 
watchword signals, 
yeoman of signals. 

SIGNALS BY STEAM WHISTLE. 

In taking any course authorized 
or required by the regulations, a 
steam ship under way may indi- 
cate that course to any other ship 
which she has in sight, by the 
following signals on her steam 
whistle, viz. : — 

One short blast, to mean, ' I am 
directing my course to starboard.' 

Two short blasts, to mean, ' I 
am directing my course to port.' 

Three short blasts, to mean, ' I 
am going full speed astern. ' 
SIGNALS FOR SHIPS IN DISTRESS. 

In day time. 
I. A gun, or other explosive 
signal, fired at intervals of about a 
minute. 



un signal de jour. 

un signal a eclats. 

U7t signal de brume. 

un signal d'heures. 

un signal fiu??ierique. 

un signal de nuit. 

des signaux chiffres. 

la cle des signaux chiffres. 

repondre a un signal. 

assurer u?i signal. 

arborer un signal de detresse. 

amener un signal. 

hisser un signal. 

conserver un signal battant. 

faire mi signal. 

les signaux du guet. 

le chef de timonerie. 

SIGNAUX AU MOYEN DU SIFFLET 
A VAPEUR. 

En changeant sa route selon I'au- 
torisation ou les prescriptions de ce 
reglement, un navire a vapeur, en 
marche, peut indiquer cette route a 
tout autre navire, en vue, au moyen 
des signaux suivants donnes par le 
sifflet a vapeur : — 

Un coup bref, signifie, 'je viens 
sur tribord.' 

Deux coups brefs, signifient, 'je 
viens sur babord. ' 

Trois coups brefs, signifient, 'je 
vais en arriere a toute vitesse.' 

SIGNAUX POUR LES NAVIRES EN 
DI^TRESSE. 

De jour. 
I. Coups de canons, ou autre 
signal explosif, tires . a intervalles 
d'une minute environ. 



SIGNAL — SINK. 



165 



2. The International Code Sig- 
nal of Distress, indicated bvN.C. 
(See Table 13.) 

3. The distant signal, consist- 
ing of a square flag, having either 
above it or below it a ball, or 
anything resembling a ball. (See 
Table 14.) 

At night. 

1. A gun, or other explosive 
signal, fired at intervals of about 
a minute. 

2. Flames on the vessel, as 
from a burning tar-barrel, oil- 
barrel, &c. 

3. Rockets, or shells throwing 
stars of any colour or description, 
fired one at a time at short inter- 
vals. 

4. A continuous sounding with 
any fog signal apparatus. 

silence (to) a battery. 

the batteries were silenced 
in less than a?i hour. 
silting. 

the silting up of a harbour. 
simoon, 
sine. 

sing out (to) (to call), 
sink (of a ship), 
sink (to). 

the vessel struck on a rock 
and sank. 



ten of the etieviy's ships 
were captured and three 
others sunk. 



2. Le Signal de detresse du Code 
international indique par N.C. 
(See Table 13.) 

3. Le signal de grande distance, 
consistant en un pavilion carre ayant 
soit au-dessus, soit au-dessous, une 
boule ou quelque chose ressemblant 
a une boule (See Table 14.) 

De ftuit. 

1. Coups de canon, ou autre 
signal explosif, tires a intervalles 
d'une minute environ. 

2. Flammes sur le batiment, 
comme celles provenant d'un baril 
de goudron ou d'huile en combustion. 

3. Fusees ou bombes, lancees une 
a une a de courts intervalles et pro- 
jetant des etoiles de n'importe quelle 
couleur. 

4. L'usage continu de n'importe 
quel signal de brume. 

eteindre le feu d'une batterie. 
le feu des batteries s'iteignit 
en moins d'une heure. 
un depot, un engravement. 

Pengravement d'un port. 
le simoun. 

unsinus (final s to be sounded), 
appeler, heler. 
la sentine. 
couler bas, sombrer. 

le vaisseau toucha sur un 
rocher et somhra. 
r nous primes dix vaisseaux a 
I w rennemi et tious lui en cou- 
I lames trois autres. 
' dix des vaisseaux de Vetinemi 
furent pris et trois autre 
coules bas. 



1 66 



SIROCCO — SLOW. 



sirocco. 

size (the) and weight 

metal (ordnance), 
skate (fish), 
skid (for gun). 

skid (fender). 

skid {roller). 
skiff. 

skin (of a ship), 
skip jack (slang), 
skipper (merchant navy), 
sky. 

skylight, 
slab-lines. 

slack (the) of a rope. 

slack off! 

slack water. 

slack water of flood. 

slack ivater of ebb. 
slaver, 
slave trade, 
sling. 

butt sling, 

the slings of a yard. 
to sling, 
slip the cable (to). 

slip {of screiv). 

slip rope. 

building slip. 
sloop. 

sloop of war. 
slops (of a sailor). 
slow ahead ! 

slow astern I 



I le mou, \ ^ 
\ le balan, j 



une manoeuvre. 



le sirocco, 
of la dimension et le poids de 

I'artillerie. 
une raie. 
un cabrion. 

une defense en bois. 

un rouleau. 
un rafiau. 

la carene, la coque. 
un officier de salon (argot), 
le patron, le capitaine. 
le ciel. 

une claire-voie. 
les fausses-cargues, /. 
le mou, 
le balan, 
moUissez ! 

Petale, f. 

Vetale de flot. 

re tale de jusant. 
un negrier. 
la traite des noirs. 
une elingue. 

une elingue double. 

les suspentes (/ ) d^une vergue, 
elinguer. 
filer la chaine par le bout. 

le recul de Phelice, le slip. 

une retenue en double. 

une cale de construction. 
un sloop, une corvette. 

une corvette, un aviso. 
les eifets {m.pl.) d'habillement. 
en avant, doucement ! 

en arriere^ doucement I 



SLUE — SOUTH. 



167 



slue (to), 
sluice valve, 
smack (fishing), 
small arms, 
smoke. 

smoke sail. 
smoke box. 
smuggler, 
smuggling, 
snow. 

snow drift. 

snow storm. 
snub (to). 

to snub t/ie ship. 
snug, 
so ! 

solar system, 
solstice. 

summer solstice. 

winter solstice. 
solstitial points, 
sound (to), 
sounding. 

sounding lead. 

soundings. 

to be in soundings. 
to call the soundings, 
to run by soimdings. 
to take the soundings, 
to try the soundings, 
what is the soundi?tg ? 
Sir William Thomson^s 
sounding machine. 
south. 



trevirer, devirer. 
une vanne. 
un bateau-pecheur. 
les petites armes, /. 
la fumee. 

un masqite, 
la boite a fumee. 
un contrebandier. 
la contrebande. 
la neige. 

un grain de tieige. 

une tempete de neige. 
filer a la demande. 

briser Verre du navire. 
proprement, pare, 
comme 9a ! 
le systeme solaire. 
le solstice. 

le solstice d'ete. 

le solstice d'hiver. 
les points solsticiaux. 
sonder. 
le sondage. 

la sonde, 
j les sondages, m. 
\ le brassiage. 

etre sur les sondes. 

chanter la sonde. 

naviguer a la sonde. 

/aire le sondage. 

chercher la sonde. 

quel est le brassiage t 

le sondeur Thomson. 

sud. (See "compass.') 



1 68 



SOUTHERLY— SPIDER. 



southerly. du sud, du midi. 

southing. le chemin sud. 

southmg {of a celestial body). le passage au meridien. 



SOUthwester (waterproof). 
spanker. 

spa?iker boom. 

spafiker gaff. 
spar. 

spar deck. 

spare spars {lashed together). 

spare oar, sail, &'c., dr'c. 



ivehadno spare oars{oT sails) 



speak (to) a vessel, 
speed. 

half speed. 

full speed. 

full speed ahead ! 

full speed astern I 

speed trials. 

speed indicator. 

to increase speed. 

to slacken speed. 

speed on measured mile. 

trial speed. 
spell. 

spell of work. 

fresh spell. 
spermaceti, 
sphere. 

axis of the sphere. 
spider (for after main brace). 



un suroi, un cire. 
la brigantine. 

le gui. 

la come. 
un espar, m. [deck. 

le pont sur montants, le spar- 

une drome. 

un aviron, une voile, d^-v., 
. . . de rechange or supple- 
mentaire. 

nous Ji^avions pas d'av irons 
(or de voiles) de rechange 
or supplementaires. 
arraisonner (un navire). 
la vitesse. 

demi-vitesse. 

a toute vitesse. 

en avant, tout vitesse I 

en arriere, toute vitesse I 

les essais de vitesse. 

u?i sillometre. 

augmenter de vitesse. 

diminuer de vitesse, ralentir. 

la vitesse sur la base. 

la vitesse aux essais. 
tour, ;;/., releve,/ 

totir de corvee. 

la releve de corvie. 
le blanc de baleine. 
la sphere. 

Vaxe {m.) de la sphere. 
un arc-boutant de brasseyage. 



SPIKE — SQUADRON. 



169 



spider hoop. 

spike (to) a gun. 

spinnaker. 

spirit room. 

spirketting. 

spit. 

splice. 

to splice. 

cut splice. 

eye splice. 

long splice. 

sJwrt splice. 
splicing-fid. 
sponge. 

sponge {for gun). 

to sponge a gun. 
sponson. 

sponson rims. 
spoon drift, 
sprat, 
spray, 
spring (to) (to crack). 

to spring a leak. 

to spring a mine. 

to spring the luff. 

spri?ig {on anchor). 
sprit-sail 
sprit-boom. 

sprocket wheel of the capstan, 
sprung, 
spun-yarn, 
spy-glass, 
squad. 

the aivkivard squad. 
squadron (of ships). 



un cercle a margouillet. 
enclouer (un canon), 
une voile de fortune, 
la cale au vin. 
la vaigre bretonne. 
une pointe, une langue. 
une epissure. 

episser. 

une greffe. 

u?te epissure a oiil. 

une epissure longue. 

une epissure carree. 
un epissoir. 
une eponge. 

un ecouvillon. 

kouvillonner. 
un encorbellement. 

leselofigis (m.) des Jar dins, m. 
I'embrun (/n.) courant, le pou- 
une harengule. [drin. 

I'embrun (m.). 
craquer, fendre. 

/aire eau,/aire une voie d'eau. 

faire sauter une mine. 

venir au lof. 

une embossure. 
une voile a livarde. 
une livarde. 

la couronne du cabestan. 
craque. 

du bitord, du fil de caret, 
une longue-vue. 
une escouade. 

le peloton des arrieres. 
une escadre. 



170 



SQUADRON — STAGE. 



flying squadron. \ 

leading squadron, 
reserve squadron. 
Mediterranean squadron. 

Channel squadron. 

square the yards ! 
squall. 

black squall. 

white squall. 

to be caught in a squall. 

look out for squalls I {familiar) 
squally, 
square. 

square {adjective). 
squatter. 

squeak (to have a narrow), 
stabber (sail-maker's), 
stability (of ships), 
staff (for flag). 

jack staff. 

the staff {the officers). 

engine-room staff. 

staff captain.'^ 

staff com ma nder. * 



une division, ) volante, or 

une escadre, j legere. 

r avant-garde, f. 

une escadre de reserve. 

Pescadre d^evolutions de la 
Mediterranee. 

I'escadre d' evolutions de la 
Manche. 
brassez carre ! . 
un grain, une bourrasque. 

un grain noir. 

un grain bla?ic. 

etre pris par un grain. 
. veille au grain I {familier)» 
venteux. 
un carre. 

carre, m., carree^f. 
un colon, 
parer la coque. 
un poin9on de voilier. 
la stabilite. 
un mat de pavilion. 

un mat de pavilion debeaupre. 

Vetat-major, m. 

le personnel de la machi?ie. 

capitaine de vaisseau pour la 
navigation. 

capitaine de frigate pour la 



staff and ball (beacon), 
stage. 

cable stage. 

floating stage. 



une balise. 

une etagere, un echafaudage. 

ufie etagere a filin. 

un ras, une plate. 



* These ranks do not exist in the French Navy. 



STANCH ION —STAR. 



i;i 



Stanchion. 

quarter stanchions. 
stand by ! 

to keep the tnen standing by. 

stand by to wear ship I 

stand by ! {engine). 

standby^ below I 

stand by the anchor I 
stand for arms, 
stand across (to). 

to stand on. 

to stand out to sea. 

to stand to the eastward. 

to stand for. 

to stand in for. 

to stand into danger, 

to stand towards. 

to stand off. 

to stand on> 

to sta?id to the south. 

to stand to the tiorth, 

stand from under I 

stand clear of the cable ! 
standing orders. 

standing part {of a rope). 
standard (flag). 

royal standard. 
standard (timber). 
star. 

shooting star. 

a circu7npolar star. 

a variable star. 

nautical stars. 



un etanQon, un montant. 

les Jambettes, f 
attention ! sois pare a .... ! 

tenir les homines pares a 
?na?i(jeuvrer. 

pare a virer au lofl 

balancez I 

7?iachine, attention I 

soyez pares a mouiller ! 
un ratelier d'armes. 
mettre en travers. 

suivre la meme route. 

se tenir au large. 

faire route a Vest. 

rallier. 

attaquer. 

courir sur des dangers. 

courir sur. 

courir au large. 

faire route pour. 

avoir le cap au sud. 

avoir le cap au ?iord. 

gare dessous^ en bas I 

digagez la chaine I 
les ordres (w.) permanents. 

le dormant {dhine 7na?iQiuvre) . 
le pavilion, I'etendard, m. 

rete?idard royal. 
une courbe. 
une etoile. 

une etoile filante. 

une Etoile circompolaire. 

une Etoile variable. 

les etoiles servant aux obser- 
vations. 



172 



STAR — STEAM. 



rising of a star. 

setting of a star. 

meridian passage {of a sta?-). 
starboard."^ 

hard a starboard I 

on the starboard boiv. 

starboard a bit I 
station bill. 

stations for stays ! 
staunch, 
stay. 

back stays.\ 

to be slack in stays, 

to be smart in stays. 

to be in stays. 

to miss stays. 

to stay at a place. 

the ship is hove in stays. 

stay sail stay. 

keep her full for stays I 
steady ! (hoisting). 

steady I {steering). 
steam. 

by steam. 

to get up steam. 

to keep up steam. 

keep up steam ! 

is steam up ? 

steam is up. 

steam is not up. 

to shut off stea?n. 

steam boat. 



le lever d'une Stoile. 

le coucher d'ufie etoile. 

le passage an meridien. 
tribord, droite. 

tribord toute I 

par tribord devanf. 

tribord un pen I 
le role de manoeuvre. 

a vos postes I 
etanche. 
un etai, une draille. 

les galhaubans. 

lent a virer. 

virer faci lenient. 

etre vent devant, etre etale, 
etre debout au vent. 

manquer a virer. 

relacher a^ faire escale a . . . 

le navire est Hale. 

une draille. 

portez plein avant d'envoyerl 
doucement ! 

comme-ga I 
la vapeur. 

a la vapeur. 

chauffer. 

se tenir eji pression. 

tenez-vous en pressio?i I 

y a-t-il de la pression ? 

il y a de la pression. 

il ?i\v a pas de pression. 

couper la vapeur. 

bateau a vapeur^ un vapeur. 



* See note on 'port' {side of ship). 

t For the names of stays, see under the name of each special one. 



STEAM — STEER. 



73 



steam blast. 

steam engifie. 

steam navigation. 

steam packet. 

steafn pipe. 

steam pressure gauge. 

steam ship. 

steam siren. 

steam steering gear. 

steam trials of an engine. 

with every pound of steam. 
steam (to). 

to steam full speed. 

to steam head to wind. 

to steatfi away. 
steamer, 
steel. 

chrome steel. 

forged steel. 

hard steel, 

mild steel. 

tempered steel. 

lead tetnpered steel. 

oil tempered steel. 

steel projectiles. 

steel guns. 

gu?i steel. 

steel ivorks. 
steer (to). 

to steer {on a given course). 

to steer by degrees. 

to steer clear of. 

to steer close to the ivind. 

to steer for. 



une soufflerie. 

une machine a vapeur. 

la navigation a vapeur. 

un paquebot a vapeur. 

un tuyau dejuapeur. 

un manometre. 

un navire a vapeur. 

une sirene a vapeur. 

une barre a vapeur. 
faire les essais d^une machine. 

sous toute pression. 
marcher, faire route. 

alter a toute vapeur. 

faire route debout au vent, 

s^eloigner. 
un vapeur. 
I'acier, 7n. 

Pacier chrome. 

Vacier forge. 

Pacier dur. 

Pacier doux. 

racier trempe. 

Vacier trempe au plomb. 

Pacier trempi a Vhuile. 

des projectiles en acier. 

des canons en acier. 

de P acier a canons. 

une acierie. 
gouverner. 

cingler. 

gouverner par degris, 

6viter. 

gouverner au plus pres. 
gouverner sur, mettre le cap 
sur. 



174 



STEER — STEMSON. 



to steer 7wrthward^ south- 
ward, Q^C, 

steer for the lighthouse ! 

steer for the channel I 

the ship does not steer. 

the " Royal Sovereign " 
steered straight for the 
centre of the e?iemfs line. 
steerage. 

steerage {fore part. of ship). 

steerage passenger. 

steerage passenger in large 
steamers. 

steerage way. 

to have steerage way. 
steering gear. 

auxiliary steering gear, 
drift angle {of steering). 

electric steering gear. 

good steering, 
bad steering, 
hand steering gear. 

hydraulic steering gear. \ 

steam steering gear. 

steering indicator. 

steering receiver. 
steersman, 
steeve (of bowsprit), 
stem. 

from ste^n to stern. 
stemson. 



faire route vers le nord^ vers 

le sudy QT'c. 
mettez le cap sur le phare I 
laissez porter sur la passe I 
le navire ne gouverne pas. 
le '^ Royal Sovereign ^^ gouver- 

na droit sur le centre de la 

ligne ennemie. 
la timonerie. 
Pavant, 7n. 

U7i passager de Vavatit. 
tm passager d'entrepont. 

Verre, f 

avoir de Perre pour gouverner. 
le servo-moteur (du gouver- 
nail). 

le servo-?noteur auxiliaire. 
angle de derive. 

{le servo-moteur electrique. 
la transmission ilectrique. 
un bon coup de barre. 
un 7nauvais coup de barre. 
la roue a bras, 
le servo-moteur hydraulique. 
la transmission hydraulique. 
j le servo-moteur a vapeur. 
\ la transmission a vapeur, 
un axiometre. 
un recepteur. 
le timonier. 

rinclinaison (/) du beaupre. 
I'etrave, /. 

de Vava7it a Varriere. 
le marsouin d'avant. 



STEP — STOCK. 



175 



Step (of a mast), 
stern. 

stern bracket {of propeller 
shaft), 

a stern chaser (gun). 

stern fast {rope). 

stern frame. 

stern ports. 

stern post. 

rake of stern post. 

stern sheets {of a boat). 

stern tube {of propeller shaft) 

stern walk {palcotiy). 

to 7nake stern way. 

down by the stern. 

in the stertt sheets. 

to pass in succession under 
the admiraPs stern. 
stiffness (of ship). 



I'emplanture, / (d'un mat). 
I'arriere, m. 

un support d'arbre porte- 
helice. 

une piece de retraite. 

un cdblot d'arriere. 

la barre d'arcasse. 

les sabords de retraite. 

r^tambot, 7n. 

la quete de reta?Tibot. 

la cha?fibre {d^ufi canot). 
. un tube detambot. 

la galerie de poupe. 

aller en culajit. 

etre sur Varriere. 

a Varriere. 

defiler a poupe de Vamiral. 



a stiff ship. 

this ship is very stiff. 

a stiff rope. 
stevedore, 
steward. 

stewards room. 

mess steward. 

ward-room steivard. 
stitch (in sewing). 

stitch {a sail). 

with every stitch {sail) set. 

with every stitch on her. 
stirrups. 
Stock (of anchor). 



la stabilite d'un navire. 
/ un vaisseau stable. 
-| un vaisseau qui porte bien la 
I toile. 

ce navire est tres stable. 

une manoeuvre raidie. 
un arrimeur. 
le com mis aux vivres. 

la cambuse. 

le maitre d* hotel. 

le Tnaitre d hotel du carre. 
un point (de couture). 

toile^ c^c. 
1 j avec tout dessus. 
\ \ couvert de toile. 
les etriers, 7n. 
le jas (d'une ancre). 



1/6 



STOCKS — STORM. 



stocks. 

to put on the stocks. 
stoke (to). 

stoke-hole. 

stoker. 

chief stoker. 

leading stoker, 
stop ! 

to stop {the engines). 

stop her ! 
stopper. 

cable stopper. 

deck stopper. 

let go the stopper ! 

rigging stopper. 

to clap on a stopper. 

clap on the stoppers ! 

to pass a stopper. 
store-room (on board ship). 

the officers* store-room. 
stores (supplies). 

marine stores. 

marine stores dealer. 
storm. 

magnetic storm, 
revolving stor?n. 
snow storm, 
storm signals, 
storm sails, 
thunder storm, 
the laiv of storms, 
the track of a storm, 
the vortex of a storm. 



les tins, ;;/. 

mettre sur chantier. 
chauffer, 
j la chaufferie. 
( la chambre de chauffe. 
un chauffeur. 

le mattre chauffeur. 

un chauffeur brevete. 
stop ! 

stopper. 

stoppez ! 
une bosse. 

une barbarasse. 

une bosse a chaine. 

larguez la bosse I 

une bosse volante. 

bosser. 

bossez ! 

passer u?ie bosse. 
une cambuse. 

le coqueron des officiers. 
les approvisionnements, m. 

les approvisionnements, le 
materiel. 

un fournisseur de navire. 
un orage, une tempete. 

un orage magnetique. 

une tempete tournante. 

une tempete de neige, 

avis {m.) des tempetes. 

des voiles de cape. 

un orage. 

la loi des tempetes. 

la route d'un cyclone. 

le centre d'un cyclone. 



STORM — STRIKE. 



17; 



to face a storm. 
to ride out a storm. 

stormy, 
stove in. 
stow (to). 

to stow the anchor. 
stowage, 
strain (to), 
strains (experienced by 

ships), 
strainer (for pump, &c.). 
straits. 

the Straits of Dover. 
strake. 

sheer strake. 
strand (shore), 
strand (of a rope), 
stranded (to be), 
stranding, 
stratus. 

stray line (of log). 
stream (to). 

to stream a buoy. 
stream (small river). 

stream {a tide). 
stretch (to) (to put on can- 
vas). 

stretch out I {in rowing). 
strike (to). 

to strike a mast. 

to strike a lower yard. 

to strike the flag. 



faire tcte a Vouragan. 
essuyer une tempete au mouil- 



orageux, orageuse. 

defonce* 

arrimer. 

saisir l^ancre. 
I'arrimage, ;;/. 
fatiguer. 
les efforts (supportes par les 

navires). 
une crepine. 
un detroit. 

le Pas de Calais* 
une virure. 

un couple retiforce. 
la plage, la greve. 
un toron. 

s'echouer, etre echoue. 
un echouement. 
un stratus. 

la houache (du loch), 
mouiller. 

mouiller une bouee^ 
un cours d'eau. 

un coura?it. 
faire un coup d'ecoule. 

\SOuquez I Un nageant 

\allongez la nage !]damuncanot. 
amener, depasser, saluer, 

toucher, porter, (^c. 

depasser un mat. 

amejier une basse voile. 

amener le pavilion. 



i;8 



STRIKE— STUDDING. 



the ship struck {her fiag). 

strike your colours ! 

to strike with a sail. 

to strike soundings^ 

to strike {like a shot). 

the shot has struck. 

the shot struck too high. 

the shot struck too low. 

to strike the bell. 

to strike. eight bells. 

to strike the ground. 

the ship struck on a rock. 
stringer, 
stripe (on sleeve).* 

a gold stripe. 

a silver stripe. 
stroke (of piston). 

stroke {man). 

stroke {of the oar). 

lengthen the stroke ! 

shorten the stroke I 
strop. 

selvagee strop, 

to strop. 

to strop a block. 

to put a strop on a rope. 

to put a strop on a mast. 
stud (of a link), 
studding sail. 

lower studding sail. 

top-gallant studding sail. 

studding sail boom. 



le navire amena son pavilion . 

amenez votre pavilion I 

saluer avec une voile. 

toucher le fond {avec la sonde). 

porter^ toucher le but. 

le coup a porte. 

le coup a porte trop haul. 

le coup a porte trop bas. 

piquer Vheure. 

piquer huit coups. 

toucher^ talonner. 

le navire donna sur mi rocker. 
une barre seche, une ceinture. 
un galon. 

un galon d'or. 

un galon d^argetit. 
la course du piston. 

le chef de nage. 

un coup d'aviron. 

allotigez la nage ! 

mollissez I 
une estrope. 

une erse en bitord> 

estroper. 

estroper une poulie, 

frapper une erse sur une nui' 
noiiivre. 

frapper une erse sur un mat. 
I'etai {m.) (d'une maille), 
une bonnette. 

une bonnette basse* 

une bonnette de hune. 

un bout-dehors de bonnettes. 



* See Table 17. 



STUFFING — SURGE. 



79 



stuffing box and gland of 

rudder, 
sturgeon, 
submarine. 

submarine boat. 

submarine mine. 
suction box. 

suction plates. 
sun. 

sun beam. 

sun burnt. 

sunrise. 

sunset. 

at sunrise. 

at sunset. 
superannuated (to be). 

superannuation. 
supercargo, 
supernumerary, 
superstructure, 
supplement (of an angle), 
supplies. 

the supplies of a ship. 

supply of coal. 

surf. 

speed must generally be 
given to a boat rowing 
against a heavy surf. 

the shore has a surf. 
surge (the). 



le presse-etoupe du gouvernail. 

un esturgeon. 
sous-marin, sous-marine. 

tm bateau sous-marin, u?i 

sous-marin. 

utie mine sous-marine. 
une boite a clapets. 

plaques {f.) d^ aspiration. 
le soleil. 

un rayon de soleil. 

hdlL 

le lever du soleil. 

le coucher du soleil. 

au lever du soleil. 

au coucher du soleil. 
etre mis a la retraite. 

la retraite. 
un subrecargue. 
surnumeraire. 
la superstructure, 
le supplement (d'un angle), 
les approvisionnements, m. 

les appro7)isionneme?tts d^un 
navire. 
I'approvisionnement (;//.) de 

charbon. 
une barre de plage, le ressac, 

les brisants de la cote. 

eti gineral il faut donner de 
la Vitesse a une embarcation 
nageant vers une barre de 
plage. 

la mer brise a la cote. 
la lame. 



i8o 



SURGE— SWELL. 



surge [a shock), 
to surge. 

surge the cable ! 

surge handsomely ! 
surgeon. 



fleet surgeon, 
staff surgeon. 
survey (to). 

nautical surveying, 
surveying vessel, 
the survey of ... . 

the survey of the west coast 
of Ireland. 

to survey a coast. 

trigonometrical survey. 
swab. 

to swab the deck. 
swallowed up. 
swamped, 
sway (to) up. 
sway (to) across, 
sweep (of tiller). 

the sweep of a coast. 

the sweep of shifs bottom. 
swell. 

a lotig heavy swell. 

a long heavy swell was 
setting in the bay. 

cross swell. 

ground swell 

there is some swell. 



un choc. 

chequer^ parer. 

choquez le cdble ! 

parez les tours ! 

filez a la demande I 
un medecin (de premiere ou 

deuxieme classe), un chirur- 

gien. 

un medecin en chef 

un medecin pri?icipal. 
lever un plan. 

r hydrographies f 

un navire hydrographe. 

le plan de . . . ., Fhydro- 
graphie de . . . . 

Vhydrographie de la cote 
occidentale de rirlande. 

relever une cote. 

le reseau trigonometrique. 
un faubert. 

fauberter le pont. 
englouti. 
empli. 
guinder. 
croiser. 
la tamisaille. 

la courbure d^une cote. 

la f aeon de la carene. 
la houle. 

une houle longue et forte. 

une grosse et longue houle 
courait dans la bale. 

une houle battue. 

la houle de fond, 
il y a de la houle. 



SWIFT — SYZYGY. 



swift (to) (a ship). 

the sivifting. 
swifter. 

after sivifter. 
swim (to). 

to swim to the shore^ q^c. 

to swim to one's own ship. 
swimmer, 
swing (to). 

swing on ! 

to swing to the tide. 

to swing ship. 

to swifig the ship for devia- 
tion of compass. 

to swing ship for local at- 
traction and adjustment 
of the compasses. 
swinging. 

sivingifig berth. 

swinging boom. 

to lie at the swinging boom. 
switch, 
swivel piece. 

swivel piece of anchor. 

mooring sivivel. 
swivel gun. 
sword. 

sword fish. 
. sword knot. 

sword mat. 

to resign one's sword. \ 

synodical revolution. 

syzygy. 



ceintrer (un navire). 

le ceintrage. 
une ceinture, un raban, un 

pataras. 

un hanban bdtard. 
nager. 

regagner le rivage a la nage. 

regagner son navire i la nage. 
un nageur, also, un bon nageur. 
faire eviter. 

souque ! 

etre evite^ la marie. 

faire le tour. 

faire un tour pour la divia- 
tion. 

faire le tour pour r attraction 
locale et la deviation.^ or 
pour regler les compas. 
I'evitee, / 

fevitagCi m. 

le tangon. 

sejourner au ta?igon. 
un coupe-circuit, 
une manille. 

Petalingure (f) de Pancre. 

un emerillon ffaffourche. 
un pierrier. 
une epee, un sabre. 

un espadon. 

la dragonne. 

mie sangle au metier. 

re7idre son epee. 

rendre son sabre. 
la revolution synodique. 
la syzygie. 



l82 



T BAR — TACK. 



T bar.* 

T bulb. 

T irons. 

table land. 

table money. 

tables (mathematical). 

a table of logarithms. 

lunar tables. 

tide tables, 
traverse table, 
tack. 

down main tack ! 

lee tack. 

raise tacks and sheets ! 

the gaining tack. 

the losing tack. 

to tack. 

to make a tack. 

to make short tacks. 

to be on the port tack. 

to be on the starboard tack, 

to go on the other tack. 

to hook the tack of a sail, 
to tack i?i succession. 

to tack together, 
those two vessels are on 
opposite tacks^ or courses. 



un fer a T (pronounce te). 

un fer a T a boudin. 

des fers a T- 

un plateau eleve. 

le traitement de table. 

les tables, / pi. 

une table de logarithmes. 

une table de reduction des 
distances lunaires. 

Pannuaire {m.) des marees. 

une table de point. 
une amure. 

amurez la grand^ voile ! 

amure de revers. 

levez les lofs ! 

le bon bord. 

le mauvais bord. 

virer vent devant. 

faire une bordee. 

courir a petits bords. 

etre bdbord amures. 

etre tribord amures. 

changer d^amures, changer 
de bord. 

amurer. 

virer ve?it devant par la 
contre marche. 

virer ve?it devant toutalafois. 

ces deux navires sont a 
contre bord. 



See under H bar. 



TACK — TAN. 



183 



what tack is he on ? 
{figuratively) : what is 
he drivi?ig at ? 
tackle (the) (of a ship). 

tackle. 

deck tackle. 

ground tackle. 

luff tackle. \ture). 

tackle {apparel and fur ni- 

tackle aftd apparel. 

tackle purchase. 

top tackle. 

top tackle pendant. 

reef tackle. 

relieving tackles. 

rolling tackle. 

runner and tackle. 

traitiing tackle. 
tactics (naval), 
taffrail. 
tail. 

dove tailed. 

niare^s tails {clouds). 

tail {of a block), 

the tail of a comet. 

the tail of a storm. 
take (to). 

to take in a sail. 

to take i?i freight. 

to take off. 

to take off the rigging. 

to take to pieces. 

to take water on board 
{otving to weather). 
tan (to) (a sail). 



de quel bord amure-t-il? 
{familierement) ; ou veut- 
il en ve7iir ? 
les apparaux, m. pi. 

un appareily un palan^ 6^r. 

la marguerite. 

les apparaux des ancres. 

un palan a croc. 

les agres, m. pi. 

les apparaux. 

un palan, une caliorfie, 

line caliorne de braguet. 

ufi braguet. 

un palanquin, 

des palans de barre. 

un palan de roulis. 

un palan sur itague. 

un palan de direction. 
la tactique naval e. 
le couronnement. 
une queue, un fouet. 

ii queue d^aronde. 

des barbes de chat (nuages). 

le fouet. 

la queue d^une comete. 

la queue d^un orage. 
prendre, serrer, embarquer. 

serrer une voile. 

embarquer des marchandises. 

decapeler, depasser. 

decapeler le gr^ement. 

demonter. 

embarquer un coup de mer. 

tanner (une voile). 



184 



TANGENT — TELESCOPE. 



tangent (a line). 


une tangente. 


tangent scale. 


la hausse. 


ta?igent slide. 


le curseur. 


tangent screw. 


une vis de rappel. 


tank vessel. 


une citerne. 


water tank. 


une caisse a eau. 


taper (to). 


finir en pointe. 


tar. 


du goudron. 


to tar. 


goudronner. 


tar {a sailor). 


un loup de mer {un mari?i). 


coal-tar pitchy 


le brai. 


target. 


une cible. 


to fire at a target. 


tirer a la cible. 


to strike the target. 


\ toucher ) 


to miss the target. 


manquer le but. 


target practice. 


le tir a la cible. 


tarpaulin. 


un cagnard, un prelart. 


tartan. 


une tartane. 


tattoo. 


la retraite. 


to beat a tattoo. 


battre la retraite.'*' 


tattooed (to be). 


etre tatoue. 


tattooing. 


un tatouage. 


taut. 


raidi, embraque. 


haul taut ! 


embraquezl 


a taut hand {strict disciplin- une main de fer {pfficier 


arian). 


severe). 


telegraph (engine room). 


le telegraphe (de la machine). 


telescope. 


un telescope, une lunette. 


a reflecting telescope. 


un telescope^ une longue-vue. 


refracting telescope. 


une lunette astronomique. 


to focus the telescope. 


mettre au point. 



Not the same as battre en retraite. * to retreat. ' 



TELESCOPE — THERMOMETER. 



185 



terrestrial eye-piece. 

astronomical eye-piece. 

object glass. 

the object glass of this tele- 
scope will bear a greater 
power, 
tell tale (compass). 

tell tale {of rudder). 
tempest, 
tempestuous, 
tender (to a vessel), 
tender (a contract). 

sealed tender. 
tenon. 

tenon {of the boiv sprit). 
tensile strength, 
term. 



un oculaire terrestre. 

tin oculaire astrononiiquc. 

Vobjectif m. 

Fobjectif de cette lunette pent 
recevoir un plus fort 
gross issement, 
le compas ren verse. 

raxiometre, m. 
une tempete, une tourmente. 
orageux, orageuse. 
un navire annexe, 
une soumission. 

une soumission cachetee. 
un tenon. 

le tenon {du beaupri). 
la force extensible, 
une promotion. 



This word denotes a whole batch of cadets entering the 
''Britannia.^' Thus there are on board that vessel: — 1st term, 
2nd term, 3rd term, and 4th term cadets. In France, cadets 
enter only once a year, and as they stay two years in the " Borda,^^ 
there are, consequently, only two tej'/ns or promotions, in that 
ship. The cadets of the '■^Britannia'' go through four terfiis in 
about fifteen months. 



test 

to test. 
thaw. 

to thaw. 
theodolite, 
there away ! 
thermometer. 

maximum thermometer. 
mini7?ium thermometer, 
dry bulb thermometer, 



I'essai, w., I'epreuve,/ 

essayer, Sprouver, 
le degel. 

degeler. 
un theodolite. 
Ho I comme (^a ! 
un thermometre (see Table 

VI.)- 

thermometre a maxima. 
thermometre a minima, 
thermometre a boule seche. 



1 86 



THERMOMETER — TIDE. 



wet bulb thermometer. 

standard thermometer, 

sub7narine thermometer. 
thick (weather), 
thimble, 
thole pin. 
thread (to) (a screw). 

to thread a channeL 
throat halliards. 

throat brail. 

throat {of a gaff). 

throat seizing. 
throttle valve. 

throw (a) of the lead, 
thrumb (to). [shaft), 

thrust-block (of propeller 

thrust of propeller, 
thunder. 

thunder cloud- 
thunder storm. 
thwart, 
tidal. 

tidal harbour. 

tidal stream. 

tidal wave. 
tide. 

ebb tide. 

flood tide. 

neap tide. 



spring tide. 



thermometre a boule mouillee. 
le thermometre e talon. 

le thermometre sous-marin. 
brumeux, brumeuse, gras. 
une cosse. 
un tolet. 
fileter (une vis). 

enfiler une passe. 
une drisse de mat. 

un etrangloir. 

le croissant. 

un amarrage plat double. 
un papillon, un registre de 

vapeur. 
un coup de sonde, 
larder, 
le palier de butee. 

la poussee du propulseur. 
le tonnerre. 

un nuage dorage, 

un orage. 
un banc de rameurs, ^rde nage. 
a maree, de maree. 

un port a maree. 

U7i courant de maree. 

un mascaret. 
la maree. 

la maree descendante, le reflux. 

la maree montante, le flot* 

une maree de quadrature. 

une maree de morte-ean. 

la morte-eau. 

une maree de syzygies. 

une maree de vive-eau, 

la maline. 



TIDE. 



187 



weather tide, 
lee tide. 



maree portant au vent, 
maree portant sous le vent. 



Carefully note that the ' weather tide ' carries to windward, and 
that the * lee tide ' follows the direction of the wind. With a 
• weather tide ' wind and tide are against each other, whilst the 
reverse is the case with the ' lee tide.' 



at half tide. 

diurnal inequality of tide, 
it is high tide, 
it is low tide, 
lunar tide. 
7nean range of tide, 
solar tide, 
tide (a current), 
tide current of flood, 
tide current of ebb. 
tide gauge, 
tide-hour, 
tide rip. 
tide rode, 
tide way. 
tide waiter, 
the age of the tide, 
the fall of the tide, 
tlie lagging of the tide, 
the priinittg of the tide, 
the range of the tide, 
the set a?id drift of a tidal 
current. 

the turn of the tide. 

the tide is coming in. 
the tide is risings floiving. 
the tide is falling, 
the tide is going out. 



a mt-maree. 

la maree diurne. 

la mer est haute. 

la mer est basse. 

la maree lunaire. 

le niveau moyen. 

la maree solaire. 

un courant de marie. 

courant deflot. 

courant de jus ant. 

une echelle de maree. 

ntablissement (m.) du port. 

un clapotis de maree. 

ivite a la marie. 

un lit de marie. 

un douanier. 

le retard de la maree. 

la baissie de feau. 

le retard des etales. 

Vavance {/.) des i tales. 

la hauteur de la marie. 

la directio7i et la vitesse d^uu 

courant de marie. 

{le changement de marie, 
le reversement de la 7naree. 
f la maree 7nonte. 
\ la Tner monte. 

{la maree descend, 
la mer desce7id. 



TIDE — TOGGLE. 



the tide is against us. 

the tide will be very high 

this evening. 
the tide runs strong, 
the tide is slackening. 
to stem the tide. 
tier (a row). 
tier of guns. 

tiller. 

tiller ropes. 

to ship the tiller. 

tlu siveep of the tiller. 
timber. 

timbers (of a ship), 

timber yard, 

filling timbers. 

balance timbers. 

floor ti7nbers. 
time. 

apparent time. 

7?iean time. 

equation of time. 

sidereal time. 

Greenwich time. 

Paris time. 

the time of high ivater at 
full and 



the time of the turn of the 
tide. 
toggle. 



nous avonsla mar eecontr aire. 

la maree sera tres forte ce 
soir. 

le courant est fort. 

le courant mollit. 

etaler le coura?tt. 
une rangee. 

une rangee de canons, une bat- 
terie. 
la barre. 

les drosses (/) du gouvernail. 

mettre la barre en place. 

la tamisaille. 
du bois de construction. 

les couples^ ?n. 

un chantier de bois. 

couples inter mediaires. 

couples de balancement. 

les varangues, f 
rheure,/, le temps. 

le temps vrai. 

le temps moyen. 

V equation {f) du temps. ' 

le temps sideral. 

Pheure de Greenwich.''' 

rheure de Paris.''' 

rheure du plein le jour de la 
nouvelle ou de la pleine 
lune. 

rheure du reversement de la 
7naree. 
un cabillot, un burin. 



See G.M.T., 'Greenwich Mean Time.' 



TOMPION — TOP-SAIL. 



189 



tompion. 


una tape. 


ton. 


un tonneau. (See Table 




III.) 


tonnage. 


la jauge, le port. 


register tonnage. 


la jauge officielle. 


net register tonnage. 


la jauge nette. 


top.* 


une hune. 


captain of the top. 


le chef de hune. 


military tops. 


les hunes de combat. 


topmast. 


un mat de hune. 


to top. 


apiquer. 


top hamper. 


j lefardage. 

( trop de poids da?ts les mats. 


this vessel has too much 


ce navire a trop defardage. 


top hamper. 




top your boom I {slang). 


en route I {argot). 


top sides. 


les ceuvres-mortes. f pi., 




Paccas till age, m. 


top gallant mast. 


un mat de perroquet. 


top gallant sail. 


une voile de perroquet^ un 




perroquet. 


in top gallant sails J 


a serrer les perroquets ! 


top gallant sheets atid hal- 


les perroquets I 


liards ! 




topman. 


un gabier. 


forecastle topman. 


un gabier de beaupre. 


fore topman. 


un gabier de misaine. 


main topman. 


un gabier de grand mat. 


mizen topman. 


un gabier d'artimon. 


topmast cross-tree. 


les barres de perroquet. 


top-sail.* 


un hunier. 


top-sail duntlines. 


les retraites de hune. 



* See under /t7/-<?, main and mizen according to the mast, 
or sail required. 



190 



TOP-SAIL— TORPEDO. 



top- sail yard. 

upper top- sail. 

lower top-sail. 

top-sail halliards. 

top-sail schooner. 

with double top-sails. 

hoist the top-sails I 
topping lift, 
tornado, 
torpedo. 

torpedo boat. 

torpedo cruiser. 

torpedo boat destroyer. 
. first class torpedo boat. 

second class torpedo boat. 



une vergue d^hune. 

un kunier volant. 

U7i hunier fixe. 

une drisse de hunier. 

un brick goelette. 

a deux huniers. 

a hisser les huniers ! 
une balancine. 
un ouragan, un cyclone, 
une torpille. 

un torpilleur. 

U7i croiseur-torpilleur. 

un eclair eur-torpilleur. 

un torpilleur de haute 
mer. 

un torpilleur de deuxihne 
classe. 



Boats of the various classes are represented by the Croisetir-tor- 
pilleiir 'Condor.' The ' Veloce ' and 'Corsaire' belong to the 
class of Edaireurs-torpilleurs ; the ' Ste. Barbe ' to that of the 
C outre -torpilleur. All torpedo boats between 100 and 150 tons 
displacement are styled torpilleurs de haute-mer ; those between 27 
and 30 tons torpilleurs de deuxieme classe ; and all French torpedo 
boats under 12 tons go by the name of torpilleurs vedettes. 



torpedo booms, 
torpedo catcher. 
torpedo gear. 

torpedo gufi-boat. 

'^ torpedo fnan. 

torpedo net. 

torpedo port. 

torpedo tube. 



^spars {m.) a torpilles. 
un contre-torpilleur. 
apparaux pour torpilles. 
u?i aviso torpilleur. 
un contre-torpilleur. 
un torpilleur. 
un filet pare-torpilles. 
un filet Bullivant. 
un sabord de lancement. 
un tube lance-torpilles. 
un tube de lancement. 



TORPEDO. 



submarine torpedo tube. ) 
submerged tube. J 

torpedo warfare, 
clock-work torpedo. 

charge of a torpedo, 
drifting torpedo, 
electric torpedo, 
firing battery of a torpedo, 
fulminate fuze of a torpedo, 
ground torpedo. 

locomotive torpedo, 
ivater chamber {of a torpedo), 
air chamber ,, 

adjustment chamber ,, 
balance chamber „ 

floating apparatus {of a 

torpedo), 
sinking apparatus {of a 

torpedo), 
pistol of a torpedo, 
rudders of a torpedo, 
safety-pin of a tori^edo. 
safety wedge of a torpedo, 
shell of a torpedo, 
spar torpedo. 
Whitehead torpedo, 
the detonator of a torpedo, 
to ballast a torpedo, 
to discharge a torpedo, 
to explode a torpedo, 
to fish up a torpedo, 
to load a torpedo. 



un tube lance-torpilles sous- 
mar in. 
, le maniement des torpilles. 

torpille a mouvement d^horlo- 
gerie. 

la charge d^une torpille. 

une torpille 7nobile. 

une torpille electrique. 

la pile d'ififlamfnation. 

u?ie amorce au fulminate. 

u?ie torpille de fond, un 
crapaud. 

une torpille automotrice. 

la chambre a eau. 

la chambre a air. 

la chambre du mecanisme. 

le compartement des regula- 
teurs. 

Pappareil {m.) flotteur. 

Vappareil plongeur. 

la pointe per cut ante, 
les ailes {f) d'u?ie torpille. 
la goupille de stirete. 
le verrou de sfirete. 
la carcasse d^une torpille. 
une torpille portative, 
la torpille Whitehead, 
r amorce (/.) fulminante. 
tester une torpille. 
lancer une torpille. 
exploser une torpille. 
relever une torpille. 
charger une torpille. 



92 



TORPEDO — TRAIN. 



to plant a ground torpedo. 

to project a torpedo. 

to tow a torpedo. 
toss the oars up ! 
tot. 

a tot of brandy. 
touch (to) at a place, 
tow (stuff), 
tow (to) (a boat or ship). 

ca?i you tow me to N- 1 

how much will you charge 
me to tow 7ne to N 1 

to tow alongside. 

to tow astern. 

to take in tow. 

to have something {not a 
vessel) in tow. 

we had a large beam in 
tow. 

a tow rope, a towline. 

cast off the tow I 

tow path {along a river). 
towage (charge for), 
towing hawser, 
track (of a ship), 
trade. 
foreign trade. 

home trade. 

the carrying trade. 

trader. 

train (to) (a gun). 
to train on the beam. 



mouiller une torpille defond. 

lancer une torpille. 

retnorquer une torpille. 
matez les avirons ! 
un boujaron. 

un boujaron d'eau de vie. 
toucher a, faire escale a. 
de I'etoupe, /, de la filasse. 
remorquer. 

pouvez-vous me remorquer 
jusqii' a JV' ? 

combien me prendrez-vous 
pour me remorquer jusqu^ 
a N .? 

remorquer a couple. 

remorquer en fleche. 

prendre a la remorque. 

avoir quelque chose a la 
traine. 

nous avions une grosse poutre 
a la traine. 

un faux-bras, une remorque, 

larguez la remorque I 

le chemin de halage. 
les droits {7n.pi.) de remorque. 
une remorque, un faux-bras. 
le sillage (d'un vaisseau). 
le commerce. 

le cofnmerce etranger. 

le co7n7?ierce interieur. 

{les transports par 77ier. 
le co77i77ierce 7nariti77ie. 
un navire de commerce, 
pointer une piece. 
pointer en belle. 



TRAIN— TREENAIL. 



93 



to train on the boiv. 

to train on the quarter. 

to train Jwrizontally. 

to train vertically. 

training gear. 

arc of training vertically. 

arc of training horizontally. 

to train by means of optical 
instrument. 

training angle. 
train (to) men. 

training ship. 

training ship for boys. 

training ship for naval 
cadets. 
trajectory, 
trammel net. 
transit of a celestial body. 

the transit of Venus over 
the disc of the sun. 

transit {of goods). 

transit instrument. 
transom. 

transo?n {of gun carriage). 
transport, 
trapezium, 
traveller (for sail), 
traverse board. 

traverse table. 

a traverse. 
trawl, 
trawl (to), 
trawler. 
treenail. 



pointer en chasse. 
pointer en retraite. 
poi?iter en direction, 
pointer en hauteur, 
les engitis {m.) de pointage. 
le champ de tir vertical, 
le champ de tir horizontal, 
le tir optique. 

r angle de tir. 
dresser des hommes. 

un navire icole. 

Pecole des mousses. 

r icole navale. (See "naval 
school") 
la trajectoire. 
un tremail. 
le passage d'un corps celeste. 

le passage de Vinus sur le 
disque du soleil. 

le transit., or le transport 
des marchandises. 

line lunette nieridientie. 
la barre d'arcasse. 

Ventretoise^ f 
un transport, 
un trapeze, 
un rocambeau. 
un renard. 

ime table de point. 

une route partielle. 
une traille, un chalut. 
chaluter. 
un chalutier. 
une gournable. 
f3 



194 



TREND — TUG. 



trend (of current, &c.). 

trend (to). 

trestle tree (on lower mast). 

triatic stay. 

tributary (river). 

trice (to). 

trice up ! 

trice up, lie out I 

tricing line. 

trigger (of fire-arm). 

trim (of a ship). 

trim (to). 

trim the boat I 

the trim of the hold. 

to trim the sails. 

Trinity House. 

tripping line, 
troop ship, 
tropic. 

tropic of Cancer. 

tropic of Capricorn. 
trough of the sea. 
truck. 

main truck. 
trunions. 

truss (for lower yard), 
trysail (storm). 

fore trysail. 

main trysail. 
tube (of gun). 

inner tube {of gun). 
tug. 



la direction, le gi^ement (d'un 

courant). 
courir, fuir. 

elongis, {m.) (de bas mat). 
un maroquin, un gui. 
un affluent, une riviere, 
hisser, relever, suspendre, 

hissez I relevez I suspendez I 

attention aux bouts dehors, 
montez I 
un suspensoir. 
la detente. 
I'allure,/ 
dresser, arrimer, orienter. 

dressez le canot I 

Parrimage {m.) de la cale. 

orienter les voiles. 
la Corporation de Trinity 

House, 
un leve-nez, un hale-breu. 
un transport de troupes, 
le tropique. 

le tropique du Cancer. 

le tropique du Capricorne. 
le creux de la lame, 
la pomme du mat. 

la pomme du grand 7nat. 
les tourillons, m. 
une drosse (de basse vergue). 
une goelette de cape. 

la misaine goelette. 

la benjamine, 
le tube (d'un canon). • 

le tube interieur. 
un remorqueur. 



TUMBLERS — TURN. 



195 



tumblers (anchor). 

tumbling home sides (with). 

tunny. 

turbine. 

turk's head. 

turn. 

a turn ahead I 

a round turn, 

a round turn and half hitch. 

a round turn and a?t elbow 
{in hawse). 

to bring up with a round 
turn. 

to pass two tur7is, 

to work three turns round 
the long boat, and a pull 
at the scuttle {figura- 
tively : to do nothing). 
turn (to). 

to turn back (a winch, &'c.). 

to turn out {to get out of 
hammocks). 

to turn in {to get into ham- 
mocks). 

turn the watch out ! 

turfi out the guard ! 

turn tlie hands up ! 

to turn out {of a place). 

to turn men over to another 
vessel. 

fifty men of t/ie ''Royal Sove- 
reign ' have been turned 
over to the '' Dreadnought. \ 

turning {the) of a vessel. 



le mouilleur. 

rentre, a muraille rentree. 

un thon. 

une turbine. 

une pomme de tire-veille, un 

bonnet turc. 
un tour. 

un tour en avant I 

un tour mort. 

un tour mort et une demi-clef 

avec deux tours de chatne. 

prendre un retour. 

prendre deux tours. 

faire le tour du pa?ineau 

{langage familier : ne 

rien faire). 

tourner, passer, &c. 
divirer {un treuil, drc). 
se lever. 

se coucher. 

a riveiller au quart ! 
aux armes ! 

tout le monde sur le pont ! 
faire sortir, 
transborder. 

cinquante hommes du ''Royal 
Sovereign^ ont /// trans- 
bordissurle ^Dreadnought.^ 

la giration. 



196 



TURN— UNIFORM. 



turning power of vessel. 
turret. 

rotating turret. 

turret ship. 

turret turning gear. 
twilight. 

the morning twilight. 

the evening tivilight. 
twine. 

twinkling of a star, 
typhoon. 



les facultes {/.) giratoires. 
une tourelle. 

une tourelle tour?iante. 

un navire a tourelle. 

le vireur de la tourelle. 
le crepuscule. 

le crepuscule du mafin^ 
Paurore^f., Vaube^f. 

le crepuscule du soir. 
de la ligneroUe, du fil a voiles, 
le scintillement d'une etoile. 
un typhon, un cyclone. 



U. 



ugly (said of weather or sea). 

ultra-mare, 
unarmoured. 

an unarmoured cruiser. 
unbend a cable (to), 
unbit (to) the cable. 

under bare poles, 
underrun (to), 
undertow, 
under way. 



de mauvaise apparence, mena- 

gant. 
d'outre-mer. 
sans blindage. 

un croiseur sans bli7idage. 
detalinguer. 
depasser or larguer le tour 

de bittes. 
a sec de toile, a mats et a corde. 
paumoyer. 

un contre-courant sous-marin. 
en marche. 



A ship is * under weigh ' when she has weighed her anchor. She 
may have then no ' way ' at all, and may be with or without 
canvas, or hove to. As soon as she gathers way she is * under way. ' 



underwriter, 
unfurl (to) (a sail, &c.). 
uniform. 
full dress uniform. 



un assureur. 

deferler (une voile, &c.). 

un uniforme, la tenue. 

la grande tenue> 



UNIFORM — UP. 



97 



undress uniform. 

summer dress uniform, 
winter dress uniform. 
union jack. 

unlading. ) 

unloading. j 

days for u?iloadi?ig. 
unlay (to) (the strands of a 

rope). 

to unlay the ends of a rope. 
unmanageable. 

unmoor (to). < 

unmooring, 
unreeve (to) a rope. 

to unreeve one^s life line 
{to die) {figuratively). 
unrig, 
unseaworthiness. 



unseaworthy. 

unship, 
unsinkable. 

up and down ! (weighing 
anchor). 

up boats ! 
up gig/ 
up courses ! 
up mainsail I 
up with the helm I 
up top-gallafit mastSj S7vay 
awav I 



la petite tenue, la tenue de 

service, 
la tenue d^ete. 
la tenue d'hiver. 
le pavilion anglais, le yac an- 
glais. 

le dechargement. 

les jours {m.) de starie. 
decorder. 

decorder les bouts. 
non maniable. 
desaffourcher. 
demarrer. 
le demarrage. 
depasser ure manoeuvre. 

avaler sa gaffe {aufiguri). 

degreer, degarnir. 

innavigabilite, / 

incapable de prendre la mer. 

en mauvais etat. 

innavigable. 

desarmer, demonter. 

insubmersible. 

on est a pic ! 

a embarquer les canots I 
a hisser la yole ! 
a carguer les basses voiles I 
a carguer la grand' voile I 
la barre au vent ! 
a guinder les perroquets, 
guindez I 



198 



UPPER — VEER. 



upper works. 

U.S.N., United States Navy. 

usages of the sea. 



I'accastillage, 7n. 

la marine des Etats-Unis. 

les us et coutumes de mer. 



vacuum, 
valve. 

non-return valve. 

safety valve. 

screw-down valve. 

slide valve. 

stop valve. 

vacuum valve. 

valve for drainage. 

hand gear of safety valve. 

van (the). 

to cut off the van. 
vane (weather-cock), 
vanes (of instrument), 
vangs. 
variable. 

variable wind. 

variable star. 
variation (of the compass). 

variation chart. 

variation by amplitude. 

variation by azimuth. 
veer (to) (like the wind), 
veer (a cable) (to). 

to veer away cable. 



V. 

le vide, 
une soupape. 

une soupape de retenue. 

une soupape de surete. 

une fermeture a vis. 

le tiroir. 

une soupape d' arret. 

une soupape atmospherique. 

une soupape d^assichement. 

les leviers de manoeuvre de la 
soupape de surety. 
I'avant-garde, /. 

couper V avant-garde. 
une girouette. 
les pinnules,/, 
des palans {m.) de garde, 
variable. 

un vent variable. 

une etoile variable. 
la declinaison.* 

une carte magnetique. 

la variation par P amplitude 
du soleil. 

la variation par un azimut. 

tourner, anordir. 
filer. 

filer de la chatne. 



* See note, p. 41. 



VEER — VICTUALLmO. 



99 



to veer away a Ime. 
to veer 3 shackles. * 
velocity (of projectile, &c.). 
initial velocity of a projec- 
tile, 
striking velocity of a pro- 
jectile. 
' velocity on impact. 
vent. 

vent of gun. 
vent bush, 
channel of vent. 
ventilate (to), 
ventilation, 
vernier. 

the arrow of the vernier. 
versed sine, 
vessel. 

In sea language navire 
' ship of war,* and b&tinient 

coasting vessel. 

despatch vessel. 

merchant vessel. 

gun vessel. 

surveying vessel. 

war vessel. 
victual (to), 
victuals, 
victualling. 

victualling yard, 
victualling department. 



filer ufi cdblot. 
filer 3 maillofis. 
la vitesse. 

la vitesse ifiitiale d'un pro- 
jectile, 
la vitesse restante dhui pro- 
jectile, 
la vitesse au choc. 
le logement de Tetoupille, / 
la lumilre d'u?i canon, 
un graifi de lumiere. 
le canal de lumiere. 
aerer. 

aerage, ;;/., ventilation,/ 
le vernier. 

le zero du vernier. 
le sinus verse. 

un batiment, un navire, un 
vaisseau. 

denotes a 'merchantman,' vaisseau a 
is a term common to both kinds. 

uft cabotetir. 

un aviso. 

un bdtiment marchand. 

vaisseau ecole des canontiiers. 

un bdtiment hydrographe. 

un batiment de guerre. 
ravitailler. 
les vivres, ;;/. //. 
le ravitaillement, les vivres, m. 

pl.^ les subsistances/. //. 

le magasin dessubsista?ices,f 

la manutention. 



See under " cable's length," p. 27. 



200 



VOLLEY — WARRANT. 



volley. 

to fire a volley. 
voyage. 

ocean voyage. 



une salve. 

faire un feu de salve. 
un voyage par mer, or sur mer. 

un voyage de long cours. 



W. 



wad. 


une bourre. 


waft. 


(See "wheft.") 


wages. 


la solde, les gages, ;;/. pi. 


waist (of a ship). 


le ribord, I'embelle,/ 


wake (of a ship). 


le sillage, les eaux. 


/;/ the wake of a ship. 


dans les eaux d'un navire. 


wales. 


les preceintes,/ 


chain wales. 


les porte-haubans, m. 


walk (to) the quarter deck. 


devenir officier. 


to walk the weather gang- 


etre au peloton de punition, 


way netting {to have to 


en marcha?it. 


walk on deck as a 




punishment). 




walrus. 


le morse, le cheval marin. 


war establishment (the). 


le pied de guerre. 


7var ship. 


un navire de guerre. 


ward room. 


le carre des officiers. 


ward-room officers. 


les officiers du carre. 


warehouse. 


un magasin. 


bonded ivarehouse. 


un entrepot. 


warehousing. 


le magasinage. 


warp (to). 


se touer, haler. 


a warp. 


un faux-bras, une aussiere, 




un grelin. 


to warp a ship. 


j touer un navire. 
\ haler un navire. 


warrant officer. 


un maitre. 


chief warrant officer. 


un maitre entretenu. 



WARRANT— WATCH. 



20 1 



warrant officers' room. 

the chief warratit officers 
{as a body). 
washer (a), 
watch. 



le poste des ftiattres. 

la maistra?ice or le 
etat-major. 
une rondelle. 
le quart, la bordee, &c. 



petit 



In the French Navy the watches are generally as follows : from 
8 a.m. to noon ; from noon to 5 p.m. ; then from 5 to 6 p.m. ; from 
6 to II p.m. ; from ii p.m. to 4 a.m. ; and from 4 a.m. to 8 a.m. 

In the English Navy the twenty-four hours of the clay are divided 
into seven watches, as follows : 



From noon to 4 p. m. 

4 p.m. to 6 p.m. - 
6 p.m. to 8 p.m. - 
8 p.m. to midnight 
midnight to 4 a.m. 
4 a.m. to 8 a.m. - 
8 a.m. to noon 



afternoon watch, 
first dog watch, 
second dog watch, 
first watch, 
middle watch, 
morning watch, 
forenoon watch. 



The time is denoted on board ship by striking a bell every half- 
hour : one stroke, or bell, for the first half-hour ; two strokes, or 
two bells, for the next, and so on ; so that the last hour of the fore- 
noon watch, for instance, is "Eight bells." 



watch bill, 

watch and station bill. 

watch there, watch ! 

anchor watch. 

dog watch. 

hack 7vatch. 

the port watch, 
the starboard watch. 
the watch on deck, 
the watch below. 

the officer of the watch, 
to be 071 the watch, 
to muster tlie ivatch. 



le role de quart. 

le role de quartet de manoeuvre . 

veille / 

le quart de rade. 

les petits quarts, m. 

un compteur, un chrono- 

graphe. 
les bdbordais. 
les tribordais. 
la bordee de quart, 
la bordie qui 71^ est pas de 

quart. 
Vofficier de quart, 
faire le quart, 
faire Vappel au quart. 



202 



WATCH— WATER. 



to relieve the watch. 

to maintain a constant 
watch. 
watchword signals, 
water. 

water ballast. 

water balance chambers. 

water borne {ship just floated) . 

we are just water borne. 

water borne goods. 

water-line. 

water logged. 

water-shed. 

water-spout, 

water-tanks. 

water-tight. 

water-tightness, 

water-tight compartments. 

water-tight bulkheads. 

sliding water-tight door. 

hi^iged water-tight door. 

water-ways. 

high water. 

the time of high water, 
low water, 
shalloiv water. 



relever le quart. 

/aire veiller constamment. 

les signaux du guet. 
I'eau,/ 

le lest d^eau. 

des chambres {/.) dequilibre. 

etre aflot. 

nous sommes a flot. 

le transport par eau. 

la ligne de Jlottaiso?i. 

desempare, plein d^eau, entre 
deux eaux. 

le vers ant. 

une trombe. 

des caisses (/.) a eau. 

itancJie. 

retancheitCj f. 

compartiments {m. ) etanclies. 

cloisons (/.) etanches. 

porte etanche a glissiere. 

porte etanche ordinaire. 

les gouttieres, f. 

le plei?i de Veau^ le plein de 
la mer. 

rheure {/.) du plein. 

la mer basse. 

des bas-fonds, deshauts-fonds. 



Bas-fonds and haut-fonds both mean shallow water, however 
French sailors understand by bas-fonds a place where the water, 
though shallow, is yet of sufficient depth to allow vessels of small 
draught to navigate safely, whilst by hautsfonds they mean that 
the bottom of the sea is so near the surface as to make it impossible 
to navigate in such parts. 



slack water. 



la mer etale. 



WATER — WEATHER. 



203 



the ship makes water. 

to water. 

we called at Malta to 
ivater. 
the white water (Indian 

Ocean), 
waterman, 
waterproof coat, 
wave, 
way. 

way enough ! 

give way I 

give way together I 

give way port oars I 

give way starboard oars I 

to have head tvay. 

ster?i way. 

to gather way. 

to have way. 

to lead the way. 

the ^ Edgar' led the way. 

to lose way. 

under way. 
ways (launching), 
wear (to). 

to wear after being taken 
aback. 

to wear together. 

wear and tear. 
weather. 

bad weather. 

beautiful zveather. 

blowing zveather. 

clear weather. 



le navirefait eau. 
faire de Veau. 

710US avons reldche a Malte 
pour faire de Veau. 
la mer de lait (Ocean Indien). 

un batelier, un marinier. 

un impermeable. 

una vague. 

I'erre, /. (See "under way.") 

laissez alter 1 (See "bow.") 

avant I donnez de ferrel 
nagez partout I 

avant partout ! 

avant bdbord 1 

avant tribord I 

avoir de Perre^ alter en avant. 

la marche en arrihre. 

prendre de Perre. 

avoir de Verre. 

iclairer la marche. 

V ' Edgar ' iclairait la marche . 

perdre son erre. 

en marche. 
des coites,/. 
virer de bord lof pour lof. 

faire le tourayantfaitchapelle. 

virer lof pour lof tout a lafois. 
Pusure, f 
le temps. 

mauvais temps, 
un temps superbe. 
un temps venteux. 
un temps clair. 



204 



WEATHER. 



cloudy weather. 

cold weather. 

damp weather. 

dark weather. 

dry weather. 

fair weather. 

foggy weather. 

foul weather. 

fresh weather. 

hot weather. 

it is cloudy iveather. 

it is getting cloudy weather. 

mild weather. 

misty weather. 

muggy weather. 

rainy weather. 

ro2igh weather. 

squally weather. 

stormy weather. 

sultry weather. 

threatening weather. 

unsettled weather. 

ugly weather. 

wet weather. 

weather gauge. 

to strive for the weather 

gauge. 
weatJur lurch, 
weather side, 
weather shore. 
weatJier warni/igs. 
a change of weather, 
forecasts of weather, 
the weather is improving. 



im temps nuageux. 

u?t temps froid. 

un temps humide. 

un temps sombre. 

U7i temps sec. 

un beau temps. 

un temps brumeux. 

un vilain temps, 

un temps frais. 

un temps chaud. 

le temps est couvert. 

le temps se couvre. 

u?i temps doux. 

mi temps embrumS. 

uji temps mou. 

un temps pluvieux. 

un temps dur. 

un temps a grains. 

un temps orageux. 

un temps lourd. 

un te77ips mena^ant. 

im teffips incertain. 

un temps de mauvaise appar- 

ence. 
un temps a la pluie. 
la position du vent, 
disputer le vent. 

un coup de rappel. 

le cote du vent. 

une cote au vent. ' 

les avis (m.) des tempetes. 

un changement de temps. 

les predictions (/.) du temps. 

le temps s'embellif. 



WEATHER — WHALE 



205 



arrive toute ! 

par un gros temps. 

a cause du mauvais temps. 
doubler. 

doubler un cap. 

essuyer une tempete. 
au vent, du cote du vent. 

un ftavire ardent, u?i hon 
boulinier. 
un coin a oreilles. 
un easier a homards. 
(See "wheft.") [way.") 

appareiller. See ("under 

soulever, le^er. 
' To weigh ' literally means ' to heave up a great weight,' and is 
generally applied to the heaving up of the anchor. 



Aard a iveather ! 

in stress of weather. 

through stress of zveatJier. 
weather (to). 

to weather a cape. 

to iveather a storm. 
weatherly. 

weatherly ship. 

wedge (for lower mast, &c.). 
weel (lobster pot), 
weft, 
weigh (to). 

to iveigh (to lift). 



to weigh in succession. 

to weigh together. 

to weigh the afichor. 

we iveighed anchor at mid- 
night. 
weight. 

the size a?id weight of 
metal. 
well (of fishing boat). 

well {of screiv). 

well {ofputnps). 

well there belay ! 
well ! 
west. 

westward, 
west country parson (the * le gade merlus. 

hake), 
whale. une baleine. 

whale bone, de la baleine. 



appareiller tour a tour, 
appareiller tout a la fois. 
lever Pancre. 
nous levdmes ra?icre a minjiit. 

le poids. 

la dimensioti et le poids de 
Var tiller ie. 
le vivier. 

le puits de Vhelice. 

le puisard. 

c'est bon ! amarrez I 
bien ! comme 9a ! 
I'ouest, ///., I'occident, m. 
a I'ouest, vers Touest. 



2o6 



WHALE — WHO. 



whale boat, 

whale fisheries. 

whale calf. 

sperm whale. 
whaler, 
wharf, 
wharfage, 
wharfinger, 
wheel (for steering). 

barrel of steering wheeL 

cogged wheel. 

elevating wheel {for train- 
ing gun vertically). 

training wheel {for train- 
ing gun horizontally). 

hide wheel ropes. 

sprocket wheel. 

the man at the wheel 

wheel house. 

wheel ropes. 
wheft, weft, or waft, 
whelps, 
where away ? 
wherry, 
whip (to). 

to whip a rope. 
whip. 

single whip. 

to make a whipping. 
whirlwind. 

whiskers, 
whistle. 

steam iv his tie. 
who comes there ! 



une baleiniere. 

la peche a la baleine. 

un baleineau. 

un cachalot. 
un baleinier. 

un quai, un appontement. 
le quayage, 
un garde quai. 
la roue (du gouvernail). 

le cylindre de la roue. 

une roue dentee. 

les engins {m.) de pointage 
en hauteur. 

les engins {m.) de pointage 
en direction. 

drosses {f.) en cuir. 

le herisson. 

Vhomme de barre. 

le kiosque de la barre. 

les drosses (/) du gouvernail. 
une flamme couplee. 
les taquets {m.) de guindeau. 
par quel relevement ? 
un bachot 
fouetter, surlier. 

surlier. 
un fouet. 

une poulie a fouet. 
faire une surliure. 
un tourbillon, une trombe de 

vent, 
arcs-boutants {m^ de haubans. 
un sifflet. 

un sifflet a vapeur, 
qui vive ! 



WINCH — WIND. 



207 



winch, 
wind. 

a biting ivind. 

a cold wind. 

a damp wind. 

a dry wind. 

a head wind. 

a hot wind. 

a fair wind. 

a high wind. 

a land wind, 

a leading wind. 

a periodical wifid. 
a slack wifid. 
a steady wind, 
a variable ivind. 
an unsteady wind, 
wind a-beam. 
wind in the teeth, 
wind on the beam, 
wind on the quarter, 
a shift of wind, 
on a wind, 
strong witids. 
northerly ivind. 
easterly wind, 
southerly wind, 
westerly wind, 
trade wi7ids. 
a gust of ivind, 
a sea wind, 
light variable ivinds. 



un treuil. 
le vent. 

un vent piquant. 

un ventfroid. 

un vent humide. 

un vent sec. 

un vent debout. 

un vent chaud. 

un bon vent. 

un grand vent, un vent a 
capiyer. 

un vent de terre. 

un vetit largue. 

un vent portant, un vent 
traversier. 

un vent periodique. 

une brise molle. 

un vent fait. 

un vent variable. 

une brise inegale, 

un vent de travers. 

un vent droit debout. 

un vent largue, 

un vent grand largue. 

une saute de vent. 

au plus prh. 

de fortes brises. 

un vent de nord^ une a?tordie. 

un vent d^est. 

un vent de sud, 

un vent d^ouest. 

les ve?its alizh. 

une rafale. 

un vent du large. 

des brises faibles et variables. 



208 



WIND. 



light ^ shifting^ and unsteady 

ivind. 
hoiv is the ivitid ? 
the wind has lulled, 
the 2vind has veered, 
the wind is backing, 
the ivind is blowing dead 

on end. 
the wind is dead aft. ) ( 
the wind is right aft. j I 
the ivind blows in gusts, 
the wind is due east^ ar^c. 
the wind freshens. 
the ivind is getting up. 
the ivind is on the quarter, 
the wind draivs aft. 
the wind dratvs forward. 
the wind hoivls. 
the wind roars, 
the ivind is on shore, 
the wind is off shore, 
the wind has dropped, 
the wind is a-beam. 
it blows great guns, 
the roaring of the wind. 
the wind sets in from the 

East, from the South, cr'c. 
the wind has shifted two 

points, 
to haul the wind, 
to go before the wind. 
to gain the wind, 
the wind's eye. 
the strip of the wind, 
the prevailing wind. 



un vent mou et variable. 

d'oii vient le vent 1 

le vent a molli. 

le vent a tourne. 

le vent redescend. 

le vent souffle droit debout. 

le vent est entre deux ecoutes. 

le vent est droit derriere. 

le vent souffle par rafales. 

le vent est franc est^ cr'c. 

la brise fraichit. 

le vent se fait. " 

le vent vient de la hanche. 

la brise adonfie. 

le vent refuse. 

le vent mugit, 

le vent gronde. 

le vent souffle en cote. 

le vent vient de la terre. 

le ve?it' est tombe. 

le vent vient du travers. 

un vent a decorner les boeufs. 

le mugissement du vent. 

le vent s'etablit de Pest, du- 

sud, Q^C. 
le vent a saute de deux 

quarts, 
serrer le vent, 
avoir vent arriere. 
s^elever dans le vent. 
Voeil {m. ) de la tempete. 
le lit du vent, 
le vent dominant. 



WIND. 



209 



a light wind prevails in 


unefaible brise regne dans 


those latitudes during 


ces parages pendant fete. 


tJie summer. 




to come up to ivind. 


/aire u?ie auloffee. 


the ship is head to wind. 


le navire est droit debout. 


to ride head to wind. 


etre evite debout au vent. 


between wind and water. 


a la flottaison. 


to take the wind out of a 


deventer une voile. 


sail. 




this ship Jiolds her 7vind. 


ce navire conserve le vent. 


to be all in the wind. 


etre en ralingue. 


to be in the ivind {too near 


etre trop pres. 


the wind). 




to be three sheets in the 


avoir du vent dans les voiles. 


wind {to be tipsy) {slang). 


{etre gr is) {argot.) 


WIND NOTATION. 


NOTATION DES VENTS. 


0. Calm. 


0. Calme. 


I . Light air. 


I. Presque calme. 


2. Light breeze. 


2. Faible brise. 


3. Gentle breeze. 


3. Petite brise. 


4. Moderate breeze. 


4. Jolie brise. 


5, Fresh breeze. 


5. Bonne brise. 


6. Strong breeze. 


6. Forte brise. 


7. Moderate gale. 


7. Grand frais. 


8. Fresh gale. 


8. Coup de vent. 


9. Strong gale. 


9. Tempete. 


10. Whole gale. 




II. Storm. 




12. Hurricane. 





* Whole gale, ' * Storm ' and ' Hurricane ' have no special notation 
in French, but when occasion arises to mention them, the terms 
Grande Tempete can be used for 10 and 11, and Oiiragan for ' hur- 
ricane.* 



wind bound, 
wind gall, 
wind-gauge. 



arrete par des vents contraires. 
un fragment d'arc-en-ciel. 
un anemometre. 



2IO 



WINDLASS — WORK. 



windlass. 

steam windlass. 

Spanish windlass. 
wind rode, 
wind sail, 
windward (to). 

to work to windward. 

to windward of us<. 
windy. 

wing and wing* 
wings. 

wing passage, 
winter (to), 
winter quarters, 
wire. 

brass wire. 

iro?i wire. 

ivire rope. 

ivire-dr awing (of steam), 

tJie steam is ivire-drawn. 
woolding. 
work (to) a ship. 

to work up the reckoning. 

to work the helm. 

to work the anchors. 

to work a pump, 

to work the engines {that 
is to get it to work). 

to work {like an engine 
doiftg its work). 

to work (a piece of 
machinery). 

this engine works well. 

work that pump I 

this pump works well. 



un guindeau. 

un guindeau a vapeur^ 
un tresillon. 
evite au vent, 
une manche a vent, 
au vent. 

monter au vent. 

au vent a nous. 
venteux. 

avec bonnettes des deux bords. 
cloisons (/) laterales. 
le passage, 
hiverner. 
un hivernage. 
un fil (sound the /.). 

dufilde laiton. 

dufil de fer. 

un cordage en fil de fer. 

r etranglement de la vapeur, 

la vapeur est etranglee> 
une rousture. 
manoeuvrer un batiment. 

faire le point. 

manoeuvrer la barre. 

manoeuvrer les ancres. 

manceuvrer une pompe. 

manoeuvrer la machine. 

fonctionner. 

faire fonctionner. 

cette machine fo?ictionne bien. 
faites fonctiomier cette pompe ! 
cette pompe fo fiction n e bien . 



WORK — YARD. 



211 



to work a lt(nar. 

to work to windward. 
world. 

in our parts of the world. 

to sail round the world. 
worm (to). 

to ivorm {like a screiv). 
worm-eaten, 
wreck (shipwreck). 

a wreck {^vreckage). 
wreckage. 

a piece of wreckage. 
wrecked (to be), 
wreckers, 
writer. 



reduire une distance. 

s'elever dans le ve?it. 
le monde. 

dans nos parages, in. pi. 

faire le tour du monde. 
congreer. 

fileter. 
vermoulu. 
un naufrage. 

une ipave. 
des epaves,/ pi. 

une epave. 
faire naufrage. 
des naufrageurs, in. 
un fourrier. 



Y. 



yacht. 

yard (for spreading a sail). 

yard arm. 

yard tackle purchase. 

yards a-peek. 

yards topped awry. 

cross jack yard. 

down top-gallant yards ! 

down royal yards I 

fore top-sail yard. 

fore top-gallant yard. 

fore royal yard. 

lateen yard. 

main yard. 

main top-sail yard. 

main top-gallant yard. 



un yacht, 
une vergue. 

le bout de vergue. 

un palan de bout de vergue. 

les vergues en pantenne. 

la vergue barree. 

a degreer les per roquets I 

a digreer les cacatois I 

la vergue du petit hunier. 

la vergue du petit per roquet. 

la vergiie du petit cacatois. 

une antenne. 

la grand^vergue. 

la vergue du grand hunier. 

la vergue du grand perroquet. 



212 



YARD — YELLOW. 



mai7i royal yard, 
mizen top-sail yard. 

mizen top-gallant yard, 
mizen royal yard, 

man the yards I 
rigging of a yard, 
square yards I 
the slings of a yard, 
to brace the yards, 
to send up a yard, 
to send doivn a yard, 
to square the yards, 
to sway the yards, 
all the yards and sails on 
a mast. 

all the yards and sails of 
the fore 7nast. 
yard, building yard, 
yard (a dockyard), 
yard (a measure of length). 
yarn. 

spun yarn. 

to spin ayar?i {to tell a tale). 

sailors^ yarns {tales). 
yaw. 
yawl, 
year. 

leap year. 

sidereal year, 

tropical year. 

solar year. 

mean solar year. 
yellow fever. 



la vergue du grand cacatois. 
la vergue du perroquet de 

fougue. 
la vergue de per ruche, 
la vergue du cacatois de 

perruche. 
sur les vergues I 
la gartiiture d'une vergue, 
brassez carre 1 

les suspentes {f.) d'une vergue. 
brasser les vergues. 
greer une vergue. 
degreer une vergue. 
dresser les vergues. 
deborder les vergues. 

le phare. 

le phare de misaine. 

un chantier. 

\m arsenal. 

un yard (See tables IL & IIL). 

du fil de caret. 

du bitord. 

filer ufie touee {dire des contes). 

la gazette de la meche {argot). 
une embardee. 
un cotre a tapecul. 
un an, une annee. 

une annee bissextile. 

r annee siderale. 

r annee tropique. 

V annee solaire. 

Vannie moyenne. 
la fievre jaune. 



YELLOW— ZONE. 



213 



yellow jack or flag. 


• 


le pavilion de quarantaine. 
le pavilion jaune. 


yeoman of signals. 




un timonier. 


chief yeoman of signals. 




un chef de timonerie. 


yoke (of rudder) 


• 


\ 


la barre transversale. 
la barre a tire-veilles. 


yoke lines. 






les tire-veilles, f 


Zbar. 






Z. 

un fer en Z. 


zenith. 






le zenith (sound the t.). 


zenith distance 


'. 




la distance zinithale. 


zero. 






zero, m. 


the zero of the 


arc. 




le zero du limbe. 


zinc. 






le zinc (sound c. like k^. 


zodiac. 






le zodiaque. 


THE SIGNS OF 


THE ZODIAC. 


LES SIGNES DU ZODIAQUE. 


Aries. 


Ram. 




le Bilier. 


Taurus. 


Bull. 




It Taureau. 


Gemini. 


Twins. 




les G^meaux, m. pi. 


Cancer. 


Crab. 




le Cancer y VMcrevisse^ f. 


Leo. 


Lion. 




le Lion. 


Virgo. 


Virgin. 




la Vierge. 


Libra. 


Balance. 




la Balance. 


Scorpio. 


Scorpion. 




le Scorpion. 


Sagittarius. 


Archer. 




le Sagittaire. 


Capricornus. 


Goat. 




le Capricorne. 


Aquarius. 


Water Bearer 


le Verseau. 


Pisces. 


Fishes. 




les Poissons, m. pi. 



zodiacal light. 
zone. 

th£ Torrid zone, 
the North Temperate zone, 
the South Te?nperate zone, 
the North Frigid zofie. 
the South Frigid zone* 



la lumiere zodiacale. 
une zone. 

la zone torride. 

la zone tempirie du Nord. 

la zone te7npiree du Sud. 

la zone glaciale arctique. 

la zone glaciale antarctique. 



NAUTICAL TERMS 

IN FRENCH AND IN ENGLISH. 



abandon, w. 
abandonner. 
abattage (w.) en carene. 
abattee (/) (faire son). 

abattre en carene. 

abord, ///. 

(Vitn abord difficile. 

dun abord facile. 
abordable. 
abordage, ni. 

la division d\ibordage. 

monter a V abordage. 

prendre a P abordage. 

a r abordage ! 
aborder. 



abandonment. 

to abandon. 

careening. 

to cast, a ship casting from 

an anchor, 
to careen, to heave down (a 

ship), 
access. 

difficult of access, 
easy of access. 
easy of access, 
boarding, collision. 
the boarders. 

to board an enemfs ship, 
to take an enemy s ship by 

boardifig. 
board ! 
to board, to land, to run 
foul of, to collide. 



2l6 



ABORDER — ACIER. 



aborder I'ennemi en grand, 
aborder a Peperon, 
aborder un navire. 

aborder une cote, 
aborder une cote avec une 
embarcation. 
abreyer. 

nos hunters etaient abrSyes 
par le creux de la lame. 

abrite par la terre. 
accalmie, / 
accastillage, m. 
acclamations, / //. 

pousser des acclamations. 
accore, /. 
accorer. 
accostage, ;;/. 



accoster. 

accoster un fiavire en de- 
pendant. 
accrocher. 
achromatique. 
achromatisme, m. 
acier, m. 

acier chrome. 

acier dur. 

acier doux. 

acier a canon. 

acier forge. 

acier trempe. 

V acier trempe au plomb. 



to lay an enemy aboard. 

to ram. 

to run down a ship, to fall 

aboard of a ship, 
to land on a coast, 
to run to the shore in a boat. 

to becalm. 

our top-sails were becalmed 
when we were in the trough 
of the sea. 
land-locked, 
a lull. 

the upper works (of a ship), 
cheers. 

to cheer. 
a shore (a prop), 
to chock, to prop up, to shore up. 
the lap of one plate over 

another, boarding, coming 

alongside, 
to come alongside. 

to edge dotvn upon a ship, to 
steer up alongside a ship. 
to hook, 
achromatic, 
achromatism, 
steel. 

chro7ne steel. 

hard steel. 

mild steel. 

gun steel, 
forged steel, 

tempered steel. 

lead tempering of steel. 



ACIER — AIGUILLE. 



217 



Vacier trempe a Vhtdle. 


oil tempering of steel. 


acierie,/ 


steel works. 


acquit {m.) de la douane. 


cocket (customs). 


acquit a caution. 


a draivback {customs). 


action, / 


action, fight. 


activite,/ 


active service. 


etre en activiti. 


to be on the active list. 


adonner. 


(See "brise.") 


adroit. 


handy. 


un homme adroit. 


a handy man. 


aerage, m. 


ventilation. 


aerer. 


to ventilate. 


affaler. 


to lower, to overhaul (a sheet, 




a buntline, &c.). 


s'affaler le longcTun cordage 


tolower one' s-self down a rope. 


s' affaler a la cote. 


to get adrift upon a lee sho?'e. 


etre affale a la cote. 


to be upon a lee shore. 


affluent, m. 


tributary (to a river). 


affourcher. 


to moor. 


affourchS {etre). 


to be moored. 


affretement, m. 


chartering of a vessel. 


affreter. 


to charter a vessel. (See freter.) 


affr^par FEtat. 


chartered by Government, 


affreteur, jn. 


freighter, charterer. 


afftlt, in. 


gun carriage. 


agence (/.) maritime. 


shipping office. 


agrener. 


to pump the water out of a 




boat. 


agres, w. //. 


rigging, tackle (apparel and 




furniture). 


aide de camp, ;;/. 


an aide-de-camp. 


aiguille,/ 


needle, needle of compass. 


une aiguille aimantee. 


a ffiagnetic needle. 


une aiguille d!inclinaiso?i. 


a dipping needle. 


une aiguille a ralingue. 


a bolt rope needle. 



2l8 



AIGUILLETAGE — AMARINER. 



rose lashing, seizing, 

a laniard. 

shoulder knot. 

to seize. 

pintle. 

a lee board. 

lodestone, magnet. 
C'est a tort qu'on ecrit loadstone^ au lieu de lodestone. Ce mot n'a 
rien de commun avec le verbe to load, charger, mais vient de 
1' Anglo- Saxon ladmau, "guide," " conducteur." Ce mot se 
retrouve dans le vieux Yx2inq2a^ lotnian, ** pilote" — c'est a dire, " le 
guide " — et le mot lamanage a le meme sens. Chaucer emploie le 
mot lodefnanage pour designer le pilote, et il appelle I'etoile polaire 
lodestere — c'est a dire, leading star ^ ou I'etoile qui sert de guide. 



aiguilletage, /;/. 
aiguillette, / 

des aiguillettes^ f. pi. 
aiguilleter. 
aiguillot, fu, 
aile (/.) de derive, 
aimant, m. 



un aimant en fer a cheval. 

aimante-e. 
air, m. 
aire if.) de vent. 

un signal d^ aire de vent. 
ajut, ?n. 

un ajut avec demi-clef et 
amarrage. 

un noeud d^ajut. 
algues, / pL 
alidade, / 

alidade du sextant. 

fixer V alidade. 
alizes (vents), 
allege,/ 
alleger. 

allonges, /. pL 
allure, /. 
almanach, m. 
amariner. 

amariner une prise. 



a horse shoe magnet. 

magnetic. 
the air. 
point of the compass. 

a compass signal. 
bend. 

a half hitch a?id seizing. 

a grannfs bend. 
sea- weed, 
alidade. 

index bar of sextafit. 

to clamp the index. 
trade winds, 
barge, lighter, 
to lighten (to make lighter in 

weight), 
futtocks. 
trim, 
almanac, 
to man. 

to man a prize. 



AMARRAGE — AMIRAL. 



219 



amarrage, m. 

un amarrage en Portugaise, 

un amarrage a plat, 

amarrage en itrive. 

amarrage plat double. 

faire un amarrage. 
amarre, /. 

Vamarre est largue / 
amarrer. 

amarrer un canot. 
amarrez ! 

s' amarrer a un quai. 
^amarrer a quai. 

amas {m.) stellaire 

amatelotter. 

ame,/ 

a ame lisse, 

a ame ray ie. 
amenagements, ;//. pi. 
amener. 

amener en douceur, 

amefier le pavilion. 

amener une basse vergue. 

amener u?t canot. 

ame?iez partout ! 

amenez votre pavilion ! 

le navire amena son pavilion, 
amers, m. pi. 
amiral, m. 

amiral de France. 

II n'y a pas aujourd'hui d' 



lashing, mooring, seizing. 

a Portuguese lashings a rack- 
ing seizing. 

a flat seizing. 

half-crown knot. 

throat seizing. 

to lash^ to seize. 
line, rope. 

all gone ! {the rope). 
to belay, to hitch, to make 

fast, to lash. 

to make a boat fast. 

belay I 

to make fast to a quay. 

to moor along {with a?i anch/)r, 
or warp on shore). 
cluster of stars, 
to mess together, 
bore (of a gun, &c.). 

smooth bored. 

rifled bore. 
accommodations, 
to haul down, to lower, to 

lower away, to strike. 

to loiver handsomely, 

to strike the flag, 

to strike a lower yard. 

to lower a boat. 

hnver of all I 

strike your colours ! 

the ship struck {her flag). 
land marks, 
admiral. 

an admiral of France. 
amiraux de France, ce litre ne devant 



220 



AMIRAL — AMURER. 



etre accorde qu'a un vice-amiral ayant commande une flotte en 
temps de guerre, si toutefois il s'est distingue dans ce commande- 
ment. 



amiral de la flotte {en 
Angleterre). 

contre-amiral. 

vice-amiral. 

vaisseau amiral. 
amiraute, f. 
amont (en). 

aller en amont. 
amorce, / 

amorce au fulminate. 

amorce fulminante cfune 
torpille. 

briiler une amorce. 
amercer, 
amortir. 
amphidrome. 

le bac a vapeur entre Dart- 
mouth et Kingswear est 
amphidrome. 
amplitude, /. 
ampoulette, / 
amure, / 

une amure de revers. 

changer d'atnure. 

etre bdbord amures. 
etre tribord amures. 
amurer. 

amurez ! 

amurez la grande voile ! 

de quel bord amure-t-il 1 



an admiral of the fleet {in 
England^ 

rear-admiral. 

vice-admiral. 

flag ship. 
admiralty, 
up the river. 

to go up a river. 
priming (for fire arms). 

fulminate fuze of torpedo. 

detonator of a torpedo. 

to burn a signal light. 
to prime a gun. 
to be neaped, to deaden, 
double bowed. 

the steam ferry between Dart- 
mouth and Kingsivear is 
double boived. 
amplitude. 

hour-glass, sand-glass. 
tack. 

the lee tack. 

to put about., to go on the 
other tack. 

to be on the port tack. 

to be on the starboard tack. 
to haul the tacks aboard, to 

hook the tack of a sail. 

haul tacks aboard ! 

down main tack ! 

what tack is he on ? 



AMURER — ANCRE. 



221 



{au figure : oil veut-il en 


{figuratively : ivhat is he 


venir ? ) 


driving at ? ) 


an, m. 


year. 


anciennete,/ 


seniority. 


ravancement (m.) a Vati- 


promotion by seniority. 


ciennete. 




an ere,/. 


anchor. 


"^ lie bras. 


^' 


the arms. 


g le bee. 




the bill. 


^ le dia?nant. 


the crown. 


^ I les pattes, f. 


8 
Q ■ 


thefiukes. 


^ la eigale^ Vorganeau, m. 


^ 


tJie ring. 


"g la verge. 


^ 


the shafik. 


^ lejas. 


^ 


tJie stock, the beam. 


Vanere de bossoir. 


the best bower anchor. 


la seeonde ancre. 


the small bower anchor. 


une ancre de veille. 


a sheet anchor^ a spare anc/wr. 


une ancre a jet. 


a hedge anchor. 


une ancre de touie. * 


a stream anclwr. 


une aticre de corps mort. 


a mooring block. 


caponner Paficre. 


to cat the anclwr. 


deraper P ancre. 


to heave up tJte anc/wr. 


^longer une ancre. 


to lay out an anchor. 


empenneler une ancre. 


to back an anclwr. 


etre a P ancre. 


to lie at anchor, to ride at 




anchor. 


gouverner surf ancre. 


to steer to the anchor. 


Jeter V ancre. 


to cast anchor. 


laisser tomber P ancre. 


to drop anchor. 


lever P ancre. 


to weigh a?tchor. 


mouiller une a?icre. 


to stream an anchor. 


mouiller une ancre en 


to lay out an anchor with the 


creance. 


launch. 


mouiller ufte ancre en plomb 


to drop an anclwr miderfoot. 


de sonde. 







222 



ANCRE — ANGUILLE. 



satsir line ancre. 
traverser Pa?icre. 
V ancre est derapee. 



P ancre est caponnee. 

r ancre est claire. 

r ancre est a pic. 

chasser siir les ancres. 

marcher sur son aficre. 

710US vinnies jeter fancre 
dans le port de Sydney. 

a?icre du large, ancre flot- 
tante^ ancre de cape. 
ancrer. 

anemometVe, m. 
aneroide, m. 
angle, ;//. 

angle de derive. 

angle de depressiott. 

angle diedre. 

angle plan. 

aitgle polaire. 

angle polyedre: \ 



to secure an anchor. 

to fish t/ie anchor. 

the a7tchor isa-trip^ tJie anchor 

is a-2veigh, the anchor is 

coming hojne. 
the anchor is catted, 
the anchor is clear, 
the anchor is a-peak. 
to drag the atichors. 
to steam hard to one's anchor. 
we brought up to an anchor 

in Sydney harbour, 
floating anchor., sea anchor. 

to anchor. 

anemometer, wind gauge. 
aneroid barometer, 
angle. 

drift angle of steering. 

angle of depression. 

dihedral angle, 

plane angle. 

polar angle. 

solid angle. 



angle triedre. f 

Un angle triedre est un angle forme par trois plans qui se coupent 
en un meme point. Un angle polyedre est un angle forme par 
plus de trois plans se coupant en un meme point. 



angle spherique. 
angle dHncidence. 
angle horaire. 
en angle de chasse. 
en angle de retraite. 
anguille/ 

line anguille de mer. 



spherical angle, 
angle of incidence, 
hour angle^ horary angle 
i?i double quarter lines. 
i7i double bow lines. 



eel. 



a sea eel. 



ANGUILLERS— APPAREIL. 



223 



anguillers, vt. 
annee,/ 

U7ie aftjiee bissextile. 

r annee moyenne. 

r annee siderale. 

fannie solaire* 

i'annie tropique* 
annonce,/ 

a7inonces hydrographiques. 
annuaire (w.) de la marine. 

etre dans Pannuaire de la 
marine. 

V annuaire des marees. 
anordie, / 
anordir. 

le vent anordit. 
anse,/ 
anspect, ni. 
antarctique. 
antenne, /. 
antipodes, w.//. 
apercevoir. 
aperQU, ;;/. 
aphelie,/ 
apiquer. 
apogee, m. 
apotres, /;/.//. 
apparaux, ///.//. 

les apparaux des ancres. 
appareil {tn.) de mise a feu. 
appareil de pointage. 
appareil de mise a feu 

electrique. 
appareil de propulsion. 



limbers, 
year. 

a leap year. 

mean solar year. 

sidereal year. 

solar year. 

tropical year. 
notice. 

hydrographic notices. 
the navy list. 

to be on the navy list. 

t/ie tide table. 
northerly wind, 
to tend to the north. 

the wind is veerifig. 
cove. 

handspike, 
antarctic, 
lateen yard, 
antipodes, 
to sight. 

answering pendant, 
aphelion. 

to peak (a gaff), to top. 
apogee. 

bollards, knight heads. 
gear, the tackle and apparel 

of a ship. 

ground tackle. 
firing gear. 

training gear. 

electric fir i?ig gear. 

propelling machinery. 



224 



APPAREIL — ARCHIPEL. 



appareil fiotteiir d^une tor- 
pille. 

appareil plongeur d^une 
torpille. 
appareillage, m. 
appareiller. 

appareiller tour a tour, 

appareiller tout a la fois. . 
appel, ni. 
appeler. 

appontement, ;;/. 
approcher de la terre. 
approvisionnements, ;;/. pi. 

r approvisionnement de 
charbon. 
appuyez dessus ! 
apres-midi, / 
apsides (la ligne des). 
araignee (/.) de hamac {m^. 

araignee de te?tte, f. 
arborer. 

arbor er le pavilion. 
arbre (de machine), ;//. 

Varbre porte-helice. 
arc, m. 

avoir de Pare. 

les efforts de Pare. 
arcasse (barre d'). 
arc-boutant {m.) de brasse- 
yage. 

les arcs-boutants de haubans. 

Vare-boutant de martingale. 
arc-en-ciel, m. 

un fragment d'are-en-eiel. 
archipel, m. 



floating apparatus of a 
torpedo. 

sinking apparatus of a 
torpedo. 
the getting under weigh. 
to get under sail, to weigh. 

to weigh in sueeession. 

to weigh together. 
a call. 

to sing out, to hail, 
a wharf. 

to make the land. [sions. 

marine stores, supplies, provi- 

the eoal supply. 

hang on her ! (in boat), 
afternoon, post meridiem, P.M. 
the line of apsides, 
hammock clews. 

erow^sfoot. 
to hoist, to fly (a flag). 

to hoist the eolours. 
shaft (machinery). 

the screiv shaft. 
arc, hogging. 

to be hogged. 

hogging strains. 
transom, stern frame, 
spider for after main brace. 

whiskers. 

dolphin striker. 
rainbow. 

a wind gall. 
archipelago. 



ARCTIQUE — ARMER. 



22! 



arctique. 
ardent. 

un navire ardent. 

ce navire est ardent. 
armateur, m. 
arme,/ 

armes blandies. 



arctic. 

that carries weather helm, 
weatherly. 

a IV eat her ly ship. 

this ship carries weather Jiebn. 
ship-owner, 
arm, weapon. 

side arms. 

En Anglais, on traduil toujours "armes blanches " par side arms, 
bien que cette traduction ne soit pas absolument la vraie. En 
Franyais, une arme blanche est une arme de fer, ou d'acier destinee, 
soit a percer, soit a couper, soit encore a couper et a percer, mais ce 
n'est jamais une arme a feu. En Anglais, une arme a feu qu'on 
peut facilement porter sur soi, est une side arm. Ainsi, bien qu'un 
pistolet soit, en Fran^ais, une arme a feu et jamais une arme 
blanche, il fail partie de ce qu'on designe en Anglais sous le nom 
de side arms. 



armes a feu. 
armes portatives. 
petites armes. 
coucher sous les armes. 
etre passe par les armes. 
aux armes 1 
presentez armes I 
armee, / 

une armee navale. 
armament, m. 

un vaisseau en armement. 
armer. 

arme. 

armer les avirons. 

armer un canot. 

armer une piece. 

armer une p07npe. 

armezlavole! 



fire arms. 

portable arms. 

small arms. 

to lie under arms. 

{to be sentenced) to be shot. 

turn out the guard ! 

present arms ! 
the army, the junior service 

(in England). (See p. 155.) 

a fleets a naval force. 
the fitting out of a ship. 

a ship in commission. 
to fit out, to man, to ship. 

commissioned. 

to ship the oars. 

to man a boat. 

to man a gun. 

to man a pump. 

man the gig ! 

15 



226 



ARMER — ARRIVER. 



Z' ^^ Amiral Baudin''^ a 
He arme a Brest le 20 
mat I goo, et son equip- 
age a ete trans/ere sur 
laN. . . . 

armurier, m. 

arque. 

arraisonner (un navire). 

avez-vous arraisonne le 
pilote ? 
arreter. 

arreter une machine. 
arriere, ;;/. 

a t arriere. I 

de r arriere. ) 

de Pavant a V arriere, 

en arriere! 

en arriere ! {avec la vapeur). 

en arriere doucement I 

etre sur V arriere. 

rester de V arriere. 

f aire passer a V arriere. 



arriere-garde, /. 
arrimage, m. 

Parrimage de la cale. 
arrimer. 

Men arrime. 
arrimeur, fu. 
arrivee, / 
arriver sur. 

ar river pour. 

arriver sur un ennemi. 



The " Amiral Baudin " was 
commissioned at Brest on 
May 20th, igoo, and 
her crew turned over to 
the N. . . . 
armourer, gunsmith, 
broken backed, hogged, 
to hail a ship, to speak a 
vessel. 

have you hailed the pilot ? 
{to speak to him). 
to selvagee, to stop. 

to throw out of gear. 
the stern. 

abaft, aft, astern, in the 

stern sheets, 
fore and aft. 
astern I go astern I 
back astern I {under steam), 
slow astern I 
to be down by the stern, 
to drop astern. 

to promote to the rank of 
officer, to put some one on 
the quarter deck. 
rear-guard, 
stowage, trim (of hold). 

the trim of the hold, 
to stow. 

ship shape, 
stevedore. 

a lurch (of the ship), 
to bear down. 

to keep to leeward of. 

to bear down upon an enemy. 



ARRIVER — ASSUREUR. 



227 



arrtver sur un navire en 

dependant, 
arrive toute ! 
arrive un peu ! 
laissez arriver I 

n^arrivez pas ! 
arsenal {ni.) de la marine. 

artillerie, / 

Partilierie de laflotte. 
r artillerie de marine. 
V artillerie de siege, 
r artillerie f ran false, 
r artillerie navale. 
r artillerie rayee. 
embarquer Partilierie. 
la grosse artillerie. 
la diniension et le poids 

de V artillerie. 
un polygene d^ artillerie. 
artimon, w. 

artimon de cape, 

faire faire le sac a Var- 
tifnon. 
ascension (/.) droite, A.D. 
aspirant de premiere classe. 

aspirant de deuxieme classe. 
assembler, 
assieger. 
assurance, /. 

assurance maritime. 
assureur, m. 



to edge down upon a ship. 

hard-a-weather I 

put the helm up ! 

let her go off! keep her 
away I bear up ! 

nothing off! 
royal dockyard, naval yard, 

yard, 
artillery, ordnance, theoretical 

gunnery, metal. 

naval ordnance. 

royal marine artillery, 

siege artillery. 

French ordnance. 

naval gunnery. 

rifled ordftance. 

to get in the guns. 

heavy artillery. 

the size and weight of metal. 

the artillery butts. 
mizen. 

mizen sail. (See note, p. 

112.) 
to bagpipe the mizen, 

right ascension, R.A. 
midshipman (Royal Navy). 

naval cadet afloat. 
to muster, 
to besiege, 
insurance. 

marine insurance. 
underwriter. 



228 



ASTEROl'DES— AVAL. 



asteroides, /. 
astre, m. 
astronomic, / 

Vastronomie nautique. 
asymptotes, / 
Atlantique, m. 

V Ocean Atla?itique. 
attaquer. 

attaquer de front. 
attention ! 
atterrir. 
atterrissage, ;;/., atterrage, ;//. 

faire un ban atterrisage. 
attoles, m. pL 
attraction (/) locale, 
attrape, /. 
attraper. 

attrapez I 
aube, /. 

aube articulee. 

un vapeur a aubes. 
aube, / 

auloffee,/. (faire une). 
aumonier, m. 
au plus pres. 
auriques (voiles), 
aurore, /. 

une aurore boriale. 

aussiere, / 

aussiere en quatre. 

commis en aussiere. 
autorisation (/) de I'amiraute 
aval. 

en aval. 



asteroids. 

a celestial body. 

astronomy. 

nautical astronomy. 
asymptotes, 
the Atlantic. 

the Atlantic Ocean. 
to attack, to stand in for. 

to breast. 
stand by ! 
to make the land, 
a land-fall. 

to make a good land-fall. 
atolls. 

local attraction, 
relieving tackle, 
to catch hold. 

catch hold I 
paddle of steamer. 

feathering paddle. 

a paddle steamer. 
morning twilight, 
to come up to wind, 
chaplain, 
on a wind, 
fore and aft (sails), 
morning twilight. 

northern light, aurora 
borealis. 
hawser, warp. 

shroud laid rope. 

hawser laid rope. 
admiralty warrant, 
down (a river). 

down the river. 



AVAL— A VANTAGE. 



229 



aller^ descendre en aval. 
avance,/. 

regagner ses avances de 
solde. 

avancement, ;;/. 

Pava?icement a Pancienneti. 

r avancement an choix. 
avancer. 

avancez I 
avant, m. 

Favant d^un ca?iot. 
avant / 

avant bdbord ! 
avant tribord I 
avant partout I 
a V avant. 
de ravafit. 
de V avant a Varriere. 

en ava?it. 
en avant I 

en avant doucement I {ma- 
chine), 
alter de V avant. 

aller en avant. 

oh, de P avant! 

sur P avant. 

commencer sa carriere a 

Vavant {conmie simple 

fnatelot). 
avail tage {m.) du vent. 
avoir Pavantage du vent. 



to go doivn a river. 
advance note, 
to work up the dead horse 

(to work up for money ad- 
vanced), 
promotion. 

promotion by seniority. 

protnotiofi by selection. 
to go forward. 

forward! 
the bow (of a ship), forward, 

steerage (fore part of ship). 

the fore sheets {of a boat). 

give way ! 

give way port oars ! 

give way starboard oars ! 

give way togetJier ! 

afore, before the mast. 

fore. 

fore and aft, from stem to 
stern. 

ahead. 

go ahead ! 

slow ahead! {ejigine), easy 
ahead! {engine). 

to make headway, to gather 
headway. 

to have headway. 

forecastle there ! 

afore. 

to begin one^s career before 
the mast {as a common 
sailor). 
tlie weather gage. 

to have the weather gage. 



230 



AVANT — AXE. 



avant-garde, / 

couper f avant-garde, 
avant-port, m. 
avarie,/ 

une avarie dans la machine. 

avoir une avarie. 
aveugler (une voie d'eau). 
avis, m. pL 

avis des tempetes. 

aviron, m. 

assourdir les avirons. 
avirons a couple. 

avirons en pointc. 
un coup d? aviron. 
la pelle d^un aviron. 
r aviron de Vavant, 
V aviron de Varriere. 
un aviron de queue. 

une sauvegarde d"* aviron. 

armer les avirons. 

7ndter les avirons, 

rester sur les avirons. 

engager V aviron. 

attention a vos avirons I 
aviso, m. 

aviso torpilleur. 
avocat (w.) (un beau parleur). 
axe, m. 

I' axe de la terre. 

Paxe du monde. 



leading squadron, the van. 

to cut off the van. 
outer port, 
breakdown, damage (to a 

ship). 

a breakdoivn in the engine. 

to break down. 
to fother, to stop (a leak), 
warnings. 

stor^n signals. (See Table 
XVI.) 
oar. 

to muffle the oars. 

sculls {pair of oars\ double 
banked oars. 

single banked oars. 

a stroke of the oar. 

the blade of an oar. 

the bow oar. 

the stroke oar. 

a steering oar, a stern 
oar. 

an oar laniard. 

to ship the oars. 

to toss the oars. 

to lie on the oars. 

to catch a crab {in pulling). 

look to your oars I 
despatch vessel, sloop of war. 

first-class gun boat. 
a sea lawyer (a fine talker), 
axis. 

the axis of the earth, the 
eartJUs axis. 

the axis of tM heavens. 



AXIOMlfcTRE — BAISSEE. 23 1 

axiometre, ;;/. helm indicator, steering indi- 

cator, tell-tale of rudder, 
azimut, m, azimuth, 

azimutal-e. azimuthal. 



B. 

babord. port, larboard (old). 

bdbordi port! 

Dans la marine fran9aise les mots "babord" et "tribord" se 
rapportent toujours a I'avant du navire et non pas a la barre. Le 
commandement bdbord ! ne veut pas dire que I'on doive mettre la 
barre a babord, mais que I'avant du vaisseau doit venir sur babord. 
Lorsqu'un ordre se rapporte a la barre celui qui commande ajoute 
le mot barre. Ex. : bdbord la barre ! tribord la barre ! En Angle- 
terre le commandement se rapporte toujours a la barre dont on 
est suppose se servir, et le genre de servo-moteur employe ne fait 
aucune difference. Depuis quelque temps on a substitue les mots 
droite et gauche aux mots tribord et babord dans le but d'eviter les 
meprises pouvant resulter de la finale bord commune aux deux 
mots. 

bdbord toute I hard a port ! 

a ou par babord devant. on the port bozv» 

h bdbord amures. on the port tack. 

endurez bdbordi hold port I 

sciez bdbordi back port I 

babordais, m. pi. the port watch, 

bac, m. ferry boat 

bachot, m. wherry, 

bague, /. hank, 

baguette, /. ramrod (of rifle), 

bale, / bay. 

bailie, /. bucket (for gun), tub. 

la grande bailie. Davy Joneses locker. 

Bain (I'ordre du). the order of the Bath, 

baissee (la) de I'eau. the fall of the tide. 



232 



BAISSER — BANC. 



baisser. 

balan {m.) d'une manoeuvre 

balancez ! 

balancier (de pendule). 

balanciers, w. (de compas). 

le balancier d'une p07npe. 
balancine, / 

la bala?icl?ie de giii. 
baleine, /. 

la peche a la balei?ie. 

de la baleine. 

blanc de baleine. 

embarguer une balei7ie 
figure). 
baleineau, m. 
baleinier, m. 
baleiniere, / 
balisage, m. 
balise, / 
baliser. 

une passe balisee. 
balistique, / 

le pendule balistique. 

la puissance balistique 
Vartillerie moderne 
tres grande. 
balle,/ 

une balle morte. 
balles (/) de coton (nuages). 
banc {in.) (de rochers). 

banc de cor ail. 

un banc de poisson. 

un ba?ic d'huitres (/.). 
un banc de rameurs (///•)• 
iin banc de sable. 



est 



to lower, 
slack (of a rope), 
stand by ! (engine). 
pendulum (of clock). 
. gimbals. 

brake {of a pump). 
lift, topping lift. 

spanker boom lift. 
whale. 

the whale fisheries. 

whale bone. 

spermaceti, 
{au to be pooped. 

whale calf. 

whaler. 

whale boat. 

buoyage. 

beacon, staff and ball. 

to buoy.- 

a buoyed channel. 
ballistic. 

ballistic pendulum, 
'e the ballistic power of fnodern 
ordnance is very great. 

bullet. 

a spent shot. 
wool packs (clouds), 
reef. 

coral reef. 

shoal offish. 

oyster bed. 

thwart. 

a sand bank. 



BAN DE — BARRAGE. 



233 



bande. 

larguer en bande. 

la ba?ide. 

avoir de la bande. 

etre a la bande. ) 

donner de la bande. ) 

navire qui donnefortement 

de la bande. 
ce navire a de la bande a 

babord (a tribord). 
Verreur provenant de la 

bande. 
une ba?ide de marsouins. 

les bandes de Jupiter. 
banquise, /. 
baptiser un navire. 
baraterie, / 
barbarasse, /. 
barbes (/.) de cliat (;//.). 

barbouquet, m. 

une demi clef et barbouquet. 
baril, m. 

un baril de galere {/.). 
barometre, m. 

Pour la comparaison entre 
el fran9aises voir la table W a 

le barometre ?narin. 

le barometre baisse. 

le barometre monte. 

avec le barometre en baisse. 

avec le barofnetre e?i hausse. 
barque, / 
barrage, ;//. (sur un fleuve). 



amain, heeling, list, shoal, belt. 
to strike amain ^ to let fly. 
heeling {of a ship), 
to have a list. 

to heel over. 

ship careening to her bear- 
ings. 

this ship has a list to port 
{to starboard). 

the heelifig error. 

a shoal or school of porpoises. 
(See " Porpoise.") 

Jupiter's belts. 
ice floe, iceberg, 
to name a ship, 
barratry, 
cable stopper, 
cat's paws (clouds), mare's 

tails, 
timber hitch. 

half hitch and timber hitch. 
barrel (cask). 

barricoe, breaker [cask). 
barometer, weather glass, 
les echelles barometriques anglaises 
la fin du volume. 

marine barometer. 

the barometer is f alii fig. 

the barometer is rising. 

with afallifig glass. 

with a rising glass. 
a boat, 
a kyddle (in a river). 



^34 



BARRE. 



barre, / 



la bar re d'une plage. 

il y a deux barres de plage 
a Madras^ la premiere a 
700 pieds environ de la 
cote, la seconde i 300. 

une barre de flot. 

la barre d\in port. 

barre a tire-veilles . I 

barre transversale. j 

barre a main. 

barre a vapeur. 

un bon coup de barre. 

un mauvais coup de barre. 

changer la barre. 

Fhonime de barre. 

mettre la barre en place. 

niollir la barre. 

sentir la barre. 

attention a la barre I 

droite la barre I 

dresse la barre I 

la barre toute I 

la barre dessous I 



la barre au vent! 

barres traversieres. 
aux barres de cacatois. 
alter f aire un tour de barre 

{pu?iition). 
barres de per roquet. 



bar, bore (on tidal river), surf, 

helm, tiller, wheel, transom, 

&c. 

the surf {on a shore). 

there are two lines of surf at 
Madras., the first at about 
700 feet fro7n the shore, 
the other at ^00. 

bore, mascaret. 

the bar of a harbour. 

yoke of rudder. 

hand steering gear, 

steam steering gear. 

good steerifig. 

bad steering. 

to shift the helm» 

the man at the wheel. 

to ship the tiller, 

to ease the helm. 

to answer the helm. 

mind the helm I 

helm amidships I 

right the helm I 

put the helm hard over I 

helm a-lee I down helm I 
put the helm doivn I doivn 
with the helm f 

helm a-weather! put the helm 
up ! up with the helm I 

cross trees. 

at the mast head. 

to be mast-headed {punish- 
ment). 

top mast cross trees. 



BARRE — BATEAU. 



235 



une barre de fer. 

une barre deader. 

une barre de cabestan 

la barre d^arcasse. 
barre seche,/ 
barrique, / 
barrot, m. 
bas (en). 

en bas les gabiers I 
bas-fonds, m. 

"Bas-fonds"et 



an iron bar, a bar of iron » 

a steel bar. 

a capstan bar. 

stern frame, transom. 
stringer, 
hogshead, 
beam, girder, 
below. 

downfro7n aloft/ 

shallow waters, shoals. 

hauts-fonds " sont des expressions synonymes 



signifiant que I'eau est peu profonde, seulement les marins fran9ais 
entendent par * * bas-fonds " un endroit oil la mer, quoique peu 
profonde, perniet neanmoins aux batiments de faible tirant d'eau 
d'y naviguer en surete, tandis que par ' ' hauts-fonds " ils veulent 
dire que le fond de la mer est si pres de la surface que toute 
navigation est impossible en ces endroits. 

a lower mast, 
low-pressure engine, 
basin (of a dock), dock. 
a tidal basin. 



bas- mat, m. 



basse-pression (machine a) 
bassin, m. 

u?i bassin li marie. 

un bassin a fiot. 

un bassin a sec. 

un bassin de radoub. 

les droits de bassin. 

f aire passer au bassin. 

entrer au bassin. 

un petit bassin. 
bastaque, / 
bastingage, m. 
bataille, / 

U7ie bataille navale. 
batardeau, ?n. 
bataviole, /. 
bateau, m. 

construction de bateaux. 



a floating dock. 

a dry dock. 

a graving dock. 

dock dues. 

to dock. 

to go {to enter) into dock. 

a boat float. 
sheer-pole, 
hammock netting, 
battle, action. 

a naval action. 
cofferdam, dam. 
a horse (for yard), 
boat. 

boaf-hiiihJing. 



36 



BATEAU — BEAU PRE. 



un bateau d'agrement. 

un bateau a voiles. 

un bateau de terre. 

un bateau a vapeur. 

le bateau de la marchande, 

un bateau-feu. 

un bateati-pecheur. 
batelier, ;;/. 
batiment, m. 

Batiment, navire, vaisseau. 
batiment de commerce ; ' ' vaisseau 



a pleasure boat. 

a sailing boat. 

a shore boat. 

a stea?n boat. 

the bumboat. 

a light-ship, 

a fishing boat or smack. 
boatman, waterman, 
ship, vessel. 

En langage marin * ' navire " signifie 
batiment de guerre et "bati- 



ment " est un terme commun aux deux. 



batiment de cotnmerce. 

batiment marchand. 

batiment de guerre. 

batiment mixte. 

un batimefit hydrographe. 
battant-e. 

le battatit d^un pavilion. 
batte, / 
batterie, / 

une batterie barbette. 

une batterie flottante. 

mettre une piece en batterie. 

mettre une piece au recul. 

en batterie I 
battre. 

battre aux champs. 

battre en retraite. 
se battre. 
bau, 7n. 
bauquiere, /. 
beau, w., belle,/ 
beaupre, m. 



\ merchant vessel. 

war vessel. 

ship ivith auxiliary screiv. 

a surveying vessel. 
flying (like a flag). 

the fly of a flag. 
batten, 
battery, gun deck, tier (of guns) . 

a barbette battery. 

a floating battery. 

to run a gun out. 

to run a gun in. 

run out I {guns). 

to beat, to defeat, to shake 
in the wind. 

to beat to quarters. 

to beat a retreat. 
to fight, 
beam. 

shelf-piece, clamp (for mast), 
fair, good, 
bowsprit. 



BEAU PRE — BITORD. 



237 



le chotique 




the cap 


."*^ 


le coussin 


1 


the bed 




la liure 


- Q 


the gammoning 


le tenon 


1 


the tenon 


-^ 


la tete 


^ 


tfu beeseating or head 


1 


les violons 




the beesblocks 


^ 


tin gabier de beaupre. 


a forecastle man. 




rentrer le beaupre. 


to rim in the bowsprit. 




bee {m) d'une ancre. 


the bill of an anchor. 




belier, m. 


battering ram. 




benjamine, / 


main try-sail. 




bequiller. 


to shore up, to prop up. 




ber, m. 


cradle (for launching). 




berceau, vi. (d'un affut). 


cradle (of gun carriage). 




berge,/ 


bank (of a canal). 




berne (en). 


half-mast high. 




pavilion e?t berne. 


flag half-mast high. 




mettre un pavilion en 


berne. to hoist a flag of distress. 




bien ! 


well! 




dest bien ! 


• all right ! 




bien monsieur ! 


\ aye ! aye ! (See also under 


bien capitaine, el 


.c! 


j "Capitaine.") 





La nuit, si une embarcation est helee par un factionnaire, le 
patron anglais de cette embarcation repond comme suit : — Si 
I'officier qu'elle porte est un officier general, il crie : Flag I (Franyais : 
amiral ! ). Si I'officier est le commandant du vaisseau : le nom du 
vaisseau (Franyais : Commandant I ). Si c'est tout autre officier : 
" Aye, aye ! " (Franyais : nom du vaisseau, ou " officier superieur," 
ou encore "officier"! selon le rang). S'il n'y a pas d'officier et 
que I'embarcation aille a bord du vaisseau qui )'a h^lee, le patron 
anglais crie : No, no ! (Franyais : a bord ! ). 



bigorneau, m. 
bigues, / //. 
biscuit, m. 
bitord, m. 



a periwinkle, 
sheers, or shears, 
biscuit, 
spun yarn. 



238 



BITTE — BOtTE. 



bitte,/ 

la paille de bittes. 

les grandes bittes. 

depasser^ ou prendre le 
de bittes. 

larguer le tour de bittes. 
bitter. 

bittons, fn. pi. 
bitture, /. 

blanc {m.) de baleine. 
blin, m. 
blindage, m. 

une plaque de blindage. 

un blindage en acier. 

un blindage mixte. 

sans blindage. 
blinder. 

blinde-e. 

un navire bltnde. 
bloc (a). 

halez a bloc! 
blockhaus, m. 
blocus, m. 

un forceur de blocus. 

lever le blocus. 
bloquer. 
boeuf-sale (du). 
bois, m. 

bois de cofistruction, 

un chantier de bois. 

un noeud de bois. 
boite (/.) a feu. 

boite afumee. 

boite a clapets. 

boite a mitraille. 



bitt. 
bitt pin. 
mai?i bitts. 
tour to bitt the cable. 

to unbitt the cable. 
to bitt. 
small bitts. 
a range of cable, 
spermaceti, 
boom iron, 
armour (of ships). 

armour plate. 

steel armour plate, . 

compound armour plate. 

unarmoured, unprotected. 
to armour (with armour plate). 

armoured^ protected. 

an ironclad. 
home, chock-a-block. 

haul home I 
conning tower, 
blockade. 

a blockade rnnner. 

to raise the blockade. 
to blockade. 

salt beef, salt junk (slang), 
wood, timber. 

timber. 

a timber yard, 

timber hitch. 
fire-box (of engine). 

smoke box, 

suction box, 

canister shot. 



BOMBARDEMENT— BORD. 



239 



bombardement, m. 
bombarder. 
bom be,/, 
bomerie/ 
bonhomme, m. 
bonnet turc, m. 
bonnette,/ 

une bonnette basse. 

une bonnette de hune. 

un bout-dehors de bonnette. 
avec bonnettes des deux 

bords. 
une bonnette maillee. 
bord (a). 

a bord I 

les hommes du bord. 

a mon bord. 

a leur bord. 

a bord des vaisseaux Ainiri- 

cains. 
h bord du " Britannia " 

alter a bord. 

passer un officier sur le 

bord. 
bord a bord. 
a toucher le bord. 
courir a petits bords. 
courir a bord droit. 



le bord oppose, 
r autre bord. 



se. \ 

■ ] 



the shelling (of a town), 
to shell, 
shell, bomb, 
bottomry, 
topping lift, 
standing Turk's head, 
studding sail. 

a lower studding sail. 

a top gallant studding 
sail. 

a studding sail boom. 

wing and wing. 

bonnet of a sail. 
on board, on board ship, the 
ship. 

no^ no 1 (See note, p. 237.) 
the hands on board, 
on board my shipj in my 

ship, 
on board their ship, in their 

ship, 
on board America?i ships, 

in American ships, 
on board the " Britannia" 

in the ^^ Britannia." 
to board (as a friend), 
to receive an officer at the 

entry port, 
alongside, 
close alo?igside. 
to make short tacks, 
to cross the bow. 
I the otJier tack. 
\ the opposite tack. 



240 



BORD— BOSSE. 



etre a contre boni. 

par dessiis le bord. 

le bo?i bord. 

le maiivais bord. 

rejoindre son bord. | 

rallier le bord. J 

le gerant du bord. 

les livres du bord. 

les papier s {ni. pi.) du bord. 
bord, m. 

le bord du soleil. 

le bard inferieur. 

le bord superieur. 
borde, in. 
bordee, /. 

la bordee de quart. 

la bordee qui n^ est pas de 
quart. 

echanger des bardies. 

tirer une bordee. 

envoyer une bordee. 

faire une bordee. 
border. 

border ajoindre. 

bordez le foe ! 

bardez le gui I 

bardez partout I 

a border les basses voiles ! 

a border les huniers I 
bornage, m. 
bosse, / 

fouetter une basse. 

lafausse bosse. 

passer une bosse. 



to be on opposite tacks, 
overboard^ by the board, 
the gaining tack, 
the losing tack. 

to join one's ship. 

the ship's husband. 

the ship's books. 

the ship's papers. 
limb. 

the limb of the sun. 

the loiver limb. 

the upper limb. 
planking, plating (of ship), 
broadside, a watch (division 

of crew), tack. 

the 7vatch on deck. 

the watch behnv. 

to exchange broadsides. 

to fire a broadside. 

to deliver a broadside. 

to make a tack. 
to haul aft. 

to sheet home. 

haul aft jib sheet ! 

haul over the boom I 

haul aft the sheets I 
fore and main sheets I 

top sail sheets I 
limited coasting trade, 
painter (of a boat), stopper. 

to pass a stopper. 

the lazy painter. 

to pass a stopper. 



BOSSE — BOUEE. 



241 



une bosse volante. 

une bosse a chaine. 

larguez la bosse/ 
bosser. 

bossez I 
bossoir, nu 

avoir Pail au bossoir. 

ouvre Poeil au bossoir I 

bossoirs (Tembarcatioti, 

bossoir de capon. 

bossoir de traversiere, 

par le bossoir. 
boucanier, in. 
bouche (/) d'un canon. 

bouche a feu. 

piece se chargeant par la 
bouche. 
bouchon, w. 
bouee, / 

une bouie a cloche. 

une bouee conique. 

une bouee de sauvetage. 

une bouee a sifflet. 

une bouie a trompe. 

s^amarrer a une bouee. 

lever les bouees. 

la bouie est a poste. 

la bouee est entre deux eaux. 

saigner {vider), une bouee. 

jetez la bouee ! 

la bouee de Tancre. 

niouiller une bouee. 

mouiller la bouee {de 
Pancre). 



rigging stopper. 

a deck stopper. 

let go the stopper I 
to stopper, to clap on a stopper. 

clap on the stopper ! 
the bow (of a ship). 

to keep a good look-out. 

sharp look-out before / 

davits. 

the cat head^ cat davits, 

fish davits. 

on the bow. 
buccaneer, 
muzzle (of a gun). 

gun (cannon), piece of ord- 
nance. 

muzzle loader. 

plug, 
buoy. 

a bell buoy. 

a nun buoy. 

a life buoy. 

a whistle buoy. 

a horn buoy. 

to make fast to a buoy. 

to pick up the buoys. 

the buoy ivatches. 

the buoy is water-logged. 

to bleed a buoy. 

let go the buoy ! 

the anchor buoy. 

to put down a buoy. 

to stream the {anchor) buoy. 



J4^ 



BOUEE — BOUSSOLE. 



la bouee veille. 

etre a Pabri de sa bouee 
{au figure). 
bouilleur, m. 
boujaron, /;/. 

un boujaron d^eau de vie. 
boule, /. 



the buoy ivatches. 

to ride under the lee of a 
rope yarn {figuratively^. 
boiler tube. 
a tot. 

a tot of brandy. 
signal ball. 



Les observatoires fran9ais, etablis dans les ports les plus impor- 
tants de la cote, signalent le temps a 22 heures, temps moyen de 
Paris. Le ballon indicateur, qui est toujours blanc, est hisse 
exactement a 21 heures 50 minutes. II tombe a 22 heures precises. 
II est hisse une deuxieme fois deux minutes plus tard, soit a 22 
heures 2 minutes. On peut ainsi prendre I'heure moyenne une 
deuxieme fois. 



boulet, m. 

un boulet de canon. 

un boulet rame. 
boulinier (;;/.) (fin voilier). 
bouline, / 

branches de bouline. 

passer a la bouline (puni- 
tiofi). 

bouion, m. 

boulon de ma7tille. 

un boulon faraude. 
bourcet (voile a). 

voile a bourcet fixe. 

voile a bourcet gambey ant. 
bourgeois (en). 
bourrasque, /. 
bourre, / 
boussole, /. 

Les marins n'emploient 
cotnpas de mer. 



shot. 

a canno?i ball. 

a chain shot. 
a weatherly ship, 
bowline. 

bowline bridles. 

to run the gauntlet., to go 
through the fleet (as a 
punishment). 
bolt. 

bolt of shackle. 

a screw bolt. 
lug sail. 

standing lug, 

dipping lug. 
in mufti (in plain clothes), 
squall, 
wad. 

compass, 
guere le mot bonssole pour designer le 



BOUT — BRAS. 



543 



bout, m. 

le bout d^une manoeuvre. 

le bout etalingui sur Vancre. 
bout-dehors, 711. 

le bout-dehors de foe. 

le bout-dehors de din foe. 

un bout-dehors de bon?iette. 

relever le bout-dehors. 
bouteilles, /. pi. 
boute-lof, m. 
brague,/. 
braguet, w. 
brai, m. 

le brai gr as. 

le brai see, 

le braifondu, 

une marmite a brai. 

une cuiller a brai. 
branche executive (la), 
branches (/ //.) de bou- 

line. 

les branehes de Vhelice. 

branle, ///. 

branle-bas de combat (faire). 

branle-bas I 
le branle-bas du matin, 
le branle-bas du soir. 
bras, m. 

le bras d^u?ie anere. 

un bras de mer. 

le bras du vent. 

le bras de dessous le vent. 

le bras de misaine. 



end. 

the fag end of a rope. 

the foreganger of the eable. 
boom (of sail). 

the jib boom. 

the flying jib boom. 

a studding sail boom. 

to top up the boom. 
round house, 
outrigger. 

breeching (for gun), 
top tackle pendant, 
pitch, coal-tar pitch. 

bastard piteh. 

black pitch. 

malted pitch. 

a pitch kettle. 

a pitch ladle. 
the executive branch, 
bowline bridles. 

the blades of the screw pro- 
peller. 
a hammock, 
to clear for action, general 

quarters. 

pipe the me?t to quarters I , 

reveille^ ?norning quarters. 

evening quarters. 
arm, inlet, brace. 

the arms of an anchor. 

an estuary, an inlet of the sea ^ 

the weather brace. 

the lee brace. 

the fore brace. 



244 



BRAS — BRIDURE. 



le bras de petit hunter, 
le bras de petit perroquet. 
le grand bras, 
le bras de grand hunier. 
le bras de grand perroquet. 
le bras de perroquet de 

fougue. 
le bras de la perruche. 
le bras de la contre civadiere. 
un bras de hune. 
un bras de perroquet. 
bras et boulines derriere I 
aux bras de tribord derriere I 
aux bras de devant I 
brasse/ 



the fore top sail brace, 
the fore top gallant brace, 
the main brace. 
main top sail brace, 
main top gallatit brace, 
mizen top sail brace. 

mizen top gallant brace, 
sprit sail brace, 
a top sail brace, 
a top gallant brace, 
brace up main yard ! 
starboard head braces I 
of all haul! 
fathom. 



La brasse fran5aise dont on ne se sert plus en France est 
de i"i*624. La brasse anglaise actuelle est de i"''829 soit six pieds 
anglais. Voir la table VIIL 



brasser. 

brasser a culer. 

brasser a culer par tout. 

brasser au vent. 

brassez 1 

brassez carre I 
brassiage, m, 

quel est le brassiage ? 
bredindin, m. 
breton (en), 
brevet, m. 
brick, m. 

brick- go'elette. 

un brick de guerre. 
brider. 
bridure, /. 

des tours {m.) de bridure. 



to brace. 

to brace aback. 

to brace all flat aback. 

to round in. 

brace in I 

square yards ! 
the soundings. 

what is the sounding ?■ 
Spanish burton, 
a-burton. 
commission, 
a brig. 

top sail schooner. 

a brig of war. 
to frap. 
a Trapping, a racking. 

racking turns. 



BRIGADIER — BROU ILLARD. 



245 



brigadier, m. 
brigantin, m. 
brigantine,/ 
bringuebale, /. 
brion, ;;/. 
briquer. 

briquer le pont. 
bris, m. (d'un navire). 
brisants, m. pi. 

des brisants devant ! 

les brisants d^une cote. 

un brisant {une vague). 
brise, / 

de petites brises. 

des brises faibles et variables. 

de fortes brises. 

une brise inigale. 

une belle brise. 

une bonne brise. 

une brise carabinee. 

une brise faible. 

une brise inolle* 

une brise de terre. 

une brise de mer. 

la brise s'est levee. 

la brise fraichit. 

la brise adonne. 

il rignait une faible brise 
dans la baie. 

pendant Vete il regne une 
faible brise dans ces 
parages. 
brise-lames, m. 
bronze, m. 
brouillard, m. 



bowman, 
brigantine. 
the spanker, 
brake of a pump. 
gripe, forefoot (of keel), 
to holystone. 

to holystone the deck. 
loss (of a ship), 
breakers (dangers). 

breakers ahead! 

the surf 

a curler (wave). 
breeze, gale, wind. 

light airs. 

light variable winds. 

strong winds. 

an unsteady wind. 

a spanking breeze, 

a stiff breeze. 

a heavy gale. 

a light wind, 

a slack wind. 

a land breeze. 

a sea breeze. 

the breeze has sprung. 

the breeze freshens. 

the wind draws aft. 

a light wind prevailed in 
the bay. 

during the summer a light 
wind prevails in those 
latitudes. 
a breakwater, 
bronze, gun metal, 
fog. 



;46 



BROUILLASSER — CABESTAN. 



brouillasser. 
bruine, / 
brillot, m. 
brumaille, / 
brume, /. 

Pour les 
mot ''fog." 

il y a de la brume, 
une banquise de brume, 
une trompe de brume. 

brumeux, brumeuse. 

brune, / 

budget {ni.) de la marine 

bugalet {ni) a poudre. 



to drizzle, 
drizzling rain, 
fire-ship, 
mist, 
fog, haze. 
Signaux phoniqnes de brwne,^^ voir a la page 63, an 



it is foggy. 

a fog bank. 

a fog horn, 
foggy, misty, thick, 
dusk. 

the navy estimates, 
a powder hoy. 



bureau (;;/.)descartesetplans. hydrographic office. 



le bureau des longitudes. 

le bureau de la marine. 

le bureau de la sante. 

le bureau Veritas {France). 
burin, m. 
buste, m. 
but, m. 

atteindre le but. ) 

toucher le but. J 

manquer le but. 

tirer sur un but. 



Nautical Almanac office. 

marine board. 

board of health. 

Lloyd^s office {England). 
fid, toggle, 
figure head, 
aim, target, mark. 

to strike the target. 

to miss the target, 
to fire at a mark. 



cabestan, ni. 
da cloche, 
le chapeau. 
les linguets. 
la meche. 
„ \les taquets. 
« \la couronne a empreintes. 



C. 

capstan. 

\the barrel. 
\the drum. 

the pawls. 
I the spindle. 

the whelps. 
\the sprocket tvheeL 



CAB EST AN — CADftNES. 



247 



les barres du cabestan, 

un cabestan a vapeur. 

armer le cabestan. 

mettre du monde au cabestati. 

aic cabestan ! 

virer au cabestan. 
cabillot, ;//. 
cabine, / 

la cabine cCavant. 

la cabine des premieres, 
cable, m. 

un cable clair. 

un cable engagi. 

un cable enfilin. 

un cable teligraphique. 

virer le cable. 

le puits aux cables* 
cablot (w.) d'arriere (/). 
cabotage, ni. 

caboteur, /;/., cabotier, m. 
cabrion, 7n. 
cacatois, m. 

un mat de cacatois. 

le grand mat de cacatois. 

le petit mat de cacatois. 

le mat de cacatois deperruche. 

le grand cacatois. 

le petit cacatois. 

le cacatois de perruche, 

le petit cacatois volant. 

a digrier les cacatois I 

a serrer les cacatois t 
cachalot, ;//. 
cachot, /;/. 
cadenes, / 



capstan bars. 

a steam capstan. 

to rig the capstan. 

to man the capstan. 

man capstan ! 

to heave in at the capstan. 
belaying pin, toggle, 
cabin. 

t/iefore cabin. 

the state cabin, the saloon, 
cable. 

clear hawse. 

foul hawse. 

a hempen cable. 

a telegraphic cable. 

to shorten the cable. 

the chain locker. 
a stern fast, 
coasting trade, 
coasting vessel, coaster, 
skid (for gun), 
a royal sail. 

a royal mast. 

the main royal mast. 

the fore royal mast. 

the mizen royal mast. 

the main royal. 

t lie fore royal. 

the mizen royal. 

fore sky sail. 

down royal yards I 

in royals f 
sperm whale, 
cell, 
chain plates. 



248 



CADRAN — CALFAIT. 



cadran, m. 

tin cadran solaire. 
cadre, m. 

le cadre de rherve. 
cage (/.) a poules (/). 
cagnard, m. 
cahier {m.) de punition (/). 

le cahier d'ordres. 

le cahier d'hopital^ m. 
caillebotis, ;;/.//. 
caisse (/.) a eau (/.). 

la caisse d'une poiilie. 
caisson, m. 
calaison, / 

sans difference de calaison. 
cale, /. 

la cale avant. 

la cale arriere. 

le chef de cale. 

la cale au vin. 

l^eau de la cale. 

donner la cale a un homme 
{couper les rahans de son 
hamac). 

le supplice de la cale humide. 

une cale {pour caler). 

{ pour embarquer. j 

""'"''' \oudebarquer. \ 

une cale de construction. 

un cale-bas. 

un cale-bas de bonnette. 
calendrier, ;//. 
caler. 

caler un mat. 
calfait^ m. 



a dial. 

a sun dial. 
a cot. 

the retired list. 
hen-coop, 
tarpaulin, 
defaulters' book. 

the order book. 

sick-list. 
gratings, 
water-tank. 

the shell of a block. 
locker, 
draught of water. 

on an even keel. 
hold, the main hold, &c., &c. 

the fore hold. 

the after hold. 

the captain of the hold. 

the spirit room. 

bilge water. 

to cut a man down {to cut the 
laniards of his hammock). 

keel hauling {punishment). 

a wedge, a chock. 

a landing place. 

a landing stage. 

a building slip. 

a downhaul. 

studding sail downhaul. 
the calendar. 
(See " draught of water.") 

to house a mast. 
caulking iron- 



CALFAT— CANON. 



249 



calfat, m. 

un maitre calfat. 
calfatage, vi. 
calfater. 
calibre, m. 
calier, m. 
caliorne,/. 

caliorne de braguet. 

grier une caliorne. 
calme, w. 

les calme s du cancer. 

les calmes Squatoriaux. 

un calme plat. 

la zone des calmes. 
calme, m.^ and,/ 
camarade, m. 

camarade de plat. 
cambuse, /. 
cambusier, m. 



campagne, /. 
faire une campagtte. 

cet officier a beaucotip de 
campagnes. 
can, 7n. 
canal, m. 

le canal de Suez. 

le canal de hausse. 
canardeur, m. (vaisseau qui 

tangue beaucoup). 
candelette, /. 

une pantoire de candelette. 
canon, m. 



caulker. 

a master caulker. 
caulking, 
to caulk, 
calibre, 
holder, 
purchase, tackle purchase. 

top tackle^ four fold purchase. 

to rig a purchase. 
calm. 

horse latitudes. 

doldrums^ equatorial calms. 

a dead calm. 

calm belts. 
calm, 
shipmate. 

messmate. 
steward's room, store-room, 
ship steward's assistant (slang : 

" Jack in the dust," " Jack 
in the bread-room "). 
a cruise. 

to see service. 

this officer has seeii much ser- 
vice. 
edge (of plank, plate, &c.). 
canal. 

the Suez Canal. 

tangent sight groove. 
a pile driver (ship that pitches 

heavily), 
burton. 

a burton pendant. 
cannon, gun, piece of ord- 
nance. 



250 



CANON — CANOT. 



un canon en acier. 
un canon a tir rapide. 
un canon revolver, 
un canon raye. 
la portee d'un canon, 
tirer un canon. 

tirer tin coup de canon. 

tirer des coups de canon de 
minute en minute. 

manoiuvrer un canon. 

le canon d^un fusil. 
canonnage, m. 

un instructeurde canonnage. 

un canonnier instructeur. 
canonnier, m. 

un maitre canonnier. 

le navire ccole des canon- 
niers. 
canonniere, /. 

canonniere cuirassee. 
canot, m. 

le grand canot. \ 

le canot major. J 

le canot de Pamiral. 

un canot ponte. 

un canot non ponte. 

un canot de sauvetage. 

armer im canot. 

un canot arme en pointe. 

un canot a couples. 

le canot No. z, No. 2. 

sauter dans un canot. 

ohe I du canot. 



a steel gu7i. 

a quick firing gun. 

a Hotchkiss gun. 

a rifled gun. 

the range of a gun. 

to fire a gun, to fight a 

gun. 
to fire a gun shot, 
to fire minute guns. 

to work a gun. 
a gun barrel. 
practical gunnery. 

> a gunnery instructor. 

a gunner. 

a chief gunner, 
gunnery ship. 

gun boat. 

armoured gun boat. 
boat, ship's cutter, a barge. 

the pinnace. 

the admiraVs barge. 

a decked boat. 

an open boat. 

a life boat. 

to man a boat. 

a single banked boat. 

a double banked boat. 

the first, the second cutter. 

to get into a boat, to jump into 

-a boat, 
boat ahoy ! 



CANOTIERS—CAPITAINE. 



25 



canotiers, m. pi. 

les canotiers embarquent ! 

les canotiers 1 embarquent ! 
cap, m, 

le cap d^un navire. 

avoir le cap au nord, au 
sudf c^c. 

mettre le cap sur .... 

oil est la cap ? 

iin cap de mouton. 
cape (etre a la). \ 
cape (tenir la). j 

etre a la cape pendant iin 
coup de vent. 
capelage, ///. 

le capelage des mats. 

capelage de bas-mdt. 

capelage de hune. 
capele (etre) par la lame, 
capeyer. 
capitaine, m. 

un capitaine de vaisseau. 
capitaine de frigate. 



boat's crew. 

away there ! 
aivay there first cutter I 
cape, head. 

the head of a ship. 

to stand to the norths to the 

south., c^c. 
to steer for .... 
how is her head ? 
a dead eye. 

to lie to close reefed. 

to lie to in a gale of wind. 

rigging of mast. 

the rigging of tlie masts. 

lower rigging. 

top-mast rigging, 
to be pooped, 
to lie to. 
captain, master (merchant 

navy), skipper. 

captain of a man of war. 

commander. 



En France on se sert toujours du mot "commandant" pour 
designer le capitaine d'un navire de guerre tandis qu'en Angleterre 
on emploie le mot captain. Exemples : — 
Ou est le commandant ? Where is the captain ? 

Je suis bien fache que le comman- I am very sorry the captain is not 
dant ne soit pas a bord. on board. 

On donne aussi le titre de ' ' commandant " a un capitaine de fregate 
et meme a un lieutenant de vaisseau qui commande en premier. 

6n Anglais, lorsqu'on repond a un officier, de n'importe quel 
grade, on se sert toujours du mot sir. 

Au lieu de dire, Otii, amiral ; Out, commandant, comme en 
Fran9ais, on dira tout simplement, Yes, sir. 



25: 



gAPITAINE — CARfeNE. 



Si on s'adressait a un lieutenant de vaisseau, auquel on rci)ondrait 
en Fran9ais par les mots, Otii^ capitaine, il en serait de meme et on 
dirait encore, Yes, sir. 



un capitaine marchand. 
un capitaine au long cours. 

un capitaine de pavilion. 

un capitaine de port. 

le capitaine d'armes. 
capitulation/, 
capon, m. 

une poulie de capon. 

le bossoir de capon. 
caponner. 

caponner Pancre. 
caporal d'armes. 
capot, m. 

le capot d* habitacle. 

le capot d'echelle. 
capoter. 
caque, / 

caquer (du poisson). 
carabine, / 

tirer a la carabine. 
carcasse (/) (d'un navire). 

la carcasse d^une torpille. 
cardinal (point), 
carenage, m. 
carene, / 

la f agon de la carene. 

une carene sale, 

abattre en carene. 

donner une demi-carene. 



a ship-master. 

a master mariner. 

a captain in the merchant 
navy. 

a flag captain. 

a harbour master. 

tlu master-at-arms. 
capitulation, 
cat. 

a cat block. 

the cat head. 
to cat. 

to cat the anchor. 
ship's corporal, 
companion, hood, hatch. 

binnacle hood. 

companion, 
to capsize, 
keg. 

to cure (fish), to barrel (fish), 
carbine. 

to shoot with a rifle. 
carcass (of a ship). 

the shell of a torpedo. 
cardinal point, 
careening-place. 
bottom, skin (of ship). 

the sweep of ship's botto7n. 

foul bottom {of ship). 

to careen^ to heave down a ship. 

to give a boot topping {to a 
vessel). 



CARENER — CASQUETTE. 



253 



carener. 

caret (fil de). 
cargaison, / 
cargue, /. 

fausses-cargues, f. 

une cargue-boulifie. 

une cargue-fond. 

une cargue-pomt. 
carguer. 

a carguer les basses voiles I 

a carguer la grand* voile ! 
carlingue,/. 

carlingue verticale. 
carre, m. 

le carri des officiers. 

les officiers du carrL 

le carre du faux pout. 
carre, w., carree, / 
carrelet, m. (poisson). 
cartahu, m. 
cartalin, m. 

cartalin de linge. 
carte, /. 

une carte marine. 

les cartes riduHes. 

une carte magnetique. 

les cartes de Vamiraute 
anglaise. 

les cartes du d^pot. 

le kiosque des cartes. 
cartouche, / 
casemate, /. 

easier (?«.) (a homards). 
casquette, / 

la visiire d'une casquette. 



to careen, 
rope yarn, 
cargo, freight, 
brail. 

slab-lines. 

a leech-line. 

a bunt-line, a clew garnet. 

a clew-lifte. 
to clew up, to haul up, to brail up. 

up courses I 

up mainsail I 
keelson. 

vertical keel. 
square, square flag. 

the ward-room. 

the ward-room officers. 

the cockpit. 
square. 

a flounder (fish), 
gantline, jigger, 
cant line, girt line. 

clothes line. 
map. 

a chart. 

Mercator's charts. 

a variation chart. 

admiralty charts. 

French admiralty charts. 

the chart house. 
cartridge, 
casemate. 

weel, lobster pot, creel, crab pot. 
a cap (for wearing). 

the peak of a cap. 



254 



CASQUETTE— CHAtNE. 



casquette a visiere rabattue. 
casser. 
casser (degrader). 

casser un officier. 
ceintrage, m. 
ceintrer un navire. 
ceinture, / 



tine ceinture blindee. 

une ceinture de sauvetage. 
cellules (/.) etanches. 
centre, m. 
cercle, m. 

un grand cercle. 

un petit cercle. 

un cercle polaire. 

un cercle lumineux. 
ceruse (/.) ou blanc {ni.) de 

ceruse, 
c'est bien ! bon quart ! 
c'est bon ! amarrez ! 
chaine, f. 

une chaine bien prise. 

une chaine mal prise. 

avoir des tours de chaine. 

avoir les chaines claires. 

un tour de chaine. 

comment vient la chaifie ? 

ditalinguer la chaine. 

filer de la chaine. 

filer la chaine par le bout. 

virer de la chaine. 

une chaine galle. 



cap with turned-down peak. 
to break, to part, 
to cashier, to disrate. 

to cashier an officer. 
the swifting (of a ship), 
to frap a ship, to swift a ship, 
belt (of armour), jacket (of 

projectile), stringer, shelf- 
piece, swifter. 

a belt of armour. 

a life belt. 
air-tight cases, 
centre, 
circle. 

a great circle. 

a small circle. 

a polar circle. 

a halo. 
white lead. 

all right ! all's well ! 

well there belay ! 

chain, cable, boom of harbour. 

a good nip. 

a bad nip. 

a foul hawse. 

to have an open hawse. 

an elbow in the hawse. 

how does the cable grow ? 

to unshackle the cable. 

to pay out cable. 

to slip the cable. 

to shorten in cable. 

endless chain {for training 
gun), pitch or ladder chain. 



CHALAN — CHANGER. 



255 



chalan, m, 
chaloupe, /. 

line chaloupe canonniere. 

une chaloupe de port. 
chalut, m. 
chaluter. 
chalutier, m. 
chambre, /. 

la chambre de chauffe. 

la cJiambre des machines. 

la chambre d'avant. 

la cha?nbre du co^nmandant. 

la cha7nbre d'un canot. 

chambre a air d^une torpille. 

chafnbre a eau d'une torpille. 

chambre du tnicanisme 
d^une torpille. 

une chambre d'iquilibre. 
chandelier, ni. 
champ (w.) de tir. 

le champ de tir horizontal. 

le champ de tir vertical. 
changement (w.) de temps 

{'"■). 

le changement de maree. 
changer une voile. 

changez la misaine ! 
changez les foes I 

changez les voiles I . 
changez la misaine ! ( gree- 

ment anglais), 
changez le taille-vent ! 

{greemen t fra n^a is) . 



a lighter, 
a launch. 

a river gun boat. 

a lump {boat). 
a trawl (net), 
to trawl, 
a trawler, 
cabin, cuddy. 

the stoke hole. 

the engine room. 

the fore cabin. 

the captain^ s cabin. 

the stern sheets of a boat. 

air chamber of a torpedo. 

7vater chamber of a torpedo. 

adjustment chamber of a 
torpedo. 

a water balance chamber. 
crutch (support), 
arc of training. 

arc of training horizontally. 

arc of traini?tg vertically. 
breaking up of the weather. 

t/ie turn of the tide. 
to gybe a sail (purposely), to 
shift a sail. 
let draw I {in a boat), 
shift over the head s fleets I 

{in a ship), 
shift over {in boats) ! 
shift over I {English rig). 

shift over / {Fre?tch rig). 



256 



CHANGER — CHARGER. 



devant changez I {en virant) 
derriere changez I 
chantier, 7?t. 

mettre sur chantier. 

* 

chantier de bois. 
chanvre, m, 
chape, / 

chapeau a cornes. 
chapelle,/ (faire). 
charbon (w.) de terre. 

faire son charbon. 

un dipot de charbon. 

un bateau a charbon. 

un ponton a charbon. 

une soute a charbon. 

ar rimer le charbon. 
charbonnier, m. 
charge,/. 

la charge de combat. 

la charge d'exercise. 

la charge interieure d'un 
obus. 
charge. 

charge en grenier, ^ 

charge en pagale. > 

charge en vrac. ) 

trop chargi. 
chargement, m. 

le chariot de chargement. 

la planchette de chargement. 

un chargement en cueillette. 
charger. 

cJiarger en cueillette. 



. let go and haul! {in tacking). 

main sail haul I 
building yard, dockyard, navy 

yard, ship yard. 

to put on the stocks. 

timber yard. 
hemp, 
gin-block, 
cocked hat. 

to be taken aback, chapelling. 
coal. 

to coal. 

a coal depot. 

a coal barge. 

a coal hulk. 

a coal bunker. 

to trim the coal. 
collier, 
bulk, load, charge (for gun). 

full charge. 

practice charge., dum7ny 
charge. 

bursting charge of a shell. 

laden. 

laden in bulk. 

overloaded. 
cargo, loading, shipment. 

the loading apparatus. 

the ammunition lift. 

a general cargo. 
to load (a ship or gun). 

to take a general cargo. 



CHARGEUR — CHEF 



257 



chargeur, m. 

charpente (/) (d'un navire). 

charpentier, m, 

maitre charpentier. 

charpentier d^ arsenal, 
charte-partie, /. 
chasse,/ (donner la). 

avoir de la chasse. 

U7ie chasse a cul. 

un sabord de chasse. 
chasse-maree, m. 
chasser. 

chasser sur les ancres. 
chassis, m. (d'un affiit). 
chaudiere, / 

une chaudiere a tubes d^eau. 

line chaudiere tubulaire. 

une ipreuve de chaudiere. 

U7ie explosion de chaudiere. 

la chaudilre a fait explosion. 

/aire le plein des chaudieres. 

vider les chaudieres. 
chaudronnier, m. 
chauffage, m. 
chauffe (la chambre de). 
chauffer. 

chaufferie, / 
chauffeur, 771. 

un maitre chauffeur. 

un chauffeur breveti. 
chaumard, m. 
chavirer. 
chef (/«.) de file. 

chef de division. 



shipper (of goods), 
the framing (of a ship), 
carpenter. 

chief carpenter. 

shipwright. 
charter party, 
to give chase. 

to have sea roo7n. 

a ster7i chase. 

a chase port. 
lugger, 
to drive, to chase. 

to drag the a7ichors. 
frame (of gun carriage), 
boiler. 

a water -tube boiler. 

a tubulous boiler. 

boiler testing. 

bursting of boiler. 

the boiler has burst, 

to fill the boilers. 

to empty the boilers, 
copper smith, 
breaming, 
the stoke-hole, 
to bream, to get up steam, to 

stoke, 
stoke-hole, 
fireman, stoker. 

a chief stoker. 

a leading stoker. 
a fair lead, 
to capsize, 
leader of a column. 

commodore. 
17 



258 



CHEF— CHOC. 



chef de mustque. 

chef de iiage. 

chef de piece. 

chef de quart. 

chef de timonerie. 
chemin, m. 

le chemin est ou ouest. 

le chemin nord ou sud. 

chemin de halage. 
cheminee, / 

une che7ninee a telescope. 
chemise, /. 
chenal, m. 



band master, 
stroke {man), 
captain of the gun. 
captain of the watch, 
chief yeoman of signals. 
way. 
departure^ easting or westing, 
northing or southing. 



cheval-marin, 7n. 
cheval-vapeur, m. 



tow path. 
funnel. 

a telescopic funnel. 
jacket (of engine), 
canal, channel, fairway (of 

harbour), 
morse, walrus, 
horse power. 

Le cheval-vapeur fran9ais est egal a 75 kilc^rammetres, le 
kilogrammetre representant la force necessaire pour elever 
I kilogramme a une hauteur de i metre en i seconde. Le cheval- 
vapeur anglais est equivalent a 33,000 livres anglaises elevees a une 
hauteur de l pied anglais en i minute. II s'en suit que, si I'on a 
soin de reduire las mesures anglaises en mesures fran9aises, le 
cheval-vapeur fran^ais est egal a 32,550 livres anglaises plus une 
fraction negligeable. En d'autres termes, le cheval-vapeur 
franjais est au cheval-vapeur anglais comme 217 est a 220. 

petit'cheval, m. , donkey-engine. 

chevalier, ;//. knight. \_the Bath), 

chevalier de Vordre du Bain. K. C.B. {Knight Commander of 



cheville, / 

cheville a boucle. 

cheville a oeillet, 
chevre (/) de cordier. 
chevrette, /. 
chirurgien, m. 
choc, m. 

difie du choc! 



bolt. 

a ring bolt. 

an eye bolt. 
ropemaker's top. 
shrimp, 
surgeon, 
a surge (shock). 

surge easy ! 



CHOISIS— CINGLER. 



259 



choisis (hommes). 
choquer. 

choquez le cable 1 
chouque, m.^ chouquet, m 

le chouque du beaupre. 
chronographe, 7n. 
chronometre, m, 

le chronometre etalon. 
le regulateur d'un chrono- 
metre. 
regler les chronomltres, 
la marche diurne des chrono- 

metres. 
la marche moyenne deschrono- 

fnetres. 
la marche moyenne en retard 

{des chronomHres). 
lafnarc/ief?ioyenneen avance 

{des chronomHres), 
remonter les chrono metres, 
ces chronom^tres ont ete 

rSgUs ily a huit jours, 
la marche diurne decechro no- 
metre est en retard de cinq 
fninutes. 
chute (/.) d'une voile, 
cible, /. 

tirer a la cible. 
le tir a la cible. 
ciel, m, 

del pommele. 
cigale,/ 

cingler. 



first rate men. 
to surge, to check. 
surge the cable I 
cap (for mast). 

the cap of the bozvsprit. 
hack watch, 
chronometer. 

the standard chronometer, 
the balance wheel of a chrono- 
meter, 
to rate the chronometers. 
the daily rate of the chrono- 
meters, 
the mean rate of the chrono- 
meters, 
the mean losing rate of the 

chronometers, 
the mean gaifiing rate of the 

chronometers, 
to wind up the chronometers, 
these chronometers were regu- 
lated a week ago. 
the rate of this chronometer is 
losing five minutes daily. 

the leech of a sail. 

a target. 

to fire at a target, 
target practice. 

sky. 

mackerel sky. 

ring of anchor, mooring 
ring. 

to sail, or to steer on a particu- 
lar course. 



26o 



CINQ — CLOCHE. 



Cinq Ports (les), 7n. 



the Cinque Ports. 



Ces ports, situes sur la cote sud-est de I'Angleterre, etaient autre- 
fois au nombre de cinq : Douvres, Sandwich, Romney, Hastings, 
and Hythe. Plus tard on y ajouta les ports de Rye et de Winchel- 
sea. Ces cinq ports ont des tneinbres. Ainsi Faversham est un 
menibre de Douvres. La situation de ces ports, pres de la cote 
fran9aise, les faisait regarder autrefois comme les clefs de 
I'Angleterre. 

le Gouverneurdes Cinq Ports, the Lord Warden of the 



circomnavigation, f. 

circompolaire, m. and/ 

cire, ;//. 

citerne, / 

clair, m.^ claire,/ 

claire-voie, /. 

clairon, /;/. 

une sonfierie de clairon, 
clan. m. 

clapoteuse (mer). 
clapotis {m.) de maree. 
classe, /. 

de premiere classe. 



Cinque Ports. 
circumnavigation, 
circumpolar. 

an oil skin, a sou'-wester. 
cistern, tank vessel. 
clear (not foul), 
skylight, 
bugle, bugler. 
a bugle call. 
sheave hole (of mast), 
chopping sea. 
tide rip. 

rate (rank), rating. 
first rate. 



des navires de premiere classe. first rate ships, 
des navires de deuxieme classe. second rate ships. 



classer. 

cle, /, or clef. 

mettre en cle. 
clin (borde a), 
clin foe, m. 
cloche, /. 

la cloche du cabestan. 

une cloche a plongeur. 

sonner la cloche. 



to rate (men). Voir " Inscrip- 
tion Maritime." 
fid. 
to fid. 

clinker built. 

flying jib. 

bell. 

the barrel of the capstan, 
a diving bell, 
to ring the bell. 



CLOISON — COLONNE. 



261 



cloison, / 

doisotis etanches. 

doisons laierales. 

une doiso7i diametrale. 

une doison transversale. 

les doisons (Tune bouche a feu . 
clou, m. 

utt dou a doublage. 
code de commerce. 

code international des si- 
gnaux. 

le code niilitaire. 
coffre, m. 

un coffre d^amarrage^ m. 

coififer une voile, 
coin {m.) de mire. 

un coi?i a oreilles. 
coincer. 
coites, / pL 
collet bleu (un) (matelot de 

I'Etat). 
collimation (ligne de). 
colon, m, 
colonne,/. 

la colonne de tete. 

la colomie de queue. 

la colonne de droite. 

la colonne de gauche. 

la colonne sous le vent. 

la colomie du vent. 

une colonne e?i angle de chasse. 

une colonne e?i angle de 
retraite. 

ordre de file ejt colonne. 



bulkhead. 

water-tight bulkheads. 

wings. 

a lo7igitudinal bulkhead. 

a transverse bulkhead. 

the lands of a gun. 
a nail. 

sheathing nail. 
commercial code. 

international code signal. 
(See Table XIII.) 

the articles of war. 
chest (box). 

dolphin {mooring), mooring 
buoy. 
to gybe a sail (accidentally), 
quoin (for gun). 

wedge for lower mast. 
to chock, 
launching ways, 
a blue jacket (sailor of the 

Navy), 
line of collimation. 
a colonist, a squatter, 
column. 

the leading column. 

t/ie rear column. 

the starboard wing column. 

the port wing column. 

the lee coluffin. 

the weather column. 

column in two quarter lines. 

column in two bowlines or 
double bowlines. 

columns in line ahead. 



262 



COLTAR — COMMISSION. 



coltar, m. 
coltis, m. 
combat, 7n. 

combat ?taval, m. 

se preparer au combat. 

un simulacre de combat. 
combattre. 
combustible, m. 

le combustible liquide. 
commandant, m. 
commande,/ 
commandement, m. 

un commandefnent a la mer, 
commander. 

pendant qu^on commande. 
comme ga ! 

commerce, m. 

le commerce etranger. 

le commerce interieur. 

le commerce maritime. 

le commerce d' exportation. 

le co7nmerce d* importation. 

le code de commerce. 
commettage, m. 
commettre (commis). 

commis en g?'elin. \ 

commis en cable, j 

commis en aussiere. 
commis {m.) aux vivres. 
commissaire, 7n. 

commissairede la Matricide 
generate. 
commission,/ 

une commission speciale. 



coal tar. 

beak-head frame, 
action, fight. 

sea-fight, naval fight. 

to prepare for action. 

a sham fight. 
to fight, 
fuel. 

liquid fuel. 
captain, commanding officer, 
nettle stuff, a fox. 
a command, a call. 

a sea-going command. 
to order. 

while in charge of deck. 
so ! steady ! well ! dyce ! very 

well, dyce ! " there away ! " 
trade, commerce. 

foreign trade. 

home trade. 

the carrying trade. 

export commerce. 

import commerce. 

the commercial code. (See 
the lay (of a rope). [Table xiii.) 
to lay rope (laid). 

cable laid rope. 

hawser laid rope. 
ship's steward, 
paymaster. 

Registrar-General of Mer- 
chant Seamen. 
commission. 
afi acting commission. 



COMPAGNIE — COMPAS. 



263 



compagnie (la) des Indes. 
Compagnon de I'ordre du 
Bain. 



compartiment {m.) etanche 
compartiment a cellulose, 
compartiment des rSgulateurs 
dune torpille. 



the East India Company. 
C.B., Companion of the Most 

Honourable Order of the 

Bath, 
water-tight compartment. 

cofferdam. 

balance cha?nber of a torpedo. 



compartimer 


itage, jn. 


cellular subdivisions. 


compas {m.) 


de mar. 


the compass. 


Franfais. 




Anglais. 


1 '' 


■-~~\ /^ 




N. 


N. 


north. 


N. IE. 


N.JE. 


north half-east. 


N.JN.E. 


N. b. E. 


north by east. 


N.N.E.JN. 


N. b. E. J E. 


north by east half-east. 


N.N.E. 


N.N.E. 


north-north-east. 


N.N.E. 1 E. 


N.N.E. J E. 


north-north-east half-east. 


N.E.JN. 


N.E. b. N. 


north-east by north. 


N.E. JN. 


N.E. J N. 


north-east half-north. 


N.E. 


N.E. 


north-east. 


N.E. J E. 


N.E. IE. 


north-east half-east. 


N.E.JE. 


N.E.b. E. 


north-east by east. 


E.N.E. J N. 


N.E.b.E. JE 


;. north-east by east half-east. 


E.N.E. 


E.N.E. 


east-north-east. 


E.N.E. J E. 


E. b. N. J N. 


east by north half-north. 


E. JN.E. 


E. b. N. 


east by north. 


E.JN. 


E. JN. 


east half-north. 


B. 


E. 


east. 


E.|S. 


E. JS. 


east half-south. 


E. iS.E. 


E. b. S. 


east by south. 


E.S.E. J E. 


E. b. S. 1 S. 


east by south half-south. 


E.S.E. 


E.S.E. 


east south-east. 


E.S.E.JS. 


S.E.b.E.JE. 


south-east by east half-east. 



264 COMPAS. 

Frangais. Anglais, 



S.E. \ E. S.E. b. E. south-east by east. 

S.E. \ E. S.E. \ E. south-east half-east. 

S.E. S.E. south-east. 

S.E. \ S. S.E. \ S. south-east half-south. 

S.E. \ S. S.E. b. S. south-east by south. 

S.S.E. \ E. S.S.E. \ E. south-south-east half-east. 

S.S.E. S.S.E. south south-east. 

S.S.E. \ S. S. b. E. \ E. south by east half-east. 

S. \ S.E. S. b. E. south by east. 

S. J E. S. J E. south half-east. 

S. S. south. 

S. JO. S. J W. south half-west. 

S. \ S.O. S. b. W. south by west. 

S.S.O. \ S. S. b. W. 1 W. south by west half-west. 

S.S.O. S.S.W. south-south-west. 

S.S.O. J O. S.S.W. 1 W. south-south-west half- west. 

S.O. \ S. S.W. b. S. south-west by south. 

S.O. \ S. S.W. 1 S. south-west half-south. 

S.O. S.W. south-west. 

S.O. \ O. S.W. 1 W. south-west half-west. 

S.O. \ O. S.W. b. W. south-west by west. 

O.S.O. \ S. S.W.b.W. J W. south-west by west half-west. 

O.S.O. W.S.W. west-south-west. 

O.S.O. \ O. W. b. S. \ S. west by south half-south. 

O. \ S.O. W. b. S. west by south. 

O. J S. W. J S. west half-south. 

O. W. west. 

O. \ N. W. \ N. west half-north. 

O. \ N.O. W. b. N. west by north. 

O.N.O. \ O. W. b. N. \ N. west by north half-north. 

O.N.O. W.N.W. west-north-west. 

O.N.O. \ N. N. W. b.W. J W. north-west by west half-west. 

N.O. \ O. N.W. b. W. north-west by west. 





COMPAS. 261 


Franfais. 




Anglais. 


N.O.JO. 


N.W. J W. 


north-west half-west. 


N.O. 


N.W. 


north-west. 


N.0. 1 N. 


N.W. 1 N. 


north-west half-north. 


N.O.iN. 


N.W. b. N. 


north-west by north. 


N.N.O.iO. 


N.N.W. IW. 


north north-west half-west. 


N.N.O. 


N.N.W. 


north north-west. 


N.N.0. 1 N. 


N.b.W.iW. 


north by west half-west. 


N-iN.O. 


N. b. W. 


north by west. 


N.JO. 


N.JW. 


north half-west. 


N. 


N. 


north. 



Le mot boussole, qvai veut dire aussi compass, ne s'entend guere a 
bord des navires, et les marins le regardant generalement comme 
appartenant a la langue des terriens. 

Dans la marine fran9aise la route se donne generalement en 
degres au lieu d'ai^es de vent. 

Les marins anglais, comme les marins fran9ais, prononcent d'une 
maniere toute speciale certaines aires de vent. Cela est surtout le 
cas dans les composes ou entre le mot south qui se prononce alors 
comme sa-ou, tres court. II est aussi d'autres nuances que seule 
Poreille peut saisir. 

un compas de relevement. \ ^ ^„:^..¥j, .^^j.^.. 
^ . . \ an azimutfi compass, 

un compas de variation. J 

un compas d'habitacle. binnacle compass. 

un compas liquide. a liquid compass. 

le compas etalon. the standard compass. 

le compas de route. the steering compass. 

le compas Tho?nson. Sir William TJi07nson^s 

compass. 

P aiguille du com'has. the compass needle. 

la boite du compas. compass bowl. 

la rose du compas. compass card. 

le reglage \ 

la regulation J> du comfas. adjustment of compass. 

la rectification ) 



266 



COMPAS— CONNAISSEMENT. 



la route au coftipas. 

la route parcourue au compas. 

un relevement au compas. 

un compas azimutal. 

compas renverse. 
compas, m. 

un compas de calibre. 

un compas a pointes seches. 
complement (w.) d'un angle, 
complet (au). 
comptabilite, /. 

la comptabilite du bord. 
compte, m. 
compte (rendre) de quelque- 

chose. 
compte-rendu, m. 
compter ses chemises (argot). 

compteur, m. 

comptoir, m. 

condenseur, m. ) 

condensateur, m. ) 

condensation,/ (machine a). 

conduire. 

cone, m. 

conge {m.) de la douane. 

conge, ;^. (permission). 

etre en congi. 
congedie. 

etre congedii. 

congreer. 
conjonction,/ 
connaissance (la) des temps, 
connaissement, m. 



compass course. 

compass course made good. 

a compass bearing. 

a prismatic compass. 

tell tale {compass). 
a pair of compasses. 

callipers. 

dividers. 
complement of an angle, 
all a taunto. 
accounts. 

the ship's accounts. 
account (book-keeping), 
to report something. 

an account, returns, 
casting accounts (to be sea- 
sick) (slang). 
hack watch, 
settlement (colony). 

condenser. 

condensing engine. 

to lead. 

cone. 

a clearance (customs). 

leave, furlough. 

to be on furlough. 
discharged. 

to be discharged from the 
service. 
to worm, 
conjunction. 
Nautical Almanac, 
bill of lading. 



CONSEIL — CONTRE. 



267 



conseil de guerre, m. council of war, court-martial, 

conserve (vaisseau de). consort (vessel). 

7iaviguer de conserve. to sail in company. 

le ^^ Royal Sovereign'^ et ses the '•^ Royal Sovereign'"* and 
deux vaisseaux deconserve. her two consorts. 



consignataire, m. 
consignation, /. 
consigne, /. 

donner une consigne. 

lever une consigne. 

manger la consigne, 

observer la consigne. 

passer la consigne. 



console {f.) d'un canon, 
consommation (/.) du com 

bustible. 
constructeur, m. 

im constructeur de la marine. 

un constructeur de navires. 
construction, / 

construction de bateaux. 

constructio7i de navires. 

de construction fran^aise. 
construire. 
consul, m. 

un vice-consul, 
consulat, m. 
contact, m. 

obtenir un contact. 
contenance, / 
contrat, m. 

contrat a la grosse. 
contre-amiral, m. 
contre-arc, m. (avoir du). 



consignee, 
consignment, 
order, orders. 

to give orders. 

to revoke an order. 

to disobey an order. 

to obey an order. 

to give over an order to an 
orderly. 
bracket of a gun. 
the consumption of fuel. 



builder, ship-builder, engineer. 

a naval constructor. 

a ship-builder. 
building. (Voir " ingenieur.") 

boat-building. 

ship-building. 

French built. 
to build, 
consul. 

a vice-consul. 
consulate, 
contact. 

to obtain a contact. 
burden (of a ship), tonnage 
contract. 

bottomry bond. 
rear-admiral, 
to be sagged. 



268 



CONTRE — CORMORANT. 



les efforts du contre-arc. 
contrebande, /. 

la contrebande de guerre. 
contrebandier, m. 
contrebasser devant. 
contre-bord (a). 

ces deux navires sont a 
contre-bord. 
Gontre-etrave,/. 
contre-torpilleur, m. 
convoi, m. 
convoyer. 
coolie, m. 
coordonnees, /. //. 
co-proprietaire, m. 
coq, m. 
coque,/ 

la coque exterieure. 

la coque iitterieure. 

a double coque. 

parer la coque. 

coqueron {m^ des officiers. 
coquillage, m.^ coquille,/. 
corail, m. 

banc de corail. 
cordage, m. 

cordage de manille. 

cordage enfil de fer. 

un cordage en pitte. 
corde, /. 
corderie, / 

cordes, /. (a mats et a). 
cordier, m. 
cormorant, m. 



sagging strai?is. 
contraband, smuggling. 

contraband of war. 
smuggler, 
boxing off. 
on opposite tacks. 

these two vessels are on 
opposite tacks or courses. 
apron (timber), 
torpedo gun boat, 
convoy. 

to convoy, to escort, 
a coolie, 
co-ordinates, 
part-owner, 
cook, 
bottom, skin, hull, kink. 

outer botto7n. 

inner bottom. 

with double bottom. 

to have a narrow squeak 
(slang), 
the officers' store-room, 
shell, shell-fish, 
coral. 

coral reef. 
rope. 

manilla rope. 

wire rope. 

a coir rope. 
line, rope, 
rope walk, 
under bare poles, 
rope maker, 
cormorant, a shag. 



CORNE — c6tE. 



269 



corne, / 

a la corne* 

la corne de brigantine. 

apiquer la corne. 

amefier la corne. 
cornet {in.) a bouquin. 
corniere, /. 
Corporation (la) de Trinity 

House. 
Corps {in. pi.) auxiliaires de 

la Marine. 

le corps (Tun navire. 

corps mort, m. 

corps et Mens. 

le navire a ete perdu corps 
et biens. 
correction, /. 
corsaire, m. 

corvee, / 

etre envoy e en corvee. 
corvette, / 
cosse,/. 

cosse conductrice. 

cosse de bois. 
cote (/.) d'un navire (bureau 

Veritas). 
cote,/ 

une cote dangereuse. 

une cote exposh. 

cote oil la mer brise. \ 

cote ayant une barre. ) 

la difense des cotes. 

un garde-cote, 
faire cote. 



gaff, spanker gaff. 

at the end of the gaff. 

the spanker gaff. 

to peak the gaff. 

to lower the gaff. 
fog horn, 
angle-iron. 
The Corporation of Trinity 

House. 
The Civil branch of the Navy. 

body of a ship. 

mooring block. 

with all hands on board. 

the ship was lost with all 
hands on board. 
correction, allowance for ... . 
corsair, letter of mark {or 

marque), privateer, 
duty. 

to be sent on duty. 
corvette, sloop of war. 
thimble, hank. 

lizard. 

bulPs eye. 
the character of a ship (at 

Lloyd's), 
coast, sea-coast, sea-shore. 

a dangerous coast. 

an open coast. 

a coast ivith a surf 

coast defence, 
coast defence ship, 
to beach. 



270 COTE- 


—COUP. 


faire cote Varriere le premier 


to beach a boat stern foremost. 


le long de la cote. 


alongshore. 


jete a la cote. 


driven ashore. 


une cote defer. 


an iron-bound coast. 


une cote en terrasses. 


shelving land, shelving shore. 


une cote au vent. 


a weather shore. 


une cote sous le vent. 


a lee shore. 


la cote est belle. 


the coast is clear. 


aborder une cote. 


to land on a shore. 


ranger une cote. 


to coast. 


cote, m. 


broadside, side (of ship). 


sur le cote. 


on her beam ends. 


cotier, w., cotiere,/ 


coasting. 


un pilote cotier. 


a coasting pilot. 


la navigation cotiere. 


coasting navigation. 


cotoyer. 


to coast, to run down a coast. 


cotre, m. 


cutter. 


cotre a tapecul. 


ketch^ yawl. 


cou {m.) de cygne. 


goose neck. 


coucher (se). 


to turn in (hammocks). 


se coucher {sHncliner). 


to careen. 


couchette, f. 


bunk, crib. 


couler. 


to flow. 


coulerafond. 


to sink. 


couler bas un navire. 


to run down a ship., to scuttle, 




to sink. 



Nous leur primes huit vais- ] 
seaux et leur en coulames i 
autant. lis eurent huit \ 
vais seaux pris et auta?it j 
de coulis. J 

couleurs, //. 

les couleurs I 
coup de main (donner im). 
un coup de canon. 



We took eight of their ships 
and sank as many. 

colours (flag). 

play the colours up 1 
to lend a hand. 

a gun shot. 



COUP— COUPLE. 



271 



Ml coup defeu. 

un coup de sifflet. 

un coup de mer. 

un coup perdu. 

un coup de roulis. 

un coup de sonde. 

un coup de tangage. 

uu coup de vent. 

etre eniporte par u?i coup 
defeu. 

le mdtfut emporte par un 
coup de feu. 

tirer des coups de canon de 
minute en minute {hon- 
?teurs funebres). 

etre tui sur le coup. 

Hre tui d'un coup de fusil. \ 

etre tui d^un coup de canon, f 

coups a tirer. 

cinquante coups par pieces. 

le coup de canon de retraite. 

le coup de canon de Diane. 

avoir droit a j, 5, c^c. , coups 
de canon. 
coupe, / 

les coupes sur bordi. 

les coupes sur membres. 
coupe-circuit, m. 
coupee, /. 

couper la route d'un vaisseau. 
couple, m. 

les couples de Pavant. 

les couples de Farriere. 

les couples de balancemetit. 

les couples intermidiaires. 



a shot. 

a call with the pipe. 

breach of the sea over a vessel. 

a randofn shot. 

a lurch. 

a cast {a throw) of the lead. 

pitching. 

a gale. 

to be shot {accidentally)^ to 

be shot away, 
the mast was shot away. 

to fire minute guns {fuiieral 
honours). 

to be shot dead. 

to be shot {accidentally). 

rounds of ammunition, 
fifty rou?ids per gun. 
the evening gun. 
the morning gun. 
to be entitled to j, 5, 6^^., 

gU7lS. 

section (drawing). 

in?ier sections. 

outside section. 
switch. 

entry port, gangway port, 
to run athwart a ship's course, 
frame, timbers (of ships). 

the fore body. 

the after body, fashion frame. 

balance timbers. 

filling timbers. 



2/2 



COUPLE — COURIR. 



le couple de levee. 

un couple droit. 

un couple transversal. 

un couple tronpnne. 

le maitre couple. 

les couples devoyes. 

couple renforce. 

le gabarrt (fun couple. 
courant, m. 

la direction et la force d'un 
courant. 

le courant est fort. 

le courant mollit. 

etaler le courant. 

un contre-courant. 

le courant porte a Vest. 

le courant equatorial. 

le courant du Golfe. 

un courant de surface. 

un courant de maree. 

un contre-courant sous- 
marin. 
courbe, /. 

courbes de stabilite. 
courber. 
courbure, / 

la courbure d'une cote. 
courir. 

courir au nord, au sud, 

courir a bord droit, 
courir de Vavant. 
courir a terre. 
courir au large et a terre. 
courir sur .... 



principal frame, 
a square frame, 
a transverse frame, 
a bracket frame, 
midship fra??ie. 
cant timbers 01: frames, 
sheer strake. 
bend frame. 
current, tide, stream. 

the set and drift of a current. 

the tide runs strong. 

the tide is slackening. 

to stem the tide. 

a counter stream. 

the current sets east. 

the equatorial current. 

the Gulf Stream. 

a drifts a surface current. 

a tidal stream. 

the undertow. 

curve, standard (timber), knee. 

curves of stability. 
to camber, 
camber (of timbers, &c.). 

the sweep of a coast. 
to run, to trend, &c. 

to run to the norths to the 
souths d^c. 

to cross the bow. 

to forge ahead. 

to stand for the shore. 

off and on. 

to stand towards .... 



COURIR — CREPUSCULE. 



273 



courir au large. 

courir largue. 

courir sous voile. 

courir a sec. 

courir en latitude. 

courir sur des dangers. 
couroi, m.^ also coroi, m. 
couronne (/.) du cabestan. 
couronnement, m. 
cours (un) d'eau. 
course (la). \ 

la guerre de course, f 

armer en course. 
courtage, m. 
courtier, m, 

courtier maritime., m. 
coussin (un) d'elongis. 

le coussin de beaupre. 
coussinet, m. 
couture, /. 
couvre-joint (;;;.) simple. 

un couvre-joint double. 
crabe, m. 
cran (;«.) de mire. 

le craft mobile. 
crapaud, m. 

crapaud d'amarrage. 
craquer. 

craqtce, 7ti.^ craquee,/. 
cravan, m. 

cremaillere (mecanisme),/ 
crepine,/ 
crepuscule, m. 

le crepuscule du matin. 

le crepuscule du soir. . 



to stand off. 

running free, bowling along* 

to run under sail. 

to said under bare poles. 

parallel sailing. 

to stand into danger. 
pitch and tar. 

sprocket wheel of the capstan. 
the taffrail. 
a stream, a small river. 

privateering. 

to fit out as a privateer. 
brokerage, 
broker. 

ship broker. 
a bolster. 

the bed of the bowsprit. 
bearing of engine, 
seam, 
butt strap. 

a double butt strap, 
crab (Crustacea). 
notch.(in back sight of fire-arm). 

the movable notch. 
ground torpedo. 

mushroom anchor. 
to spring (to crack). 

sprung. 
barnacle, 
rack work. 

strainer (for pump, &c.). 
twilight. 

the morning tivilight., 

the evening twilight. 
18 



274 



CREUX— CUIVRE. 



creux, m. 

le creux de la lame. 

le creux d'une voile. 

le creux sur payol. 
crevette, /. 
crique, /. 
croc, m, 
crocher. 
croiser. 

se croiser. 

croiser a vue des cotes. 

croiseur, m. 

un croiseur blinde. 

un croiseur aceintureblindie. 

un croiseur d'escadre. 

un croiseur torpilleur. 
croisiere, /. 

aller en croisiere^ 
croissant, m. 
croix, / 

la croix du Sud {constella- 
tion). 
crosse, /. (d'un fusil), 
croupiere,/ (mouiller en), 
cueillette (en), 
cueillir. 

cuiller (faire la), 
cuirasse, m. 

un cuirassi de premier rang. 
cuirasse,/ 
cuisine, / 
cuivre, m, "" 



depth. 

the trough of the sea. 

the belly of a sail. 

the depth of hold. 
shrimp. 
a creek, 
hook, 
to hook. 
to cross, to cruise, to sway 

across. 

to cross {like two ships pass- 
ing each other). 

to darn the waters {to go to 
and fro). 
cruiser. 

an armed cruiser. 

a belted cruiser. 

a despatch vessel. 

a torpedo cruiser. 
a cruise. 

to cruise. 
throat of a gaff, 
a cross (in the hawse). 

the Southern Cross {constel- 
lation). 
butt end (of a gun), 
to anchor by the stern. 
(Voir " charger.") 
to coil down, 
to roll gunwale under, 
an ironclad, a battle ship. 

a first-class battle ship. 
armour (of ships). 
caboose, cook's galley, 
copper. 



CUIVRE — DALOT. 



275 



le cuivre rouge, 
le cuivre jaune. 
double efi cuivre. 
cloui en cuivre. 
culasse, / 

canon, ox fusil se chargeant 

par la culasse. 
ouvrir la culasse. 
fermer la culasse. 

la vis-culasse. 

culasse 7nobile. 
cul {in.) de pore simple. 

cul de pore double. 
culer. 
aller en culant. 

faire culer un canot. 
culot {tn) d'un obus. 
curseur, m. 
cyclone, m. 

le centre d'un cyclone. 

la direction d'un cyclone. 

la route d'un cyclone. 

le cotS maniable (Tun cyclone. 

cylindre, m. 

Peiiveloppe (/.) du cylindre. 



,,! 



copper, 
brass. 

copper bottomed, 
copper fastened. 
breech (of gun or rifle). 
a breech loader. 

to open t/ie breech. 

to close the breech. 

the breech screw. 

the breech block. 

breech action. 
wall knot. 

stopper knot. 
to go astern, to make a stern 

board, to make stern way. 

to back a boat. 
base of a projectile, 
tangent slide (of gun), 
cyclone, revolving storm, tor- 
nado, typhoon. 

the centre or vortex of a 
cyclone. 

the track of a storm. 

the path of a cyclone. 

the less dangerous side of a 
cyclone. 
cylinder. 

jacket of cylinder. 



dague,/ 


dirk. 


dalot, m. 


scupper. 


un dalot de ponipe. 


a pump dale. 



2/6 



DAMES — DECISION. 



dames,/ 


crutches. 


danger, m. 


danger. 


darse, /. 


darsena (dock in Mediter- 




ranean Sea). 


dauphin. 


dolphin. 


le dauphin gladiateur. 


grampus. 


de, ;;/. (d'une poulie). 


coak, bouching (of a block). 


debarcadere, m. 


landing place, landing stage. 


debardeur, 7fi. 


docker. 


debarquement, 7?i. 


disembarkation, landing. 


une compagnie de debarque- 


landing company^ landi?tg 


ment. 


party. 


debarquer. 


to disembark, to hoist out, to 




land passengers. 


debiter des histoires, /. 


to spin yarns (tales). 


debouquer. 


to disembogue. 


deborder (un navire). 


to rip (a ship). 


debout. 


(Voir "lame," ''vent.") 


le navire est droit debout. 


the ship is head to wind. 


Hre evite debout au vent. 


to ride head to wind. 


decapage, m. (del'acier, &c.)- 


pickling (of steel, &c.). 


decapeler. 


to take off. 


decapeler le greement. 


to take off the rigging. 


decharge, /. 


a discharge, a round of shot. 


tirer^ envoyer une decharge. 


to fire, to deliver a round. 


dechargement, m. 


unlading, unloading. 


commencer le dechargement. 


to break bulk. 


decharger. 


to unload. 


decharger {un canon^ 6^^.). 


to fire {a gun, c^c). 


dechargeur, m. 


lumper (workman). 


decision, /. 


warrant. 


decision de Vamiraute {en \ 
Angleterre). \ 

decision ministerielle {en j 
France). ) 




1 

> Admiralty 2varra?it. 


1 



DECLANCHER — DEGAGE. 



277 



declancher. 

declaration (/ ) sous serment. 

declinaison, /. 



cercle de declinaison. 

parallele de declinaison. 
declinquer. 
declasser un navire. 

decorder. 

decorder les bouts. 
decoudre (une voile), 
decouvrir. 
decrets etarretes concernant 

le service de la flotte. 
deculassement (/;/.) (d'une 

piece) (accident), 
defendre. 

difends I 
defense, /. 

rentrez les defenses ! 

defense de bois. 
deferler (comme les vagues). 

la mer diferle sur le rivage. 
deferler (une voile). 

diferler le pavilion. 
defier. 

defiel 

defie Farrivee 1 

defie de la lame ! 

defie du vent I 

defie en bas ! 
defonce. 
degage. 



to throw out of gear. 

an affidavit. 

variation (voir ce mot), declina- 
tion, deflection of magnetic 
needle, celestial latitude). 
circle of declination, 
parallel of declination. 

to rip (a ship). 

to witndraw the character of 
a ship. 

to unlay the strands of a rope. 
to unlay the ends of a rope. 

to rip (a sail). 

to discover. 

King's Regulations and Ad- 
miralty instructions. 

the blowing out of the breech 
of a gun (accident). 

to fend off. 
fend off/ 

fender. 

in fenders / 
skid. 

to break (like the waves). 
the sea is breaking upon the 

to unfurl (a sail). \shore. 

to break the colours. 

to look out, to mind, to dodge. 
mitidyour helm I 
don't let her fall off! 
dodge the sea ! 
don't let her shake I 
stand from under I 

stove in. 

clear (not foul). 



278 



DEGAGER — DEPASSER. 



degager. 

degager une manoeuvre. 

etre degage des terres. 
degarnir. 
degel, m. 
degeler. 
degre, m. 



to clear, to disengage. 

to disengage a rope. 

to clear the land. 
to unrig, 
thaw, 
to thaw, 
degree. 



Les Anglais, comme les Fran^ais, divisent la circonference du 
cercle en 360 degres, et les memes signes °, ', ", leur servent aussi 
a indiquer les degres, les minutes, et les secondes. 



degreer. 

a degreer les cacatois I 
a degreer les perroquets I 

dehaler (se). 

se dehaler de la cote. 

delegation, /. 



to unrig, to send down. 
down royal yards I 
down top-gallant yards / 

to claw off. 

to clazv off the shore. 

allotment (to wives, &c.). 



Generalement appelee la ddegue. expression d'ailleurs incorrecte. 



demarrage, m. 

demarrer. 

demater. 

dematez I 
demi-clef,/ 

deux demi-clef s a capeler. 

une demi-clef et barbouquet. 
demission,/ (donner sa). 
demolir. 
demonter. 
densite,/ 
dent, /. 

une roue dentee. 
depasser. 

dipasser une manoeuvre. 

depasser les tours de chdine. 



unmoormg. 
to unmoor, 
to dismast. 

down mast! {in a boat). 
half hitch. 

clove hitch. 

half hitch and timber hitch. 
to throw up one's commission, 
to break up (to pull to pieces), 
to take to pieces, to unship, 
density, 
cog. 

a cog-wheel. 
to strike, to take off. 

to unreeve a rope. 

to clear hawse. 



DEPASSER — DESAFFOURCHER. 



279 



dipasser un 77idt. 

depas series mats deperroquet. 
dependant (en). 

dependre de. 

nous dependons du Havre. 
deplacement, m. 

le poids de Veau qu'un vais- 
seau deplace quand il est 
aflot est igal au poids du 
vaisseau. 
depot, m. 

depression (/.) de Thorizon. 
deralinguer (comme peut 

Tetre une voile), 
deraper. (Voir "ancre.") 
on est derapS 1 

sans deraper {sans s'arriter) 
{au figuri). 



to send down a mast^ to 

strike a mast, 
to strike top-gallant masts. 
(Voir " accoster, " ' ' laisser 

porter," " arriver sur.") 
to hail from (like a ship). 

we hail from Havre. 
displacement. 

the weight of water which a 
vessel displaces when float- 
ing is equal to the iveight 
of the vessel. 
silting. 

dip of horizon, 
to be blown from the bolt rope 

(like a sail may be). 
to heave up. 

heave and a-weigh I 
clean off the reel {without 
stoppifig) (figuratively). 



derivation (/.)d'un projectile, drift (of a projectile). 



derive, /. 

en derive, 
alter a la dirive. 
angle de dirive. 
la correction de la dirive. 
deriver. 

diriver vent dessus vent 
dedans. 
derriere. 

le vetit est droit derriere. 

derriere nous. 

derriere changez / 
desaffourcher. 



drift, leeway. 
adrift^ drifting, 
to go adrift. 

drift angle {of steering)* 
allowance for leeway. 

to drift, to drive, to make lee- 
way. 
backing and filli7ig. 

astern. 

tJu 2vi?td is dead aft. 

astern of us. 

77iainsail haul! 
to unmoor. 



280 



DfiSARMfi— DEVIATION. 



desarme, fu., desarmee, / 
desarmement, m. 
desarmer. 

desarmer un navire. 
descendre. 

descendre la Manche. 

descendre en jusant. 

descendre unfleuve. 
desembrayer. 

desembrayer rhelice. 
desempare. 

desemparer. 

deserter. 

deserteur, m. 

desobeissance, /. 

dessinateur, m. 

dessiner. 

dessous. (Voir " barre.") 

destination (a) d'un port 

etranger. 
detachement ( w.) de matelots. 
detalinguer. 
detente, /. 
detonateur, m. 
detresse,/. (en). 

un signal de detresse, 
detroit, m. 
devant changez ! (en virant). 

defie devant 1 

deventer une voile. 

deverguer. 
deviation, / 



laid up. 

the paying off (of a ship). 

to lay up (a ship), to pay off, 

to unship. 

to pay off a ship. 
to go down. 

to go down the Channel. 

to drop down with the tide. 

to go down a river. 
to disconnect. 

to disconnect the screw. 
water-logged, disabled, help- 
less. 
to disable. 

to run away (to desert), 
deserter, 
disobedience, 
draughtsman, 
to design, to draw, 
a-lee. 
outward bound. 

a draft of hands, 
to unbend a cable, 
trigger, 
detonator, 
in distress. 

a signal of distress. 
channel, strait, 
let go and haul ! (in tacking) 

fend off afore I 
to take the wind out of a sail, 
to spill a sail, 
to unbend (a sail), 
deviation. (Voir "variation.") 



DEVIATION — DORMANT. 



281 



faire un tour pour la de- 
viation. 
devirer. 

devirer un treuil. 
devis, m. 
devoye (couple), 
diablotins, m. pi. (nuages). 
diagonale, /. 

diamant (le) d'une ancre. 
diametre, in. 

le demi- diametre. 

le diathttre d^ivolution. 

le diainUre final. 
Diane (coup de canon de). 
diminuer de voiles, 
direction, / 

la direction d'un courant. 
discipline, / 



to swing the ship for deviation 
of compass. 
to slue, to turn back. 

to turn back a winch. 
design (of a ship). 
(Voir "couple.") 
scud (clouds), 
diagonal. 

the crown of an anchor, 
diameter. 

semi-diameter. 

tactical diameter. 

final diameter. 
morning gun. 
to shorten sail, 
direction, trend. 

the trend of a current. 
discipline. 



mie infraction a la discipline, a breach of discipline. 



disputer le vent, 
distance, /. 

la distance angulaire. 

la distatice lunaire. 

la distance polaire. 
division, /. 

une division volante. 
dome, m. 

domestique d'officier. 
dommages-interets, m. pi. 
donner sur. 

donner sur un rocher. 

le navire donna 
rochers. 
dormant, m. (d'une 

oeuvre). 



sur 



les 



to strive for the weather gage, 
distance. 

a?igular distance. 

lunar distance. 

polar distance. 
division (of ships or men). 

a fiying squadro?i. 
companion way, 
officer's servant, 
damages (compensation), 
to strike on. 

to strike on a rock. 

the ship struck on the rocks. 



man- standing part (of a rope). 



282 



DORM AN T — DRESSER. 



dormants de palanquins. 
dossier (d'un canot). 
douane, f. 

les droits de douane. 

passer e?i douane. 
douanier, m. 

doublage, m. 

le doublage de la quille. 

le doublage de la coque. 

le doublage en cuivre. 

le doublage en zinc. 

un clou a doublage. 
double, ni. (d'un manoeuvre), 
doubler (un navire). 

double en cuivre. 

doubler un cap. 

doubler une pointe. 
doucement ! 

en avant, doucement 1 
douceur ! (en). 

la barre dessous,en douceur I 
dragonne, / 
drague,/ 
draguer. 

machine a draguer. 
draille, /. 
drain, m. 

le grand drain. 
drainage, m. 
drapeau, m. 
dresser; 

dressez le canot I / 



reef pendants. 
back-board (of a boat), 
custom-house. 

customs duties. 

to pass the customs. 
custom-house officer, tide 

waiter, 
sheathing. 

the sheathing of t lie keeL 

the sheathing of the bottom* 

copper sheathing. 

zinc sheathing. 

sheathing nail. , 

bight (of a rope), 
to sheath (a ship). 

copper bottomed, 

to double a cape, to weatJur 
a cape. 

to round a point. 
ease her ! easy ! (engine) ; 

steady ! (hoisting). 

easy ahead! 
handsomely ! 

ease the Jielm down I 
sword knot, 
a drag, a dredge, 
to dredge. 

dredging machine. 
jib stay, stay sail stay, 
drain. 

the main drain. 
drainage system, 
flag.^ 
to trim, to train. 

trim the boat I 



DRESSER — DUR. 



283 



dresser des hommes. 
drisse, / 

drisse de pic. 

drtsse de hunter. 

drisse de mat. 

drisse de basse vergue. 

pavilion a mi-drisse. 
droit, m. 

le droit d'entrie. 

les droits de mouillage. \ 

les droits de port. I 

les droits de phare {n^ existent 
pas en France), 

droits^ 7n. pL 

le droit des gens. 
droit, w., droite,/. 

droit I tout droit I 

droit debout. 

droit par le bossoirde tribord. 



to train men. 
halliard. 

peak halliard. 

top-sail halliard. 

throat halliard. 

jeer. 

flag half-mast high. 
duty on goods. 

import duty. 

harbour dues. 

light dues {in England). 



droite,/ 

de droite a gauche. 

droite la barre I 
drome, /. 

la potence de drome. 
drosses (/) du gouvernail. 

drosses en cuir. 

une drosse {de basse vergue). 
drosser. 
dunes, /. //. 
dunette, /. 

la dunette des gabiers {au 
figure). 
dur a la mer (navire). 



dues. 

the law of nations. 
straight, right. 

right aivay 1 

end on, head to zvind. 

right away on the starboard 
bow. 
right, starboard. ( Voir la note 

au mot bdbord). 

against the sun. 

helm atnidships 1 
spare spars (lashed together). 

gallows bitts. 
tiller ropes, wheel ropes. 

hide wheel ropes. 

a truss {for lower yard). 
to drive. 

downs (sand), sand hills, 
poop. 

Jack's quarter deck {figur- 
atively). 
laboursome ship. 



284 



DYNAMITE — ECHELLE. 



dynamite, / 

dynamo- {ni.) electrique. 

dynamometre, m. 



dynamite. 

dynamo-electrical machine, 
dynamometer. 



E. 



eau, / 

une caisse a eau. 

dans les eaux anglaises. 

faire eau. 

/aire de Veau. 

faire une vote d'eau. 

nousferons de feau a Aden. 

entre deux eaux. 

la baissie de Veau. 

le plein de Veau. 

etre dans les eaux d'un 
navire. 

par eau. 

les transports par eau. 
ecarver (faire un ecart). 
echafaudage, m. 
echelle, / 

echelle de maree. 

echelle de coupee. \ 

echelle de passavant. 
echelle de revers. 
echelle de corde. 
echelle de dunette. 
echelle de poupe. 
echelle de coinmandement. 
les echelles du Levant, 



water, seas. 
a ivater tank, 
in British seas, 
to leak, to make water, 
to water, 
to spring a leak. 
we shall water at Aden, 
ivater-logged. 
the fall of the tide, 
high water, 
to be in the wake of a ship. 

by water. 

water-borne goods. 
to scarph. 
a stage, 
ladder. 

tide gauge. 

accommodation ladder. 

entering ladder. 

gangway ladder. 

Jacob'' s ladder. 

haiig ladder, rope ladder. 

quarter ladder. 

stern ladder. 

compa?iion ladder. 

the ports of the Levant, 



ECHOUAGE — ECOLE. 



285 



echouage, m. 
echouement, m. 
echouer. 

s'ichouer. 

ichoue aux mortes-eaiix. 
eclair, m. 
s'eclaircir. 
eclaircie, / 

eclairer (faire des eclairs). 
eclairer la marche. 
eclaireur, m. 
eclat, m. 

un iclat de mi?tute en 
minute. 

un signal a eclats. 
eclat, m. 

un iclat d'obus. 
eclatement, m. (d'une piece), 
eclipse, /. 

une iclipse de soleil. 

une eclipse de lune. 

une iclipse partielle. 

une iclipse totale. 

les diinensiotis d'une iclipse. 
ecliptique, / 

Vobliquiti de I'icliptique. 
ecole (/) de marine. 

icole-navale. 



grounding, stranding (pur- 
posely). 

grounding, stranding (acci- 
dentally). 

to get aground, to beach, to 
ground, to run aground 
(purposely). 
to run aground^ to be 

stranded {accidentally), 
beneaped, 

lightning. 

to clear up (said of weather). 

Dutchman's breeches. 

to lighten. 

to lead the way. 

scout. 

a flash (of light). 
a flash every minute. 

a flashing signal. 
fragment, piece. 

afrag7nent of shell. 
bursting (of a gun), 
eclipse. 

an eclipse of the su7i. 

an eclipse of the moon. 

a partial eclipse. 

a total eclipse. 

the magnitude of an eclipse. 
ecliptic. 

the obliquity of the ecliptic. 
the naval school. 

training-ship for naval cadets. 



En France, Le Borda, en rade de Brest ; en Angleterre, Le 
Britannia, dans le port de Dartmouth. 



286 



ECOLE — ELECTRICITY. 



ecole des mousses, 
> un eleve de V ecole navale. 
eleve {m.) de marine, 
ecoute,/ 

les points d' ecoute. 

la grande ecoute. 

/aire un coup d ecoute. 

filez r ecoute I 

le vent est entre deux ecoutes. 

les ecoutes a bloc ! 
ecoutille, /. 

Vecoutille de Vavant. 

la grande ecoutille. 

Vecoutille de Varriere. 
ecouvillon, m. 
ecouvillonner- 
ecrou, m. 

un ecrou a oreilles. 
ecubier, m. 

ecubier de pont. 

un manchon d'Scubier. 
ecueils, m. pi. 
ecume, / 
ecumer les mers. 
ecumeur (;/2.) de mer. 

un icumeur de port. 
edredon, m. 
effectif, m. 

effets {m. pi.) d'habillement. 
effort, m. 

les efforts supportes par les 
navires. 
ejecteur, m. 

elancement {m.) de I'etrave. 
electricite, /. 



training-ship for boys. 

a naval cadet. 
naval cadet, 
sheet (of a sail). 

clews {of a sail). 

the main sheet. 

to stretch, to put on canvas. 

let go the sheet I 

the wind is dead aft. 

sheet home I 
hatchway. 

the fore hatchway. 

the main hatchway. 

the after hatchway. 
sponge (for gun), 
to sponge a gun. 
nut. 

butterfly nut. 
hawse hole. 

navel pipe. 

a hawse pipe. 
rocks, breakers, 
foam. 

to scour the sea. 
pirate, sea-rover. 

a land shark. 
eider duck, 
complement (of men), 
slops (of a sailor), 
strain. 

strains experienced by ships. 

bilge ejector, 
rake of the stem, 
electricity. 



feLfeVATION— EMBARQUER. 



•87 



elevation, /. 
elever (s'). 
elingue, / 

elingue en double. 

elingue a pattes. 
elinguer. 
ellipse, /. 
eloigner (s'). 
elongation, /. 
elonger. 

ilongez les garants ! 

elongez Vaussiere I 

ilonger une ancre. 
elongis, ;//. 

les ilongis des jar dins. 

les ilongis des bas-mdts. 
embarcadere, m. 
embarcation,/. 
embardee, /. 

/aire des embardees. 

embarder au vent. 

difie r embardee I 
embargo, m, 
embarquement, ;//. 
embarquer. 



s'embarquer. 

embarquer des passagers. 

embarquer des marchandises. 

embarquez ! 

ct embarquer les canots / 

embarquer Viquipage. 

embarquer par Varriere, 



altitude, 
to claw off. 
sling. 

bale sling. 

can hook. 
to sling, 
ellipse. 

to edge away, to steam away, 
elongation, 
to man, to lay out (a rope, a 

cable). 

man the falls 1 

man the hawser I 

to lay out an anchor, 
bolster. 

sponson rims. 

trestle trees of lower masts. 
landing place or stage, 
boat, craft. 
a lurch, a yaw. 

to sheer ^ to yaw. 

to broach to. 

don^t let her yaw / 
embargo, 
embarkation, 
to boat, to embark, to ship, 

to hoist in, to take in, to 

join one's ship. 

to embark{oneself), to go to sea . 

to embark passengers. 

to ship goods, to take in freight 

all aboard I 

in boats I up boats I 

to man a ship. 

to be pooped. 



288 



EMBARQUER — ENCALMINER. 



embarquer un coup de mer, 

Veau embarquait a chaque 
coup de roulis. 
embelle,/. 
embellie, /. 
embosser (s'). 

s^ embosser en fravers. 

s^ embosser enfaisantcroupiat. 
embossure,/ 
embouchbure, / 

I' embouchure de la Tamise. 
emboudiner. 
emboudinure, /. 
embraquer. 

embraque, m., embraquee^ f. 

embraquez le grand bras I 
embrayer. 

embrayer Phelice. 
embrun, m. 

embrun courant. 
emerillon, m. 

emerillon daffourche. 
empanne. 

ernpenneler (une ancre). 
emplanter un mat. 
emplanture,/ (d'un mat), 
emplie, m.^ emplie, /. 
empointure, /. 
emporter. 
encablure, /. 



to ship a sea. 

we shipped water at each 
roll. 
waist (of a ship). 
a lull, 
to moor a cable each way. 

to moor across. 

to moor with a spring. 
spring (on anchor), 
estuary. 

the estuary of the Tha?nes. 
to make a puddening, 
a puddening, 
to haul taut. 

taut. 

haul well taut the main brace t 
to connect. 

to connect the screw. 
spray. 

spoon drift. 
swivel. 

inooring swivel. 
brought by the lee. 
to back (an anchor), 
to step a mast, 
step (of a mast), 
swamped, 
reef earring. 
to carry away. 



cable's length. 

L'encablure fran^aise est egale a 200 metres, et I'encablure 
anglaise a 600 pieds anglais, soit lOO brasses anglaises. Le maillon 
anglais vaut \2\ brasses anglaises, soit 22*862 metres, tandis que 
le maillon fran9ais est egal a 30 metres. 

encalminer, to becalm. 



ENCAPE — ENGOUJURE. 



289 



en cape (etre). 
encaquer (des harengs). 
encastrement, m. 
enclancher. 
enclouer (un canon), 
encorbellement, m. 
endigage, m, ) 

endiguement, m. J 
enduire. 

enduit (;«.) preservatif. 
enfilade, / 

feu (V enfilade. 
enfiler. 
enflecher. 
enflechures, / 

une e7iflechure bdtarde. 
enfoncement, m. 
engagement, m. 
engager (s'). 
engager. 

engager une ancre. 

engager Paviron, m. 
engage. 

tm navire engage. 
engin, m. 

les engins de peche^f. 

les engins de pointage. 

les engins de pointage en 
hauteur, 

les engins de pointage en 
direction. 

les engins de combat. 
englouti. 

engoujure (/)d'une poulie. \ 



to be embayed. • 

to barrel (herrings). 

recess. 

to throw into gear. 

to spike (a gun). 

sponson. 

a sea-wall. 

to pay (to coat), 
anti-fouling composition, 
enfilading. 

rakijig fire. 
to rake with shot, 
to rattle down, 
ratlines. 

a catch ratline. 
bight of a coast, 
engagement, action, 
to enlist, to join the service, 
to foul. 

to foul an anchor, 
to catch a crab. 
foul, on her beam ends. 

a ship on her beam ends. 
gear, engine of war. 
fishing gear, 
training gear, 
elevating wheel for training 

gun vertically, 
training wheel for training 

gun horizontally, 
fighting gear, fighting 
swallowed up. \inachine. 

the score of a block, 
dumb sheave. 
19 



90 



ENGRAVEMENT — EPERON. 



engravement, m. (d'un port). 

en haut. 

enlevement {ni^ d'un navire. 

enlever. 

enlever un navire. 
enlevez ! 

enliser (s'). 
enrochement, m. 
enrolement, m, 
enroler. 

enroler un navire. 

s^en?'okr. 
ensable. 
enseigne, m. 

enseigne,/. 
entrainement {m.) des eaux. 
entrepont, m. 
entrepot, m. 

entretoise (/) d'un affQt. 
enveloppe (/.) de chaudiere. 
enverguer une voile, 
en vigie. 
envoyez ! 

epaulement, m. (fortification), 
epauler la lame, 
epaulettes, / 

les contre-epaulettes,f. 
epave,/. 

u?te epave. 

des epaves.) f. pL 
epee,/ 
eperon, m. 



silting (of a harbour), 
aloft (in the rigging), 
the cutting out of a vessel, 
to carry away. 

to cut out a vessel. 
off she goes ! run away with it ! 

cheerily ! 
to sink in quicksands, 
stone breakwater, 
enlistment, 
to register. 

to register a ship. 

to enlist, 
embedded in the sand, 
sub-lieutenant. 
flag^ ensign. 
the indraught of the sea. 
'tween decks, 
bonded warehouse, mart, 
transom of gun carriage, 
lagging of boiler, 
to bend a sail, 
aloft (on the look-out), 
about ship! ready about! 

ready ho ! 
breastwork, 
to breast the sea. 
epaulets. 

scales {of sub-lieutenant). 
derelict, jetsam, flotsam, 

wreck, wreckage. 

a piece of ivreckage, 

wreckage. 
sword, 
figure-head, ram (of ship). 



EPERON — EQUIPER. 



291 



aborder a Peperon. 
ephemerides (///.) maritimes. 
episser. 
epissoir, m. 
epissure,/. 

tme epissure longue. 

une ipissure carree. 

une epissure a ceil. 
eponge,/. 
epontille, /. 

epontiller. 
epreuve, / 

Vepreuve de chaudiere. 
eprouver. 
equarrissage. 
equateur, m. 

Vequateur dleste. 
equation (/.) du temps, 
equinoxe, m. 

de r equinoxe. 

r equinoxe du printemps. 

Vequinoxe dautomne. 

la precession des equinoxes. 

les points equinoxiaux. 
equipage, m. {voir au 7not 

armi). 

embarquer riquipage. 

t equipage a iti sauve. 

les iquipages de laflotte. 

assembler Viquipage. 

le role de Viquipage. 
equipe,/. 
equipement, m. 
equiper. 



to ram. 
Nautical Almanac, 
to splice. 

marling spike, splicing fid. 
splice. 

a long splice. 

a square splice. 

an eye splice, 
sponge, 
capshore, samson's post, shore 

(prop), 
to shore up. 
test, trial. 

boiler testing, 
to test, 
scantling, 
equator. 

the equinoctial. 
equation of time, 
equinox. 

equinoctial. 

the spring equifiox. 

the autumn equinox. 

the precession of the equinoxes. 

the equinoctial poi fits. 
crew, ship's company, the hands 

on board, all hands. 

to ?nan the ship. 

all hands were saved. 

the bluejackets of the fleet. 

to muster the crew. 

the ?nuster roll. 
gang of men (working party), 
the fitting out (of a vessel). 
to fit out. 



292 



ERRE — ESCORTE. 



erre, / 

avoir de Verre. 

donner de rerre^ 

donnez de Perre I 

avoir de Verre pour gouverner 

prendre de Verre. 

perdre son erre. 

briser Verre du navire. 

son erre est coupee. 

amor tir Verre d'un vaisseau. 
erreur, / 

erreur instrumentale du 
sextant. 
erse, /. 

erse en bitord. 

une petite erse. 

frapper une erse sur une 
manoeuvre. 

frapper une erse sur un mat. 
escadre, / 

une escadre legere ou volante. 

une escadre de reserve. 

Vescadre d'evolution de la 
Mediterranee. 

Vescadre d^evolution de la 
Manche. 
escale,/ 

faire escale a. 

/aire escale a Malte. 
escarbilles, / //. 
escope, / 
escorte, / 

sous V escorte de . . . 



way of ship, steerage way. 

to have headway {as steerage 
way). 

to give way. 

give way I 
. to have steerage way. 

to gather ivay. 

to lose way. 

to snub the ship. 

she is brought to. 

to deaden a ship^s way. 
error. 

index-error of sextant. 

strop, becket. 

selvagee strop. 

a becket. 

to put a strop on a rope. 

to put a strop on a 7nast. 
squadron (of ships). 
a flying squadron, 
a reserve squadron. 
The Mediterranean Squad- 
ron. 
The Channel Squadron. 

place of call. 

to call at a place^ to stay at 
a place, to touch at. 

to touch at Malta. 
ashes. 

baler, piggin. 
escort. 

under the convoy of . . . 



ESCORTER— ETAI. 



293 



escorter. 


to escort, to convoy. 


escouade, /. 


a squad. 


espadon, m.- 


sword fish. 




J to clean the bottom of a ship. 
( to pay a vessel's bottom. 


espalmer. 


espar, m. 


spar. 


un espar a torpille. 


torpedo boom. 


esquif, m. 


skiff. 


essai, m. 


test, trial. 


les essai s d'une machine. 


steam trials of an engine. 


essayer. 


to test. 


essieu (w.) d'une poulie. 


the pin of a block. 


essuyer une tempete. 


to weather a storm. 


est, ;;/. 


east. 


a rest. 


to the eastward. 


le chemin est ou ouest. 


easting or ivesting. 


estacade, / 


boom of harbour. 


estain, in. 


sternmost frame. 


estime, / 


reckoning. 


estrope, /. 


strop. 


utie estrope de faubert 


swab becket. 


une estrope a ersiau. 


grummet. 


estroper. 


to strop. 


estuaire, m. 


estuary. 


esturgeon, m. 


sturgeon. 


etablir la voilure. 


to make all plain sail. 


etablir u?ie voile. 


to set a sail. 


etablissement, ;;/. 


setdement (colony). 


etablissement du port. 


establishniefit of port., tide- 


etagere, / 


stage. [hour. 


une etagere afilin. 


a cable stage. 


etai, m. 


a stay. 



Les etais prennent generalement le nom des mats oil leur extremite 
superieure est fixee. 
U7i faux-etai. preventer stay. 



294 



ETAI — ETAT. 



etai cCune maille. 
etale,/. 

Vavance des etales. 

le retard des etales. 

r etale deflot. 

r Stale de jus ant. 

etre etale. 

le fiavire est etale. 
etaler. 

etalez / 

etalez dessus ! 

etaler un coup de vent. 

etaler le courant. 

etaler sur les avirons. 
etalinguer. 

le bout etalingue sur Pancre. 
etalingure, / 

Vetalingure {du cable). 

etalingure de Vancre. 
etambot, m. 

etafnbot-avant^ m. 

la quete de V etambot. 

un tube d^etambot. 
etambrais, m. pi. 
etamine, /. 
etanche. 

une cloison etanche. 

des compartiments etanches. 
etancheite, / 
etangon, m. 
etarquer. 
Etat (1'), ni.^ 

s'ervir VEtat. 



stay of a link. 
slack water. 

the priming of the tide. 

the lagging of the tide. 

slack water of flood. 

slack water of ebb. 

to be in stays. 

the ship is hove in stays. 
to hold on, to hang on, to 

ride out. 

hold on I ride out ! 

hang on there I 

to ride out a gale. 

to stem a tide. 

to hold water. 
to bend (a cable). 

the foreganger. 
clinch. 

the foreganger {of the cable). 

swivel piece of anchor. 
stern post, rudder post. 

body post. 

the rake of the stern post. 

stern tube {of propeller shaft). 
partners (framework), 
bunting, 
staunch, water-tight. 

a water-tight bulkhead. 

wat^r-tight compartments. 
water-tightness, 
stanchion, 
to hoist taut up. 
the State, the Crown. 

to serve under the Crown 
{in army or navy). 



ETAT — ETRANGLOIR. 



295 



un Stat. 
etat, m. 

en don etat. 

navire en mauvais etat. 
etat- major, m. 

le petit etat-major. 
eteindre le feu d'une batterie. 
etendard, m. 

r itendard royal anglais. 
etoile, / 

le lever d'une itoile. 

le coucher d^une etoile. 

le passage d'une etoile au 
meridien. 

une itoile filante. 

une etoile circompolaire. 

une itoile variable. 

etoiles servant aux observa- 
tions. 
etoupe, /. 

re^nplir d' etoupe. 

cracker de PStoupe. 
etoupille,/. 

le logemefit de Vitoupille. 
etranger, w., etrangere,/. 

a Petrafiger. 

navires pour Vitranger. 
etranglement (;;z.)delavapeur. 
etrangler. 
etrangloir, ;;/. 

lelinguetLe GoffoMlestop- 
le massif. \_peur. 

^^ le pied de biche. 

■^^ Je levier de V etrangloir. 



an account, returns. 
state (of a thing). 

in working order. 

unseaworthy ship. 
the staff (the officers). 

the chief warrant officers. 
to silence a battery, 
standard. 

the English Royal Standard. 
star. 

the rising of a star. 

the setting of a star. 

the meridian passage of a 
star. 

a shooting star. 

a circumpolar star. 

a variable star. 

nautical stars. 

oakum, tow (stuff). 
to chinse. 
to spue oakum. 
priming tube. 

vent {of gun). 
foreign. 
abroad. 

ships outward bound. 
wire drawing of steam, 
to jam. 

compressor, nipper, throat- 
[brail. 
(the cofitroller. 
the bed. 
% the block, 

the compressor lever. 



296 



^TRANGLOIR— EXPLOSION. 



fer77ier Petrangloir. 

etrave, /. 

la contre- etrave. 
etrier, m. 

etrive,/ (amarrage en), 
evitage, m. 
evitee (avoir de 1'). 

eviter. 

etre evite a la maree. 

evite a la maree. 

ttre ivite debout au vent. 

/aire eviter. 
evolutions, /. pi. 

les evolutions sous voile. 

les evolutions sous vapeur. 
excentrique, / 
exercise, m. 

V exercise du fusil. 

V exercise dHncendie. 

r exercise du canon. 
expedier (un navire). 
expediteur, m. 
explorer, 
exploser (de la poudre, une 

torpille, &c.). 
explosion, / 

explosion de chaudiere. 

explosion de la gargousse. 

r explosion de la poudriere 
s'entendit a plusieurs 
milles a la ronde. 



to bowse to the cofn- 
pressor. 
stem. 

apron. 
stirrup. 

racking seizing, 
swinging berth. 
to , have sea room, to have 
swinging room. 
( to give a wide berth. 
I to steer clear of. 
to swing to the tide, 
tide rode. 

to ride head to wind. 
to swing. 
evolutions, manoeuvres. 
sailing evolutions, 
steam Evolutions. 
eccentric (of engine), 
drill. 

manual exercise, 
fire quarters, 
gun exercise. 
to clear (a ship), 
shipper, shipping agent, 
to explore, 
to explode (powder, a torpedo, 

&c.). 
bursting, explosion, the blow- 
ing up of . . . 
bursting of boiler, 
the bursting of tJie charge, 
the blowing up of the powder 



magazine was 
several miles off. 



heard 



EXPORTATION— FAUX-BRAS. 



297 



exportation, / export. 

le comi7ierce d* exportation. \ , ^ 

, . ^ > export comtmrce. 

les exportations. ) 



,. \ 



factionnaire, m. 
facture, /. 

facultes (/) giratoires. 
faire eau. 

/aire une vote d'eau. 

faire de Peau. 
faire sauter. 
faire sortir- 
faire noir. 
faire sombre, 
faire voile, 
falaise, / 

falaises en terrasses. 
fanal, m. 



faraud, m. (argot). 

fardage, ;//. 
fargue,/. 
faseier on fasier. 
fatiguer. 
faubert, ;;/. 
fauberter. 
fausse Ste. Barbe. 
fausses-cargues, / 
faux-bras, w. 

[temps, 
un faux-bras de mauvais 



P. 

sentry. 

invoice. 

the turning power of a vessel. 

to leak. 

to spring a leak. 

to water. 
to blow up. 
to turn out (of a place). 

to be dark (as at night). 

to sail. 

bluff, cliff, rock. 
shelving rocks. 
beacon, lantern of lighthouse, 
signal light. 
( kiddy fellow (slang). 

a smart man. 
( a man square rigged, 
dunnage, top hamper, 
gunwale (of boat), 
to lift (like a sail lifting), 
to chafe, to strain, to labour, 
swab, 
to swab, 
gun room, 
slab-lines. 

small hawser, preventer, tow 
rope, warp, preventer main 
brace. 
preventer brace of yard. 



298 



FAUX-BRAS — FEU. 



faux-bras elonge ett creance. 
faux-bord (avoir), 
faux-etai, m. 
faux-mantelets, 7?i. "I 
faux-sabords, /;/. J 
faux-pont, m. 
felouque, /. 
femelots, m. 
fendre. 
fente, /. 
fer, m. 

dufer doux. 

dii fer forge. 

du fer galavanisi. 

du fer ordinaire. 

un fer a T. 

un fer a double T. 

un fer a boudin. 

unfer en Z. 

les fers {punition). 

un homme atixfers. 
ferlage, m. 
fermeture (/) a vis. 
feu, m. 

line boite a feu. 

allumer les feu x. 

conserver les feux allumes.^ 

rester sur les feux. J 

unfeu. 

un feu de port. 

des feux de signaux. 

unfeu blanc. 

unfeu rouge. 

unfeu vert. 

un feu fixe. 



guesswarp. 
to be lop-sided, 
preventer stay. 

dead lights. 

orlop dock. 

felucca. 

gudgeons. 

to spring, to crack.' 

crack (in armour, &c.). 

iron. 

soft iron. 

wrought iron. 

galvanised iron. 

hard iron. 

T bar. 

H bar. 

T bulb. 

Z bar. 

bilboes {punishmejit), irons. 

a man in bilboes, in irons. 
furling, frapping. 
screw-down valve, 
fire, light, firing, action, fight. 

fre box. 

to light the fires. 

to bank t lie fires. 

a lighthouse. 
a harbour light, 
signal lights, 
a white light. 
a red light, 
a green light, 
a fixed light. 



FEU. 



299 



unfeu a eclats. 



a flare-up light, a flashing 
light. 



unfeu a eclipses. 


intermittent or occulting light. 


un feu flottant. 


a floating light. 


un feu scititillant. 


a twinkling light. 


un feu tournant. 


a revolving light. 


unfeu de tete de mat. 


a mast head light. 


unfeu de position. 


position light. 


unfeu de tribord. 


a starboard light. 


unfeu de bdbord. 


a port light. 


lesfeux de cote. 


the side lights. 


les feux de route d'un 


the lights carried by a ship 


vaisseau. 


under way. 




navires a vapeur, 


voir a la page g^. 




remorgueurs, 


. ,, „ 9S' 




navires a voiles. 


„ 96- 




petits navires d voiles, 


., 96- 




navires a Vancre, 


„ 97- 


• 


bateaux pilotes. 


M 97- 


"^ 


bateaux de peche. 


„ 9^' 




navires qui sont dans Vitn- 






possibilite de manosuvrer 






ou qui po sent des cables 






sous-marins. 


» 99- 


tin feu de premier ordre. 


a first order light. 


un bateau feu. 


a ligJit ship. 


montrer un feu. 


to exhibit a light. 


unfeu devantl 


a light ahead! 


Ml feu par le bossoir de 


a light on the port bow ! 


bdbord! 




feu de Bengale. 


a flare. 


f aire feu. 


to fire. 


feu plofigeant. 


plunging fire. 


feu! 


present I fire ! 


c 


essez lefeu! 


cease firing! 



300 



FEU— FILER. 



eteindre le feu d'une 
batter ie. 

un feu d^ enfilade. 

avoir ete aufeu. \ 

avoir vu le feu. J 

^tre blesse aufeu. 

etre mort au feu. 

feu St. Klme. 

des feux de salut. 
feuillard, nu 
feuille (/) d'appel. 
fievre jaune,/ 
fil, m. 

du fil a voiles. 

du fil de fer. 

du fil de caret. 

du fil de laiton. 

un cordage en fil defer. 
filasse, /. 
filer. 



filer le cable, 
filer du cable, 
filer de la chdine. 
filer un cdblot. 
filer plus de chaine. 
filez les ecoutes derriere ! 
filez Vecoute de grand'voile 
filer a la demande. 
filer vent arriere. 
filer quinze noeuds a Vheure. 
combien filons-nous ? 
filer la chaine par le bout, 
filer trois maillons. 



to silence a battery. 

a raking fire. 

to have been in action. 

to be wounded in action. 

to have been killed in action. 

St. Elmo's fire. 

saluting guns. 
hoop iron, 
muster roll, 
yellow fever, 
twine, wire. 

twi?te. 

iron wire. 

yarn. 

brass wire. 

a wire rope. 
tow (stuff), 
to ease, to pay out, to let fly, 

to run, to snub, to veer 

a cable, &c. 

to ease the cable. 

to pay out cable. 

to veer away cable. 

to veer away a line. 

to pay out more cable. 

ease off the after sheets. 
! let fly the main sheet/ 

to snub, to surge ha?idsomely. 

to run before the wind. 

to run fifteen knots an hour. 

how many knots do we run ? 

to slip the cable. 

to veer three shackles. 



FILER— FLOT. 



301 



filer une touee {argot). 

filer a VAnglaise. 
filet, m. 

filet de casse-tete. 

filet par e-torpille. \ 

un filet Bullivant. J 

un filet trainant. 

faire du filet. 

une maille de filet. 
filete. 
fileter. 
filiere, /. 

une filUre a roulis. 
filin, m. 
fissure, / 

flamber un canon, 
flamme,/ 

flamme distinctive, 
flamme couplie. 
flanc, m. (d'un navire). 

presenter le flanc a Vennemi. 

flasques (/.) d'un affitt. \ 

fleche (/). 

une fleche-en-cul. 

fleur d'eau (a), 
fleuve, m. 

descendre un fleuve. 

remo?iter un fleuve. 
flot, 7n. 

cLflot 



to spin a yarn (slang), 
to take French leave. 
net. 

overhead netting. 

torpedo net. 

a drift net. 

to net. 

m^sh or moke of a net, 
wormed (like a screw), 
to worm (like a screw), 
jack stay. 

a life lifie. 
soft laid rope, 
crack in gun. 
to scale a gun. 

pendant, pennant, broad pen- 
nant. 

distinguishing peiidant. 

wheft^ also waft or weft. 
the side (of a ship), the broad- 
side. 

to come broadside on to the 
enemy. 
cheeks of a gun carriage, 
sides of a gun carriage, 
a pole mast. 

driver {sail), mizen gaff top- 
sail. 
awash, 
river. 

to go down a river. 

to come up a river. 
flood tide. 

afloat. 



302 



FLOT — FONCTIONNER. 



etre afiot. 

mettre aflot. 

tin courant de flot. 

une heure apres que le 7iavire 
sera aflot noussortironsdu 
port. 
flottabilite, /. 
flottaison, / 

a la flottaison. 

la ligne de flottaison. 



to be water borne. 

to float. 

tide current of flood. 

we shall go out of port an 
hour after the ship is water 
bor?ie. 
buoyancy, 
water line. 

betwee7i wind and ivater. 

the ivater line. 



la ligne de flottaison en charge, load water line. 
flottant, w., flottante,/ buoyant, floating. 



flotte, / 

uneflotte cuirassee. 
flotter. 
flotteur, m. 
flottille,/ 
flute,/, 
flux, m. 
foe, m. 

le petit foe. 

lesfocs. 

lefoc d'artimon. 

le din foe. 

le grand foe. 

filez lesfocs / 

halez bas le grand foe / 

hissez les foes ! 
fonction, / 

faire fonetion de . . . 

f aire fonction d^enseigne 
fonctionner. 



fleet. 

an ironclad fleet. 
to float. 

a float (for net, &c.). 
flotilla, 
store-ship, 
flood, flood tide. 

jib. 

fore topmast stay-sail, 
head sails, 
mizen stay-sail, 
the flyifig Jib. 
the standing Jib. 
ease off the Jib sheets f 
down Jib I 
hoist Jibs, 
duty, office. 



to act as . . . 

to be acting sub-lieutenant. 
to work (like a piece of 

machinery). 
cette machine fonctionne bien. this engine works well, 
cettepompe ne fonctionne plus, this pump ivill not work. 



FONCTIONNER — FOUETTER. 



303 



faire fonctienner, to work {to set in motion), 

fattesfonctionnercettepompe! work that pump I 
fond, m. bottom. 



a fond plat. 


flat bottomed. 


le fofid d'une voile. 


the foot of a sail. 


lefond de la mer. 


the bottojn of the sea. 


un mauvais fond. 


foul bottom (for anchoring). 


couler a fond. 


to sink to the bottom. 


pas defondl 


no botto7n ! 


kauts-fonds. \^ Voir la note ^j^^Umv water. 


basfonds. j /. 235. 




U7i fond gras. 


a stiff bottom {clayey). 


fonte, / 


cast iron. 


force motrice,/. 


propelling power. 


force extensible. 


tensile strength. 


forcer. 


to force, to clap on, &c. 


forcer de toile. 


to clap on canvas, to make 




more sail. 


forcer de voile. 


to crowd on all sail. 


forgeron, w. 


blacksmith. 


forme, /. 


wet dock. 


fort, m. 


a fort. 


fortification,/ 


fortification. 


fortifier. 


to fortify. 


fortune (de). 


jury. 


gouvernail de fortune. 


Jury rudder. 


mat de fortune. 


jury mast. 


la for time de mer. 


perils of the sea. 


fosse, Tn. (d'un canon). 


breech chamber. 


fouet, m. 


tail, whip. 


poulie a fouet. 


single whip. 


fouetter. 


to whip, to shake, to flap, to 




pass. 


fouetter {comme les voiles). 


to shake, to flap {like the 




sails). 



304 



FOUETTER — FRET. 



fouetter. 

fouetter une bosse. 
fourneau, m. 
fournisseur, 7n. 

fournisseur de navires. \ 

fourche (/.) de collier d'etai. 

fourreau, m. 

fourrer. 

fourrer une manoeuvre. . 

fourrer retalingure d^un 
cable, 

fourrer auxfers. 
fourrier, m. 
fourrure, / 

foyer, m. 

fraichir (augmenter). 

la brise fraichit. 

le vent fraichit. 
frais, 7n.pl. 

les frais de b as sin. 

les frais de mise a bord. 
franc-bord, m. 

afranc-bord. 
franchement {au figure). 
frapper. 

frapper les ecoutes. 

frapper une bosse. 

frapper palan sur garant. 
fregate, / 
frein {m.) hydraulique. 

frein a lanies. 
frbre, m. (vaisseau frere). 
fret, m. 



to pass. 

to pass a stopper. 
furnace, 
contractor. 

ship chandler. 

mari?ie store dealer. 
a fork and lashing eyes, 
scabbard, 
to keckle. 

to serve a rope. 

to keckle a cable. 

to clap in irons. 
clerk, writer, 
junk (old rope), service for 

rope, 
focus, 
to blow fresh, to freshen. 

the breeze freshens. 

the wind freshens. 
dues. 

dock dues. 

shipping charges. 
freeboard. 

carvel built. 
above board (figuratively), 
to bend a rope, to clap on. 

to bend the sheets. 

to clap on a stopper. 

to bend luff upon luff. 
frigate, 
hydraulic buffer. 

compressor for gun. 
sister ship to another vessel, 
freight price. 



FRETER — GABARIAGE. 



30i 



freter. 



f to charter a vessel. 

I to freight. 

Friter : c'est louer son propre navire a quelqu'un. Affrdier : c'est 
louer, pour soi, un navire qui appartient a une autre personne. 
Noliser est un terme qui ne s'emploie guere que sur la Mediterranee, 
et qui signifie so'it freter, soit affrdter. 



freteur, m. 
frette, / 

les frettes de culasse. 
fretter. 

frettee (piece). 
front (ligne de). 
fronteau, 771. 

le fro7iteau de la diuiette, 

lefroTiteau de TTtire. 
fuir. 

fuir devuTtt le tetTips. 
fuite (/.) de vapeur. 
fulmi-cotton, ;;/. 
fumage, ;//. (du poisson). 
fumee, / 
fusee (/.) du cabestan. 

UTie fusie pour sig7iaux. 

la fusee d'u7i obus. 

une fusee a percussion. 

une fusie a temps. 

U7ie fusee porte-a7narre. 
fusil, 7n. 
fusil a repetition. 

V exercise {7n.) du fusil. 
fusille (etre). 



gabare,/ 
gabariage, tn 



charterer, 
hoop (for gun). 

metal hoops of breech, 
to coil (with metal hoops), 
a coiled gun. 
line abreast, 
breastwork. 

the breastwork of the poop. 

the sight patch. 
to trend. 

to run before a gale^ to scud. 
a leakage of steam, 
gun cotton, 
kippering (of fish), 
smoke, 
barrel of capstan. 

a signal rocket. 

the fuse of a shell. 

a percussion fuse. 

a timefuse. 

a rocket apparatus. 
gun (rifle). 

magazine rifle. 

manual exercise. 
to be shot (as a punishment). 



G. 



barge, lighter, 
lighterage. 



20 



3o6 



GABARIER — GALHAUBANS. 



gabarier. 

gabarieur, 7n.^ gabarier, m. 

gabarit, m. 

la salle des gabarits. 
gabier, ;//. 

un gabier brevete. 

un gabier de misaine. 

un gabier de beaupre. 

un gabier de grand-mat. 

un gabier d'artijnon. 

en haut les gabier s 1 

en bas les gabier s I 
gabion, m. 
gabord ou galbord. 
gade-merlus, m. 
gaffe, /. \{au figure) . 

avaler sa gaffe (mourir) 
gages, m. pi. 
gagner le large. 

gagner un navire. 
gaillard, ;;z. 

le gaillard d^arriere, 

le gaillard d^avant. 
galbord, m. 

le galbord interieur. 

le galbord exterieur. 
galere, /. (vaisseau). 

les galeres d^ Alger. 
galerie (/) de poupe. 
galet {m.) d'affftt. 

galet {stone). 

une greve de galets. 
galhaubans, m. 

les galhaubans volants. 



to mould. 

lighterman. 

mould. 

mould loft. 
topman, quarter-master, 

rigger. 

an able seaman, A.B. 

a fore-top fnan. 

forecastle man. 

a main-top man. 

a mizen-top man. 

away aloft f 

down fr 0771 aloft! 
gabion. 

(See "galbord.") 
hake, west-country parson, 
boat hook. [{figuratively). 

to unreeve one^s life line {to die) 
wages. 
to row to seaward. 

to overhaul a ship. 
deck, castle. 

quarter deck. 

forecastle, forecastle deck. 
garboard strake. 

inner flat keel plate. 

outer flat keel plate. 
galley (a ship). 

tJu Algerine galleys. 
stern walk, 
roller of gun carriage. 

shingle. 

a shingle beach. 
back stays. 

preve7iter back stays. 



GALION — GARNITURE. 



307 



gallon, m. 
galiotte, / 
galon, m. 

un galon d^ argent. 

U7i galon (Tor. 

galvanique, m. and/. 

r action galvanique. 
gambes (/) de revers. 
gambler, 
garantie, / 

comme garantie. 
garants, m. 
garcette, / 

garcette (Tenvergure. 

larguez les garcettes ! 

la garcette {fouet). 

recevoir des coups de garcette 

garde (/) (d'une epee). 

garde-cote, m. 

U7i garde-cote {vaisseau). ) 
un navire garde-cote. ) 

un garde-cote stationnaire. 

un gard-equai. 

navire garde-peche. 
gardien {in.) de phare. 
gare dessous, en bas ! 
gargoiisse,/ 

gargoussier, m. 
garnir. 

garnir tes foes. 
garniture, / 



galleon, 
galliot. 
a stripe. 

a silver stripe. 

a gold stripe. (See Table 
XVII.) 
galvanic. 

galvanic action, 
futtock shrouds, 
to dip (a lug sail), 
a lien. 

in lien. 
falls (of a boat), 
becket, gasket. 

roband. 

cast off reef points I 

cat-o^ -nine-tails. 

to be flogged with the cat- 
d-ni7ie-tails. 
the hilt (of a sword), 
coastguard (man). 

coast defence ship, coastguard 
cruiser. 

coastguard vessel {to guard 
the coast). 

wharfinger. 

fishery coastguard. 
lighthouse keeper, 
stand from under ! 
the charge (of powder for a 

gun), 
cartridge case, 
to chock, to rig. 

to bend jibs. 
gear, mountings. 



3o8 



GARNITURE — GLOBE. 



les garnitures d'un canon. 
gattes,/. 

gauche, f. ( Voir la note au 

mot bdbord). 
gazette (/) de la meche 

(argot), 
gelee,/ 
geler. 

generateur, m. 
genoppe, /. 
genopper. 
gens de mer, ;;/. //. 
gerant {in.) du bord. 
giberne, /. 
giration,/ 

le centre de giration. 

le rayon de giration. 
giratoire. 

les facultes {/.) giratoires. 
girouette, f. 
gisement, /. 

le gisement d^un courant. 
gite, m. 
giter (faire). 
glace,/ 

un banc de glace. 

le reflet des glaces. 

des glaces en derive. 

emprisonne par les glaces. ) 

encombrt par les glaces. ) 
glacis, m. 
glene,/ 
globe, m. 



the mountings of a gun. 
bucklers (for hawse holes), 

manger, 
port (side of ship). 

to spin yarns (tales), sailors' 

yarns, (slang), 
frost, 
to freeze, 
a boiler. 

a frapping, a seizing, 
to frap, to seize, 
sea-faring men. 
ship's husband, 
cartridge box. 
gyration, the turning of a 

vessel. 

the cejitre of gyration. 

the radius of gyration. 
turning, revolving. 

turning power of a vessel. 
vane (weather-cock), 
direction, trend. 

the trend of a current. 
berth, cot. 
to cause to heel, 
ice. 

an ice-field. 

ice blink. 

drift ice. 

ice bound. 



glacis plate, 
coil of rope, 
globe. 



GLU — GOUVERNEMENT. 



309 



glu marine, f. 


marine glue. 


godiller. 


to scull (over the stern). 


goeland, m. 


sea gull. 


goelette,/ 


schooner. 


go'elette de cape. 


storm trysail. 


un brick goelette. 


a top-sail schooner. 


a voiles goelettes. 


fore and aft rigged. 


une voile goelette. 


a gaff sail. 


un bdtiment a voiles goelettet 


1. afore and aft rigged vessel. 


7?iisaine goelette. 


fore trysail^ fore spencer. 


un trois-mdts goelette. 


barquantine, a three-masted 




schooner. 


goemon, m. 


sea-weed. 


golfe, m. 


gulf. 


le courant du golfe. ) 
le Gulf Stream. ) 


the Gulf Stream. 


gondole,/ 


gondola. 


gorge,/. 


lug (on water-tight door). 


goudron, m. 


tar. 


goudronner. 


to tar. 


goulet, /;/. 


narrow channel of a port. 


goupille, /. 


pin (of shackle, &c.). 


la goupille de sicreti d'une 


tlie safety-pin of a torpedo. 


torpille. 




gournable, / 


treenail. 


gouttiere, / 


water-ways. 


gouvernail, m. 


rudder. 


un gouvernail avant. 


a bow rudder. 


un gouvernail compense. 


a balanced rudder. 


un gouvernail defortu?ie. 


a fury rudder. 


la tete du gouvernail. 


the rudder head. 


changer le gouver?iail. 


to shift the rudder. 


mojiter le gouvernail. 


to ship the rudder. 


dimo7tter le gouvernail. 


to unship the rudder. 


gouvernement, ;//. 


the Crown, the State. 



3IO 



GOUVERNEMENT — GRAS. 



Hre employe du gouverne- 

ment, 
gouverner. 
faire gouverner. 
gouverner sur. 
gouverner au plus pres. 
gouverner par degres. 
gouverner droit pour le centre 

de la ligne e7inemie. 
le navire gouverne Men. 
le navire gouverne mal. 
le navire ne gouverne pas 

{n!a pas assez d'erre pour 

gouverner), 
gouverneur, m. 

le gouverneur des Cinq 

Ports. 
grade, in. 

obtenir le grade de . . . 
etre promu au grade de . . 

grain, m. 

un grain de neige. 

un grain blaitc. 

un grain noir. 

etre pris par un grain ! 

veille au grain I 
graissage, m. 
grand, m.^ grande,/. 

la grand'' voile. 

le grand bras. 

la Grande Ourse, f. 
grappin, m. 

mouiller le grappin. 
gras (temps). 



to serve mider the Crown 
{as an official). 
to steer. 

to conn. 

to steer for. 

to steer close to the wind. 

to steer by degrees. 

to steer straight for the centre 
of the enemfs line. 

the ship answers her helm. 

the ship does ?iotfeel her helm. 

the ship does not steer {has 
not enough way for steer- 
ing her). 
governor, warden. 

the Lord Warden of tlie 
Cinque Ports. 
rating, rank. 

to obtain the rating of . . . 

to be pro?fioted to the rank 
of . . . 
squall. 

a s?iow-drift. 

a white squall. 

a black squall. 

to be caught in a squall. 

look out for squalls I 
lubrication, 
main. 

the main sail. 

the main brace. 

the Great Bear {constella- 
grapnel. [tion). 

to drop the grap?iel. 
thick weather. 



GREE— GUINDAGE. 



311 



gree, m., greeej. 

grei en cotre. 

gree en carre. 

grie en trois-mats barque. 
greement, m. 

le greement de Vavant. 

rider le griement. 
greer. 
greeur, m. 
greffe, /. 

grenier (en). ( Voir " vrac,'^) 
greve,/ 
grele,/. 
grelin, m. 
griffe (nceud de). 
grosse (la) aventure. 

un contrat d la grosse. 
grue,/ 

une grue a vapeur. 
guerre,/ 

faire la guerre. 

la guerre de course. 

le pied de guerre. 
guetteur, m. 

gueule (/.) de raie. 
gueuse, /. 
gui, m. 

bordez le gui. 
guibre,/. 
guider. 
guidon, m. 

guido?i de mire. 
guindage, m* 



rigged. 

cutter 

square rigged. 

barque rigged. 
rig, rigging, gear. 

th^fore rigging. 

to set up rigging. 
to rig. 

rigger, topman. 
cut splice. 
in bulk. 

beach, strand, shore, 
hail. 

hawser, warp, 
marling-spike hitch, 
bottomry. 

bottomry bond. 
crane. 

a steam crane. 
war. 

to see service^ to wage war. 

privateering. 

the war establishment. 
signal-man (any man watch- 
ing), 
cat's-paw hitch, 
pig iron, kentledge, 
spanker boom, guy, triatic 

stay. 

haul over the boom ! 
figure-head, 
to lead, 
burgee, sight of fire-arms, 

fore sight. 
hoisting. 



312 



GUINDANT— HAMAC. 



guindant {m) (de voile). 

le guindant {(Tun pavilion). 
guindeau, m. 

un guindeau a vapeur. 

guinder. < 

guinder un mat. 

a guinder. les mats de perro- 
quet ! 
guinderesse, /. 
guipon, m. 
guirlander. 



hoist (of a sail). 

the hoist of a flag. 
windlass. 

a steam windlass. 
to hoist with a winch, 
to sway up. 

to send up a mast. 

up top-gallant masts I 

mast head rope, 
mop, pitch mop. 
to marl down. 



habitacle, m. 

hache, / 

halage (w.) (chemin de). 

hale. 

hale-bas, m. 

halebreu, m. 

haler. 

se haler au large. 

haler ufi ?iavire. 

haler a bord. 

haler une embarcation a 

hale bas I 

halez a bord! 
halo, m. 
hamac, m. 

des araignees de hamac. 

u?t raban de hamac. 

grier un hamac. 

degreer un hamac. 



binnacle. 

axe. 

tow-path (along a river, &c.). 

sunburnt. 

downhaul. 

heel rope, outhaul, tripping 

line, 
to haul, to warp. 

to haul off. 

to haul, to warp a ship. • 

to haul in. 
terre. to haul a boat upon a beach. 

haul down I 

haul in I 
halo, 
hammock. 

hammock clews. 

a hammock laniard. 

to sling a hammock. 

to unsling a hammock. 



HAMEgON — HAUTEUR. 



313 



hamegon, m. 
hanche, / 
par la hanche. 
par la hanche de tribord. 
hanet {m.) de tente (/.). 
hardi ! 
hareng, m. 

la peche au hareng. 
un hareng bouffi. 
un hareng fume, 
un hareng marchais. 
un hareng plein. 
un hareng saur. 
un hareng vert. 
harengule, /. 

harpoire (/) (d'un harpon). 
harpon, m. 
hauban, m. 

un hauban bdtard. 

hausse, /. 

la hausse d^un fusil. 

la hausse d'un canon. 
* le canal de hausse. 
haut, w., haute,/, 
haut (en). 

en haut les gabiers I 

en haut le monde 1 
hauteur, /. 

a la hauteur de. 

a la hauteur d' Ouessant. 

la hauteur angulaire. 

une hauteur circommeridienne. 

la hauteur meridiemte. 



fish-hook. 

quarter (of ship). 

on tJie quarter. 

on the starboard quarter. 
crow's-foot, 
cheerily ! 
herring. 

herring fisheries. 

bloater., bloat herring. 

a kippered herrifig. 

a spent herring. 

a full herring. 

a red or s??ioked herring. 

afresh herring. 
a sprat. 

the foreganger (of a harpoon), 
harpoon, in. 
shroud. 

an after swifter. 
tangent scale (of a gun), 
tangent sight, 
sight of fire-arm. 

the back sight of a rifle. 

the back sight of a gun. 

the scale passage. 
main, 
aloft. 

away aloft I 

all hands make sail I 
altitude. 

off {near a place), abreast of. 
off Ushant. 
aiigle of elevation. 

circummeridian altitude, 
meridiafi altitude. 



3H 



HAUTEUR — HISSER. 



la hauteur observee. observed altitude, 

la hauteur apparente. apparent altitude. 

hauts-fonds, 7n, (Voir p. 2 3 5 . ) shallow waters. 



hauturiere (navigation). 


ocean navigation. 


havre, m. 


haven. 


heler. 


to hail, to sing out. 


heler un navire. 


^ to hail a ship. 


heliaque. 


hehacal. 


helice,/. 


screw (of steamer). 


un tour d' helice. 


a revolution of the screw. 


le pas de Phelice. 


the pitch of t lie screw. 


des Mlices jumelles. * 


twin screws. 


une branche d^ helice. 


a blade of the screw. 


une helice a trois branches. 


a three-bladed screw. 


embrayer r helice. 


to connect the screw. 


disembrayer V helice. 


to disconnect the screw. 


Varbre porte-helice. 


shaft of the screw, screw shaft. 


une revolution de V helice. 


a revolution of the screw. 


heliocentrique, m. and/ 


heliocentric. 


herisson, m. 


sprocket wheel. 


herminette,/ 


adze. 


heure, / 


time. [G.M.T. 


Vheure de Greenwich. 


Greenwich mean time. 


r heure de Paris. 


Paris mean time. 


Vheure du reverseme?it de la the time of the turn of the' 


marie. 


tide. 


Vheure du plein le jour de la the time of high water at full 


nouvelle ou de la pleine and change. 


lune. 




hiloire, /. 


coaming. 


hisser. 


to haul out, to haul up, to 




hoist, to trice up. 


une, deux, trois, hisse ho ! 


one, two, three, haul! 


hissez / 


trice up ! hoist away ! sway 



away I 



HISSER— HOUARI. 



315 



hissez en douceur I 

hissez le pavilion I 

hisser un canot. 

a hisser la yole I 
hivernage, m. 
hiverner. 
homard, m. 
homme, m. 

un homme de mer. 

hx)mme en punitio7i. 

les ho7n7ties du bord. 

V homme de barre. 

des hofnmes congidiis. 

des hom7nes choisis. 
honneur, m. 

les honneurs funebres. 
hors de combat. 

dans Vespoir de 77iettre le 
vaisseau hors de combat. 
horizon, w. 

horizon artificiel. 

horizon a glace. 

horizon a 77iercure. 

horizon a huile. 

la depression de P horizon. 

r horizon ratio7ieL 

V horizon astrono7mque. 

V horizon sensible. | 

rhorizoft apparent, f 

V horizon est clair. 

Fhorizo7i est bru77ieux. 

paraitre a V horizon. 

houache, /. 
houari (voile a). 



hoist handsomely I 

hoist the colours I 

to hoist a boat. 

up gig ! 
winter quarters, 
to winter, 
lobster, 
man, hand. 

a sea-faring 77tan, a seaman. 

a defaulter. 

the hands on board. 

the man at the wheel. 

discharged 7nen. 

first-rate 7nen. 
honour. 

fimeral honours. 
disabled. 

i7i the hope of disabling the 
vessel. 
horizon. 

artificial horizon. 

dark glass horizon. 

mer atrial horizon. 

oil horizo7i. 

the dip of the horizon. 

ratio 7ial horizon. 

true horizo7i. 

visible horizo7i. 

the horizo7i is clear. 

the horizon is foggy or thick. 

to heave in sight. 
the forerunner (of log-line), 
the stray line (of log-line), 
sliding gunter sail. 



3i6 



HOUARI— HYDROGRAPHE. 



une vergue a houari. 
houille, /. 
houle, / 

une houle battue, 

une houle defend. 

il y a de la houle. 

une houle tongue et forte. 

une grosse et longue Iwule 
courait dans la bate. 

une grosse lame de houle. 
hublot, VI. 
huile,/ 

huile a bruler. 
huitre, / 

un banc d^hmtres. 

un pare a hiiitres. 

la peche des huitres. 
hune, f. 

un mat de hune. 

le petit mat de hune. 

le grafid mat d^hune. 

la grand' hune. 

la hune d'artimon. 

hune de combat. 

chef de hune. 

les retraites (/) de hune. 
hunier, 7n. 

les hunters. 

le petit hunier. 

le grand hunier. 

a hisser les hunier s I 

a deux hunters. 
hydrographe, m. 

un navire hydrographe. 

un ingenieur hydrographe. 



a sliding gunter yard. 
coal, 
swell. 

a cross swell. 

a ground swell 

there is some swell. 

a long heavy swell. 

a long heavy swell was setting 
in the bay. 

a roller {heavy swell). 
scuttle (of a ship), 
oil. 

lamp oil. 
oyster. 

an oyster bed. 

an oyster bed. 

oyster fisheries. 
top. 

top mast. 

fore top mast. 

the main top mast. 

the main top. 

the mizen top. 

military top. 

captain of the top. 

top-sail buntlines. 
top-sail. 
fore and main top-sails, 
fore top-sail. 

main top-sail. 

hoist top-sails I 

with double top-sails. 
hydrographer. 
surveying vessel 

a hydrographer. 



HYDROGRAPHIE— INDES. 



317 



hydrographie, f. 

une ecole cf hydrographie. 
V hydrographie de . . . 
r hydrographie de la cote 
orientate de la Nouvelle 
Zelande. 
hydrometre, m. 
hygrometre, m. 
hypotenuse, /. 



hydrography, nautical survey- 
ing, survey. 
a maritie school, 
the Survey of . . . 
the survey of the east coast 
of New Zeala7id. 

hydrometer, 
hygrometer, 
hypotenuse. 



lie,/ 
immatriculer. 

immatriculer un matelot. 

etre immatricule a. 
impact, m. 

le point d* impact. 
impermeable. 

un impermeable. 
importation^y] 

les importations. 

le commerce d^ importations. 
impulsion,/. 

incapable de prendre la mer. 
incendie, m. 

P exercise (m.) d'incendie. 
inclinaison,/ 

Vinclinaison d'une orbite. 

Vinclinaison des mdts. 

Pincli?iaison du beaupri. 
incliner. 

sHnc liner. 
Indes Orientales, /. pi. ' 



island, 
to register. 

to register a seamaji. 

to hail from. 
impact. 

the point of iinpact. 
waterproof. 

a waterproof coat^ er'^r. 
import. 

i?nport commerce. 

impulse, 
unseaworthy. 
conflagration, fire. 

fire quarters. 
dip (of needle). 

inclination of an orbit. 

the rake of the masts. 

the sleeve of the bowsprit. 
to cant. 

to careen. 
East Indies. 



318 



INDES — INSPECTION. 



un navire des Indes. 
infanterie (/) de marine. 

infirmier, m. 

rinfirmier major. 
ingenieur, m. 



a?i East Indiaman. 
royal marine light infantry, 

the marines, 
sick-berth attendant, sick-bay 

man. 

sick-berth steward. 



engmeer. 

En Anglais le mot engineer a une signification tres etendue. 
L'ingenieur qui fait les plans d'un navire, le constructeur qui suit 
ces plans, Touvrier qui en fait les chaudieres, les machines, &c. , sent 
des engineers. II en est de meme du mecanicien qui fait fonction- 
nier les machines et qui lui aussi est un engineer. 

a naval architect. 



un ingenieur des construc- 
tions navales. 

un ingenieur hydrograpJie. 
injecteur, ?n. 
Tinjecteur Giffard. 
innavigabilite, /. 
innavigable, m. and/, 
inscription maritime, f. 



a hydrograplier. 
injector. 

Giffard's injector, 
unseaworthiness, 
unseaworthy. 
General register of seamen 

for continuous service in 

the Navy. 

L'inscription maritime est I'enregistrement des hommes qui 
peuvent etre requis de servir a bord des navires de la flotte. Ces 
hommes sont generalement les pecheurs de la cote et ceux qui 
naviguent au commerce, toutefois la conscription envoie un certain 
nombre d'hommes dans la marine. Le nom des hommes reste sur les 
registres de i8 a 50 ans. En recompense de cet assujettissement, 
les hommes de l'inscription maritimes, les inscrits comme ou les 
appelle, ont droit a un grand nombre de privileges, et de plus, le 
temps qu'ils servent au commerce compte, en totalite, pour leur 
pension de retraite. C'est a Colbert qu'on est redevable de 
I'institution de ^inscription maritime. 

inspecter. to inspect, to overhaul. 

inspecter un navire. to overhaul a ship. 

inspection,/ muster. 

Vinspection du matin. morning divisions. 



INSTRUCTEUR— JETER. 



319 



instmcteur, m. 
instructions, /. //. 

instructions sur la Manche. 

insubmersibilite, /. 
insubmersible, m. and/, 
integration (/) graphique. 
invalide, m. 
invalide. 

isochrone, m. and/ 
isochronisme, m. 

V isochronisme du pendule. 
isthme, w. 
itague,/ 

un palan sur itague. 



jambe (/) de chien. 

jambette,/ 

jaquette, / 

jardins, ;«. //. (elongis des). 

jarretiere,/ 

jas, m. (d'une ancre). 

jauge, / 

iajauge officielle. 

la jauge nette. 
jauger. 

jaumiere,/ (le trou de). 
jet {fn^ a la mer. 

lejetde la mer. 
jetee, / 

les droits de jetee. 
Jeter. 

Jeter a la mer, 

Jeter V ancre. 



instructor. 
sailing directions. 

sailing directions for the 
English Cha?iJtel. 
buoyancy. 

buoyant, unsinkable. 
graphic integration, 
invalid, an invalided man. 
invalided, 
isochronous, 
isochronism. 

isochronism of pendulum. 
isthmus, 
gun tackle purchase. 

a runner and tackle. 

J. 

sheepshank. 

quarter stanchion. 

jacket (of gun). 

sponson rims. 

sail gasket. 

stock or beam (of an anchor). 

gauge, tonnage. 

register tonnage. 

net register tonnage. 
to gauge. 

helm hole, rudder hole, 
jetsam. 

flotsam. 
jetty, pier. 

pier dues. 
to cast, to heave. 

to jettison. 

to cast anchor. 



320 



JETER — KIOSQUE. 



Jeter la sonde. 

jete a la cote. 
joindre (a). 

bordez a joindre 1 
joint, 7n. 

un joint a franc-bord. 

un joint a mastic defonte. 

un double joi?tt a franc-bord. 

un joint a din. 
jonque,/ 
jottereaux, m. pi. 
jouer. 

le vent joue. 
joues, m. (d'un navire). 
jour, m. 

un jour lunaire. 

un jour so lair e. 

unjour solaire moyen. 

un jour sideral. 

les jours de plane he. 

les jours de starie. 
journal {m.) de bord. 
jumelle (/.) (de mat ou de 

vergue). 
jumelles,/ pi. 
jumeller. 
jusant, m. 

un courant de jusant. 

descendre en jusant. 
jute, ;;/. 



to heave the lead. 

driven ashore. 
home. 

sheet home ! 
a joint. 

a butt strap joint. 

a rust joint. 

a double butt strap joint. 

a lap joint. 
junk (vessel), 
cheeks (of mast), 
to chop about (like the wind). 

t/ie zvind is chopping about. 
cheeks (timber pieces), 
day. 

a lunar day. 

a solar day. 

a mean solar day. 

a sidereal day. 

lay days. 

days allowed for unloadifig. 
log book, 
fish (for mast or yard). 

binocular glasses. 
to fish a mast, 
ebb tide. 

tide current of ebb. 

to drop down with the tide. 
jute. 



ketch, m. 

kiosque {m^ de la barre. 
le kiosque des cartes. 



K. 

ketch. 

wheel house. 
the chart house. 



laguis, m. 
lagune,/. 
laisser aller. 



LAGUIS — LAME. 

L. 

rolling hitch, 
lagoon, 
to let run. 



321 



En France, clans les yoles et embarcations de moyenne grandeur 
les brigadiers saisissent les gaffes au commandement de ' ' laisser 
aller ! " Dans les embarcations armees a couples un coup de 
sifflet, ou le commandement rentrez devant ! est le signal de 
saisir les gaffes. 



latssez aller ! 

laisser arriver, 

latssez arriver I 

laissez porter ! 

laissez porter en depe7tdant ! 

laissez tomberl (les avirofis). 
laite, / 

laite, w., laitee,/ 
laiton, m. 
laize,/. 

une laize de pointe. 
lamanage, m. 
lamaneur, ;;/. 
lame, /. 

lame de houle. 

une lame longue. 

une lame courte. 

une laffie haute. 

le creux de la lame. 

presenter Vavant a la lame. 

les lames balayaient le po?it. 

ipauler la lame. 

gouverner Parriere a la lame. 

se tenir debout a la la7ne. 

se maifitenir droit a la lame. 

s^e lever a la lame. 

21 



way enough! 

to bear up. 

bear up ! let lier go off I 

bear up I keep her away ! 

edge away I shiver up ! ■ 

down I (oars). 
soft roe (of fish), 
soft roed. 
sheet brass, 
a cloth. 

a goring cloth. 
pilotage, 
branch pilot, 
wave, swell, surge, curler. 

roller {wave). 

a long sea, 

a short sea. 

a high sea. 

the trough of the sea. 

to keep the bo7v on to tJie sea. 

the sea swept the deck. 

to breast the sea, 

to run before the sea. 

to keep end on to the sea. 

to breast the surf, 

to top the sea. 



322 



LAME — LARGUER. 



lame (/) d'une epee. 
lampe, /. 

une lampe a incandescence. 
lancement, m. 
lancer. 

lancer dans le vent. 

lancer en travers. 
langage (m.) marin. 
langouste,/. 
langue, / (de terre). 
lanterne, /. 
large (vers le). 

au large I 

au large! {ordre a un canot). 

au large de . . . . 

courir au large et a terre. 

s^ilever au large. 

gagner le large {a la voile). 

gagner le large {en nageant 
dans un canot). 

prendre le large. 

se te7iir au large^ porter au 
large. 
larder, 
largeur, f. 
largue (vent). 

courir largue. 

larguer. 

larguer une manoeuvrem 



blade of a sword, 
lamp. 

an incandescent lamp. 
launching (of a vessel). 
to heave, to launch. 

to broach to. 

to fly into the wind. 
sea language, 
spring lobster, 
spit (of land), 
lantern, 
seaward. 

haul off I 

lie off I {order to a boat). 

off {near a place)^ off shore., 
in the offing. 

off and on. 

to beat off. 

to beat out to sea {in sailing). 

to row to seaward {in pulling 
cutter). 

to sheer off. 

to stand out to sea. 

to thrumb. 

beam, breadth of beam. 

wind on the beam. 

to sail large. 

to go free, to run free, to be 
bowling along. 
to cast off, to cast loose, to 

ease off, to let fly, to let 

go. 

to let go a rope, to cast off a 
rope. 



LARGUER — LESTER. 



323 



larguer des ris. 

larguer en bande. 

largue I {une manoeuvre). 

a larguer les voiles / 

larguez les ecoutes I 

a larguer les boulines de 
perroquet I 
latitude,/ 

la latitude celeste. 

la differefice de latitude. 

la latitude estimee. 

la latitude observee. 

la latitude corrigee, 

la latitude vraie. 

la latitude moyenne. 

les basses latitudes. 

les hautes latitudes. 

la latitude par la hauteur 
nUridienne du soleil. 

courir en latitude. 

les latitudes croissantes. 

changement en latitude 
croissante. 
latte, /. 
lazaret, m. 

lege (ligne de flottaison). 
leger, w., legere,/ 
legerete, / 
lentille,/ 

une lentille achromatique. 
lest, m. 

alter sur lest. 

le lest d'eau. 

arrimer le lest. 
lester. 



to shake out reefs. 

to let fly. 

let go I {a rope). 

all hands loose sails ! 

let fly the sheets ! 

let go top-gallant bowlines I 

latitude. 

celestial latitude. 

difference of latitude. 

latitude by dead reckoning. 

latitude by observation. 

reduced latitude. 

true latitude. 

middle latitudes. 

low latitudes. 

high latitudes. 

latitude by meridian altitude 
of the sun. 

parallel sailing. 

77ieridional parts. 

meridional difference of lati- 
tude. 
batten, 
lazaretto, 
light water-line, 
buoyant, 
buoyancy, 
lens. 

an achromatic lens. 
ballast. 

to sail in ballast. 

water ballast. 

to trim the ballast. 
to ballast. 



324 



LETTRE — LIGNE. 



lettre (/) de marque. 

Levant (le). 

levantin, m. 

levee (/) de la mer. 

leve-nez, m. 

lever. 

lever Vancre. 

lever un plan. 

se lever. 
levier, m. 

le levier de Vetrangloir, 
liaison, / 

libration,/. (de la lune). 
lieutenant, m. 



letter of mark. 

the Levant. [ranean. 

a sailor from the Mediter- 

heave of the sea. 

tripping line, tricing line. 

to weigh, to lift, to survey. 

to weigh the anchor. 

to survey. 

to turn out {of a hammock). 
lever, crowbar. 

the compressor lever. 
brace (ship building), 
libration (of the moon), 
lieutenant. 



En parlant a un lieutenant de vaisseau fran9ais, on se sert toujours 
du mot capitaine, a moins que I'officier en question ne commande en 
premier, auquel cas on I'appelle co?nmandant. Cependant, par une 
assez etrange anomalie, lorsqu'un lieutenant fran^ais commande en 
second, on I'appelle le lieutenant. Voir au mot " capitaine," p. 251. 



le lieutenant de pavilion. 
ligne,/. 
ligne defoi. 
une ligne de sauvetage. 
ligne de flottaison. 
entrer en ligne. 
une ligne de bataille. 
une ligne de front, 
une ligne de file, 
une ligne relevement. 
la ligne du vent, 
la ligne sous le vent, 
en ligne serree. 
se tenir en ligne. 
la ligne {Vequateur). 
le passage de la ligne. 



flag lieutenant. 
line (geometry), line (of ships). 
lubber' s point, 
a life line, 
water-lifie. 
to get into action, 
line of battle, 
a line abreast, 
a line ahead, 
a quarter line. 
the weather line, 
the lee line, 
in close order, 
to keep in order, 
the line {the equator), 
the crossing of the line. 



LIGNEROLLE — LOF. 



325 



lignerolle, / 
limande,/. (poisson). 
limander. 
limbe, 7n. 
linguet, m. 

mettre les Imguets au cube- 
Stan. 
lisse, /. 

la lisse tablette. 

lisse de cale de construction. 
lisse, m. and/. 

a dme lisse. 
liste (/.) des malades. 
lit {m.). 

le lit d'une riviere. 

le lit d^u7ifleuve. 

un lit de marie. 
littoral, 7n. 
liure,/ 

la liure du beaupre. 

livarde, /. 

une voile a livarde. 
livres (;;/.) (les) du bord. 

inscrit sur les livres du 
bord, 
loch, m. 

le bateau de loch. 

la lig?ie de loch. 

Jeter le loch. 

un loch enregistreur. 

le livre de loch. 
lof, w. 

le lof d^u?ie voile. 



twine. 

dab (fish), sea flounder. 

to parcel a rope. 

limb (of a circle). 

paul. 

to paul the capstan. 

rising line of floor, rail (of 

ship). 

the armour shelf. 

launching ways. 
smooth. 

smooth bore. 
sick list, 
bed. 

the bed of a river. 

tide way. 
coast, sea-coast, shore, 
gammoning. 

the gammoni7ig of the bow- 
sprit. 
sprit boom. 

sprit sail. 
ship's books. 

bor7te on the ship's books. 

log. 

the log ship. 

the log li7te. 

to heave the log. 

a patent log. 

the log book. ^ 

lufl-. 

the luff of a sail. 



326 



LOF — LOURDEAU. 



venir au lof. ) 

venir du lof. ) 

levez les lofs I 

revenir au lof. 

revenez au lof I 
loffer. 

loffe toute I 
logarithme, m. 

une table de logarithmes. 
logement, m. 

le logement de Vetoupille. 

le logement du projectile. 

le logement de la culasse. 
loi,/ 

les lots maritimes. 

la loi martiale. 

les lois de Kepler. 
long-cours, m. 
longitude, / 

le Bureau des Longitudes. 

la longitude celeste. 

la difference en longitude. 

la longitude par V angle 
horaire. 

la longitude observee. 

la longitude vraie. 

trouver la longitude par les 
montres. 
longitudinales,/ //. 
losange, m. 
longue-vue, /. 
lougre, m» 
loup (w.) de mer. 
lourd (temps), 
lourdeau, m. 



to spring the luff. 

* 

raise tacks and sheets I 

to round to, to bring to. 

round to I 
to bring to, to luif. 

hard-a-leel luff-a-leel 
logarithm. 

a table of logarithms. 
chamber. 

vent. 

the projectile chamber. 

the breech chamber. 
law. 

maritime lews. 

martial law. 

Kepler's laws. 
ocean navigation, 
longitude. 

Nautical Almanac Office. 

celestial longitude. 

the difference of longitude. 

longitude by sun chronometer. 

observed longitude. 

true longitude. 

to find tlie longitude by 
chronometer. 
longitudinal frames, 
rhombus. 

spy-glass, reflecting telescope, 
lugger. 

a salt, a tar, a sea-dog. 
muggy, heavy (weather). 
a lubber. 



LOUVOYER — MACHINE. 



327 



louvoyer. 
lover. 

loxodromique. 
lubrifier. 
lumiere, / 

la lumiere electrique. 

la lumiere d^un obus. 

la lumiere (Tun canon. 

un grain de lumiere. 

le canal de lumiere. 

la lumilre cendree. 
lune, /. 

un quartier de la lune. 

lepreinier quartier de la lune, 
■ le dernier quartier de la lune, 

la nouvelle lune. 

la pleine lune. 

Page de la lune. 
lunette, / 

lunette meridienne. 

une lunette astronomique. 
lusin, m. 



to beat to windward. 

to coil down, to fake. 

loxodromic. 

to lubricate. 

light, fuse hole, vent. 

electric light. 

fuse hole of a shell. 

vent of gun. 

vent bush. 

channel of vent. 

th£ earth shine. 
moon. 

a quarter of the inoon. 

the first quarter of the moon. 

the last quarter of the moon. 

the neiv moon. 

the full moon. 

the age of the moon. 
telescope. 

transit instrument. 

a refractifig telescope. 
house line. 



M. 



M (du matin). 



machemoure, / 
machine, /. 

une machine d'epuise??ient. 

une machine a condensation. 

une machine a bassepression. 

une machine de fiavire. 

les machines {d'un navire), 

la chambre des tnachines. 

une machine a balancier. 



M.A. (ante-meridiem, before 

noon), 
biscuit dust, 
engine, machinery. 

pumping engine. 

\ condensifig engine. 

marine e?igine. 
the engines {of a ship), 
the engine room, 
a beam engine. 



328 



MACHINE— MAISTRANCE. 



une machine afourreau. 

une machine oscillante. 

une machine composee. 

une machine a basse pression. 

une machine a haute pression. 

ufie machine a triple ex- 
pansion. 

une machine a quadruple 
expansion. 

une machine de ^oo chevaux. 

une machine auxiliaire. 

la force motrice d^une machine, 

les essais de machines. 

le personnel de la machi^te. 

machine^ attention I 
machoire,/. 
madrague,/ 
magasin, m. 

le magasin des subsistances. 
magasinage, m. 
maille,/ 

maille de filet. 
maillet, m. 

un maillet a calfat. 
mailletage, m. 

mailleter. 

mailloche (/.) a fourrer. 
maillon, m. (Voir au mot 

"encablure," p. 288.) 
mains (en venir aux). 

maistrance, / 



a trunk engine, 
an oscillating engine, 
a compou7td engine, 
a low pressure engine, 
a high pressure engine, 
a triple expansion engine. 

a quadruple expansion en- 
gine. 

a 500 horse engine. 

a?i auxiliary engi?te. 
, the propelling power of an 

engine trials. [engine. 

engine-room staff. 

stand by, below I 
jaw (of gaff or boom), 
kettle-net. 
warehouse. 

the victualling yard, 
warehousing, 
link (of a cable). 

fnesh or 7noke of a net. 
mallet. 

a caulkiiig mallet. 
the filling (of ship's bottom) 

with copper nails, 
to fill a ship's bottom with 

copper nails ; to clout nails, 
serving mallet, 
shackle. 

to come to close quarters, 
the rank of chief warrantofficer. 
the chief warrant officers as a 
body. 



MAITRE — MANCHE. 



329 



maitre, w., maitresse,/. (ad- 


main. 


jective). 




maitre, ;;/. 


warrant officer. 


maitre entretenu. 


chief warrant officer. 


mattre (T equipage. ) 
maitre de manceuvre. j 


boatswain. 


u?i second maitre. [ceuvre. 


a petty officer. \class). 


le second inaitre de man- 


the boatswain's mate [ist 


maitre canonnter. 


chief gunner 


maitre charpetitier. 


chief carpenter. 


maitre armurier. 


the armourer. 


maitre d' hotel. 


nlessmany mess steward. 


le maitre d hotel du car re. 


the ward-room steward. 


le poste des maitres. 


warrant officers' room. 


le maitre pilote. 


the sailing master. 



Dans la vieille marine anglaise le "master" ou "sailing 
master " etait un ofificier charge tout specialement de la navigation. 
II prenait rang immediatement apres les lieutenants. 



second mattre pilote. 
maitre couple, ;;/. 
major de la flotte 
mal {m.) de nier. 
malade, m. and^, noun and 

adjective. 

la liste des malades. 

etre sur la liste des 
malades. 

le poste des malades. 
maline, /. 
malle, / 
Manche, /. 

r entree (/.) de la Manche. 
manche, / I 

manche a eau. J 



master's mate. 
midship frame, 
admiral superintendent, 
sea-sickness, 
sick, a sick person. 

the sick list. 

to be on the sick list. 

the sick bay, the sick berth. 
spring tide, 
mail, mail steamer, 
the English Channel. 

the chops of the Channel. 

hose. 



330 



MANCHE — MANCEUVRER. 



manche a mcendie. 

manche a vent. 
manchon {m.) (de capelage). 
mandat {m.) de perquisition, 
maniable, m. and/ 

non-maniable. 

un navire maniable. 

du filin maniable. 
manifeste, m. 
manille,/ 

manille d^italingure. 
manille, m. (pour cordage). 

un cordage de manille. 
manivelle, /. 
manoeuvre, / 

manoeuvres^ f. pL \ 

les grandes manoeuvres. J 
les manoeuvres d^escadre. 
la manoeuvre d^un navire. 
les manoeuvres dormantes. 
les manoeuvres courantes. 
un tour de manoeuvre, 
le courant d^une manoeuvre, 
le dormant d'une manoeuvre, 
les manoeuvres de combat, 
passer les manoeuvres de 
combat. 
manoeuvrer. 



manoeuvrer les ancres. 
manoeuvrer la barre. 
man(Kuvrer un canon, 
manoeuvrer un bailment. 



fire hose. 

wind sail. 
funnel (of mast), 
search warrant, 
handy, pliable. 

unmanageable. 

a handy ship. 

pliable rope, 
manifest, 
shackle, swivel piece. 

anchor shackle, jeiv's harp. 
manilla (for ropes). 

a manilla rope. 
crank (machinery), handle, 
rope, seamanship, manceuvres, 

&c. 

the manoeuvres, 

fleet evolutions, 
the working of a ship, 
standing rigging, 
running rigging. 
a bitter. 

the running part of a rope, 
the standing part of a rope, 
fighting gear. 
to reeve the fighting gear. 

to work a ship, a pump, the 
sails, the anchor, the helm, 
the engines, &c., &c. 
to work the anchors, 
to work the helm, 
to work a gun. 
to work a ship 



MANCEUVRER— MAREE. 



331 



mancKuvrer une pompe. 

manceuvrer la machine. 
manometre, m. 
manoque, / 
manquer. 

depeur que les machifies ne 
vinssent a manquer. 
mantelet (w.) de sabord. 
manutention, /. 
mappemonde, / 
maquereau, m. 
marchandises, / //. 
marche (etre en). 



to work a pump. 

to work the engines. 
steam pressure gauge. 
a hank of yarn, 
to break down. 

for fear the engines might 
break dow?t. 
port lid. 

victualling department, 
map of the world, 
mackerel, 
goods, 
to be under way. 



Beaucoup d'Anglais ecrivent tinder weigh au lieu de under way, 
mais c'est la une erreur. Under weigh, veut simplement dire que 
I'ancre vient d'etre levee. Du moment oii le navire se met en 
marche, c'est a dire aussitot qu'il a de I'erre — that she has way — il 
est under way. 



ordre de marche, 
marche, m. 

marcher (a la vapeur). 
marchepied, m. 

marchepied de bout de vergue. 



order of sailing. 
a contract, mart, 
to steam, 
foot rope. 

a flemish horse. 



marcheur (un bon). a fast sailer, a fast steamer, 

maree,/ (Voir " Table X.") tide, flood, flood tide. 



marie basse, 
maree de morte eau. 
la morte eau. 
maree de quadrature, 
marie de vive eau. 
marie de syzygie. 
de marie, 
evite a la maree. 
la marie monte. 



low water, 
neap tide. 

spring tide. 

tidaL 
tide rode. 

the tide is coming in, the tide 
is rising, the tide is flowing. 



332 



MAREE— MARIN. 



la mark descend. 

la marie montante. 

la maree descendante. 

la maree haute. 

la maree basse. 

a mi-maree. 

un lit de maree. 

un coiirant de maree. 

la direction et la vitesse 
dun courant de maree. 

une echelle de maree. 

la maree diurne. 

la maree lunaire. 

la maree solaire. 

la hauteur de la maree. 

le niveau moyen de la maree. 

la maree sera tres forte de- 
main. 

le retard de la maree. 

le changement de maree. 

le reversement de la maree. 

nousavons la maree contr aire. 

une maree portant au vent. 

une maree portant sous le vent. 



ee. ) 



the tide is falling, the tide is 

the flood tide. [going out. 

the ebb tide. 

high water. 

low water. 

at half tide. 

a tide way. 

a tide, a current. 

the set and drift of a tidal 
current. 

a tide gauge. 

diurnal inequality of the tide. 

the lunar tide. 

the solar tide. 

the range of the tide, 

the mean range of the tide. 

the tide will be very high to- 
morrow. 

the age of the tide. 

the turn of the tide. 

the tide is against us. 
a weather tide, 
a lee tide. 



II faut noter, avec soin, qu'avec la luaree qui parte au vent, le 
vent est dans une direction opposee a celle du courant de maree, 
tandis qu'avec la marie qui parte sous le vent, le courant de maree 
suit la meme direction que le vent. 

beachman. 
lizard. 

a spider hoop. 
messenger, deck tackle. 

to use a messenger. 
seaworthy, ship-shape, 
sailor, seaman, sea-faring man. 



mareyeur, fn. 
margouillet, m» 

un cercle a margouillet. 
marguerite, / 

faire marguerite. 
marin (adjective). 
marin, m. 



MARIN — MARQUE. 



333 



sefaire marin, 

ufi marin de la flotte. 

un mauvais marin. J 

U7i marin d'eau douce. j 

u?t marin inscrit. (Voir 
p. 318.) 
marine, / 

En Angleterre la marine 
la marine de guerre. I 
la marine militaire. ( 
la mari?ie marc/iande. 



de la marine. 

* 
un soldat de marine, 
le bureau de la marine, 
les corps auxiliaires de la 

marine, 
la marine Fran^aise. 
la marine Royale A?iglaise. 
la marine des Etats- Unis. 

marinier, m. 

un officier marinier. 

marionettes, / pi. 

maritime, 7n. and/ 

marmotte (/.) de la meche. 

maroquin, m. 

marque (/.) de I'Etat (Angle- 
terre). 
une marque de distificHon. 



to go to sea, to become a sailor, 
a man-of-iva7^ s man^ a blue- 
jacket^ a Jack tar. 
a lubber. 

a freshwater sailor, 
a land-lubber, 
a continuous service ma7i. 

navy, the service, the Senior 

Service (in England), 
prend le pas sur I'armee. 

the Royal Navy, R.N. 

the mercha?it nazy, the 
mercha?it service, the ship- 
ping {of a country). 

sea-faring, belo?iging to the 
Navy. 

a marine {soldier). 

the marine board. 

the Civil branch of the Navy. 

the French Navy. 

the {English) Royal Navy. 

the United States Navy, 
U.S.N. 
boatman, waterman. 

a petty officer. 
nine-pins block, 
maritime, sea-faring, 
match tub. 
guy rope, triatic stay, 
the broad arrow (in England). 



a badge. 



334 



MARQUER — mAt. 



marquer (faire) un pavilion, to dip a flag. 
marsouin, m. porpoise. 

une bande de marsouins. a shoal of porpoises. 

Dans beaucoup d'endroits, en Angleterre, on se sert de 1' expres- 
sion i'r^£»<?/ ^ /^?-/^w^j' au lieu de shoal of porpoises. C'est la un 
provincialisme et une corruption evidente du vieux mot Anglo- 
Saxon scolu^ qui se retrouve dans le vieil Anglais scholu, shole, et 
qui signifie "troupe," *'foule." 

le marsouin d^avant. the stemson. 

an old salt^ a sea - dog 
{slang). 
hammer (tool), 
peak halliard, 
martingale. 
{ bore (on tidal river), eagre. 
( tidal wave, 
shield for gun. 
a smoke sail. 
to throw aback. 
throw all aback ! 
to back a sail. 
chess trees. 
foremost dead works, 
aft dead works. 



un vieux marsouin (argot), 

marteau, m. 
martinet, m. 
martingale, / 

mascaret, m. 



masque {m.) en acier. 

un masque en toile. 
masquer. 

masquez partout ! 

masquer une voile. 
massif (;«.) d'amures. 

le massif avant. 

le massif arriere. 
mastic {m.) de fonte (joint a), rust joint, 
mat, fn. mast. 

Voir aussi au nom special de chaque mat. 



le mat de misaine. 

le grand mat. 

le mat d^artimon* 

un mat d'hune. 

le grand mat d^hune. 

mat de perroquet. 

le mat de grand perroquet. 

un mat de beaupre. 



the fore mast. 

tJie main mast. 

the mizen mast. 

a top mast. 

the main top mast. 

top-gallant mast. 

main top-gallant mast. 

a jack staff. 



MAT — MATHURIN. 



335 



un mat de pavilion » 
un mat de cacatois. 
un mat de fortune. 
U7i trois-mdts. 
a trots mats, 
guinder un mat. 
depasser un mat. 



a flag staff. 

a royal mast. 

a jury mast. 

a three master. 

three masted. 

to send up a mast. 

to send down a mast^ to 
strike a mast. 

to cut aivay' the masts. 

to step a mast. 

a derrick. 

a lower 7tiast. 

under bare poles. 

an iron mast. 
backing (of armour), 
sailor, seaman. 

a leading seaman. 

an able seaman^ A.B. 



couper les mdts. 

emplanter un mat. 

un mat de charge. 

un bas mat. 

a mats et a cordes. 

un mat de fer. 
matelas, m. 
matelot, m. 

un matelot de premilre das se. 

un matelot de deuxieme 
classe. 

un matelot de troisihne classe. 

le matelot d^avant, A/. 

le matelot d^arriere, AR. 
matelotage, m. seamanship. 

Le matelotage : c'est I'art du matelot, et la manoeuvre 
I'officier de marine. 

mdter. 

mdtez I 

mdtez les avirons / 
matereau. 
materiel, m. 



an ordi?iary seaman, 
the ship next ahead, 
the ship next asterti. 



I'art de 



to mast. 

up mast I {in a boat), 
toss the oars up 1 
a hand mast, 
marine stores, 
mathematiques, / pi. mathematics. 

les mathematiques pures. pure mathe7tiatics. 

les mathhnatiques appliquees. mixed mathematics. 
Mathurin, m. blue-jacket, a man-of-war's 

man, a Jack tar. 



336 



MATIN — MER. 



matin, m, 
du mati?i. M, 



matricule (la) generale. 

le commissaire de la matri- 
cule generale. 
le bureau de la matricule. 

mature, / 

dans la mature. 
maugere, /. 
mecanicien, 7n. 
mecanique, /. 
mecanisme, m. 
meche,/ 

la meche du gouvernail. 

la gazette de la meche 
{argot), 
. la marmotte de la meche. 
medecin, 7n. 
medicament, m. 

le coffre aux 7nedicaments. 
meduse,/ 
membrure, /. 
menagant, w., menagante, f. 

(temps, w., or mer, /). 

un temps menacant. 

une mer menacante, 
mer, /. 

la mer est basse. 

la mer basse. 

la mer est haute. 

la haute mer. 

la mer monte. 



mornmg. 

before noon^ ante-meridieju, 
A.M. 
C general register of seamen. 
[ registry of merchant seamen. 
registrar general ofmerchafit 

seamen, 
general register and record 
office of seamen. 
the masts (as a whole). 

aloft. 
leather for pump, 
engineer. ( Voir " ingenieur.") 
mechanics, 
machinery. 

heart of a rope, match. 
main piece of rudder, 
ship's news {yarns^ tales), 

galley packets (slang), 
match tub. 
surgeon, 
medicine. 

the medicine chest. 
jelly fish, sea-nettle, 
frame (of ship), ribs, 
ugly (weather or sea). 

ugly weather, 
an ugly sea. 
sea. 

it is low water. 

low water. 

it is high water. 

the main sea. 

the tide is coming in. 



MER. 



337 



la mer descend. 

a la mer. 

en pleifie mer. 

en mer^ sur mer. 

un bras de mer. 

de Peau de mer. 

endroit oil il y a de la 7ner. 

lafortuJie de mer. 

le mal de mer. 

avoir le mal de mer. 

la mer etale. 

la mer libre. 

la levie de la ttier. 

la pleine mer. 

la pleine 7ner. \ 

le plein de la mer. \ 

la mer bat son plein. 

rheure de la pleine mer. I 

rheure du plein. f 

la mer de lait {Mer des 

Ijides). 
les mers polaires. 
un ccunieur de mer. 
un homtne a la mer I 
une mer i?iterieure. 
line mer phosphorescente. 
un coup de mer. \^ 

im paquet de mer. J 

ufi oiseau de mer. 
un oursin de mer. 
un port de mer. 
battu par la mer. 
ecumer les mers. 
enibarquer tin coup de nur. 



the tide is going out. 

at sea, overboard. 

on the high seas. 

afloat. 

an arm of the sea. 

sea water. 

sea way* 

sea risks, perils of the 

sea. 
sea sickness, 
to be sea sick* 
slack water, 
the open sea. 
the heave of the sea. 
the open sea. 

high water, 

it is high water. 

the time of high ivater. 

the White Waters {Ifidian 

Ocea?i). 
the Polar Seas, 
a sea rover, a pirate* 
man overboard I 
an inland sea. 
a phosphorescent sea. 
a sea, a breech of the sea 

over a vessel, 
a sea fowl, a sea bird, 
a sea urchin, 
a sea port, 
tossed by the sea. 
to scour the sea. 
to ship a sea. 



338 



MER. 



nous avons embarque un 
paquetde inerparlahanche 
de tribord. 

entoure par la mer. 

mettre a la mer. 

prendre la mer. 

recevoir un coup de mer. 

reprendre la mer. 

tenir la mer. 

venir de la mer. 

vers la mer. 



we have shipped a sea over 
the starboard quarter. 

sea girt. 

to put to sea. 

to go to sea, to put to sea. 

to be struck by a sea. 

to go to sea again. 

to keep the sea. 

to come from the sea. 

seaward. 



L'ETAT DE LA MER. 

une mer assez grosse. 

une mer belle. 

une mer tres belle. 

u?ie mer clapoteuse. 

une mer courte. 

une mer demontee. 

une mer furieuse. 

une mer houleuse. 

une mer tongue. 

ia mer moutomie. \^ 

une mer moutonneuse. j 

une mer plate. 

une mer qui leve. 

une grosse mer. 

la mer est dure. 

la mer se fait. 

la mer se leve. 

la mer tombe. 

la mer se calme. 

il y a de la mer. 

la mer porte a la cote. 

la mer brise a la cote. 



THE STATE OF THE SEA. 

a squally sea. 

a calm sea. 

a very smooth sea. 

a chopping sea. 

a short sea. 

a raging sea. 

a very high sea. 

a heavy sea. 

a long sea. 

a sea with crested waves, 

white horses, 
a smooth sea. 
a topping sea. 
a high sea. 
the sea is rough, 
the sea is getti?ig up. 
the sea is rising, 
the sea is falling, 
the sea is going down. 
the sea is running high, 
the sea sets towards the shore, 
the shore has a surf the sea 

breaks on shore. 



MER — METTRE. 



339 



NOTATION DE LA MER. 


NOTATION OF THE SEA. 


o. Plate. 


0. Calm. 


I. Tres belle. 


I . Very smooth. 


2. Belle. 


2. Smooth. 


3. Assez belle. 

4, Petite houle. 


3. Slight swell. 
/ Some swell. 
I Rather rough. 


5. Houleuse. 


S. Swell. 


6. Forte. 6. Squally. 

7. Grosse. 7- High. 

8. Tres grosse. 8. Very high. 

9. Very heavy. 
En France, il n'y a pas de notation speciale pour le No. 9 : " very 
heavy, " Les deux notations donnees ci-dessus sont celles dont on se 


sert officiellement en France ei 


t en Angleterre. 


meridien, m. 


meridian. 


le meridien de Greenwich. 


the Greenwich meridian. 


le miridien d^un lieu. 


the meridian of a place. 


le miridien magnetique. 


the magnetic meridian. 


le passage au miridien. 


the meridian passage. 


le premier miridien. 


the prime meridian. 


merlin, m. 


marline. 


merliner. 


to marl. 


merluche, /. 


haddock. 


messe, / (service divin). 


divine service. 


metacentre, m. 


metacentre. 


metal, fn. 


metal. 


le mHal Muntz. 


Muntz metal. 


meteorologie, /. 


meteorology. 


metropole, /. 


home (one's own country). 


les ports de la mitropole. 


home ports. 


mettre a I'eau. 


to launch. 


mettre a terre. 


to land. 


77iettre une embarcation a 


to lower a boat. 


la 7ner. 




fuettre a la voile. 


to set sail. 


mettre au point. 


to focus a telescope, &^c. 



340 



METTRE — MINISTfeRE. 



mettre tout dessus. 

mettre en travers. 
micrometre, m. 
midi, m. 

du midi. 

avant-midi. 

le midi may en. 

le midi apparent. 

le midi vrai. 
mille, m. 

un milk marin. 



to carry on. 

to stand across. 
micrometer, 
noon. 
■ southerly. 

ante-meridiem^ A.M. 

m£an noon. 

apparent noon. 

true noon. 
a mile. 

a nautical mile. 



Le mille marin fran^ais, comme le mille marin anglais, est la 
longueur d'une minute de latitude. Bien que cette longueur dififere 
selon la latitude, on la considere egale a 1852 metres soit 6076, 40 
pieds anglais. Le mille adopte par I'amiraute anglaise etant de 
6080 pieds anglais, la difference entre le mille fran(;ais et le mille 
anglais est done de, 3, 60 pieds anglais, difference qu'on peut negliger 
excepte lorsque les distances sont fort grandes. En effet, sur une 
distance de 20,000 milles marins la difference ne se monte pas a plus 
de 13, 5 milles. 

Le mille ordinaire anglais et le mille marin different de 800 pieds 
anglais, puisque le mille marin est de 6080 pieds et le mille terrestre 
de 5280. 

Dans le langage maritime on se sert souvent du mot na:ud pour 
designer le mille marin. II faut se souvenir, cependant, que le 
noeud n'etant qu'une division de la ligne de loch, et consequemment, 
une petite fraction du mille marin, un noeud ne saurait etre la 
meme chose qu'un mille marin. 



mi-mat (a), 
mine,/ 

une mine sous-marine. 

/aire sauter une mine. 
ministere {ni.) de la marine 

(France). 

le ministere de P agriculture 
et du commerce {France). 

le ministre de la marine. 



half-mast high, 
mine. 

a submarine mine. 

to spring a mine. 
the Admiralty (England). 

the Board of Trade {Eng- 
land). \i7iiralty. 
the First Lord of the Ad- 



MINIUM — MONDE. 



341 



mmmm, m. 

minot, w. 

mire (la ligne de). 

le cran de mire, 
miroir, m. 
misaine, / 

un etai de misaine. 

la hune de misaine, 

un gabier de misaine. 

une vergue de misaine. 

la misaine goelette. 
mise (/) a I'eau. 
mistral, m. (vent), 
mitraille, / 

boite a mitraille, 
mitrailleuse, / 
mobilisation,/ 
molette (/) de cordier. 
mollir. 

mollissez! {en ?tageant dans 
un canot), 

mollissez Vecoute I 

mollissez la barre ! 

mollissez les bras I 
moment, m. 

mome?it d^inertie. 

les moments flichissants 
dhm navire. 

les moments longitudinaux 
dun 7iavire. 
monde, m. 

avoir peu de monde. 

envoyer du monde, 

en has le monde I 



red lead, 
bumkin. 
line of sight. 

the notch in the back sight, 
(Voir "sextant") 
fore course, fore sail. 

afore stay. 

the fore top. 

a fore top man, 

a fore yard. [sail, 

the fore spencer, the fore try- 
launching (of a vessel), 
the mistral, 
grape shot. 

canister shot. 
machine gun. 
mobilisation, 
ropemaker's loper. 
to ease off, to ease the helm, 

to slack off. 

shorten the stroke ! {i?t pull- 
ing a boat). 

ease off the sheet/ 

ease the helm I 

ease off the braces I 
momentum. 

mome?it of inertia. 

the bending moments of a 
ship. 

the longitudinal mome?its of 
a ship. 
hands (men, people). 

to be sliort of ha?ids. 

to send some liands. 
, pipe down ! 



342 



MONDE— MOU. 



mettre du monde a . . , 

du monde siir le bordi 

du monde aux ecoutes ! 

mettre du monde sur les 
vergues. 

tout le monde sur le pont I 
monde, m. 

faire le tour du monde ! 
montant, m. 

les montants des barres seches 

les montants des dames. 
monte-charge, m. 
monter. 

monter une rivilre. ) 

remonter une riviere. ) 

monter le gouvernail. 

monter Phelice, 

attention aux bouts-dehors^ 
montez I 
montres, / pi. 

regler les montres. 

Vofficier des montres. 
moque, / 
mordre. 
morse, m. 
morte-eau, / 
morue, / 

la peche a la morue. 
mortier, m. 
mot {m.) d'ordre. 

le mot de ralliement. 
mou, m. (d'une manoeuvre), 
mou (navire). 

ce navire est mou. 



to man the . . . 

man the side ! 

man the sheets I 

to man the ship^ to man the 
yards. 

turn the hands up ! 
world. 

to sail round the world/ 
a stanchion. 

gallows bitts, stanchions. 

poppets. 
ammunition case, 
to man, to ship, to rig, &c. 

to go up a river. 

to ship the rudder, 
to ship the screw, 
trice upy lie out ! 

chronometers. 

to rate the chronometers. 

the navigatitig officer. 
heart block. 

to bite (like an anchor), 
the walrus, 
neap tide, 
cod. 

the cod fisheries. 
mortar, 
pass-word. 

the rallying word. 
the slack (of a rope), 
ship that carries lee helm. 

this ship carries lee helm, 
this ship is leewardly. 



MOU — MOUSSON. 



343 



to hafig aback {figuratively). 



Hre mou com??ie une chique 
{ail figure). 
moucheter. 

moucheter un croc. 
mouette, /. 
mouillage, m. 

au mouillage. 

les droits de 7nouillage. 

le navire est a U7i bon 
mouillage. 

changer de mouillage. to shift a berth. 

venir au mouillage. to come to an anchor. 

mettre au poste de mouillage. to bring to an anchor. 
mouiller. to anchor, to moor, to stream. 



to mouse. 

to mouse a hook. 
sea-gull, sea-mew. 
anchorage. 

at her moorings. 

harbour dues. 

the ship is in a good berth. 



mouillez I 

mouiller en allant de r 
Vavafit. \ 

mouiller sur son ancre. 
etre mouille. 

le fiavire etait mouilli a 
trois eficablures du rivage. 
chacu?i a son poste pour 
mouiller ! 
mouilleur, m. 
moule, m. 
moule, / 

moulin (;;/.) a bitord. 
mousqueterie, /. 
mousse, m. 

Pecole des mousses, 
les mousses au bas de 
techelle I 
mousson, /. 

le renversement de la 
mousson. 



let go / let go the a?ichor I 

to bring to an afichor. 

to come to an anchor. 

to let go underfoot. 

to be lying at anchor. 

the shipivas lying three cables' 
lengths from the shore. 

all hands bring ship to an 
anchor I 
anchor tumblers, 
netting pin or mesh, 
mussel. 

ropemaker's winch, 
musketry, 
boy, cabin boy, side boy. 

a trainifig ship for boys. 

t/ie side boys at the gangway ! 

monsoon. 

the breakifig up of tJie mon- 
soon. 



344 



MOUTON — N'AS-TU. 



mouton, m. 
moutonneuse (mer). 
munitions, / //. 
muraille, /. 

a muraille rentree. 
musique, /. 

le chef de musique. 
musicien, ;;/, 
musoir (;;/.) (d'une jetee). 



nable, m. 
nacre, f. 
nadir, m. 
nage,/. 

don?ter la nage. 

allongez la ?iage I 

ftagez de long! 

nage bdbord ! 

nage tribord ! 

nage a sec I 

regagner le rivage a la nage. 

nager. < 

nager a couples. 
■ nager a culer, 

nager a sec. 

nagez partout I 
nageur, ;;?. 
nantissement, m. 
n'as-tu pas entendu, les tri- 

bordais (ou les babordais) 

au quart? debout, debout, 

debout ! 



ram (to drive piles). 
sea with crested waves (white 
ammunition. [horses), 

ship's sides. 

with tumbling home sides. 
the band. 

the bafid-master. 
bandsman, 
head (of a pier). 

N. 

plug hole (of boat). 

mother of pearl, 

nadir. 

the pulling of a boat. 

to pull stroke. 

lengthen the stroke ! ha?tg on 
her I stretch out 1 

bend to your oars I 

pull port I 

pull starboard I 

row dry I 

to swi7n to the shore. 
to pull (with an oar), 
to swim, to row. 

to scull (zvith a pair of oars), 

to back the oars. 

to row dry. 

give way together! 
oarsman, rower, swimmer, 
a lien, 
show a leg and turn out ! 



NAUFRAGE— NAVIGUER. 



345 



Exclamation dont on se sert a bord des navires frangais pour 
eveiller les hommes qui vont prendre le quart. Sur les navires 
anglais le second maitre crie : Show a leg and turn out I cequi veut 
dire : " Montrez une jambe et levez-vous ! " 



naufrage, m. 
faire naufrage. 

naufrage. 

un naufrage, 

naufrageur, m. 
nautique, m. and/ 
naval, w., navale, / 
naval brass, m. 
navette, / 
navigabilite, / 
navigable, m. and/ 
navigate ur, w. 

navigation, / 

la navigation a Paide des 

cartes, 
la navigatiofi a Vaide des 

cartes riduites. 
la ?iavigation a la houline. 
la 7iavigation orthodro- 

7nique. 
la 7iavigation sur Pare de 

grand cercle. 
la navigation de long 

cours. 
la navigation hauturiere. 
la navigatiofi cotitre. 
naviguer. 

naviguer de conserve. 



shipwreck, wreck. 

to . be shipwrecked, to be 
wrecked. 
shipwrecked. 

a castaway^ a shipwrecked 
person. 
wrecker, 
nautical, 
naval. 

naval brass, 
netting needle, 
seaworthiness, 
seaworthy, 
navigator, sailing master. 

(Voir "maitre pilote.") 
navigation, sailing. 

plane sailing. 

Mercator's sailing, 
traverse sailing. 



\ great circle sailing. 



coasting navigation. 
to navigate, to sail. 
to sail in company. 



346 



NAVIRE — NfeBULEUX. 



navire, w. ship. 

un navire de commerce, 
un navire marchand. 
un navire a voiles. 
un navire de guerre. 



un navire ecole. 

le navire ecole des canonniers. 

un navire a tourelles. 

un navire a deux ponts. 

un navire a trois ponts. 

un navire a helice. 

un navire a vapeur. 

un navire a aubes. 

un navire des Indes, 

un navire blinde. 

un navire qui porte mal la 

toile. 
un navire maniable. 
la 7nanoiuvre d'un navire. 
les moments flechissants d^un 

navire. 
les 7noments longitudinaux 

dJun navire. 
un navire qui se comporte 

bien a la mer. 
un navire annexe, 
armer un navire. 
un navire inconnu. 
un navire mar in. 
un navire de long cours. 
les navires, m. pi. 
les navires en parlance. 
navires sortis eft igoi. 
nebuleux, w., nebuleuse, f. 



a trader. 

a merchantman. 

a sailing vessel. 

a man-of-war., a war ship, a 

battle ship, 
a training ship, 
gunnery ship, 
a turret ship, 
a two decker, 
a three decker, 
a screw ship, 
a steam ship, 
a paddle boat, 
an East Indiaman. 
an ironclad, 
a crank ship. 

a handy ship. 

the working of a ship. 

the bending moments oj a 



the longittidinal motnejits of 

a ship, 
a ship that behaves well at 

sea. 
a tender to a vessel, 
to fit out a ship, 
a strange sail, 
a sea-boat^ a good sea-boat, 
a sea-going ship, 
the shipping {of a country), 
the list of sailings, 
ships cleared in igoi. 
nebular. 



NfiGRIER — NCEUD. 



347 



negner, m, 
neige,/ 
neptune, 7n. 
nettoyer. 
neutres, m, pi. 
nid {m.) de corbeau. 
(pour la vigie dans 
regions polaires). 
nez, m. (cap). 



les 



a slaver, 
snow. 

nautical atlas, 
to clean, 
neutrals, 
the crow's nest, 
(for look-out man in Polar 
regions), 
ness, naze (promontory). 



Comme dans : "Cap Gris-Nez," 

nez, m. (d'un vaisseau). 

etre sur le nez. 
niveau, m. 

le niveau des hautes eaux. 

le niveau des basses eaux. 

le niveau moyen de la marie. 



Dungeness," " Walton-on-the-Naze. 

nose, bow (of a ship). 

to be down by the bow. 
mark, level. 

high ivater mark. 

low water mark. 

the mean range of the tide 



noeud, m. 

un noiud d^agui. 

un noiud d^ arret. 

un nosud de bouline double. 

un noiud de bouline simple. 

un noeud de vache. \ 

un noeud d'ajut. j 

un noeud d'anguille. 

un noeud de chaise. 

un noeud de chaise double. 

un noeud de plein poing. 

un noeud plat. 

un noeud d'icoute double. 

un mvud d^etalingure de 

grelin. 
un noeud d^ecoute. 
un noeud de drisse de bonnette. 



bend, hitch, knot. 
two bowlines, 
a figure of 8 knot, 
an inside clinch, 
an outside clinch. 



a granny s bend. 

a running bowline knot. 

a bowline hitch. 

a bowline on the bight. 

a liawser bend. 

a reef knot. 

a double bend. 

a fisherman's bend. 

a single bend, a sheet knot, 
a studding sail halliard 
bend. 



348 



NCEUD — NUAGEUX. 



un 7iceud de bee d'oiseau. 
un noeud de bee d^oiseau 

double, 
un noeud de griffe. 

un noeud de basse. 

un noeud de trisillon. 

un noeud d^orin. 

un noeud de bois. 

un noeud de grappin, 

un ncBud de hauban. 

un noeud coulant. 

faire un noeud. 
noeud, m. (ligne de loch). 

filer douze noiuds a Vheure. 
noeud, m. (astronomie). 

le noeud ascendant. 

le noeud deseendant. 
noix (la) du cabestan. 
nolisement, m. 
noliser. (Voir *' freter.") 
nomination,/ 
nord, m. 
nouer. 

nouvelles {/. pi.) de mer. 
novice, m. 
noyage, m. 
noyer. 

noyer les poudres. 

noyer la terre. 

noyer un vaisseau. 
nuage, m. 

un nuage d'orage. 

sans nuages. 
nuageux. 



a blaekwall hiteh. 

a double blaekwall hiteh. 

a marline spike hiteh, a horse- 
shoe knot. 

a rolling hitch. 

a marline hitch. 

a buoy rope knot. 

a timber hitch. 

a fish^rman^s bend. 

a shroud knot. 

a slip k?iot. 

to tie a knot, to make a hitch. 
knot (log line). 

to run tivelve knots an hour. 
node (astronomy). 

the ascending node. 

the descending node. 
the drumhead of the capstan, 
chartering, 
to charter a vessel, 
promotion, 
north. 

to hitch, to knot, 
shipping intelligence, 
apprentice (merchant service), 
flooding (purposely), 
to flood. 

to flood the magazine, 

to settle the land. 

to lay a ship. 
cloud. 

a thunder cloud. 

cloudless. 
cloudy. 



OBJECTIF— OCEAN. 



349 



objectif, m. object glass (of telescope). 

robjectif de cette lunette the object glass of this tele- 
peut recevoir un plus fort scope ivill bear a greater 



grossissement. 
obliquite, /. 

Vobliquite (Vune orbite. 

f obliquite de Vicliptique. 
observations, /. (prendre 

des). 
observatoire, m. 
obturateur, m. 

le logement de V obturateur. 
obturation,/ 
obus, ;;/. 

obus a balks. 

la ceinture dhiti obus. 

le culot d^un obus. 

P ogive, f 

la pointe. 

un obus en acier chrome. 

les events dhin obus. 

charger a obus. 

un eclat d'obus. 
obusier, m» 
Occident, m. 

occidental, 7n., occidentale,/ 
occultation, /. 
Ocean, w. 

r Ocean Atlantique. 

VOcia?i Arctique. 

r Ocean A ntarctique. 

rOcea?i Pacifique. 



d'un obus. 



power. 
obliquity. 

the obliquity of an orbit, 
the obliquity of tlie ecliptic. 
to take sights. 

observatory, 
obturator. 

the obturator groove. 

obturation. 

projectile, shell, shot, shrap- 
nel. 

case shot, shraptiel shell, 
the jacket of a shell, 
the base of a shell. 

tJie head of a sJiell. 

a steel shell with chromium. 

the extractor holes of a shell. 

to load with s/iell. 

a fragment of shell. 
a howitzer, 
the West, 
westerly, 
occultation. 
ocean. 

the Atlantic Ocean. 

the Arctic Ocean. 

the Antarctic Ocean. 

the Pacific Ocean. 



350 



OCULAIRE — OFFICIER. 



oculaire, m. 

un oculaire terrestre. 

un oculaire asfronomique. 
ceil, m. 

un Qiil de bosuf, 

un ceil de pie. 

Poeil de la tempete. 

un ceil a la flamande. 

avoir toeil au bossoir. 

ouvrez Vceill 
oeufs, m. pi. 
oeuve, m.^ oeuvee,/. 
oeuvres (/. //.) vives. 

les ceuvres-mortes. 
office, m. 
officier, m. 

ofHcier de marine. 



eye-piece (of telescope). 

a terrestrial eye-piece. 

an astronomical eye-piece. 
eye. 

Dutchman's breeches. 

eyelet hole. 

the wind's eye. 

a flemish eye. 

to keep a good look out. 

keep your weather eye open I 
roes (of fish). 
a hard roed fish, 
bottom (of ship), quick works. 

dead tvorks^ top sides. 
the larder, 
officer. 

naval officer. 



Ce tilre n'appartient reellement qu'aux officiers de vaisseau. Les 
medecins, les mecaniciens, les commissaires, ne sont pas des officiers 
de marine, proprement dit. 



officier d'ordonnance. 
r officier de garde. 

un officier de la branche 

civile. 
V officier des ?nontres. 
un officier du carre. 
un officier giniral. 
un officier subalterne. 
un officier marinier. 

devenir officier. 

Ml officier de vaisseau. 
r officier de la sante. 



Hag lieutenant. 

the officer on duty^ the officer 

of the day. 
a civilian. 

the navigating officer. 

a ward-room officer. 

a flag officer. 

officer junior to co?nmander. 

petty officer. 

to become an officer. 

to walk the quarter-deck. 

an executive officer. 

the health officer. 



OFFICIER — ORDRE. 



351 



Vofficier de quart, 
un officier (Tinfanterie de ( 
marine. ( 

Vofficier le plus anciefi. 
Vofficier le moins ancien. 
un officier en retraite. 
passer un officier sur le bord. 

un officier de salon {au 

figure), 
le second officier {marine 

marchande). 
le troisieme officier^ „ 
ogive,/, (d'un obus). 
oh ! ohe ! 

oM^ du canot I 
ohe du fiavire I 
oiseau {in) de mer. 
orage, m. 

un orage magnitique. 
orageux, ;;/., orageuse, / 
orbite,/ 
ordonnance, /. 
dordofina?ice. 
un sabre d^ ordonnance. 
ordonnance, m. 
ordonner. 
ordre, m. 

conserver V ordre. 

les ordres de inarche. 

les ordres de route. 

en ordre. 

V ordre endente. 

les ordres permanefits. 

obeir a un ordre. 



the officer of the ivatch. 

an officer of inarines. 

a marine officer. 

the senior officer. 

the junior officer. 

a retired officer. 

to receive an officer at the entry 

port, 
a quarter-decker^ a skip jack 

{bad officer), 
the chief mate^ the mate 

{merchant navy), 
the second mate (or dicky). 
head (of a projectile), 
ahoy! 

boat ahoy / 
ship ahoy 1 
sea-fowl, 
thunder storm, storm. 

a magfietic storm. 
stormy, 
orbit, 
regulation. 

according to regulation, 
a regulation sivord. 
officer's servant, 
to order. 

order, line, command. 
to keep line, 
sailing orders, 
route order, 
ship-shape. 
i?idented order, 
standing orders, 
to obey an order. 



352 



ORDRE — PAILLET. 



recevoir un ordre. 

recevoir P ordre de . 

donner des ordres. 

des ordres secrets* 

ordre de bataille. 

navires attendant 
ordres. 
ordre, m. (decoration). 

un ordre etranger. 

un ordre national. 

Vordre du Bain. 
oreilles, /. pi. 
orfraie, /. 
organeau, m. 
orient, m. 
orienter (les voiles). 

orienter au plus pres. 
orin, m. 
oscillation, /. 
oscillatoire (periode). 
oscillographe (w.) double, 
oil allez-vous ? 
ouest, m. 
ouragan, ;;/. 
oursin {m.) de mer. 
outre-mer. j 

d'outre-mer. J 

ouvert {in.) (d'un fleuve). 



pagaie,/. 
pagale (en), 
pagayer. 
paillet, m. 

un paillet larde. 



to be ordered, 
to be ordered to . . . 
to give orders, 
sealed orders. 
order of battle, 
leurs ships ordered to sail. 



an order (a decoration). 

a foreign order. 

a national order. 

the order of the Bath. 
lugs (of shackle), 
osprey. 

ring of anchor, mooring ring, 
east, the East, 
to trim (the sails). 

to brace up. 
buoy rope, 
oscillation, 
period of oscillaiion. 
wheel pendulum, 
where are you bound to ? 
west. 

hurricane, tornado, 
sea-urchin. 

ultra mare. 

the reach (of a river). 

P. 

paddle (for canoe), 
in bulk. (Voir "vrac") 
to paddle (as in a canoe), 
mat. 

collision mat. thrummed mat. 



PALADE — PANTOIRE. 



353 



palade, / 


a stroke of the oar. 


palan, m. 


block, jeer-block, jigger, tackle. 




purchase. 


palan a croc. ■ 


luff tackle. 


palan a fouet. 


tail jigger. 


palan de barre. 


relieving tackle. 


palan de bout de vergue. 


yard tackle purchase. 


palan de charge. 


garnet. 


palan de dimanche-. 


handy billy. 


palan de direction. 


training tackle. 


palan de drisse de basse vergue. jeer block. 


palan de garde. 


vangs. 


palan de retenue. 


sheet tackle. 


palan de roulis. 


rolling tackle. 


palan de suspente. 


guy tackle. 


palan sur itague. 


runner and tackle. 


palan volant. 


jigger (block). 


grier un palan. 


to rig a purchase. 


palanquer. 


to bowse. 


palanquin, w. 


reef tackle. 


les palanquins f 


haul out reef tackle I 


palier (m.) de butee. 


thrust-block of propeller shaft. 


Pampero, m. (vent). 


the Pampero (wind). 


panne (en). 


lying to, sails aback, hove to. 


mettre en panne. 


to bring to, to heave to. 


panneau, m. 


hatch. 


clouer ou condanifier les 


to batten down the hatches. 


panneaux. 




faire le tour du panneau 


to work three turns round 


{ne rien faire) {au figure) 


the long boat and a pull at 




the scuttle {to do nothing). 


pantenne (en). 


a-peak, awry. 


les vergues en pantenne. 


yards apeak or topped awry. 


pantoire,/. 


a pendant. 


les pantoires de candelettes. 


burtofi pendants. 




23 



354 



PAPIERS — PARER. 



papiers (les) {m.) (du bord). 
papillon, m. 
paquebot, m. 

un paquebot-poste. 

un paquebot a grande 
Vitesse. 
parabole, /. 
paradoses, / pi. 
parages, m. pi. 

dans nos parages. \ 

dans des parages da?igereux. 
paraitre a Fhorizon. 
parallaxe, /. 
parallele (w.) de latitudes. 

un parallele {^fortification). 

une parallele. \ 

une ligne parallele. ) 
parallelogramme, m. 

leparallelogramme de Watt. 
paratonnerre, m. 
parer. 

pare. 

pare a virerl 

pare a virer au lof I 

parer la terre. 

/aire parer. 

pare devant ! 

pare le canot I 

parer a. 

sois pare a . . .! 
soy ez pares a mouiller ! 
tenir les honimes pares {a 
manoeuvrer). 



the ship's papers. 

throttle valve. 

packet boat, steam packet. 

a mail steamer. 

a fast mail steamer, an ocean 
greyhound. 
parabola, 
limber boards, 
parts, latitudes, quarters, 

shores. 

in our parts of the world. 

in our latitudes. 

in dangerous quarters. 
to heave in sight, to loom, 
parallax, 
a parallel of latitude. 

a parallel (field fortificatiofi). 

a parallel line. 

rhomboid, parallelogram. 

parallel motion. 
lightning conductor, 
to surge, to be ready, &c. 

ready, snug. 

ready about/ ready ho! 

stand by to wear ship ! 

to clear the land. 

to keep something clear off. 

fend off ahead 1 

get the boat ready ! 

to stand by. 

stand by to . . ./ 

stand by to anchor I 

to keep the men standifig by. 



PARER — PASSE. 



355 



parer un cable. 

f aire par er les tours, 
un pare a virer {argot). ) 
{un coup de poing). J 

parisien {m.) (unbeauparleur). 

parlementaire, m. 

partance (en). 'j 

les navires en partance. 

navire en partance pour . . . 

le pavilion de parta?ice. 
pas {m.) de I'helice. 
pas, m. 

le Pas de Calais. 
passage, m. 

le passage au meridien. 

passage {<Vun corps celeste). 

le passage de Vinus sur le 
disque du Soleil. 
passage, m. (voyage). 

gagner son passage. 

le passage du Nord- Quest. 
passager, m. 

un passager de premiere 
classe. 

un passager de Vavani. 

un passager d^entre-pont. 

passavant, m. 
passe, /. 

donner dans une passe. 

une passe balisie. 

une passe dans les droits. 



to see the cable clear {to 

anchor), 
to surge the capstan. 

a blow with the fist. 

a sea lawyer (a fine talker), 
bearer of a flag of truce, 
bound to <9r for, outward bound, 
ready to proceed to sea. 

list of sailings. 

ship bound to or for . . . 

the blue peter. 
pitch of screw-propeller, 
strait. 

The Straits of Dover. 
wing passage, scuttle (of ship). 

southing of celestial body, 

the tra?isit {of a celestial 
body). 

The transit of Venus across 
the Sun^s disc. 
passage, crossing. 

to work on^s passage. 

The North- West passage. 
passenger. 

a cabin passenger, a saloon 
passenger. 

a steerage passenger, 

a steerage passenger i7i large 
steamers. 
gangway, 
channel of harbour, fairway. 

to enter into a channel. 

a buoyed chantiel. 

pilofs water, pilofs fairway. 



356 



PASSER— PAVILLON. 



passer. 

passer un vaisseau. 

passer en douane. 

passer une manoeuvre. 

passer sur le bord. 
passerelle, /. 
passeur, m. 
patache, /. 
pataras, m. 



patarasse, /. 

patarasser. 

patente (/•) de sante (/.). 

patron, m. (d'un batiment). 

un patron d^embar cation. 
patte, /. 

les pattes d^une ancre. 

une patte de chat. 

des pattes afutailles. 

des pattes d'araignee. 
paumelle, / 
paumoyer. 
pavilion, m. 

le pavilion anglais. 

le pavilion des navires de 
guerre anglais^ 

le pavilion des navires de 
commerce anglais. 

le pavilion des navires affretes 
par rEtat, dr'c. qt'c. 

le pavilion national. ) 

un pavilion de poupe. ) 

le pavilion de Vamiraute. 

un pavilion blanc. 



to ferry over, to pass, to reeve, 

to turn, &c. 

to clear a vessel. 

to pass the customs, 

to reeve a rope. 

to receive at the entry port. 
bridge (of steamboat), 
ferry-man. 
revenue cutter, 
preventer shroud, bentinck 

shroud, swifter, 
reeming iron, 
to reem. 
bill of health, 
master (of a vessel), skipper. 

coxswain. 
cringle. 

flukes {of an anchor). 

a marline spike hitch. 

can hooks. 

hammock clews. 
palm and needle, 
to under-run. 
colours, ensign, flag, standard. 

the Union Jack. 

the white ensign. 



the red ensign, 
the blue ensign. 

the national flag. 

the admiralty flag, 
a flag of truce. 



PAVILLON— PECHE. 



357 



un pavilion de piloie. 

un pavilion de quarantaine. 

pavilions particuliers et \ 
marques distinctives sur \ 
les cheminees. ) 

un mat de pavilion. 

amener un pavilion. \ 

assurer le pavilion, 
conserver le pavilion battant. 
defer ler le pavilloti. 
/aire marquer le pavilion, 
mettre le pavilion en berne. » 
mettre le pavilion a mi- \ 
drisse. ) 

pavilion de messe. 
pavilion parlemeniaire. 
pavilion de parlance, 
pavilion de beaupri. 
sous pavilion anglais, 
sous pavilion fran^ais. 
pavillonnerie (la), 
pavois, 7n. 
pavoiser. 
pavoiser avec le grand pavois. 
pavoiser avec le petit pavois. 

paye,/. 

la haute paye. 
peche, /. 

un navire de peche. 
la grande peche. 
un garde-peche. 
la peche a la morue. 



a pilot flag. 

a quarantine flag^ th^ yellow 
flag, the yellow jack. 

house flags and funnels. 

a flag staff. 

to strike a flag. 

to lower a flag. 

to enforce the colours. 

to keep the ensign flying. 

to break the colours, 

to strike the flag. 

flag half mast high, 
to hoist a flag of distress. 

church pendant. 

flag of truce. 

blue peter. 

jack {flag). 

in British bottoms. 

in French bottoms. 
the flag loft, 
bulwark, 
to dress ship. 

to dress ship rainbow fashion. 

to dress ship with masthead 
flags. 
pay. 

extra pay. 
fishing. 

a fishing vessel. 

the deep sea fisheries. 

fishery guard ship. 

cod fisheries. 



358 



PtCHE— PERFORATION. 



la pkhe au hareng. 

la pkhe aux huitres. 

la peche a la sardine. 

les engins de peche. 

la pkhe a la baleine. 
pecheries, /. 

les pkheries de per les. 
pecheur, m. 

un bateau-pkheur. 
peine, / (infligee par un 

conseil de guerre), 
peintre, m. 

pekin (en) (en bourgeois), 
pelle, / (d'un aviron). 
peloton, m. 

unfeu de peloton. 

faire unfeu de peloton. 

le peloton des arrieres. 

le peloton de punition 
{immobile). 

le peloton de punition {en 
marchant), 
penau (faire). 

Vancre est en penau. 
pendule, m. 
peninsule, /. 
penombre, /. 
penon, fn. 
pension (/) de retraite. 

pension^ f. 
pergage, m. (d'une plaque), 
percuteur, m. 
perdition, / 
perforation, /. 

la perforation a bout portant. 



herring fisheries. 

oyster fisheries. 

sardine fisheries, 
fishing gear. 

the whale fisheries. 
fisheries, fishing ground. 

pearl fisheries . 
fisherman. 

fishing boat, fishing smack. 
punishment (inflicted by court 

martial), 
painter (workman), 
in mufti (in plain clothes), 
blade (of an oar), 
platoon. 

platoon firing. 

to fire a volley. 

the awkward squad. 

standing on deck {as a punish- 
ment). 

to walk the weather gang- 
way netting. 
to cock-bill the anchor. 

th^ anchor is a cock-bill. 
pendulum, 
peninsula, 
penumbra, 
dog vane, 
retired pay. 

a civil pension. 
drilling (of a plate), 
hammer (of a gun), 
loss (of a ship), 
perforation. 

perforation at muzzle. 



PERFORATION — PETREL. 



359 



la perforation a looo metres 
(^French). 
perigee, m. 
perihelia, m, 
periode (/) oscillatoire. 

la periode Julienne. 
perle, /. 
permission, / 

en permission. 

donner la permission. 
permissionnaire, m. 
perpendiculaire, / 
perroquet, m. 

un mat de perroquet. 

une voile de perroquet. 

le mdt de grand perroquet. 

le grand perroquet. 

le mdt de petit perroquet. 

le petit perroquet. 

le mdt de perroquet de fougue. 

le perroquet de fougue. 

les perroquets I 

d degrier les perroquets J 

a serrer les perroquets ! 
perruche, /. 

le mdt de perruche. 

le cacatois de perruche. 

7ndt de cacatois de perruche. 
personnel (le) de la marine, 
perte, / 

d perte de vue> 

le navire Hait a perte de vue. 
petit-cheval, m. 

petrel, m. \ 



perforation at lOOO yards 
{English). 
perigee, 
perihelion, 
period of oscillation. 

Julian period. 
pearl, 
leave of absence. 

on leave. 

to grant leave. 
a man on leave, 
perpendicular, 
top-gallant (mast or sail). 

a top-gallant mast, 

a top-gallant sail. 

main top-gallant mast, 

main top-gallant sail, 

fore top-gallant mast. 

fore top-gallant sail. 

mizen top mast. 

mizen top sail. \liards I 

top-gallant sheets and hal- 

down top-gallant yards 1 

in top-gallant sails I 
mizen top-gallant sail. 

mizen top-gallant niast, 

mizen royal, 

mizen royal mast. 
the personnel of the Navy, 
loss. 

beyond sight, 

the ship lay land to. 
donkey engine, 
petrel. 
Mother Carey's chicken. 



36o 



PETREL — PIECE. 



le petrel giant. 
phare, m. 

tin gardien de phare. 

le phare est au N.N.E. 

les droits de phare. 
phare, m. 

le phare de misaine. 

pharmacie, /. 
pharmacien, m. 
phoque, ;;/. 
pible (mat a), 
pic, ;;/. 

a pic iancre). 

a long pic. 

on est a pic ! 
piece, /. (de canon). 

une piece de campagne. 

une piece de siege. 

une piece de gros calibre. 

une piece rayee. 

une piece frettee. 

une piece de chasse. 

une piece de retraite. 

P approvisionnement {ni.) de 
la piece. 

armer une piece. 

charger une piece. 

pointer une piece. 

tirer une piece. 

le chef de piece. 

mettre une piece au recul. 

mettre une piece en batterie. 

une piece hors de combat. 
piece (/) de toile a voile. 



Mother Carey's goose. 
lighthouse. 

a lighthouse keeper. 

the lighthouse bears N.N.E. 

light dues. [mast, 

all the yards and sails on a 
all the yards and sails on the 

fore mast, 
dispensary, 
dispenser, 
seal. 

pole mast, 
peak. 

a-peak (anchor). 

at short stay {anchor). 

up and down I (anchor). 
gun, piece of ordnance. 

a field gun. 

a siege gun. 

a heavy gun. 

a rifled gun. 

a coiled gun. 

bow chaser. 

stern-chase, stern-chaser. 

the supply of ammunition 
for the gun. 

to man a gun. 

to load a gun. 

to train a gun. 

to fire a gun. 

the captain of the gun. 

to run a gun in. 

to run a gun out. 

a disabled gun. 
bolt of canvas. 



PIED — PISTON. 



361 



pied, m. (Voir Table III.). 

pied de biche. 

pied d^un mat. 

le pied de guerre. 

avoir le pied marin. 
pierrier, m. 

pignon, m. (mecanisme). 
pigouliere ou pegouliere. 
pile (/.) a inflammation. 

une pile d^ inflammation. 
pilotage, m, 

lesfrais (m.) de pilotage. 
pilote, m. 

un bateau pilote. 

un pilote cotter. 

un pilote lamaneur. 

un pilote hauturier. 

un pavilion de pilote. 

la conduite d'un pilote 
(hors de ses limites). 
pilotin, m. 

pince, / 

pinnule, /. 

piquer (passer entre deux 

endroits). 
piquer I'heure (voir, quart). 

piquer deux coups. 
pirate, m. 
piraterie, / 
pirogue,/, 
piston, in. 

la longueur du coup de 
piston. 

la tige du piston. 



foot. 

controller^ lever. 

heel of mast. 

the war establishment. 

to have one^s sea legs. 
swivel gun. 
pinion (mechanism), 
pitch boat 
electric firing gear. 

firing battery of a torpedo. 
pilotage, piloting. 

pilotage fees. 
pilot. 

a pilot boat. 

a coasting pilot. 

a branch pilot. 

a proper pilot. 

a pilot flag. 

allowance to pilot {when 
taken out of his district.) 
midshipman, apprentice, (mer- 
chant service). 
crow-bar. [ment). 

sight vane, vane (of an instru- 
to run between (two places). 

to strike the bell. 

to strike two bells. 
pirate, 
piracy. 

canoe (used by savages), 
piston. 

the length of piston stroke. 

the piston rod. 



362 



PISTON— PLATE-FORME. 



piston hydraulique, m. 

la course du piston^ 
pitte,/ 

un cordage en pitte. 
pivot, m. 
plage,/ 
plan, m. 

plan du meridien. 

donner leplan, 

lever un plan. 
planche (/.) (jours de). 

une planche de debarque- 
ment. 
planchette(/)de chargement. 
planete, /. 



hydraulic ram. 

stroke of piston. 
coir. 

a coir rope. 
a pivot, pivot ship. 
beach, strand, shore, 
plan (design), plane (surface), 

survey. 

plane of the meridian. 

to design. 

to survey, 
lay days. 

a gang board. 

ammunition lift, 
planet. 



Pour les noms des planetes voir au mot anglais " planet." 



plante marine,/ 

planton, m. 

plaque (/) de blindage. 

une plaque dure. 

une plaque douce. 

une plaque mixte. 

une plaque en acier. 

une plaque a revete77ient 
dacier. 

une plaque en fer forge. 

plaques d^ aspiration. 
plat, m. 

faire plat ensemble. 

un camarade de plat. 
plat-bord, m. 

plat-bord a Veau. 
plate,/ 
plate-forme (/) de cale. 



sea-plant, 
orderly, 
armour plate. 

hard armour {plate). 

soft armour {plate). 

compound armour plate. 

steel armour plate. 

steel-faced armour plate. 

a wrought-iron plate. 

suction plates. 
mess. 

to mess together. 

a messmate. 
gunwale. 

gunwale under. 
a floating stage, 
flats of a battle ship. 



PLATEAU — POINT. 



363 



plateau eleve, m. 
platelage, m. 
plein, m. 

Vheure du plein. 
plein, w., pleine,/ 

plus plein {a la voile). 

/aire le plein des chandler es. 

la pleine mer. ) 

le plein de la mer. ) 
plet, m. 
plomb, m. 

la trempe au plomb. 
plombier, m. 
plonger. 
plongeur, m. 
pluie, /. 

une pluie fine. 

une grosse pluie. 
pluvieux, w., pluvieuse,/ 
pluviometre, m. 
poids, m. 

avoir trop de poids dans les 
mats. 



table land. 

outer bottom plating. 

time of high water. 

the time of high water. 
full. 

off the wind {sailing). 

to fill the boilers. 

high water. 

flemish coil, fake (of cable), 
lead (metal). 

the lead tempering {of steel), 
plumber, 
to dive, 
diver, 
rain. 

drizzling rain. 

a heavy rain. 
rainy. 

rain gauge, pluviometer, 
weight. 

to have too 7nuch top hamper. 



avoir trop defardage. 

la dimension et le poids de the size and weight of fnetal 



Var tiller ie. 
poignee, / (d'un aviron). 
poingon, m. (baril). 

un poin(on de voilier 
{outiiy. 
poingonnage, m. 

le poin^onnage d^une plaque. 
point, m. 

mettre au point. 



{of ordnance). 
the loom (of an oar), 
puncheon (cask). 

sail - maker's pricker or 
slabber {tool). 
punching. 

^ the punching of a plate, 
focus, position (of ship), clew, 

point. 

to focus. 



3^4 



POINT — POISSON. 



la mise au point, 
un point cardinal, 
le point estinii. 
le point observe, 
/aire le point. 

porter le point sur la carte, 
portez le point sur la carte I 
le point {la route du vaisseau 

dans les 24 heures). 
le point tranquille d^un 

navire. 



focussing, 
a cardinal point, 
position by dead reckoning, 
position by observation, 
to work up the reckoning., to 

work a days ivork. 
to prick her {the vessel) off. 
prick her off I 
dafs work of a ship. 



quiescent 
motion. 



point of ship's 



les points d'ecoute {d^une voile) clews {of a sail). 



le point de saturation, 
un point d^appui. 
les points solsticiaux. 
point, m. (de couture), 
pointage, m. 

les engins {m.) de pointage. 
pointe, / 
finir en pointe. [torpille. 
la pointe percutante d'une 
pointer. 
pointer une piece, 
pointer en belle, 
pointer en chasse. 
pointer e7i direction, 
pointer en hauteur, 
pointer en retraite. 
pointez les pieces sur le fort I 

pointer la position du navire 
sur la carte. 
poisson, m. 
poisson de mer. 



dew point. 

fulcrum. 

solstitial poi7tts . 
a stitch (in sewing), 
training (of gun, &c.). 

training gear. 
headland, spit, point. 

to taper. 

the pistol ofjx torpedo. 
to train, to aim, to prick. 

to train a gun. 

to train on the beam. 

to train on the boiv. 

to train Jwrizontally. 

to train vertically. 

to train on the quarter. 

bring the guns to bear on 
the fort I 

to prick the shifs position 
on the chart. 
fish. 

sea fish. 



POISSON — POMPE. 



365 



poisson d'eaii douce. 

du poisson frais. 
poix,/. 
polacre, / 
polaire, m. and/. 

les circles polaires. 

la distance polaire. 

les regions polaires. 

Vetoile {/.) polaire. 
pole, m. 

le pole nord. 

le pole sud. 

les poles de la terre* 

les poles du monde. 
police (/.) d'assurance. 
polygone (w.) d'artillerie. 
pomme (/.) (du mat). 

la pomme du grafid mat. 

une pomme de tire-veille. 
pompe, /. 

une pompe a air. 

une pompe alimentaire. 

une pompe a bras. 

une pompe a double effet. 

une p07tipe aspirante et 
foula7ite. 

une pompe de circulation. 

une pompe d^itrave. 

une pompe a incendie. 

une pompe d^ exhaustion. 

une pompe de cale. 

une pompe foulante. 

les pompes royales. 

U7i dalot de pompe. 

la garniture de pompe. 



fresh water fish. 

green fish. 
pitch. 
a polacca. 
polar. 

the polar circles. 

the polar dista?ice. 

the polar regions. 

the pole star. 
the pole. 

the North pole. 

the South pole. 

the poles of the earth. 

the poles of the heavens. 
insurance policy, 
artillery butts, 
truck (of mast). 

the main truck. 

a turk's head. 
pump. 

an air pump. 

a feed pump. 

a hand pump. 

a double force pump. 

a lift and force pump. 

a circulating pump, 
a head pump, 
fire engine, 
brifie pump, 
bilge pump, 
force pump, 
the main pumps. 
a pump dale, 
the pump gear. 



366 



POMPE — PONT. 



allu7ner une pompe. 
manauvrer une pompe. 
relever a la pompe. 
relever le monde mix 

pompes. 
la pompe est engorgee. 
la pompe est eventee. 
V equipage aux pompes I 
ponantais, m. 

pont {ni>f (sur une riviere). 
le pont {d'un navire). 
un pont entier ou ras. 
un pont tournant. 
un pont cuirasse. 
un pont protecteur. 
un pont a carapace. 
2in pont sur montants. 
un pont volant, 
un pont etanche. 
un pont de batterie. 
le pont de la dunette. 
lepont des gaillards^ 
le troisieme pont. 
le deuxieme pont, 
le premier pont. 
le faux pont. 
le pont des gat I lards 
le second pont. 
le premier pont. j 
le faux pont. j p^^f^^ 

un vaisseau a trois ponts 
un trois-ponts. 
un vaisseau a deux ponts. ) 
un deux-ponts. J 



ponts 

d'un vais. 

seati a 

trois 

ponts. 

ponts 

d'un vais. 

seau d 

deux 



'■] 



to fetch a pump. 

to work a pump. 

to take a spell at the pump. 

to relieve the men at the 
pumps. 

the pump is foul. 

the pump sucks. 

pump ship I 
a sailor from the N.W. coast 

of France, 
bridge (over a river). 

deck {of a ship). 

flush deck. 

a swing bridge. 

an armoured deck. 

a protective deck. 

a turtle deck. 

a spar deck. 

a watertight deck. 

a gun deck. 

the poop deck. 
^ th£ upper deck. 

the main deck. 

the middle deck. 

the lower deck. 
^ th£ orlop deck. 

the upper deck. 

the main deck. 

the lower deck. 

the orlop deck. 

a three-decker, 
a two-decker. 



PONT — PORTE. 



367 



Dans la vieille marine le mot pont etait synonyme de batterie, 
de la le nom de trois-ponts donne a un navire qui avait trois 
batteries de canons, bien qu'il eut, en realite, cinq ponts. Le 
deux-ponts avait quatre ponts, mais deux batteries seulement. 



au dessus du pont. 

tout le itionde sur le pont I ^. 

ponter. 

une enibarcation pontie. 
ponton, m. 

le ponton amiral, in. 

un ponto7i a charbon. 
porque,/ (construction), 
port, m. 

port a maree. 

port de mer. 

port militaire. \ ( 

port de guerre, 1 ( 

un port de refuge. 

le port ifitirieur. 

Vavant port. 

entrer au port. 

entrer dans un port. 

un port de la inetropole. 

V itablissement (;;/.) du port. 

port (w.) (d'un vaisseau). 

un vaisseau du port de 
jooo tonneaux. 
portage, w. (de machine), 
porte-amarre (une fleche). 
porte (/.) etanche a glissiere. 

porte Blanche ordinaire. 



above board. 

clear the lower deck I 

all hands aJwy I 

turn the hands up I 
to deck in or over. 

a decked boat. 
hulk, pontoon. 

the guard ship. 

a coal hulk. 
a rider (shipbuilding), 
harbour, haven, port. 

tidal harbour. 

sea-port. 

royal dockyard. 

naval station. 

a harbour of refuge. 

the in?ier harbour. 

the outer harbour. 

to put into harbour. 

to e?iter a port. 

a home port. 

the tide /tour, the establish- 
ment of t lie port. 
the burden (of a ship), the 

tonnage. 

a ship JOOO tons burden. 

journal (machinery), 
life saving arrow. 
sliding water-tight door. 
hinged water-tight door. 



368 



PORTEE — POSTE. 



portee (/) (d'une machine). 

la port ee (d'une arme a feu). 

a portee de fusil. ) 

a portee de canon. ) 

essay er la portee. 

a portee de voix. 
porte-haubans, m. 

porte-haubans de misaine. 

porte-haubans de grand mat. 

porte-haubans d^artimon. 
porter (comme un boulet). 

le coup a porte. 

le coup a porte trop haut. 

le coup a porte trop bas. 
porter au large. 

porter plein avant d^ envoy er, 

laissez porter 1 

laissez porter sur . . . . / 

laissez porter sur la passe I 

porter le point sur la carte. 
portiere, f 

portugais, m. (argot), 
poste, m. 

leposte de r equipage. I 

le poste des homnies. J 

le poste des malades. 

le poste des blesses. 

le poste des aspirants. 

le poste des maitres. 

un poste d^amarrage. 

un poste de sauvetage. 

cet offider a un bon poste. 

a poste {a sa place). 

la bouee est a poste. 

mettre une ancre a poste. 



bearing (of engine). 

the {range of a fire-ami). 

within gun-shot distance. 

to try the range. 

withi?i hail {withi?i call). 
chains, channels, chain-wales. 

fore chains. 

main chains. 

mizen chains. 
to strike (like a shot). 

the shot has struck. 

the shot struck too high. 

the shot struck too low. 
to bear away. 

to keep full for stays. 

keep her away I 

steer for . . . .! 

steer for the channel ! 

to prick her {the ship) off. 
entry port, gangway port, 
a stranger (slang), 
berth, mess deck, quarters, &c. 

7ness deck. 

sick-bay or sick-berth. 

the cockpit. 

the gun room. 

the warrant officers' mess. 

a berth {alongside a wharf). 

a life-saving station. 

this officer has a good berth. 

all rights secure., home. 

the buoy is all right. 

to secure an anchor. 



POSTE — POUPE. 



369 



a vos pastes I 

les posies de co?iibat. 

rappeler aux posies. 

ioui le monde aux posies 
(Vincendie ! 
potence (/) de drome, 
pouce, m. 
poudre,/ 

la poudre noire. 

la poudre brune. 

la poudre vive. 

la poudre lenie, 

la poudre sans funUe. 

poudre a canon. 

la soute aux poudres. 

noyer les poudres. 
poudrin, m. 
pouillousse,/ 
poulaine, /. 
poulie, / 

une poulte afouei. 

une poulie a moque. 

une poulie a saboi. 

une poulie simple. 

une poulie a ialo7i, 

une poulie coupce. 

une poulie de boui de vergue. 

une poulie de capon. 

une poulie de guinderesse. 

tine poulie de mdi de charge. 

une poulie de iraversiere. 
poulieur, m. 
poupe,/ 

defiler a poupe de Vamiral. 



siaiions for siays 

quarters. 

to beat to quarters. 

all hands to fire quarters I 

gallows bitts, stanchions. 

inch. 

powder. 

black powder. 

cocoa powder. 

quick burfiing powder, 

slow burning poivder. 

smokeless powder. 

gunpoivder, 

the powder magazine. 

to flood the fnagazine. 
spoon drift, 
main stay sail, 
the head of a ship, 
block. 

a tail block. 

a dead block. 

a shoulder block. 

a single block, 

a heel block. 

a snatch block. 

a jewel block. 

a cat block. 

a top block. 

a gin {pulley). 

a fish block. 
block maker, 
poop. 

to pass in succession u?ider 
the admiraVs stern. 
24 



370 



POUPE — PRESSE. 



la galerie de poupe. 
pourriture (/) seche. 
poussee (/) du propulseur. 
pousser des acclamations. 

pousser. 

poussez ! 
pratique (la libre). 

ohtenir la libre pratique. 
preceintes, /. //. [(/)• 

precession (/) des equinoxes 
prefecture (/.) maritime. 



the stern walk. 
dry rot. 

thrust of propeller, 
to cheer. 

to shove off. 

shove off I 
pratique. 

to receive pratique. 
bends, wales (of a ship), 
precession of the equinoxes, 
admiralty house. 



La prefecture maritime est la residence officielle du prefet 
maritime. 



prefet (;;?.) maritime. 

prelart, ;;/. 

pres. 

tout pres. 

trop pres I 

tenez le plus pres ! 
au plus pres. 

pas plus pres I 
pas trop pres ! 

prh et pie in I 

pres de terre. 
presenter (se) a son chef, 
presentez armes ! 
presse,/. 

les hommes de la presse. 
presse-etoupe, m. (du gou- 
vernail). 



commander in chief. 

tarpaulin. 

close. 

at close quarters. 

in the ivind. 

too near the wind. 

keep your luff I 

close hauled^ on a wind, on 
a bowline. 

no higher ! 

a rap full / 

by and large / full and by I 
keep her a rap full / 

close in shore. 
to report one's self, 
present arms ! 

impressment of seamen, press- 
gang. 

press7nen^ pressgang. 
stuffing box and gland (of 

rudder). 



PRESSION — PROJECTILE. 



371 



pression, / 

la pression atmospherique. 

la pression effective. 

la haute pression. 

la basse pression. 

la pression (T^preuve. 

la pression d^epreuve estam- 
pillee sur cette chaudiere 
est de X . . . par centi- 
mUre carri {en France). 

la pression de marche. 

sous toute pression. 

avoir de la pression. 

il y a de la pression. 

il ny a pas de pression. 

y a-t-il de la pression ? 

faire monter la pression. 

se tenir efi pression. 

tenez-vous en pression I 

ne laissez pas toniber la 
pression 1 
previsions (/) du temps, 
prime (/.) d'exportation (/.). 
principal, w., principale, / 
prise, / 

une part de prise. 

rofficierquicommande la prise. 

u?ie prise d^eau. 
professeur de I'ecole navale. 
profit {m.) maritime, 
profondeur, f. 



projecteur, m. 
projectile, m. 

un projectile en acier. 



pressure, steam. 

atmospheric pressure, 
effective pressure, 
high pressure, 
low pressure, 
proof pressure. 
■ the proof pressure stamped on 
this boiler is x . . . per 
square inch {in England). 

the IV or king pressure. 

with every pound of steam. 

to have steam up. 

steam is up. 

steam is not up. 

is steam up ? 

to raise the pressure. 

to keep up steam. 

keep up steam ! 

do not let the pressure get 
low I 
forecasts of the weather, 
bounty on exports, 
main, 
prize, capture, a main (for 

water). 

prize 7noney. 

the prize master. 

fire plug. 
naval instructor, 
bottomry interest, 
depth, 
search light, 
projectile. 

a steel projectile. 



372 



PROJECTILE— PUNITION. 



un projectile en acier chrome. 

le logement du projectile. 
projection (/) transversale. 

projection horizontal. 

projection longitudinale. 
projections d'eau (avoir des). 
promontoire, m. 

promotion, / 



a chrome steel projectile, 
the projectile chamber. 

body plan. 

half-breadth plan, 
sheer plan. 

to prime (like the boilers). 

foreland, headland, promon- 
tory, mull, ness. 

term (in Britannia). 



Le mot promotion signifie soit I'elevation de plusieurs personnes 
au menie grade, soit I'ensemble des eleves admis a la meme epoque 
dans une des ecoles speciales du gouvernement. Les eleves de 
marine qui arrivent une fois par an au Borda forment une promotion, 
et comme les eleves restent deux annees a I'ecole, il y a toujours 
deux promotions sur le Borda. A bord du Britannia on designe 
par term chaque promotion d'eleves de marine. II y en a trois 
par annee, et, en tout, quatre. 



promu (etre). 

etre promu au grade de . . 

proprement. 
propulseur, m. 
propulsion, / 
Vappareil {m.) de propul- 
sion. 
protege (blinde). 
proue, / 
provisions, / 
puisard, m. 

puissance (/.) maritime, 
puits {m) de I'helice. 

un puits d^aerage. 

le puits aux cables. 
punition, / 

le cahier des punitions. 



to be promoted. 

to be promoted to the rank 
of . . . 
snug, 
propeller, 
propelling. 

the propelling machinery. 

protected (armoured). 

prow. 

stores. 

well (of pump). 

maritime power. 

well of screw-propeller. 

an air shaft. 

the chain locker. 
punishment. 

the defaulters^ book. 



PUNITION — QUART. 



373 



un homme en punition. 
purger les machines, 
pyrotechnic, /• 



a defaulter. 
blowing off (the boilers), 
pyrotechny. 



Q. 



quadrature, / quadrature, 

quai, m. wharf, quay. 

un garde-quai. a wharfinger. 

qualites (/ pi.) nautiques. behaviour of a ship at sea. 

les qualites nautiques de ce the behaviour of this ship, 
vaisseau ne laissent rien at sea^ is thoroughly satis- 
a desirer. factory. 

quarantaine, / quarantine. 

faire la quarantaine. to perforin quarantine. 

lever la quarantaine. to come out of quarantine. 

mettre en quarantaine. 



pavilion de quarantaine. 
quarantenier. 
quart, m, 

le quart {service). 



to put into quarafittfie. 

quarantine flag^ yellow jack. 
ratline (rope), 
the watch. 

the watch (duty), 

Dans la marine fran9aise les quarts sont generalement divises 
comme suit, mais pgur I'equipage seulement : — 
de 8 heures du matin a midi. 
de midi a 5 heures du soir. 
de 5 heures du soir a 6 heures. 
de6 ,, ,, a II ,, 

de II ,, ,, a 4 heures du matin, 

de 4 ,, ,, du matin a 8 heures. 

Dans la marine anglaise les 24 heures du jour se divisent en 7 
quarts comme suit : — 

de midi a 4 heures— quart de I'apres midi. 
de 4 heures 4 6 heures — premier petit quart. 
de 6 ,, a 8 „ — second petit quart, 
de 8 ,, a minuit — premier quart, 
de minuit a 4 heures — quart intermediaire. 
de 4 heures a 8 heures — quart du matin, 
de 8 ,, a midi — quart d'avant midi. 



374 



QUART— QU^TE. 



On indique les heures et les demi-heures, en piquant I'heure 
toutes les demi-heures sur la cloche du bord. 

A bord des navires anglais, I'expression bell (cloche) s'emploie 
pour indiquer I'heure. La cloche tinte une fois a la premiere 
demi-heure du quart, deux fois au bout d'une heure, trois fois a la 
fin d'une heure et demie, et ainsi de suite. Si c'est pendant le 
premier quart — de huit heures a minuit — et qu'on dise it is five bells ^ 
cela signifiera que cinq demi-heures se sont ecoulees depuis le 
commencement du quart. II sera done lo heures et demie du 
soir. A minuit ou a midi on dira : it is eight bells. 



le quart de rade. 
les petits quarts, 
faire Vappel au quart, 
assembler le quart, 
pendant le quart, 
faire le quart. \ 
faire son quart, j 

relever le quart. 

bon quart I 

c^est bien^ bon quart I 

bon quart tribord I 

a reveiller au quart I 
quart, m. 

un^ deux^ ou trois quarts 
le bossoir de tribord. 

un demi quart. 

un quart de quart. 

un quart de cercle. 
quartier {m^ de la lune. 

quartier-mattre, m. 

le quartier maritime. 

le quartier general. 

les quartiers d^hiver. 
quayage, m. 
quete (/) de I'etambot. 



the anchor ivatch. 
dog watches. 

> to muster the watch. 

while in charge of deck. 

to be on the watch. 

( to relieve the watch. 
\ to relieve the deck* 
alVs well! 
all rights alVs well! 
alVs well starboard ! 
turn the watch out ! 
point of the compass, quadrant. 
par one^ two, or three points on 
the starboard bow. 
half a point, 
a quarter point, 
quadrant of a circle. 
quarter (of the moon). 

boatswain^ s mate {2nd class), 
the place of enlistment, 
head quarters, 
wifiter quarters. 
wharfage, 
rake of the stern post. 



QUEUE — RADOUBER. 



375 



queue, f. 

la queue (Tune comete. 

la queue d'un orage. 

la queue d'un fleuve. 

une queue de rat. 
/aire une queue de rat. 

finir en queue de rat {au 
figure), 

a queue d'aronde. 
quille,/ 

ufiefausse quille. 

une quille latirale. 

une quille extirieure. 

une quille ifiterieure. 

des quilles de roulis. 
qui viva ? 



raban, w. 

un raban de barres. 
un raba?t de ferlage, 
un raban de hamac, 
un raban de titi^re. 

rabanter. 

raba?iter une voile. 

rabattre (un clou). 

rablure,/. 

racage, m. 

rade, /. 

u}ie rade fermee. 
rade ouverte. ) 
rade forai7ie. J 

radeau, w. 

radoub (un bassin de). 

radouber (se). 



tail, &c. 

the tail of a comet. 

the tail of a storm. 

the f resiles {of a river). 

pointing {of a rope). 

to point a rope. 

to go off in smoke (figura- 
tively). 

dove-tailed. 
keel. 

a false keel. 

a bilge piece. 

an outer keel. 

an itmer keel. 

bilge keels. 
who comes there ? 



R. 



gasket, roband, becket, swifter. 

capstan swifter. 

sea gasket. 

a hammock laniard. 

a robafid. 
to pass a gasket. 

to pass a gasket round a sail. 
to clinch (a nail), 
rabbet. 

parrel, saddle, 
roadstead. 

a landlocked roadstead. 

open roadstead. 

raft. 

graving dock. 

to go into dock (to refit). 



376 



RAFALE — RAPPEL. 



rafale, /. 

raffraichir (soulager). 

raffraichir le cable. 
rafiau, m. 

rague(etre) (;//.), raguee,/. 
raidi, m., raidie, /". 

une manoeuvre raidie. 
raidir. 

raie,/ (poisson). 

ralentir. 

ralingue, / 
en ralingue. 
une ralingue de chute, 
tine voile en ralingue. 

ralinguer. 

ralliement (le mot de). 
rallier. 

rallier la terre. 

rallier le bord. 

rallier les hommes. 
rame,/. 

mettre la rame a plat. 

leve rames I 

forcer de rames. 

forcez de rames I 
ramer. 
rameur, m. 

rang, m. (d'un marin). 
rangee, /. 

une rangee de canons. 
ranger une cote, 
rappel {m^ general 



gust of wind. 

to freshen (to relieve). 

to freshen the 7iip or hawse. 
a skiff. 

to be chafed, 
stiff, taut. 

a stiff rope. 
to haul taut, to heave taut, to 

be stiff (not pliable), 
skate (fish), 
to slacken speed, 
bolt rope. 

all in the wind. 

leech rope. 

a sail shaking. 
to shiver a sail, to shake in 

the wind, 
the countersign, 
to haul (to come nearer), to 

rally, to stand for. 

to haul the land. 

to join one's ship. 

to rally the men. 
oar. 

to feather the oar. 

lay on your oars ! oars I 

to lay out on the oars. 

lay out on your oars I 
to row, to pull, 
rower. 

rating (of a sailor), 
tier, row. 

a tier of guns. 
to coast; 
general recall. 



RAPPEL — RECRUTEMENT. 



377 



U7i coup de rappel, 

le rappel au vent. 

battre le rappel. 
rapport, m. 

faire un rapport. 
ras, m. 
ritelier, m. 

un ratelier (Tarmes. 
rater, 
ration,/ 
rattraper. 
ravitaillement, m. 
ravitailler. 
raye, m., rayee,/ 
rayon, m. 

un rayon de soleil. 

un rayon vecteur. 
rayure, /. 

le pas des rayures. 
raz or ras, m. 

un raz de ?naree. 

le raz Blanchard. 
rea, m. (d'une poulie). 
recepteur, m. 

rece veur ( w. ) des douanes (/ ). 
rechange (de). 
recif, m. 

un ricif de corail. 

une barriere de recif s. 

une ceinture de recifs. 
reconnaissance (faire une). 
reconnaitre. 

reconnattre u?ie cote. ■ 
recrutement, m. 



a weather lurch. 

the weather roll. 

to beat to arms. 
report. 

to report. 
floating stage. 
fife rail. 

arm rack., stand for arms. 
to miss fire. 
allowance (of food), 
to overhaul, to overtake, 
victualling, 
to victual, 
rifled, 
radius. 

a sun beam. 

a radius vector. 
groove (of a gun), rifling. 

the pitch of the rifli?ig. 
race. 

a tide 7vay, a race. 

the race of Alder ney. 
sheave (of a block), 
steering receiver, 
collector of customs, 
spare (sail, &c.). 
reef (rock). 

a coral reef 

a barrier reef 

afrifiging reef 
to reconnoitre, 
to discover, to explore, to 

reconnoitre. 

to explore a coast. 
recruiting. 



378 



RECTIFICATION— RELACHER. 



rectification (/.) du compas. the adjustment of the compass. 



recul, ni. 

mettre une piece au recul. 

les pieces au recul I 

le recul de Vhelice. 
redingote, /. 
redoute, / 
redressement {m.) d'un 

canot. 
redresser. 

se redresser, 

le canot se redressa immi- 
diatement. 
reduire une distance, 
reduit, m. 

le reduit central. 
reflection, / 
reflux, m. 
refouloir, m. 
refraction, / 
registre (w.) de vapeur. 
regie (la) pour gouverner. 

Pour la ' ' Rkgle pour gouverner. 
" The Rule of the Road:' 

reglement, m. 
regler. 

r^gler les montres. 
regulation (/) du compas 
rejoindre son bord. 
relache, /. 

faire relache a , . . . 

en relache a B . . . . 
relacher a . . . . 



recoil. 

to run a gun in. 

run in guns ! 

the slip of the screw. 
frock-coat, 
redoubt (on land), 
the righting of a boat. 

to right. 

to be righted, to right itself, 
the boat righted immediately. 

to work a lunar, 
redoubt (of a ship). [ship), 
central battery, citadel {of a 
reflection, 
ebb, ebb tide, 
rammer, 
refraction, 
throttle valve, 
the rule of the road. 

voir a la page 141, au titre 



order, regulation, 
to adjust, to regulate. 

to rate the chronometers. 
the adjustment of the compass, 
to join one's ship, 
place of call. 

to call at .... {a place). 

to put into B . . . . 
to call at a place, to put into 

port (for shelter), to stay at 

a place. 



RELACHER — REMORQUE. 



379 



nous reldchames a B .... 

a cause du mauvais temps, 
le navire reldchera d 

D . . . . pour prendre 

des passagers. 
releve, /. 

la relh)e de corvie. 
relevement, m. 

relevement au compas. 
relevement magnetique. 
corriger un relevement. 
porter des relevemenis sur 

la carte, 
un relevement vrai. 
desrelhuements quise croisent. 
par quel relh}ement ? 
relever. 



relever un phare. 

relevez le phare ! 

ou relh}e-t-on le phare ? 

relever a la pompe. 

relever le monde aux pompes 

relever au quart. 

relever une cote. 

relevez I 
rembarquer (se). 
remonter. 

remonter la Manche. 

remonter un fleuve. 
remorque, / 



we put into port at B .... 

through stress of iveather. 
the vessel will call at D .... 

to take passengers. 

spell. 

afresh spell. 
the bearing. 

compass bearing. 

magnetic bearifig. 

to correct a bearing. 

to lay off bearings upon a 
chart. 

a true bearing. 

cross bearings. 

where away 1 
to take the bearing of . . . ., 

to pick up, to bear, to relieve, 

to survey, to trice up. 

to take the bearing of a 
lighthouse. 

pick up the lighthouse! 

how does the lighthouse bear ? 

to take a spell at the pump. 

to relieve the me?i at the pump. 

to relieve the deck, to relieve 
the watch. 

to survey a coast. 

trice up I 
to go to sea again, 
to go up, to run up. 

to go up, to ru7i up Chanftel. 

to go up a river. 
towing hawser, tow rope, tow 

line. 



38o 



REMORQUE — RENFLE. 



prendre a la remorque. 

les droits {m.) de remorque, 

larguez la retnorquel 
remorquer. 

voulez-vous me remorquer 
jusqu^a N . . . ? 

combien me prendrez-vous 
pour me remorquer 
jusqu^a N . . . ? 

remorquer a couple, 

remorquer enfleche, 
remorqueur, m. 
remous, m, 

le remous du sillage, 
rempart, m, 
remplir. 

Vembarcation remplit im- 
midiaiement, 

remplir d^etoupe, 
renard, m. 

un renard double. 
rencontre, /. 
rendement {m.) pratique. 

le rendement theorique. 
rendre. 

se rendre, 

rendre son epee. \ 

rendre son sabre, ) 
rendre conipte de quelque 
chose. 

// rendit compte de P incident 
au commandant. 
rendu, m., r endue,/. 

la charge est-elle rendue 2 
renfle, m,y renflee, / 



to take in tow. 
the charge for towage, 
cast offtJie tow I 
to tow (a boat, &c.). 

will you tow me to 

N , , ,? 
how much will you charge 
to tow me to N . . . ? 

to tow alongside. 

to tow astern, 
tug. 
back water, broken water, eddy. 

dead water. 
rampart, 
to fill (with water). 

the boat filled at once. 

to chinse. 
traverse board. 

span dogs. 
a. collision, 
effective horse power. 

indicated horse power. 
to give up. 

to surrender. 

to resign one's sword. 
to report something. 

he reported the occurrence to 
the captain. 
home. 

is the charge home ? 
bluff (rounded). 



RENFLE — RETRAITE. 



381 



renfle de Vavant. 
renflouer (un navire). 

le navire a ete renfloue. 
rentrer. 

rentrer les avirons. 

rentrez partout ! 
rentres (a cotes), 
renversement {m.) de la 

mousson. 
renverser la marche. 
renvoi {m.) du tangage. 
repoussoir {m^ a manche. 
represailles, / //. 
requin, ;//. 

reseau {m.) trigonometrique. 
reserve (le cadre de). 

la reserve maritime. 

etre sur le cadre de riserve. 

la riserve {France), 

ressac, m. 

retenue. 

retomber (faire) I'avant du 

navire. 
retour, m. 

sur son retour^ en retour. 

prendre un retour. 

retraite, /. (dans I'armee ou 
la marine). 
Hre en retraite. 
etre mis a la retraite. 



bluff bowed. 
to get (a ship) off rocks, &c., 

&c. 

the ship has been got off. 
to boat, to lay in. 

to boat the oars. 

rowed of all! 
with tumbling home sides, 
the breaking up of the 

monsoon, 
to reverse an engine, 
the 'scending. 
starting bolt, 
reprisals, 
shark. 

trigonometrical survey. 
the reserve list, the retired 

list. 

naval reserve. 

to be on the reserve list. 

royal naval reserve {Angle- 
terre). 
surf, 
a guy. 
to pay the ship's head off. 

return. 

homeward bound. 

to bring up with a round 
tur?i. 
superannuation, retirement. 

to be on the retired list, 
to be retired.^ to be super- 
annuated. 



382 



RETRAITE — ROBINET. 



battre la retraite. 

battre en retraite. 
retraite, ni. 
retraiter. 

reversement (le) de la maree. 
revolte,/ (a bord). 
revolution,/ (machine, &c.). 

la revolution sidirale. 

la revolution synodique. 
revue, / 
ribord, m. 
ricochet, m. 

le tir a ricochet. 
ride,/ 

rider le greement. 
ringot, m. 
riper, 
ris, m. 

les bandes (/) de ris. 

etre au bas ris. 

un raban de ris. 

une patte de ris. 

une garcette de ris. 

larguer un ris. 

un ris diagonal. 

prendre un ris. 

aprendreun ris aux huniers 
rivage, m. 
rive, /. 
rivet, m. 

rivet noyi oufraise. 

un rivet prisonnier. 
riviere,/ 

en riviere. 
robinet, m. 



to beat a tatoo. 

to retreat. 
a pensioner. 

to retreat, to beat a retreat, 
the turn of the tide, 
mutiny (on board). 
a revolution (engine, &c.). 

periodic time. 

sy nodical revolution. 
review. 

waist (of a ship), 
ricochet. 

ricochet fire. 
laniard. 

to set up rigging, 
becket (for bottom of block), 
to rub, to shift (to be displaced), 
reef (in a sail). 

reef bands. 

to be close reefed. 

a reef becket. 

a reef cringle. 

reef point. 

to shake out a reef. 

a balanced reef. 

to take in a reef. 
I reef top sails, one reef! 
sea-shore, 
bank (of a river), 
rivet. 

counter-sunk rivet. 

a screw rivet. 
river (tributary). 

in the river. 
tap, cock. 



ROCAMBEAU — ROUF. 



383 



rocambeau, m. 


traveller. 


un rocambeau defoc. 


a Jib traveller. 


roche,/, rocher, m. 


rock. 


une roche qui dicouvre a 


V a rock awash at low water. 


marie basse. 


une roche afleur d^eau. 


une chaine de rockers. 


a ledge of rocks. 


roie,/. 


drift net. 


role, m. 


bill, ship's books, roll. 


le role d^incendie. 


fire-bill. 


le role de Piquipage. 


the fnuster roll, ship's books. 


itre sur le rdle de V equipage 


to be borne on the ship's books. 


le role de quart. 


the watch-bill. 


le role de quart et de man 


the watch and station bill. 


Qiuvre. 




le role de manoeuvre. 


station bill. 


le role de combat. 


quarter-bill. 


ronde, / 


the rounds (inspection). 


/aire la ronde. 


to go the rounds. 


la ronde major. 


the grand rounds. 


rondelle, /. 


a washer. 


rondier, 7?i. 


man on the rounds. 


ronds dans I'eau (faire des) 


to darn the waters (figura- 


(au figure). 


tively). 


rose (/.) des vents. 


the compass card. 


reciter la rose des vents. 


to box the co?npass. 


rosee,/ 


dew. 


roue,/ 


wheel (for steering). 


une roue a bras. 


hand steering gear. 


la roue du gouvernail. 


the steering wheel. 


le cylindre de la roue. 


the barrel of the steerijig 




wheel 


une roue dentee. 


cogged wheel. 


rouet, m. 


the sheave (of a block). 


rouf, m. 


deck house, round house. 



384 



ROUILLE — ROUTE. 



rouille, / ^ 

rouleau, m. 

rouler. 

rouler panne sur panne. 
roulis, m. 

avoir du roulis. 

coup de roulis. 

le roulis sous le vent. 

des coups de roulis sous le vent. 

un palan de roulis. 
rousture, / 
route (la) d'un navire. 

r angle de route au compas, 

la route au compas. 

la route estimee. 

V angle de route vraie. 

la route vraie. 

la route parcourue vraie. 

la route partielle. 

changer la route. 

suivre une route donnee. 

/aire route vers le 7iord. 

la route du vaisseau dans 
les vingt-quatre heures. 

tracer la route. 

faire route sur le port. 

faire la mime route. 1 

faire route pour. S 

faire route a Vest. 

la distance parcourue est 
iS8 milks N. \N.O. 

nous fimes route vers 
touest. 

faire route. 

faire route debout au vent. 



rust. 

roller (for a boat), skid. 

to roll. 

to roll gunwale under. 
rolling (of ship). 

to roll. 

a lurch. 

the downward roll. 

lee lurches. 

a rolling tackle. 
woolding. 
course of a ship. 

compass course steered. 

compass course. 

dead reckoning. 

the true course steered. 

the true course. 

the true course made good. 

a traverse. 

to alter the course. 

to steer a course. 

to steer northward. 

day's ivork of a ship. 

to lay the course. 

to make for the harbour. 

to stand on. 

to stand to the easttvard. 
the course and distance made 

good is N. by W. i^8 miles, 
we shaped our course towards 

the west, 
to steam, 
to steam head to wind. 



ROUTE — ST. ELME. 



385 



Vordre {m.) de route. 

couper la route d\m 
vaisseau. 

en route I {au figure) 
routier, m. 
rumb, m. 



route order. 

to cross the bow of a ship. 

top your boom! (figuratively), 
sailing directions, 
rhumb. 



S. 



sabatte, / 
sable, m. 

des sables mouvants. 

un banc de sable. 
sablier, m. [neuse,/. 

sablonneux, w., sablon- 
sabord, m. 

un sabord de chasse, 

un mantelet de sabord. 

ouvrir les sabords. \ 

fermer les sabords. I 

un sabord de lancemetit 
{pour torpilles). 

un sabord d'aviron. 

les sabords de retraite. 
saborder. 
sabre, m. 

un sabre d'abordage. 
sac {m.) d'un matelot. 
' f aire f aire le sac a Vartinion. 

les sacs a charbons {nuages). 
safran, m. (du gouvernail). 
Sainte-Barbe, / 

lafausse Sai?ite-Barbe. 
St. Elme (le feu). 



shoe (of an anchor), 
sand. 

quicksands. 

a sandbank. 
sand glass, 
sandy, 
gun port, port hole. 

a chase port. 

a port lid. 

to haul up the ports. 

to open the ports. 

to lower the ports. 

to close the ports. 

a torpedo port. 

roiv port. 

stern ports. 
to scuttle, 
sword, sabre. 

a cutlasSy a ha?iger. 
bag of a sailor, kit. 

to bagpipe the fuizen. 

the sacks of coal {clouds). 
check-piece, rake (of rudder), 
old expression for " powder 

the gun room. [magazine." 
St. Elmo's fire. 
5 



386 



SAISIE — SANTfi. 



saisie (/) d'un navire. 

saisines,/. 

saisir. 

saisir Vancre. 
sale, 711. and/ 
saler. 

saler du poisson. 
salicoque, / 
salinometre, ni. 
salissure (/.) de la coque. 
salle (/) des gabarits. 
salon, m. \ 

le grand salon. J 
saluer. 

saluer avec une voile. 
salut, m. 

faire un salut. 

rendre un salute 

un salut de vingt-et-un 
coups de canon. 

rendre un salut coup pour 
coup. 

lefort nous salua de douze 
coups de canon, que nous 
rendimes coup pour coup. 

salve, / 

faire unfeu de salve. 
sangle,/ 

une sangle au metier. 
sante, /. 

le bureau de la sante. 

Vofficier de la sante. 

une patente de sante. 

le service de santi. 



the seizure of a ship, 
gripes (of a boat), 
to lash, to stow. 

to stow the anchor. 
foul (dirty), 
to salt, to cure. 

to cure fish. 
shrimp. 

brine gauge, salinometer. 
fouling of ship's bottom, 
the mould loft. 

saloon. 

to salute. 

to strike a sail (as a salute). 
salute. 

to salute. 

to return a salute. 

a salute of twenty-one guns. 

to return a salute with a 
like number of guns. 

the fort saluted us with 
twelve guns, which we re- 
turned with a like number 
of guns. 
salvo, a volley. 

to fire a volley. 
gasket, gripes (of a boat), mat. 

a sword mat. 
health. 

the board of health. 

the health officer. 

a bill of health. 

the medical service. 



SARGASSES— SEC. 



38; 



sargasses (mer des). 
satellite, m. 
sauf-conduit, ;;/. 
saumon, m. 
saute (/.) de vent, 
sauter. 

faire sauter. 

le navire sauta, 

iljit sauter cinq des navires 
ennemis. 

cinq des navires emtetnis 
sauterent. 

faire sauter une mine. 

sauter dans un canot. 
sauve-garde (/) du gouver- 

nail. 
sauvetage, m. 

une indemfiite de sauvetage. 

un poste de sauvetage. 

une ceinture de sauvetage. 

un canot de sauvetage. 

la Sociite cefttrale de Sauve- 
tage. 

les canotiers de sauvetage., 
embarque ! 
sauveteur, 7?i. 
savon, m. (au figure), 
scaphandre, m. 
scaphandrier, vi. 
scier. 

sciez tribord! 

sciez bdbord! 
scintillement (le) d'une etoile. 
seau, m. 
sec (a). 



Sargasso sea. 

satellite. 

safe conduct. 

salmon. 

a shift of wind. 

to blow up, to jump into. 

to cause to bloiv up. 

the ship blew up. 

he blew 2ip five of the enemy's 
ships. 

five of the enemy's ships blew 
up. 

to spring a mine. 

to jump into a boat. 
rudder chains, rudder pen- 
dants, 
salvage, rescue. 

salvage 7noney. 

a life saving station. 

a life belt. 

a life-boat. 

the National Life-boat In- 
stitution. 

life-boat's creiv^ away I 

a salvager, a salvage man. 

jobation (figuratively). 

diving dress. 

diver (with diving dress). 

to back the oars, to back astern. 

back starboard! 

back port ! 
twinkling of a star, 
bucket, 
high and dry. 



388 



SEC — SERVICE. 



a sec de toile, 
courir a sec. 
second, m. 

sections (/) coniques. 
secretaire, m. 
secteur, m. 
segment, m. 
sein (w.) d'une voile, 
sel, m. 
semaphore, ni. 

les ailes (/) du semaphore. 
sentine, / 
sentir la barre. 
serre-bosse, /. 

serre-file, m. 
serrer. 

serrer une voile. 

serrer en perroquet. 

serrer le vent. 
servant, m. (d'une piece). 

les servants {dhme piece). 
service, m. 

de service. 

etre de service. 

ne pas etre de service. 

prendre du service. 

le service a la mer. 

le service au port. 

le service a bord. 

le service a terre. 

le service de VEtat. 

entrer au service. 
quitter le service. 



Jinder bare poles, 
to scud under bare poles. 
chief mate, mate, 
conic sections, 
secretary, 
sector, 
segment, 
bunt of a sail, 
salt, 
semaphore. 

the arms of the semaphore. 
the sink (of a ship). 
to answer the helm, 
shank-painter. 

the rear ship. 
to furl, to take in (a sail), 

to take in a sail, to furl a sail. 

to furl in a bunt. 

to haul the wind. 
a. gunner. 

the gun's crew. 
duty, service. 

on duty. 

to be on duty. 

to be off duty. 

to join the service^ to enlist. 

the sea service. 

the harbour service. 

the service afloat. 

the service ashore. 

the King's service {in 
England). 

to enter the service. 

to leave t/ie service, to quit 
the service. 



SERVICE— SEXTANT. 



389 



etre appele au service, 
etre renvoye du service, 
etre bon pour le service, 
nepas etre bon pour le service, 
le service reglementaire. 
/aire le service de A . . . a 
B . . . 



to be called out for service, 
to be dismissed the service, 
to be fit for service, 
not to be fit for service, 
standing orders, 
to run between A . . . and 
B . . . 



En Angleterre la marine prend toujours le pas sur I'armee. 
Cette distinction n'existe pas en France, et les officiers du meme 
rang sont egaux dans I'armee et dans la marine, et la precedence 
depend seule de I'anciennete de grade. 



servo-moteur, m. (du gouver- 

nail). 

le servo-moteur auxiliaire. 

le servo-?noteur ilectrique. 

le servo-7?ioteur hydraulique. 

le servo-moteur a vapeur. 
seuillet {m.) de sabord. 
sextant, m. 

r alidade^ f 

Pare {m.) du limbe. 

rare du sextant. 

Pare en exces. 

le corps du sextant. 

Perreur (/) instrumefitale. 

la graduation. 

le grand miroir. 

le petit miroir. 

le limbe du sextant. 

la loupe. 

la pinnule. 

la poignee. 

les rectifications du sexta7it. 

le riticule. 

le support. 



steering gear (of rudder). 

auxiliary steerijig gear. 

the electric steering gear. 

the hydraulic steering gear. 

the steam steer i?ig gear. 
port sill, 
sextant. 

the index bar. 

the arc of the sextant. 

the arc proper. 

the arc of excess. 

the frame of the sextant. 

the index error. 

the graduation. 

the index glass. 

the horizon glass. 

the limb of the sextant. 

the microscope. 

the blank tube. 

the ha?idle. 

the adjust?nents oftJie sexta?tt. 

the wires {of the telescopes). 

the collar. 



390 



wSEXTANT — SIGNAL. 



les telescopes^ m. 

la tige a frottejnent. 

les verres colores. 

le vernier. 

la vis de pression. 

la vis de rappel. 

le zero du liinbe. 
siege, m. 

rartillerie de siege. 
siffletj m. 

le sifflet du mattre. 

un coup de sifflet, 

faire les honneurs du sifflet. 

sifflet a vapeur. 
signal, ;;/. sing.^ signaux, pi. 



the telescopes. 

the up and down screw. 

the shades. 

the vernier. 

the clamping screw. 

the tangent screw. 

the zero of the arc. 
siege. 

siege artillery. 
pipe (of boatswain), whistle. 

the boatswain's pipe. 

a call with the pipe. 

to pipe the side. 

steam ivhistle. 
signal. 



Pour les *\Signaux ati moyen dti sifflet a vapeur^'' voir a la 

page 164, au titre ''^ Signals by steam whistle.'''' 
Pour les ^* Signaux pour les navires en dt^tresse,^^ voir a la page 
161, au titre " Signals for ships in distress.'^ 
" Signaux dejour," page 164. 
*' Signaux de miit,''^ page 165. 



7in signal de detresse. 
arborer un sigfial de detresse. 
un signal de jour. 
u?i signal de nuit. 
un signal de brume, 
un signal d^heures. 
un signal numerique. 
le signal du combat, 
repondre a un sigfial. 
hisser un signal, 
conserver un signal battant. 
faire un signal, 
signaux au moyen du 
sifflet a vapeur. 



a signal of distress. 

to hoist a signal of distress. 

a day signal. 

a night sig?tal. 

a fog signal. 

an horary signal. 

a numeral sigfial. 

the signal for battle. 

to answer a signal. 

to hoist a signal. 

to keep a sigfial flying. 

to ffiake a signal. 

signals by steam whistle. 



SIGNAL— SOLSTICE. 



391 



les signaux du guet. 

signaux pour les navires 
en detresse. 

un signal d*atre de vent 

im signal a eclats. 

un signal a coups de canon. 

des signaux chiffres. 

la cU des signaux chiffris. 
sillage, w. 
sillometre, m. 
simoun, ;//. (vent), 
sinistre {m.) maritime, 
sinus, m. (sound the "^"). 

le si?ius verse. 
sirene, /. 

une sirene a vapeur. 
sirocco, m. (vent). 
sloop, m. 
soir, ;;/. 

du soir, S. 
soldat, 7fi. 



ufi soldat de marine. 
solde, /. 

la solde entiere. 

la demi-solde. 
sole (/.) d'une ancre. 
soleil, m. 

un rayon de soleil. 

le lever du soleil. 

le coucher du soleil. 

au lever du soleil. 

au coucher du soleil. 
solstice, m. 



watchword signals, 
signals for ships in distress. 

a compass signal. 

a flashing signal. 

a gun signal, 

a cipher {signal). 

the key of the cipJier. 
wake, track (of a ship), 
speed indicator, 
simoon (wind), 
a shipwreck, 
sine. 

tJie versed sine. 
siren. 

a steam siren. 
the sirocco (wind), 
sloop, 
evening. 

post meridiem, P.M. 
soldier ; also, in the opinion of 

sailors, "a longshoreman," 

"a land-lubber," "a lubber." 

a mari?te {soldier). 
the pay (of a sailor or soldier). 

full pay. 

half pay. 
shoe of anchor, 
sun. 

a sufibeam. [sun. 

the sunrise, the rising of the 

the simset, the setting of the 

at sunrise. [sun. 

at sufiset. 
solstice. 



392 



SOLSTICE — SOULEVER. 



le solstice d^ete. 

le solstice d'hiver. 
solstitial, sing.^ solstitiaux,//. 

les points solstitiaux. 
sombre, m. and/, 
sombrer. 

le navire toiicha sur les 
rockers et sombra. 
sondage, m. 

/aire le sondage. 
sonde, / 

la grande sonde. 

un coup de sonde. 

chanter la sonde. 

chercher la sonde. 

etre sur les sondes. 

garnir le plomh de sonde. 
Jeter la sonde, 

la ligne de sonde. 

naviguer a la sonde. 
sonder. 
sondeur, m. 

le softdeur Thomson. 

sonnerie (/) de clairon. 
sortir (faire). 
souffler. 

le vent souffle de Pouest. 

le vent souffle dur. 

(a va souffler dur. 

fa ne soufflera pas long- 
temps. 
soufflerie,/ 
soulever. 



the summer solstice. 

the winter solstice. 
solstitial. 

solstitial points. 
cloudy, 
to founder, to gink. 

the ship struck on the rocks 
and sank. 
sounding, a cast of the lead. 

to take the soundings. 
the sounding lead, the lead 

(for sounding). 

the deep sea lead. 

a throw of the lead. 

to call the soundings. 

to try the soundings. 

to be in soundings. 

to arm the lead. 

to heave the lead. 

deep sea line. 

to run by soundings. 
to sound, 
leadsman, sounding machine. 

Sir William Tho??ison^s 
patent lead. 
a bugle call, 
to turn out. 
to blow. 

the wind blows from the west. 

it is blowing hard. 

it is going to blow hard. 

the storm will soon be over. 

a steam blast, 
to weigh. 



SOUMISSION — STATIONNAIRE. 



393 



soumission, / 

une soumission cachetee. 
soupape, /. 

une soupape de siirete. 

une soupape (T arret. 

une soupape de retenue. 

tine soupape d^assechevienf. 

les leviers (;;/.) de manoeuvre 
de la soupape de siirete, 

une soupape atmospherique. 
souquer. 

souque ! 
sous-barbe, /. (de beaupre). 
sous-berne, / 
sous-marin, ;;/., sous marine,/. 

un bateau sous-??iari?i. 

une mine sous-marine. 
sous-officier, m. 
sous vergues (a bord). 
soute, /. 

une soute au charbon. 

la soute aux poudres. 

la soute a biscuit. 

la soute aux voiles. 

la soute a obus. 

la soute du commis. 
Soulier, m. 
sphere, / 

la spliere celeste. 
spheroidal, ?;/., spheroidale,/ 
stabiHte, /. 
stable, m. and/, 
staries (jours de). 
stationnaire, m. (vaisseau). 



tender (contract). 

a sealed tender. 
valve. 

a safety valve, 

a stop valve. 

a non return valve. 

a drainage valve. 

the hand gear of the safety 
valve. 

a vacuum valve. 
to swing on. 

swing on 1 stretch out! 
bobstay. 

freshes (of a river), 
submarine. 

a submarine boat. 

a submarine mine. 
gun room officer, 
free on board, F.O.B. 
bunker. 

a coal bunker. 

the 7nagazine^ the powder 
magazine. 

the bread room. 

the sail room. 

the shell room. 

the ship's steward's room. 
a coal trimmer, 
sphere. 

the celestial concave. 
globular. 

stability, stiffness (of ship), 
stiff (having stability), 
days for unloading, 
guard ship. 



394 



STOP — SYZYGIE. 



stop ! 

stoppez I 
stopper. 

stratus, m. (nuage). 
submersible, m, 
subrecargue, m. 
subsistances, / //. 

le magasin des subsistances. 
sud, m. 

du sud. 

le chemin sud. 
superstructure, /. 
supplement (w.) d'un angle, 
supple men taire, ;//. and/, 
support (;;/.) d'arbre porte 

helice. 
surbau, m. 
surcharger. 
surestaries, /. pi. 
surjaler. 
surlier, 
surliure, /. 

faire une surliure. 
surmulet, m. 
surnager. 
surnumeraire, m. 
suroi, in. 
suspendre. 

suspendez ! 
suspension (/) a la Cardan, 
suspensoir, m. 
suspentes (les) (f.) d'une 

vergue. 
systeme {m.) solaire. 
syzygie,/. 



stop ! 

stop her I 
to stop, 
stratus (cloud), 
a submarine boat, 
supercargo, 
victuals. 

the victualling yard. 
south. 

southerly. 

the southing {of a ship). 
superstructure, 
the supplement of an angle, 
spare (sail, oar, &c.) 
stern bracket of propeller 

shaft, 
coaming, 
to overload, 
demurrage, 
to foul. 

to whip a rope, 
whipping (of a rope). 

to make a ivhipping. 
a mullet, 
to float. 

supernumerary, 
oil skin, south-wester, 
to trice up. 

trice up / 
gimbal frame, 
tricing line, 
the slings of a yard. 

the solar system, 
syzygy. 



TABLE— TANGUEUR. 



395 



T. 



table,/ 

la table des officiers. 

la table des officiers du carrL 

la table des ??iattres. 

la table des seconds maitres. 

une table a roulis. 
tables (/.) mathematiques. 

les tables^ f. pL 

une table de logarithmes. 

U7ie table de point. 
tactique (f.) navale. 
taille-mer, m, 
taille-vent, m. 
taisure, /. 
talonner. 
tambour, m. 
tamisaille, / 
tampon, m. 
tangage, w. 

un coup de tangage. 

un itai de tangage, 
tangente, /. 
tangon, m. 

croiser le tangon. 

relever le tango?i. 

sojourner au tangoii. 



tanguer. 

tangueur, ;;/. (vaisseau qui 

tangue fortement). 

ce 7iavire est tin vieux 
tangueur. 



mess. 

the mess room. 

the ward-room officers' mess. 

warrant officers' mess. 

the petty officers' mess. 

fiddles. 
mathematical tables. 

nautical tables. 

a table of logarithms. 

a traverse table. 
naval tactics, 
cutwater. 

main sail (of French cutter), 
all the drift nets, 
to strike the ground, 
drum, drummer, paddle-box. 
the sweep of the tiller, 
hawse plug, plug, 
pitching (motion of vessel). 

a lieavy pitch. 

a pitching stay. 
a tangent, 
swinging boom. 

to lower the swinging boom. 

to top up the swinging boom. 

to lie at the swifiging boom, 
to ride by the swinging 
boom. 
to pitch, pitching, 
a bruise water, a pile driver 

(ship that pitches heavily). 

this vessel is a^i old bruise 
water. 



396 



TANNER — TEMPS. 



tanner une voile. 


to tan a sail. 


tape,/. 


hawse plug, tompion. 


tapecul, m. 


jigger, mizen lug, mizen sail 




(of a boat). 


taquet, m. 


cleat, belaying cleat, kevel. 


des taquets de guindeau 


whelps. 


tartane, /. 


tartan. 


tasse,/ (la grande) (argot). Davy Jones's locker (slang). 


tatouage, m. 


tatooing. 


tatoue (etre). 


to be tatooed. 


taud, m. 


rain awning. 


telegraphe {m.) de ] 


a engine room telegraph. 


machine. 




telescope, ;;/. 


spy-glass, reflecting telescope. 


tempete, /. 


gale, storm, tempest. 


une tempete tour?iante. 


a revolving storm. 


une tempete de neige. ' 


a snow stor7n. 


essuyer une tempete 


au to ride out a storm. 


mouillage. 




les tempetes de Pequinoxe the equinoctial gales. 


la loi des tempetes. 


the law of storms. 


esstiyer une tempete. 


to weather a storm. 


les avis (m.) des tempetes. weather warnings^ storm 


( Voir la table XVI.) signals. 


temps, m. 


time. 


le temps may en, T.M. 


i?iean tif?ie, G.M.T. 


le temps vrai. 


the apparent time. 


le temps sideral. 


the sidereal time. 


le temps may en de Paris\ 


(Greenwich mean time 
G.M.T. 

, correspond \f^sl of Greenwich mean 


T.M. 


e7i avance sur le temps 


moyen. 


^ '^ " time. 


en retard sur le temps 


sloiv of Greenwich mean 
\ time. 


moyen. 


V equation du temps. 


the equation of time. 



TEMPS. 



397 



temps, ;;/. 

a cause dii gros temps, 
a cause du mauvais temps, 
fuir devant le temps, 
par un gros temps, 
les predictions du temps, 
le temps est couvert. 
le temps se couvre. 
le temps s'embellit. 
un beau teinps. 
un changement de temps. 
un mauvais temps, 
un vilain te^nps. 
un teifips a grains, 
un temps a la pluie. 
un temps brumeux. 
un temps chaud. 
un temps clair. 
un temps de mauvaise 

apparence. 
un temps doux. 
un temps dur. 
un temps embrume. 
un temps frais. 
un temps froid. 
un temps humide. 
un temps incertain. 
un temps lourd. 

un temps mena^ant. 
un tetnps nuageux. 
un temps orageux. 
un temps pluvieux. 
un temps sec. 
un temps sombre. 



weather. 
> through stress of weather. 

to scud. 

in stress of weatJier. 
the forecasts of the weather. 
\ it is cloudy. 

it is getting cloudy. 
the weather is improving, 
fine weather., fair weather, 
a change in the weather. 
bad weather, 
foul weather, 
squally weather, 
rainy weather, 
foggy weather, 
warm weather, 
clear weather, 
ugly iveather. 

mild tveatJier. 
rough weather, 
misty weather, 
fresh weather, 
cold weather, 
damp weather, 
unsettled weather, 
muggy weather^ sultry 

weather, 
threatening weather, 
cloudy iveather. 
stormy weather, 
rainy weather, 
dry iveather. 
dark weather. 



398 



TEMPS — TERRE. 



un temps superbe. 

un temps venteux. 
tendelet, m. 
tenez bon ! 
tenez-le plus pres ! 
tenir la mer (navire qui 

peut). 
tenon, m. 

le tenon dii beaupre. 
tente, /. 

/aire une tente. 
tenue, /. 

la grande tenue. 

la petite tenue. 

la tenue de service. 

la tenue cTete. 

la tenue d'hiver. 
terminer, 
terre. 

la Terre {the planet^. 

a terre. 

alter a terre. 

mettre a terre. 

terre I 

abrite par la terre. 

vers la terre. 

Vaxe de la terre. 

les poles de la terre. 

approcher de la terre. 

arriver en vue de terre. 

courir sur la terre. 

en vue de terre. 

rester en vue de terre. 

perdre la terre de vue. 

noyer la terre. 



beautiful weather. 

blowing weatlier. 
awning (for boat), 
avast ! hold on ! 
keep your luff! 
a seaworthy ship. 

tenon. 

the tenon of the boivsprit. 
awning. 

to spread an awning, 
dress, uniform. 
full dress uniform. 

undress uniform. 

summer dress uniform. 

winter dress uniform. 
to selvagee. 
earth, land, shore. 

the Earth. 

ashore^ on shore. 

to go ashore. 

to land goods. 

land ho ! 

land locked. 

landward. 

the EartKs axis. 

the poles of the Earth. 

to make the land. 

to arrive in sight of land. 

to run for the land. 

within sight of land. 

to keep sight of land. 

to lose sight of land. 

to settle the land. 



TERRE — TINS. 



399 



relever la terre. 

serrer la terre. 

serrer la terre de pres. 

une terre sous le vent. 
terreneuvien, ;;/. 
terrien, in. 

tete (/.) du beaupre. \ 

faire tete. 

faire tete a Pouragan. 
tetiere, / 

la tetiere (Tun taud. ) 

la tetiere d*une tente. J 

teugue,/ 
theodolite, /;/. 
thermometre, m. 

un thermometre a boule 
shhe. 

un t/iermometre a boule 
tfiouillee. 

un tlierinomltre etalon, 

un thermometre sous-marin. 
thon, ;;/. (poisson). 
tiens bon ! 

tiens bon virer t 
tillac, m. 

le faux-tillac. 
tille,/. 
timonerie, / 

le chef de timonerie. 

le second maitre de timonerie 
timonier, m. 

tins, m. 



to set the land. 

to keep the land aboard. 

to hug the land. 

a lee shore. 
a banker (Newfoundland boat), 
landsman, longshoreman, 
the beeseating of the bowsprit, 
the head of the bowsprit. 

to face. 

to face a storm. 
head of a sail. 

ridge of an awning. 

top-gallant forecastle. 

theodolite. 

thermometer. 

dry bulb thermometer. 

wet bulb thermometer. 

a standard titer mometer. 

a sub-marine tJiermometer. 
tunny (fish), 
avast ! hold on ! 

avast heaving t 
deck. 

the half deck. 
cuddy, 
steerage. 

the chief yeo7tian of signals, 
the chief quarter-master. 

the quarter-master. 
helmsman, steersman, signal- 
man, yeoman of signals, 
stocks. 



400 



TIR — TIRE-VEILLES. 



tir, ni, 

angle (;;/.) de tir. 

le tir de but en blanc. 

le tir convergent, 

le tir de plein fouet. 

le tir horizontal. 

le tir oblique. 

le tir plongeant. 

le tir normal. 

le tir a ricochet. 

le tir de class ement. 

le champ de tir* 

le champ de tir horizontal. 

le champ de tir vertical, 
le tir optique. 

la ligne de tir. 
tirage, m. 

le tirage naturel. 

le tirage force. 
tirant {m.) d'eau. 

le tirant d^eau avant. 

le tirant d'eau moyen. 

le tirant deau arriere. 

le tirant d'eau lege. 
tirer. 

tirer a toute voice. 

tirer un coup de canon. 
tireur, m. 

un bon tireur. 
tire-veilles, /. 

les tire-veilles de barre. 

les tire-veilles de coupee. 



firing (with fire-arms). (See 

under "fire.") 

training angle. 

point-blank firing, 

converging fire. 

direct fire. 

horizontal fire. 

oblique fire. 

plunging fire. 

straight fire. 

ricochet fire. 

firing competition. 

the arc of training. 

the arc of training hori- 
zontally. 

the arc of training vertically. 

to train by means of optical 
instruments. 

the line of fire. 
draught. 

natural draught, 
forced draught. 
draught of water, gauge. 

the draught of water forward. 

the mean draught of water. 

the draught of water aft. 

light water draught. 
to fire (with fire-arms), to shoot. 

to fire at random. 

to fire a gun. 
shot, marksman. 

a good marksman. [lines, 
man ropes, side ropes, yoke 
yoke titles^ yoke ropes, 
side ropes. 



TIROIR— TORPILLE. 



401 



tiroir, m. (machine a vapeur). 
toile (/) a voiles. 

de la toile a voiles fine. 

une piece de toile a voiles. 

de la toile (des voiles). 

porter beaucoup de toile, 

avoir trop de toile, 

convert de toile. 

avec tout dessus. 

a sec de toile. 

forcer de toile, 

porter de la toile. 

vaisseau qui porte Men la 
toile. 

vaisseau qui porte mal la 
toile, 
tole,/ 

de la tole deader. 
tolet, m. 
tolletiere, / 
tomber. 

le vent tombe. 

la mer to??ibe. 
ton, m. 
tonneau, m. (mesure). 

tonneait, m. 
tonnelier, ni. 
tonnerrew. 
tonture, / 

toron, m. (d'une corde). 
torpille,/. 

r amorce d^une torpille. 

une amorce ati fulminate. 

les ailes d'une torpille. 



slide valve {steam engine). 
canvas, sail-cloth. 
duck {cafivas). 
a bolt of canvas, 
canvas (sails). 

{to carry a lot of canvas, 
to have plenty of canvas, 
to have too much canvas. 

\ with every stitch set. 

under bare poles. [on sail, 
to make 7nore sail, to crowd 
to carry plenty of sail, 
a stiff ship, 

a cra?ik ship. 

boiler plate, sheet iron. 

steel boiler plate. 
thole pin. 
crutch, rowlock, 
to abate. 

the wind is abatifig. 

the sea is abating. 
mast head, 
ton (measure). 

a cask. 
a cooper, 
thunder. 

sheer (of vessel, or deck), 
strand (of a rope), 
torpedo. 

the fuse of a torpedo. 

a fulminate fuse, 

the rudder of a torpedo^ 
26 



402 



TORPILLE. 



V amorce fulminante (Tune 

torpille. 
apparaux pour torpilles. 
Vappareil flotteur (Tune 

torpille. 
Vappareil plongeur (fune 

torpille, 
la carcasse. 
la chambre a air. 
la chambre a eau. 
la chambre du mecanis7ne. 
la charge d^une torpille. 
le compartiment des regu- 

lateurs. 
un espar a torpilles. 
un filet pare-torpille. 
la goupille de surete. 
le verrou de surete. 
la pile d^infla77imation. 
la poifite percutante. 
un sabord de lancement. 
une torpille autotnotrice. 
une torpille electrique. 
une torpille mobile, 
une torpille de fond, 
une torpille portative, 
une torpille Whitehead. 
une torpille a mouveme?tt 

d'horlogerie. 
un tube lance torpille. \ 

un tube de lancement. J 

un tube lance-torpilles j 

sous-mar in. \ 

le maniement des torpilles. 
charger une torpille. . 



the detonator of a torpedo. 

torpedo gear. 

the floating apparatus of a 

torpedo, 
the sinking apparatus of a 

torpedo, 
the shell, 
the air chamber, 
the water chamber, 
the adjustment cha^nber. 
the charge of a torpedo, 
the balance chamber. 

a torpedo boom. 

a torpedo net. 

the safety pin. 

the safety ivedge. 

the firing battery. 

the pistol. 

a torpedo port. 

a locomotive torpedo. 

an electric torpedo. 

a drifting torpedo. 

a ground torpedo. 

a spar torpedo. 

a Whitehead torpedo. 

a clock work torpedo. 

a torpedo tube. 

a submarine torpedo tube, 
a submerged tube, 
torpedo ivarfare. 
to load a torpedo. 



TORPILLE — TOUR. 



403 



exploser une torpille. 
lancer une torpille. 

lester une torpille. 

mouiller une torpille, 

relever une torpille. 

remorquer une torpille. 
torpilleur, m. 

un aviso torpilleur. 

un contre-torpilleur. 

Ufi croisseur torpilleur. 

un eclaireur torpilleur. 

un torpilleur de haute mer. 

un torpilleur de deuxieme 
classe. 
touage, m. 
toucher. 

toucher a. 

toucher le fo?id {avec la 
sonde). 

touee, / < 

touer (se). 
touer un navire. 
tour, m. 

a cinquante tours dhelice I 

un tour mort et une demiclef. 

prendre deux tours. 

faire le tour du monde. 

/aire un tour pour la devi- 
ation. 

faire le tour pour P attrac- 
tion locale et la deviation. 



to explode a torpedo. 

to discharge a torpedo, to 

project a torpedo, 
to ballast a torpedo, 
to plant a grou?id torpedo, 
to fish up a torpedo, 
to tow a torpedo. 
torpedo boat, torpedo. 
a torpedo gun boat, 
a torpedo catcher, 
a torpedo cruiser, 
a torpedo boat destroyer. 
a first class torpedo boat. 
a second class torpedo boat. 

warping, kedging. 

to strike (on something). 

to touch at a place. 

to strike soundings. 

a length of cable, 
riding scope (of cable), 
to kedge, to warp, 
to warp a ship, 
turn, revolution, &c. 

to fifty revolutions ! {of the 

screzv.) 
a round turn and a half hitch, 
to pass two turns, 
to go round the world, 
to swing the ship for devia- 
tion of compass, 
to swi?tg the ship for local 
attractioft and deviatiofi of 
the compasses. 



404 



TOUR — TRAILLE. 



un tour de chaine. 

avoir des tours de chaine. 
avoir deux tours de chaine. 
un tour d^helice. 
donner du tour a . . . 
un tour de manoeuvre. 
faire le tour ayant fait 

chapelle. 
un tour mort. 
faire un tour mort, 
un tour en avant / 
tour, m. 

un tour de corvee. 
tour billon, m. 
tourelle, / 

un navire a tourelle. 
une tourelle barliette. 
• un navire a tourelle barbette 
le vireur de la tourelle. 
U7ie tourelle tourna?ite. 
touret, m. 

tourillons, m. pi. , 
tourmente, / 
tourmentin, ?n. 
tourner. 
tournevire, / 

reprendre la tournevire. 
toute, dans les expressions 
suivantes — 
arrive toute I 
loffe toute I 
bdbord toute / 
tribord toute ! 
traille, / 



J an elbow in the hawse. 
\ a round turn in the hawse. 

afoul hawse. 

a round turn and an elboiv. 

a revolution of the screiv. 

to give a wide berth to , . . 

bitter. 

to wear after being taken 
aback. 

a round turn. 

to take a round turn. 

a turn ahead I 
spell. 

a spell of work. 
whirlwind, 
turret. 

a turret ship. 

a barbette battery. 
, a barbette battery ship. 

turret turning gear. 

a rotating turret. 
reel of log line, 
trunions. 
tempest, 
fore stay sail, 
to turn, 
messenger. 

to fleet tJie 7?iessenger. 



hard a-weather ! 
hard a-lee 1 
hard a-port ! 
hard a-starboard ! 
trawl. 



TRAIN E — TRAPEZE. 



405 



traine (a la). 

nous avians un bas-mdt a 
la traine. 
traite (la) des noirs. 

wie traite {un billet). 
traitement {m.) de table, 
trajectoire, / 
tranche (/) d'un canon. 

une tranche cellulaire. 
transatlantique, m. 
transborder. 

les hommes du {nom du 
navire) ont ite trans- 
bordes sur le {nom du 
navire). 
les homines de la Venus 
vontitre transbordes sur 
le Jean Bart. 
transfilage, m. 
transfiler. 

transit (le) des marchandises. 
transmetteur (;«.) d'ordres. 
transmission (/) du gouver- 
nail. 

la transmission electrique. 
la tra?ismission hydraulique. 
la transmission ^ vapeur. 
transport, ;;/. 

un transport de formats, 
un traiisport de troupes, 
les transports par mer. 
les transports par eau. 
trapeze, m. 



to have something in tow 
(not a vessel). 
we had a lower mast in tow. 

the slave trade. 

a draft {bill). 
table money, 
trajectory, 
the face of a gun. 

a cellular subdivision. 
an ocean liner, an Atlantic liner, 
to turn men over to another 

vessel. 

the men of {naine of ship) 
have been turned over to 
the {nafne of ship). 

the men of the " Venus " are 
going to be turned over to 
the ''Jean Bart:' 
marline spike hitch, lacings, 
to lace, to snub, 
transit of goods, 
engine room telegraph, 
steering gear. 

the electric steering gear. 

the hydraulic steering gear. 

the steam steering gear. 
transport, transit. 

a convict ship. 

a troop ship. 

the carryifig trade. 

water borne goods. 
pendant (flag), trapezium. 



4o6 



TRAVERS — TREVIRER. 



,.! 



travers (le) d'un navire. 

presenter le travers a la 
lame. 

sur Pavant du travers. 

droit par le travers. 

sur Varriere du travers. 
travers (en) de. 
par le travers de. 

venir en travers de. 

tomber en travers de. 

mettre en travers. 

par le travers. 

par le travers de tribord. 

traversee, / < 

le prix de la traversee. 
traverser. 

traverser la Majiclu. 

traverser Pancre, 
traversiere (plan incline de). 

la traversiere. 

barres traversieres, f. pi. 
traversin, m. 
trelingage. 
tremail, m. 
trempe (/) (des metaux). 

la trempe au plomb. 

la trei7ipe a Vhuile. 
tresillon, m. 

un noeud de tresillon. 
tresse, / 

une tresse anglaise. 

de la tresse pour chapeaux. 
trevire, /. 
trevirer. 



the broadside of a ship. 

to be broadside on to the sea. 

before the beam. 

right a-beam. 

abaft the beam. 
athwart, amidships, midships, 

abreast of. 

to come athivart of. 

to fall athzvart of 

to stand across. 

athwart hawse. 

on the starboard beam. 
the crossing (by sea), 
passage. 

passage money. 
to cross, to fish. 

to cross the Channel. 

to fish the anchor. 
bill board. 

the fish tackle. 

the cross trees. 
carling. 
catharpings. 
trammel net. 
the tempering (of metals). 

lead tempering. 

oil tempering. 
Spanish windlass. 

marline hitch. 
French sennit. 

sennit. 

sennit for hats. 
parbuckle, 
to slue. 



TREUIL — TUYAU. 



407 



treuil, in. 
triangle, m. 
tribord. 

tribord toute I 

tribord un peu I 

par tribord devant. 
tribordais, m. 
tringle,/. 
Trinity House (Corporation 

de). 
trinquette, /. 
trois-mats, m. 

un trois-mdts carre. 

un trois-mats goelette. 
trombe, / 

une trombe de vent. 
trompe (/) de brume, 
tron^on, m. 
tropique, in. 

le tropique du Cancer. 

le tropique du Capricorne. 
tube, 7n. 

le tube interieur (Tun canon. 

un tube lance torpilles. \ 

uti tube de lancement. j 

un tube d^itambot. 

un tube de niveau. 
trou {m.) du chat. 

trou d^homme. 

le trou de jauntier e, 
turbine, /. 
tuyau, m. 

un tuyau d^embranchement. 

un tuyau dechappement. 



winch. 

triangle, triangular flag. 

starboard i^voir la note au 

mot bdbord). 

hard a-starboard I 

starboard a bit I 

on the starboard bow. 
a man of the starboard watch, 
batten. 
The Corporation of Trinity 

House, 
fore stay sail, 
a barque. 

a full rigged ship. 

a barqua?itine. 
water-spout. 

ivhirlwind. 
a fog horn, 
bracket plate, 
tropic. 

the tropic of Cancer. 

the tropic of Capricorn. 
tube, 
the inner tube of a gun. 

a torpedo tube. 

stern tube of propeller sliaft. 

a glass gauge. 
lubber's hole. 

mail hole {of boiler^ ^'c). 

helm holCf rudder hole. 
turbine, 
funnel, pipe (for drainage). 

a branch pipe. 

a blast pipe. 



408 TUYAU- 


—VAISSEAU. 


un tuyau de decharge. 


a discharge pipe. 


un tuyau de vapeur. 


a steam pipe. 


un tuyau dUxtraction. 


blow-off pipe. 


typhon, m. 


typhoon. 




U. 


uniforme, ;;/. 


uniform. 


us (les) et coutumes de la 


{ usages of the sea. 

I naval ways and customs. 


mer. 


usure,/ 


wear and tear. 




V. 


vadrouille,/ 


mop. 


va-et-vient, m. 


rocket apparatus, hauling line. 


v^gMe,/. 


wave, billow. 


rencontrer la vague. 


to breast the waves. 


vaguemestre, m. 


postman (in army or navy only). 


vaigrage, m. 


ceiling. 


vaigre,/ 


inner bottom plating. 


la vaigre bretonne. 


spirketting. 


vaigrer. 


to place the inner bottom 




plating. 


vaisseau, m. 


ship, vessel. 


le vaisseau amiral. 


the flag ship. 


un vaisseau ecole. 


a training ship. 


■ un vaisseau ecole dei 


r a drill ship, a gunnery ship. 



canonmers. 
un vaisseau hopital. 
un vaisseau de ligne. 
un vaisseau a 

auxiliaire. 
le vaisseau de droite. 
le vaisseau de gauche, 
le vaisseau de tete. 



a hospital ship, 
a line of battle ship, 
machine a vessel with auxiliary 
screw, 
the starboard wing ship, 
the port wing ship, 
the leader of a column. 



VAISSEAU— VARIABLE. 



409 



le vaisseau de queue. 

un vaisseau stable. \ 

un vaisseau qui porte bien 
la toile. ) 

sur nion vaisseau. 

a bord des vaisseaux 
Frangais. 

vaisseau en armement, 

vaisseau de sa majeste. 
valet (w.) (d'etabli, ;;/.). 
vanne, /. 
vapeur, / 

unefuite de vapeur. 

une machine a vapeur. 

a la vapeur. 

la navigation a vapeur. 

couper la vapeur. 

aller a toute vapeur. 

la vapeur est etranglee. 

r etranglement {?/i.) de la 
vapeur. 
vapeur, m. 
varangue, / 

varangues acculees. 
varech, m. 
variation, /. 



the rear ship, 
a stiff ship. 

in my ship. 

on board French ships. 

ship in comt?iission. 

Bis Majesty's ship, H.M.S. 
carpenter's dog. 
sluice valve, 
steam. 

a leakage of steam. 

a steam engifie. 

by steam. 

steam navigation. 

to shut offsteafn. 

to steam full speed. 

the steam is wire-drawn. 

2vire-drawi?ig of steam. 

steamer. 

floor plates, floor timbers. 

risifig floor. 
sea-weed, sea-wrack grass, 
compass error. 



Noter que I'expression fran9aise, 
Variation 

devient en anglais, 

Compass error 

la variation par un azimut. 
la variation par V amplitude 
du soleil. 
variable, m. and / 



D^clinaison ± Deviation, 

Variation ± Deviation. 

variation by azifnuth. 
variation by amplitude. 

variable. 



4IO 



VARNETTE — VENT. 



varnette, / {also warnette). 
vase, /. 
vedette, / 
veille ! 

une ancre de veille. 

Phomme de veille. 
veiller. 

veiller bien. 

faire veiller constamment. 

velture, / 
vent, m. 

au vent. 

du cote du vent. 

le cote du vent, 
le cote sous le ve?it. 
la position du vent. 
Hre vent devant. 

etre debout au vent. 
sous le vent, 
une terre sous le vent, 
avoir le desavantage du vent, 
ravantage {m.) du vent, 
gagner la position du vent, 
la position sous le vent, 
avoir le vent sous vergues. 
arrets par des vents co?i- 

traires. 
defie du vent I 
s'elever dans le vent, 
disputer le vent. 



drift net. 

mud, sea ooze. 

picket boat. 

look out ! watch there, watch ! 

a sheet anchor. 

the look out man. 
to be on the look out, to 

watch. 

to keep a good look out. 

to maintain a constant 
watch. 
a quarter seizing, 
wind, gale. 

to windward^ a-iveather. 

weatherly^ on the weather 
side. 

t/ie weatJier side. 

the lee side. 

the weather gage. 

to be in stays, to be hove ifi 
stays. 

to be in stays. 

on the lee, to leeward. 

a lee shore. 
. to have the lee gage. 

the weather gage. 

to gain the wind. 

the lee-gage. 

to scud. 
- to be wind bound. 

don^t let her shake ! 

to work to windward. 

to strive for the weather 



VENT. 



411 



au vent a nous. 

avoir vent arriere. \ 

inettre le vent dans les 

voiles, 
avoir du vent dans les 

voiles {argot). 
monter au vent. 
un bon vent. 

un grand vent. \ 

mi vent a capeyer, ) 

un vent de travers. 
un vent traversier. 
un vent debout. 
un vent droit debout. 
un vent du large, 
un vent largue. 

un vent grand largue. 
un vent portant. 
line saute de vent, 
un vent maniable. 
un vent chaud. 
uu vent fait, 
un ventfroid. 
un vent niou et variable. 

un vent humide. 
vents periodiques. 
un vent piquant, 
un ve?it sec. 
un vent de Nord. 
un vent d^Est. 
un vent de Sud. 
un vent d^ Quest. 



to windzvard of us. 
to go before the ivind. 
both sheets aft, 
to fill the sails. 

to be three sheets in the 

wind {slang), 
to work to windward, 
a fair wind. 

a high wind. 

wind abeam. 

a leading wind. 

a head wind. 

wind in tJie teeth. 

a sea wind. 

wind on the beain^ a leading 

wind, 
wind on tlie quarter. 
a leading wind, 
a shift of ivind, 
a 7noderate gale, or wind. 
a warm wind. 
a steady wind. 
a cold wind, 
light., shifti?ig, and unsteady 

wind, 
a damp wind, 
periodical winds, 
a biting wind, 
a dry wind, 
a northerly wind. 
an easterly wind, 
a southerly wind, 
a westerly wind. 



412 



VENT. 



un vent de Nord Quest j 

{prononcer no-roi). | 

tin vent de Nord Est 

{prononcer no-rat), 
un vent de Sud Est 

{prononcer su-ai). 
un vent de Sud Quest 

{prononcer su-roi) 
le vent est franc est {sound 

the '' f' in est), 
les vents alizes. 
un vent de terre. 
evite au vent, 
d^oic vient le vent ? 
le vent a molli. 
le vent a tourne. 
le vent redescend. 
le vent refuse, 
le vent sefait. 
le vent est tombe. 
le vent mugit. 
le mugissement du vent. 
le vent souffle en cote, 
le vent vient de la terre. 
ilfait un vent a decorner 

les boeufs. 
le vent souffle par rafales, 
ilva venter dur. 
il vente dur. 
il vente frais. 
le vent souffle droit debout. 

le vent vient du travers. 
le vent est entre deux ecoutes. 
le vent est droit derriere. 



a north wester. 

a north westerly wind. 

a ftorth easterly wind. 

a south easterly wind. 

a south westerly wind. 

the wind is due east. 

the trade winds. 

a land wind. 

wind rode. 

how is the wind ? 

the ivind has lulled. 

the wind has veered. 

t/ie wind is backing. 

the wind draws forward. 

the wind is getting up. 

the wind has dropped. 

the wind howls. 

the roaring of the wind. 

the wind is on shore. 

the wind is off shore. 

it is blowing great guns. 

the wind blows in gusts. 

it is going to blow hard. 

it is blowing hard. 

it is blowing fresh. 

the wind is blowing dead on 

end. 
the wi?id is abeam, 
the wind is dead aft. 
the witid is right aft. 



VENT— -VERGUE. 



413 



NOTATION DES VENTS. 


WIND NOTATION. 


0. Calme. 


0. Calm. 


I. Presque calme. 


I. Light air. 


2. Faible brise. 


2. Light breeze. 


3. Petite brise. 


3. Gentle breeze. 


4. Jolie brise. 


4. Moderate breeze. 


5. Bonne brise. 


5. Fresh breeze. 


6. Forte brise. 


6. Strong breeze. 


7. Grand frais. 


7. Moderate gale. 


8. Coup de vent. 


8. Fresh gale. 


9. Tempete. 


9. Strong gale. 




10. Whole gale. 




II. Storm. 




12. Hurricane. 



En Fran9ais il n'y a pas de 
7ohole gale, storm, et hurricane, 
le No. 10 par grande tempete, 
peuvent fort bien se rendre par 



notation speciale pour les mots 
mais rien n'empeche de traduire 
tandis que storm et hitrricane 
le mot ouragan. 



venter. 

venteux. 

ventilateur (w.) centrifuge. 

ventilation,/ 

verge, /. (d'une ancre). 

vergue,/ 

U7ie basse vergue. 

line vergue d!hu7ie. 

une vergue de cacatois. 

la vergue harrie. 

la vergue du petit hunter. 

la vergue du petit perroquet. 

la vergue du petit cacatois. 

la grande vergue. 

la vergue du grand hunier. 

la vergue du grand perroquet, 

la vergue du grand cacatois. 

la vergue du perroquet de 
fougue. 



to blow. 

breezy, squally, windy. 

blast engine. 

ventilation. 

the shank (of an anchor). 

yard. 

a lower yard. 

a top sail yard. 

a royal yard. 

the cross jack yard. 

the fore top sail yard. 

the fore top gallant yard. 

the fore royal yard. 

the main yard. 

the mai?t top sail yard. 

the 7nain top gallant yard. 

the main royal yard. 

the mizen top sail yard. 



414 



VERGUE — VIGIE. 



la vergue de per ruche. 

la vergue du cacatois de 

perruche. 
le bout de vergue. 
la garniture d'une vergue. 



the mizen top gallant yard, 
the mizen royal yard. 

the yard arm. 

the rigging of a yard. 



les suspentes (/.) d'une vergue. the slings of a yard. 



brasser les vergues. 
greer une vergue. 
degreer une vergue. 
dresser les vergues. 
deborder les vergues. 
les vergues sent en pan- 

tenne. 
sur les vergues I 
sous vergues {a bord). 



to brace the yards. 

to send up a yard. 

to send down a yard. 

to square the yards. 

to sway the yards. 

the yards are a-peak. 

the yards are topped awry. 

lie out I man the yards I 

F. O.B. {free on board). 



verificateur {m.) des douanes. a jerquer (of customs). 



jack, lifting jack. 

a hydraulic Jack. 
binnacle lamp. 
Lloyd's office (in England). 

Lloyd's agent. 

worm-eaten. 

vernier. 

the arrow of the vernier. 



verm, m. 

un verin hydraulique. 
verine, / 
Veritas (le bureau) (en 

France). 

un agent du Veritas. 
vermoulu, w., vermoulue,/ 
vernier, m. 

le zero du vernier. 
verres {m>) colores du sextant, dark glasses, 
verrou (w.) de s^rete d'une safety wedge of a torpedo. 

torpille. 
versant, m. 
vide, m. 

vide {adjective)^ m. and/, 
vider. 

vider Veau d'un canot. 
vigie,/ 

etre en vigie. to be at the mast head 



water-shed, 
vacuum. 

empty. 
to bale out. 

to bale out a boat. 
the look-out. 

to be at the mast 
{patching). 



VIGIE — VISSER. 



415 



oh! de la vigie! 

Vhomme de vigie. 
vire-lof, vi. 

violons {m. pi.) du beaupre. 
virer. 

vire un bon coup I 

virez I 

virer au cabestan. 

virer vent devant par la 
contremarche. 

virer vent devant tout a la 
fois, 

lent a virer, 

virer facilement. 

virer de bord. 

virer vent devant. 

virer de bord lof pour 
lof. 

virer lof pour lof tout a la 
fois. 

virer lof pour lof en mas- 
quant partout. 

virer le cable* 

manquer a virer. 
vireur (le) de la tourelle. 
virure, / 
vis/ (sound the "j"). 

une vis de pointage. 

une vis de rappel. 

la vis de culasse. 

line fermeture a vis. 
viser. 

visiter un navire. 
visser. 



mast head, there 1 

the mast head man. 
horse (for yard). [sprit), 

the beesblocks (of the bow- 
to heave, to heave away, to 

put about. 

heave a strain I 

heave in I 

to heave in at the capstan. 

to tack in succession. 

to tack together. 

slack in stays. 

to be smart in stays. 

to go about^ to put about. 

to tack. 

to wear. 

to wear together. 

to boxhaul by wearing short 
rou?id. 

to shorten in cable. 

to miss stays. 
turret turning gear, 
strake. 
screw (for screwing). 

elevating screw of gun. 

tangent screw. 

the breech screw. 

a screw-down valve. 
to aim, to take aim. 
to overhaul a ship, 
to screw. 



4i6 



VITESSE — VOILE 



Vitesse,/ 

la Vitesse du navire. 

augmenter de vitesse» 

diminuer de vitesse. 

demi vitesse. 

a toute vitesse. 

en avantj toute vitesse ! 

en arriere^ toute vitesse I 

les essais de vitesse. 

la vitesse sur la base. 

la vitesse aux essais. 

la vitesse initiate. 

la vitesse d^un projectile. 

la vitesse restante d'un 
projectile. 

la vitesse au choc. 
vivier (d'un bateau de peche). 
vivres, m. pi. 
vogue-avant, m. 
voie d'eau, / 

faire une voie d'eau. 

aveugler une voie d'eau. 
voie-lactee,/ 

voila ! {^oir " bien mon- 
sieur," "bien capitaine," 

P- 327- 
voile,/. 
'voile ! 

voiles de Vavant. 
les basses voiles, 
voile de fortune, 
voiles de cape, 
voiles goelettes. 
a voiles goelettes. 
voiles latines. 



rate, speed, velocity. 

the rate of sailing. 

to increase the speed. 

to slacken speed. 

half speed. 

full speed. 

full speed ahead I 

full speed astern ! 

speed trials. 

speed on measured mile. 

trial speed. 

initial velocity. 

the velocity of a projectile. 

the striking velocity of a 
projectile. 

the velocity on impact. 
well (of a fishing boat), 
victuals, victualling, 
bow oar. 
a leak, a leakage. 

to spring a leak. 

to stop a leak. 
the milky way. 
aye, aye ! 



sail. 
sail ho I 
head sails, 
courses, 
spinnaker, 
storm sails, 
gaff sails, try sails, 
fore and aft rigged, 
lateen sails. 



VOILE. 



417 



voiles d!etai. 




stay sails. 




la grancTvoile. 


the main sail. 


la grand'voile d'etat. ) 
la pouillousse. ) 


main stay sail. 


une voile a hour cet fixe. 


a standing lug. 


une voile a bourcet gam- 


a dipping lug. 


biyant. 




une voile a livarde. 


a sprit sail. 


une voile a houari. 


a shoulder of mutton sail. 


une voile carrie. 


a square sail. 


une voile aurique. 


afore and aft sail. 


une voile d'itai. 


a stay sail. 


une voile de rechange. 


a spare sail. 


une voile en ralingue. 


a sail shaking. 


une voile diralinguee par 


a sail blown out from the 


un coup de vent. 


bolt rope. 


de la toile a voiles. 


sail cloth. 


Pamure, f. 




the tack \ 




la chute 




the leech 




le creux 


^ 


the belly 




les ecoutes^f. 


5 

5j 


the sheets 


•\ 


lefond 




the foot 


-I 


lelof 


^ 
^ 


the luff 




les points d!ecoutes 




the clews 




le sein 




the bunt 




la titi^re 




the head 




amener une voile. 


to lower a sail. 


augmenter de voile. 


to clap on canvas. 


changer une voile. 


to gybe a sail {purposely)^ to 




shift a sail. 


coiffer une voile. 


to gybe a sail {accidentally). 


deverguer une voile. 


to ufibend a sail. 


deventer une voile. 


to take the wind out of a 




sail, to spill a sail. * 


diminuer de voile. 




to shorten sail. 





27 



4i8 



VOILE — VOLEE. 



enverguer une voile, 
etablir une voile, 
etre sous voile, 
etre toutes voiles dehors, 
/aire voile, 
mettre a la voile 



\ I 



f aire force de voile, 

une voile quifasie, 
kisser une voile, 
larguer une voile, 
voiles larguees en banihres. 



to bend a sail. 

to set a sail. 

to lie under canvas. 

to carry whole canvas. 

to sail {to depart). 

to set sail (to depart). 
{ to lie under a press of canvas. 
I to carry a press of canvas. 

a sail lifting. 

to hoist a sail. 

to loose a sail. 

sails loosed to dry, and 
hauled out to a bowline. 



voiles larguees stir 


les 


sails loosed to dry^ with 


cargues. 




bunt lines hauled up. 


masquer une voile. 




to back a sail. 


mettre toutes voiles dehors. 


to unfurl all sail. 


orienter les voiles. 




to trim the sails. 


les voiles s'abritent. 




the sails becalm each other. 


saluer avec une voile. 




to strike a sail (as a salute). 


serrer les voiles. 




to take in the sails. 


voiler. 




to rig. 


voile. 




rigged. 


etre trop voile. 




to have too much canvas. 


voilerie, / 




sail loft. 


voilier, m. (ouvrier). 




sail-maker. 


voilier, m. {navire). 




sailer^ sailing ship. 


un bon voilier. \ , . . 
^ ... \ {navire) 
unfin votlter. J 


a good sailer. 


a clipper^ a fast sailer, a 






weatherly ship. 


voilure, /. 




complete suit of sails, the rig. 


Stablir la voilure. 




to make all plain sail. 


quelle est la voilure du 


navire under what sail is the ship 


en vue ? 




in sight .? 



volee (/) d'un canon. 



the chase of a gun. 



VOLET — ZENITHAL. 



419 



volet {m.) a coulisse, 
voute, /. 

voyage {m.) par mer, or sur 

mer. 

un voyage de long cours. 
vrac (en). 

charge en vrac. 



louvre (for ventilator), 
counter (of vessel), 
voyage. 

an ocean voyage. 
in bulk, 
laden in bulk. 



Les marins se servent plutot des termes en pagale et en grenier 
que des mots en vrac. Cette expression est le terme usuel du 
commerce. 



vue (en). 

navire en vue I \ 

voile en vue I J 

a perte de vue. 

le navire etait a perte de vue, 
a portee de la vue. 
perdre de vue. 
perdre la terre de vue. 



in sight. 

sail ho I 

further than th^ eye ca?i see, 

very far off. 
the ship lay land to. 
within sight, 
to lose sight of 
to lose sight of land. 



Y. 



yac, w., or yak anglais. 

yacht, m. 

yard, m. (mesure) 

yole,/. 

la yole du commandant. 
youyou, m. 



the Union Jack. 

yacht. 

yard (measure). 

galley, gig. 

the captain^ s galley. 
dinghy. 



zenith, m. 

zenithal, m., zenithale,/ 
la distance zinithale. 



zenith, 
zenithal. 

the zenith distance. 



420 



ZERO — ZONE. 



zero, m. 

le zero du limbe {sextant). 
' le zero du vernier* 

ziro I {en gouvernant). 
zodiaque, m. 



zero. 

the zero of the arc {sextant), 
the arrow of the vernier, 
helm amidships I 

zodiac. 



LES SIGNES DU 


ZODIAQUE. THE SIGNS OF 


THE ZODIAC 


Aries. 


le Bdier. 


Ram. 


Taurus. 


le Taureau. 


Bull. 


Gemini, 


les Gimeaux, m. pi. 


Twins. 


Cancer. 


le Cancer^ r Ecrevisse,/. 


Crab. 


Leo. 


le Lion. 


Lion. 


Virgo. . 


la Vierge, 


Virgin. 


Libra. 


la Balance. 


Balance. 


Scorpio. 


le Scorpion. 


Scorpion. 


Sagittarius. 


le Sagittaire. 


Archer. 


Capricornus. 


le Capricorne. 


Goat. 


Aquarius. 


le Verseau. 


Water Bearer. 


Pisces. 


les Poissons, m. pi. 


Fishes. 


zodiacal, w., zodiacale,/ zodiacal. 




la lumiere zodiacale. the zodiacal , 


light. 



zone. 

la zone torride. 
la zone temperee du nord. 
la zone temperee du sud. 
la zone glaciale arctique. 
la zone glaciale antarctique. 
la zone des calmes. 

la zone des vents variables, 
la zone des alizis. 



zone. 

the torrid zone. 

the North temperate zone. 

the South temperate zone. 

the North frigid zone. 

the South frigid zone. 

the equatorial calms, the 

doldrums, 
the region of the variables, 
the trade wind belts. 



TABLES. 



TABLES. 



French Metric System of Weights and Measures. 

The system is decimal throughout 

The basis of the system is the mltre^ which is equal to 
39*3708 inches. The mitre is divided into ten parts, called 
dkunltres ; each decimltre into ten parts, called centimetres ; 
and each centimetre into ten parts, called millimetres. There- 
fore, I metre =10 decimetres = 100 centimetres = 1000 milli- 
metres. 

Square and cubic measures are derived from the metre. 
The sub-divisions of the square and cubic measures are the 
same as for the linear metre^ but naturally 

I square metre = 100 square decimetres. 

„ „ = 10,000 „ centimetres. 

„ „ = 1,000,000 „ millimetres. 

I cubic ♦ „ = 1,000 cubic decimetres. 

„ „ = 1,000,000 „ centimetres. 

n ♦, =^ 1,000,000,000 „ millimetres. 

The litrCy used for measures of capacity, is equal to the 
contents of a cube whose side is i decimetre long. There- 
fore, a cubic decimetre is the same as i litre (not quite an 
English quart). 

The gramme, which is the unit of weight, is equal to the 
weight of one cubic centimetre of pure water at the tempera- 
ture of 4 degrees centigrade, weighed in Paris. 

To form multiples, the words deca (10), hecto (100), kilo 
(1000), myria (10,000), are prefixed to the names of the 
particular measure. Thus kilogramme = looo grammes ; 
myriametre = 10,000 metres. For the sub-multiples, the 
Krords dtci {■^), centi (yj^), niilH (ywiy)* are used in the 
same manner as the multiples, e.g. dkUitre =yV of a litre; 
centigramme = j^ of a gramme. 



TABLES. 423 

In French arithmetic, decimal fractions are written as 
follows: If there is a whole number before the decimal 
fraction, a comma^ and not a point, separates the two, e.g. 
37,412 must be read trente-sept^ quatre cent dotize milliemes^ 
and not, as in English, ' thirty-seven, decimal four hundred 
and twelve.' If there is no whole number, a o must always 
take its place ; thus, "075 must be written 0,075, and read, 
soixante-quinze milliemes. When a particular unit is used, 
the initial letter, or the first two or three letters of its name, 
are written at the right-hand top side of the whole number 
or o, e.g. : 

IS*"". 25 = quinze metres vingt-cinq centimetres. 

22m.q o72i=vingt-trois metres carres, sept cent vingt-et-un cen- 
timetres Carres. (N.B. q stands for the old vfoxd qua7'r^, 
now carrd. ) 

17"™-'=, 123456789 = dix-sept metres cubes, cent vingt-trois millions 
quatre cent cinquante-six mille sept cent quatre-vingt-neuf 
millimetres cubes. 

3o'^- = trente hectares. 

ygkm. — soixante-quinze kilometres. 

75kii. = sQjxante-quinze kilogrammes. 

1254*^^^,75 = douze cent cinquante-quatre francs soixante-quinze 
(centimes). 



424 



TABLES. 



> 8 

b 



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w O ON 

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O C< r^ U-) _ p< o 
ppppc<f>.y^»-» 
bobbbcir-sir) 



s : 



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cjoo ooo a\ON>Hio 

CONOO OOO CNONi-i 

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8 



o o o o 



N N O 



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P_i OOi-ii-^^O Ot^t^ 



OOO 



t^ ^ O t^ 
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^ On CO t^ O t^ ON 
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CO lO CO >-i vo 

p CO yn CO w 

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OC<t^OiOi-iiO 
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II II II II 



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3 3. I 
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TABLE& 



425 




O 00 Tl- N « 
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0*00 Tf 
On 00 



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II 5Q56oQ«ox 
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^^ vn t>^ Tf 

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O 00 ■^ r^ 
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r4< O O 00 



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CO 



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TO vo CO C< 

C/2 



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"} •^j-CO^ co-^-ooc. _ 
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426 



TABLES. 



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liMi VO N t-H N 00 fOOO ■"too w ir> 0\ ro t^OO ^j-oO t^ »0 f^ « 


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w N CO Tf ^O 


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iOO»OOi'^0"^»-'VOi-«Mro rt-vO r^OO ON O N •^^O CO O 
t-^iOM p f^V'^r* P f^jop ^Op y^P y^P ^ J-" ,<N f<^ ^^'p 
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w N ro^^vo r.00 C^O O O ^ O O O O O § g |^|g 


•sjjTsnb 


OM»-ii-iMNC*1POtO rfOO N mONfOt~>.'-i "^Cn r^vO m fO 
OOvO'^NOOO^"^MOO'-<'-'>-'NMfOMfOr>>.wu^>ON 

oo r^^ v^ .-* r^ r P p^^o ^ :* r* P <» ^ .■* p P P r r^ ? 
0'-'c<roo'-'M"corob«Mcobb«Ncobbbbb 


'Sie2 


0000'-''«"«»*«N ■*vO 00 t-i CO lO t^ C^ M rf ^ 00 O 

M HI W l-l •_■ C^ t^VO 00 «-" 


OJUt 

S3j;iq 


M C c^^^vo t.00 CO o o O O O O O gg g g g g 


■spj'eX 


Tt t^ 1- VOOO C^ vo a\ coo COOMOMOO rj-i-i t^COt^O fOt>^ 
ON M C< lOOOOO M O tM>.V0M O N OM>^voM -^00 CO 1^ w 
O ■* »O00 HH Pivo t^O cot^Hi toiH rlrQO M vO C< •* tN. ON W 


•sajira 


OiiiHMCOfO'*'* VOVO NOO tJ-i-i t^COO\w^N TJ-vO 00 O 
*■* w M CO CO ^d- •'^ lOvO N 00 "«^ w 


o?ui 
•suio[t;)j 


M N CO^^OVO r.O0 OVO O O O O O O O O g g g |g 


'spjci 


O •-• C< CO -^ vovo t-*00 ONOO DO t>xVO \0 vo T^ -^ to t^ O '^00 


o;ui 


M « co^^nvo ..00 CO O ^^O^ o^ g^g g g |g 



TABLES. 



427 



TABLE in. 

Comparison of English | Comparaison des mesures 
WITH Metrical Weights anglaises avec les poids 



AND Measures. 



ET mesures DU systems 
M^TRIQUK 



Measures of Length (Mesures de longueur). 



Inch (pouce) 

Foot (pied) 

Yard 

Fathom (brasse) 

Pole or Perch (54 yards) 
Furlong (220 yards) ...... 

Mile (1,760 yards) 



0*0254 metres. 

0-30479 » 

0-91438 M 

1-82877 » 

5-02911 „ 

201-16437 „ 
1609-31 



Square Measures (Mesures de superficie). 

Yard = 0-83610 square metres. 

l^od = 25-29194 „ 

Rood (1,210 square yards) = 10-11677 „ „ 

Acre (4,840 square yards) = 0-40467 hectare 

Cubic Measures (Mesures de capacity). 



Pint (J of gallon).... 
Quart (j of gallon) . 
Imperial Gallon .... 

Peck (2 gallons) 

Bushel (8 gallons) ., 

Sack (3 bushels) 

Quarter (8 bushels) . 
Chaldron (12 sacks) 



0*5679 litre. 
I -1359 

4-543458 M 

9-086916 „ 
36-34766 „ 

I -09043 hectolitre 

2-90781 
13 08516 



oz. 



Grain (-yV dwt.) 
Pennyweight (-^V ^^. 
Ounce (t^ lb. troy).. 
Pound (5,760 grs.) .. 

Dram (^ oz.) 

Ounce 

Pound (7,000 grs.) .. 

Cwt. (112 lbs.) 

Ton (20 cwt.) 



Weights (Poids). 



6*479895 centigrammes 
1*555175 gramme. 
31-103496 
373-241948 
I -771846 
28-349540 
453-592645 
50*802 kilogrammes. 

1016*048 M 



428 



TABLES. 



TABLE IV. 



English Coins and Bank- 
notes. 

Monnaies anglaises et billets de 
banque. 



Gold. 
Sovereign, £i 
Half-sovereign, 



Silver. 

Crown, 5 J 

Half-crown, 2s. 6d. 

Florin, 2s 

Shilling, IS 

Sixpence, 6d. , 

Fourpence, 4</. .... 
Threepence, 3<af. ..., 



frcs. 

25 
12 



cts. 
00 
50 



25 

125 

50 

25 

60 

40 
30 



Copper. 

Penny, id. 

Half-penny, \d. 
Farthing 



Notes. 






10 





05 





025 


125 


00 


250 


• 00 


1250 


* 00 


2500 


• 00 


25000 


• 00 



French Coins and 


Bank- 




NOTES. 








Monnaies fran^aises et billets de 


banque. 








Gold. 


£• 


s. 


d. 


Piece de 100 frcs. ... 


4 





0+ 


i „ 50 » ... 


2 





0+ 


„ 40 „ ... 


I 


12 


of 


„ 20 „ ... 





16 





10 „ .. 





8 





>» 5 " 





4 


of 


Silver. 








Piece de 5 frcs. . . . 





4 





„ 2 „ ... 


c 


I 


74 


1 T 

»> * » 


c 





9f 


„ 0-50 „ ... 


c- 





Ai 


Copper. 








10 centimes 








I 


c .. 


n 





oh 

•2 


2 » 








I „ 








•I 



Notes. 

50 francs 2 

100 „ 4 

200 „ 8 

500 „ 20 

1000 „ 40 



£s 

;^lo 

;^5o 

;^I00 

;^IOOO 

N.B. — The above equivalent values are only approximate, for the 
sovereign, at mint par, is worth 25*22 frcs. 

When changing English money into French, it is then well to bear 
in mind that the rate of exchange is nearly always in favour of English 
money. The sovereign frequently fetches 25*25 frcs., and even as much 
as 25*37 frcs., though sometimes it falls much below mint par. 



t Scarcely ever seen. 



TABLES. 429 

TABLE V. 

The English Barometric Scale in French Millimetres. 

Conversion du barom^tre anglais en millim^trks. 

English Barometer. French Barometer. 

BaromHre anglais. BaromUre francais. 

31 inches 787 39 millimkres. 

30-9 ,. 784*85 

308 , 782-31 

307 » 77977 

30*6 „ 777-23 

30-5 » 774-69 

30-4 n 772-15 

30-3 .. 769-61 

30*2 , 76707 

30-1 » 764-53 

30 » 761-99 

29'9 » 75945 

29-8 , 756-91 

297 M 754'37 

29-6 ,, 751-83 

29-5 " 749-29 H 

29-4 746-75 

29-3 M 744-21 « 

29-2 741-67 I. 

29-1 » 739-13 

29 ,, 736-59 

28*9 , 734-05 

28-8 „ 731-51 

287 „ 728-97 

28-6 „ 726-43 

28-5 „ 72389 

28-4 „ 721-35 

28-3 „ 718-81 

282 „ 7x6-27 »» 

28-1 „ 713-73 

28 » 71119 

27-9 708-65 

27-8 „ 70611 " 

277 70357 

27-6 „ 701-03 '» 

27-5 .» 698-49 

27-4 » 695-95 

27-3 » 693-41 

27-2 „ 690-87 »' 

27-1 ,» 688*33 

27 M « 685-78 



430 TABLES. 



TABLE VI. 
The Thermometers. | Thermometres. 

The Centigrade thermometer is universally used by scien- 
tific men, and it is the scale most generally employed on the 
continent. The Germans call it the ' Celsius thermometer.' 

The Reaumur scale is principally used in Russia. In 
these two scales the freezing point is denoted by o, and the 
boiling point respectively by loo and 80. Therefore, 100 
degrees Centigrade = 80 degrees Reaumur =180 degrees 
Fahrenheit. 

As the indications of the Fahrenheit scale begin at 32 
degrees, and not at zero, we must remember that in convert- 
ing from degrees Fahrenheit to Centigrade or Reaumur, 32 
degrees must first be subtracted; whilst when we convert 
degrees Centigrade or Reaumur into Fahrenheit, 32 degrees 
must be added after the multiplication and division have 
been made. 

It is important to remember that, since 100 degrees Centi- 
grade =80 degrees Reaumur = 180 degrees Fahrenheit, 

5 degrees Centigrade 
= 4 Reaumur 

= 9 Fahrenheit. 

Example I. Express 59° Fahrenheit into Centigrade. 
9 * 5 : • (S9 - 32) : Answer, that is, 5Ji^7 = ig© Cent. 

Example II. Express 95° Fahrenheit into Reaumur. 

9:4:: (9 5-32): Answer, that is, ^~^ = 28° Reaumur. 



TABLES. 431 

Example III. Express 28° Reaumur into Fahrenheit. 

4:91:28: Answer, that is, ^^^ = 63, to which add 32 
= 95° Fahrenheit. ^ 

Example IV. Express 25** Centigrade into Fahrenheit 

5 : 9 : : 25 : Answer, that is, ^^^ = 45, to which add 32 
=.77° Fahrenheit. 

Example V. Express 25° Centigrade into Reaumur. 
5:4:: 25 : Answer, that is, ^^^^ = 20° Reaumur. 

Example VI. Express 28° Reaumur into Centigrade. 

4 : 5 : : 28 : Answer, that is, 5Jii? = 35° Centigrade. 

4 

N.B. — If the number of degrees Fahrenheit to be converted 
into degrees of the other scales happened to be below 32, 
the results obtained would be negative, that is, below o. 

Example VII . Express 23° Fahrenheit into Centigrade. 
9 • 5 - (23 - 32) : Answer, that is, 5JiIz9) = - 5° Cent 



N.B. — See next page for a Table of the most common 
degrees of Fahrenheit into degrees of the Centigrade scale. 



432 



TABLES. 
TABLE VIL 



Fahrenheit Degrees into 
Centigrades. 



DEGRfis Fahrenheit en 
centigrades. 



Fahrenh. 


Centigrade. 


Fahrenh. 


Centigrade. 


Fahrenh. 


Centigrade. 


- IO° 


— 23°33 


34° 


I°ii 


7Z'' 


25^56 


— 9 


— 2278 


35 


1-67 


79 


2611 


— 8 


— 22*22 


36 


2-22 


80 


26-67 


- 7 


— 21-67 


37 


2-78 


81 


27-22 


— 6 


— 2III 


38 


3'33 


82 


27-78 


- 5 


— 20-56 


39 


3-89 


^Z 


28-33 


— 4 


— 20 -oo 


40 


4 "44 


84 


28-89 


- 3 


— 19-44 


41 


5-00 


85 


29-44 


— 2 


- 18-89 


42 


5-56 


86 


30-00 


- I 


— 18-33 


43 


6-11 


^7 


30-56 


o 


— 17-78 


44 


6-67 


88 


3111 


I 


— 17-22 


45 


7-22 


89 


31-67 


2 


- 16-67 


46 


7-78 


90 


32-22 


3 


— i6-ii 


47 


8-33 


91 


32-78 


4 


- 15-56 


48 


8-89 


92 


33 '33 


5 


— 15-00 


49 


9 '44 


9Z 


33-89 


6 


— 14-44 


50 


10-00 


94 


34-44 


7 


- 13 89 


51 


1056 


95 


35*00 


8 


— 13-33 


52 


nil 


96 


35-56 


9 


— 12-78 


53 


.11-67 


97 


36-11 


lO 


— 1222 


54 


12-22 


98 


36-67 


II 


— 11-67 


55 


12-78 


99 


37-22 


12 


— ii'ii 


56 


13-33 


loo 


37-78 


13 


— 1056 


57 


13-89 


lOI 


38-33 


14 


— 10-00 


58 


14-44 


102 


38-89 


15 


— 9-44 


59 


15-00 


103 


39*44 


16 


- 8-89 


60 


15-56 


104 


40-00 


17 


- 8-33 


61 


16-11 


105 


40-56 


18 


- 7-78 


62 


16-67 


106 


41-11 


19 


— 7-22 


63 


17-22 


107 


41-67 


20 


— 667 


64 


17-78 


108 


42-22 


21 


— 611 


65 


i8'33 


109 


42-78 


22 


- 5-56 


66 


18-89 


no 


43*33 


2J 


- 5-00 


67 


19-44 


III 


43-89 


24 


— 4 '44 


68 


20-00 


112 


44-44 


""I 


- 389 


69 


20-56 


113 


45-00 


26 


- 3-33 


70 


2111 


114 


45*56 


^l 


— 278 


71 


21-67 


"5 


46-11 


28 


— 2-22 


72 


22-22 


116 


46-67 


29 


- 1-67 


73 


22-78 


117 


47-22 


30 


— Ill 


74 


23-33 


118 


47-78 


31 


— 0-56 


75 


23-89 


119 


48-33 


32 


— 0-00 


76 


24-44 


120 1 


48-89 


33 


0-56 


77 


25-00 


121 ' 


49*44 



TABLES. 



433 



TABLE VIII. 



English Fathoms into Metres. 
Brasses anglaises en metres. 



1 fathom = I 829 metre. 

2 fathoms = 3 "658 metres. 



3 '. 


, = 5-487 „ 


4 , 


, = 7-316 „ 


5 , 


, = 9'i45 ,» 


6 , 


, =10974 ,, 


7 . 


= 12803 ,, 


8 , 


, =14*632 ,, 


9 , 


, =16-461 ,, 


10 , 


, =18-290 ,, 



II fathoms = 20*119 metres. 



[2 
13 
14 
15 
16 

17 
18 

19 
20 



= 21-948 
= 23777 
= 25-606 

= 27-435 
= 29-264 
= 31-095 
= 32922 

= 34751 
= 36-580 



TABLE IX. 

Metres into English Fathoms, 

MfeTRES en brasses ANGLAISES. 



1 metre =0-54 fathom. 

2 metres =1-08 , , 



3 

4 

5 
6 

7 
8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14 
15 



= 1-62 „ 
= 2- 16 fathoms. 

= 270 ,, 

= 3'24 „ 

= 3-78 „ 

= 4-32 ,, 

= 4-86 „ 

= 5*40 ,, 

= 5*94 „ 

= 6-48 „ 

= 7 '02 ,, 

=7-56 „ 

= 8-io „ 



16 metres = 8*64 fathoms. 



17 
18 

19 
20 

21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 



28 



= 9-i8 
= 9-72 
= 1026 
= 10-80 
= 11-34 
= 11-88 
= 12-42 
= 12-96 

= 13-50 
= 14-04 
= 14-58 
= 15-12 
= 15-66 
= 1620 



434 

Talle X. 



TABLES. 




5 m.. S'SS-m. ^SOm. ZTS 



4*2 5-m. A'SOyn. A'TS- 



B 

O Ml. 

4- 

+ 




►I^ 



A 




) 



4*2 5*, 

4- 
+ 

r2s„ 

4 



5-25-m, 5-A7«. Srs-^. 



6^. 6-^5^«.. <J-^^m. <575-m 



4- + 



«-25m S*SO^ S'/S, 



L,D. 



TABLES. 435 



(TABLE X. 

Tide Signals in French Harbours. 

The height of the tide is indicated, in all the French ports 
of the Channel and Atlantic coasts, by means of flags, and 
balls hoisted on a mast crossed by a yard. 

1. A white flag, with black cross, at the mast-head (fig. A) 
denotes " high water." 

2. A black pendant above a white flag crossed with 
black from corner to corner (fig. B) denotes that the tide 
is rising. 

3. A black pendant below the same flag (fig. C) denotes 
that the tide is falling. 

These signals are used when there are 2 metres (about 
6 ft. 6 in.) of water in the channel. 

4. The height of the tide is also indicated in metres, and 
fractions of metres, by means of black balls. 

(a) A ball placed at the intersection of the mast and 
yard, indicates a depth of 3 metres. 

(If) Every ball placed below this one adds i metre, 
and every ball placed above the one at the inter- 
section of the mast and yard, adds 2 more metres. 

(c) A ball placed on the left side of the yard, as seen 
from seaward, adds 25 centimetres (J of a metre), 
and a ball placed on the right side of the yard, 
adds 50 centimetres (| a metre). 

5. A red flag at the mast-head denotes that the state of 
the tide is such that a vessel cannot enter. At night, two 
red lights are used instead of the red flag. 



436 



TABLES. 



TABLE XL 



Abbreviations and Signs 
USED ON Admiralty Charts. 

Nalure ofbottotn — Nature dufond. 

CI. clay — argile. 

Crl. coral — corail, madrepores. 

g. gravel — gravier. 

c. g. coarse gravel — gros gravier, 

gy. grd. gray ground — fond gris. 

in. mud — vase. 

blk. m. black mud — vase noire. 

b. m. blue mud — vase bleue. 
br. m. brown mud — vase grise. 
gn. m. green mud — vase verte. 
h. m. hard mud — vase dure. 
sft. m. soft mud — vase molle. 
y. m. yellow mud — vase jaune. 
oz. ooze — vase molle. 

oyst. oysters — huitres. 

peb. pebbles — cailloux. 

r. rock — roche. 

s. sand — sable. 

blk. s. black sand — sable noir. 

br. s. brown sand — sable gris. 

c. s. coarse sand — gros sable. 
f. s. fine sand — sable fin. 

w. s. white sand — sable blanc. 

sh. shells — coquilles. 

brk. sh. broken shells — coquilles 

brisees. 

St. stones — pierres. 
wd. weeds — herbiers. 



Abreviations et Signes 

usites sur les cartes 

fran^aises. 

Nature dufond — Nature of bottom. 

arg. argile — clay. 

cail. cailloux — pebbles. 

gr. cail. gros cailloux — large pebbles. 

pet. cail. petits cailloux — small 

pebbles. 
coq. coquilles — shells. 

coq. br, coquilles brisees — broken 

shells. 
cor. corail — coral. 

G^' gravier— gravel. 

G^- gr- gros gravier — coarse gravel. 
Herb. herbiers — weeds. 
Mad. madrepores — coral - madre- 
pore. 
Pi. pierres — stones. 

R, roches — rocks. 

R. 7nad. roches madreporiques — 

coral reefs. 
S. sable — sand. 

S. bl. sable blanc — white sand. 
S. f. sable fin — fine sand. 
S. g. sable gris — brown sand. 
Qs. s. gros sable — coarse sand. 
S. n. sable noir — black sand. 
S. V. sable vaseux — sandandmud. 

V. vase — mud, ooze. 

Vg. vase grise — brown mud. 

V. j. vase jaune — yellow mud. 

V. m. vase molle — soft mud. 

V. n. vase noire — black mud. 



Abbreviations. 

Arch''' archipelago — archipel. 

Bk. bank — banc. 

B. bay — baie. 

C. cape — cap. 

Ch. chaimel — canal, chenal, 

d^troit. 



Abreviations. 

Arch. archipel — archipelago. 

Be- baie — bay. 

B. banc — bank. 

C. cap — cape. 

Don. declinaison — variation. 





TABLES. 


Cr. 


creek— crique. 


Ddt. 


G. 


gulf— golfe. 


Ec. 


Hd. 


head — pointe, promontoire, 


F. d. 




cap. 


Ff. 


Hr, 


harbour — port. 


F. Set- 


I. or Is 


island, isles — ile, iles. 


F. t. 


L. 


lake— lac. 


Fl. 


Lt. F. 


fixed light. 


G. 


Ll.Jl. 


flashing light. 


L or Is. 


Lt. Int. 


intermittent light. 


Mt. 


Lt. Rev 


. revolving light. 


pte. 


Mt. 


mountain — montagne. 


pt. 


Mths. 


mouths (of a river) — bouches 


Ric. 




(d'un fleuve). 


R. 


Pk. 
pt. 


peak — pic. 
point — pointe. 


T. 


P. 


port— port. 




Pd. 


position doubtflil — position 
douteuse. 




R. 


river — fleuve, riviere. 




Rf. 


reef— recif. 




R. 


rock— roche. 




Sh. 
Sd 


shoal— haut-fond. 
sound — detroit, passage. 




Str. 


strait — detroit. 




Varn. 


variation — declinaison. 





437 

detroit — strait. 

ecueil — shelf. 

feu a eclats. 

feu fixe. 

feu scintillant. 

feu tournant. • 

fleuve — river. 

golfe — gulf. 

ile, iles — island, isles. 

montagne — mountain. 

pointe — point. 

port — port, harbour, haven. 

recif — reef. 

riviere — tributar}'. 

terre — land. 






100 or 300 



Signs. 

anchorage for large ves- 
sels — mouillage pour 
grands navires. 

anchorage for small ves- 
sels — mouillage pour 
petits navires. 

doubtful bank — banc dou- 
teux. 

no bottom found at 
depths indicated — pas 
de fond trouve a la 
profondeur indiquee. 

current — courant. 

flood tide stream — cour- 
ant de flot. 

ebb tide stream — courant 
de jusant. 

race — ras. 



)^ 



SiGNES. 

banc douteux — doubtful 
bank. 

>►-> courant — current. 
ar-> courant de flot — flood tide 

stream. 
— > courant de jusant — ebb 
tide stream. 
»■•-« /p jjx ecueil dont la position est 
\,.' douteuse: shelf, the 

position of which is 
doubtful. 
»'"'; 5 _y-. ecueil douteux — doubtful 
V,'"^"'"!"- shelf. 

100 or 200 P^' ^^, ^T^ *!:°^y^ f ^^ 
protondeur mdiquee — 

no bottom found at 

depth indicated. 



438 



TABLES. 






doubtful rock — roche 

douteuse. 
rock awash at low water 

— roche a fleur d'eau. 
rocks with less than 6 feet 
. of water over them — 

roches sur lesquelles il 

y a moins de 6 pieds 

d'eau. 
rock which covers and 

uncovers — roche qui 

couvre et decouvre. 
. -J vigia (doubtful shelf) ! 
"'"■ look out ! — vigie (ecueil 

douteux) ! ouvre I'oeil ! 



i 
8 



'*: ? or+ 



mouillage — anchorage. 

roche couverte a une 
profondeur inconnue — 
rock covered to an 
unknown depth. 

rocher douteux — doubtful 
rock. 
^ vigie ! ouvre I'oeil ! — 
vigia ! look out ! 



TABLES. 



439 



TABLE XIL 
Alphabetical Lists of Initial Letters assigned to 

THE VARIOUS PORTS OF ENGLAND, WaLES, SCOTLAND, 

Ireland, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, 
AND Denmark, for the Purposes of Registry 
OF Sea Fishing Boats, under the North Sea 
Fisheries Convention. 



ENGLAND AND WALES. 



AB. 


Aberystwith. i 


LN. 


BE. 


Barnstaple. 


MN. 


BW. 


Barrow. 


MT. 


BS. 


Beaumaris. 


MH. 


BK. 


Berwick. 


M. 


BD. 


Bideford. 


NE. 


BN. 


Boston. 


NN. 


BL. 


Bristol. 


NT. 


CF. 


CardifiF. 


PZ. 


CA. 


Cardigan. 


PH. 


CO. 


Carnarvon. 


PE. 


CK. 


Colchester. , 


P. 


CS. 


Cowes. 


R. 


DH. 


Dartmouth and Brixham. 


RR. 


DL. 


Deal. 


RX. 


DR. 


Dover. 


SS. 


FH 


Falmouth. 


SH. 


FMor 




SN. 


F. 


Faversham. 


SSS. 


FD. 


Fleetwood. 


SM. 


FE. 


Folkestone. 


SU. 


FY. 


Fowey. 


SD. 


GY. 


Grimsby. 


SA. 


HL. 


Hartlepool (West). 


WS. 


HH. 


Harwich, 


WY. 


H. 


Hull. 


WN. 


IH. 


Ipswich. 


WI. 


tR. 


Jersey. 


WE. 


Lancaster. 


YH. 


LL 


Littlehampton. 


CT. 


LL. 


Liverpool. 


DO. or 


LA. 


Llanelly. 


PL. 


LO. 


London. 


RY. 


LI. 


Lowestoft. 





Lynn. 

Maldon. 

Maryport. 

M iddlesbo rough. 

Milford. 

Newcastle. 

Newhaven. 

Newport. 

Penzance. 

Plymouth. 

Poole. 

Portsmouth. 

Ramsgate. 

Rochester. 

Rye. 

St. Ives. 

Scarborough. 

North Shields. 

South Shields. 

Shoreham. 

Southampton. 

Sunderland. 

Swansea. 

Wells. 

Whitby. 

Whitehaven. 

Wisbeach. 

Woodbridge. 

Yarmouth. 

Castletown ^ 



y Douglas. 
Ramsay 



Isle of Man. 



440 


TABLES. 






SCOTLAND. 




A. 
AA. 


Aberdeen. 
Alloa. 


KL. 
orK. 


- Kirkwall. 


AH. 


Arbroath. 


LH. 


Leith. 


AD. 


Ardrossan. 


LK. 


Lerwick. 


AR. 


Ayr. 


ME. 


Montrose. 


BF. 


Banff. 


OB. 


Oban. 


BRD. 


Broadford. 


PEH. 


Perth. 


CN. 


Campbeltown. 


PD. 


Peterhead. 


CY. 


Castlebay. 


RO. 


Rothesay. 


DE. 


Dundee. 


SMH 


St. Margaret's 


GW. 


Glasgow. 


SY. 


Stornoway. 


GH. 


Grangemouth. 


SR. 


Stranraer. 


GN. 


Granton. 


TN. 


Troon. 


GK. 


Greenock. 


UL. 


Ullapool. 


INS. 


Inverness. 


WK. 


Wick. 


KY. 


Kirkcaldy. 

IREL 


AND. 




BA. 


Ballina. 


LY. 


Londonderry. 


B. 


Belfast. 


N. 


Newry. 


CE. 


Coleraine. 


S. 


Skibbereen. 


C. 


Cork. 


SO. 


Sligo. 


DA. 


Drougheda. 


T. 


Tralee. 


D. 


Dublin. 


W. 


Waterford. 


G. 


Galway. 


WT. 


Westport. 


U 


Limerick. 

FRAI 


WD. 

VCE. 


Wexford. 



French ports are arranged under five heads called arrondissenients, 
*' districts." Each arrondissement comprises a certain number of ports 
on the French coast. 
The 1st arrondissement liegins at Dunkerque and ends at Cherbourg. 



Regneville , , Concarneau. 

Lorient ,, Noirmoutiers. 

He d'Yeu ,, Bayonne. 

Port Vendres, and comprises all the 
the Mediterranean Sea, and those of 



2nd 

,, 3rd 

,, 4th 

,, 5th 
French ports on the coast of 
Corsica and Algeria. 

N.B. — When two or more ports have the same letter they belong to 
different ay-rondissements. These arrondissements will be indicated by 
a figure between brackets, and the ports on the Algerian coast by the 
letters Alg. also between brackets. 



A. 


Agde (5). 


A. 


Auray (3). 


A. 


Alger (Alg.). 


AB. 


L'Abervorach (2 


A. 


Audierne (2). 


AB. 


Bonifaccio (5). 







TABLES. 


441 


ik 


Ajaccio (5). 




LC. 


Le Conquet (2). 


Antibes (5). 




LH. 


La Hougue (i). 


AR. 


Aries (5). 




LI. 


Libourne (4). 


B. 


Bastia (5). 




LR. 


La Rochelle (4). 


B. 


Bone(Alg.). 




LS. 


Les Sables d'Olonne (4) 


B. 


Bordeaux (4). 




LT. 


La Teste de Buch (4). 


B. 


Boulogne (i). 




M. 


Marennes (4). 


B. 


Brest (2). 




M. 


Martigues (5). 


BA. 


Bayonne (4), 




M. 


Morlaix (2). 


BC 


Calvi (5). 




MA. 


Marans (4). 


BI. 


Belle-Ile (3). 




MA. 


Marseille (5). 


BI. 


Binic (2). 




N. 


Nantes (3). 


BIR. 


He Rousse (5). 




N. 


Narbonne (5). 


BSF. 


St. Plorent (5). 




NI. 


Nice (5). 


C. 


Caen ( I). 




NO. 


Noirmoutiers (3). 


c. 


Camaret (2). 




0. 


Oran (Alg. ). 


c. 


Cette (5). 




P. 


Paimboeuf (3). 


c. 


Croisic (3). 




P. 


Paimpol (2). 


CAL. 


Calais (I). 




P. 


Philippeville (Alg. ). 


CAN. 


Cancale (2). 




P. 


Port Vendres (5). 


cc. 


Concarneau (2). 




PC. 


Pauillac (4). 


CH. 


Cherbourg ( i ). 




Q. 


Quimper (2). 


CN. 


Cannes (5). 




R. 


Rochefort (4). 


CO. 


CourseuUes (i). 




R. 


RoscofF (2). 


D. 


Douarnenez (2). 




R. 


Rouen(i). 


D. 


Dunkerque (l). 




R.G. 


Regneville (2). 


DI. 


Dieppe (I). 




RGcIe 


Royan (4). 


DIN. 


Dinan (2). 




St. B. 


St. Brieuc (2). 


F. 


Fecamp (i). 




St.G. 


St. Gilles sur Vic (4). 


G. 


Granville (2). 




St.M. 


St. Malo (2). 


G. 


Gravelines ( i ). 




St. N. 


St. Nazaire (3). 


G. 


Groix (3). 




St.T. 


St. Tropez (5). 


H. 


Havre(i). 




st.vc 


St. Valery en Caux (1). 


HO. 
I. 


Honfleur(i). 
Isigny (i). 




St. \ 

vss. j 


St. Valery sur Sonime ( i ) 


ID. 


He d'Yeu (4). 




T. 


Toulon (5). 


10. 


He d'Oleron (4). 




T. 


Treguier (2). 


JR. 


He de Re (4). 




T. 


Treport (i). 


L. 


Lanion (2). 




TR. 


Trouville. 


L. 


Lorient (3). 




V. 


Vannes (3). 


LC. 


La Ciotat (5). 




VM. 


Menton (5). 






BELGIUM. 




A. 


Anvers (Antwerp). 




OD. 


Oostduinkerke. 


B. 


Blankenberghe. 




0. 


Ostende. 


H. 


Heyst. 




P. 


La Panne. 


N. 


Nieuport. 









442 



TABLES. 



AK. 

AL. 

ALK. 

AM. 

ARM. 

AV. 

AW. 

BAA. 

BAR. 

BC. 

BH. 

BI. 

BIE. 

BIW. 

BK. 

BKH. 

BL. 

BLO. 

BOR. 

BR. 

BRU. 

BU. 

BZ. 

CG. 

CLN. 

CP. 

CZ. 

DD. 

DRE. 

DS. 

DV. 

DZ 

EB. 

EE. 

EG. 

EH. 

EWD. 

EZ. 

FL. 

FR. 

GA. 

GD. 

GG. 

GM. 

GO. 



HOLLAND. 




Andijk. 


GOE. 


Goes. 


Ameland. 


GRA. 


Grauw. 


Alkmaar. 


GRO. 


Groningen. 


Amsterdam. 


GS. 


Gasselte. 


Arnemuiden. 


GT. 


Grafhorst. 


Avenhorn. 


HA. 


Harlingen. 


Aengwirden. 


HAL. 


Halsteren. 


Baarland. 


HAS. 


Hasselt. 


Barradeel. 


HB. 


Het Bildt. 


Bovenkarspel. 


HD. 


Hardinxveld. 


Brouwershaven. 


HD. 


Helder. 


Bridle. 


HL 


Hindeloopen. 


Biervliet. 


HK. 


Harderwijk. 


Broek in Waterland. 


HL. 


Hemelumer Oldephaert 


Boschkapelle. 




en Noordwolde. 


Berkhout. 


HN. 


Hoorn. 


Blankenham. 


HO. 


Hoogeveen. 


Blokzijl. 


HOE. 


Hoedekenskerke. 


Borssele. 


HOK. 


Hoek. 


Breskens. 


HON. 


Hontenisse. 


Bruinisse. 


HP. 


Hoofdplaat. 


Bunschoten. 


HR. 


Herkingen. 


Bergen op Zoom. 


HS. 


Haamstede. 


Callantsoog. 


HT. 


Heenvliet. 


Clinge. 


HV. 


Hellevoetsluis. 


Colijnsplaat. 


HVH. 


Hoek van Holland 


Cadzand. 




(Gravenzande). 


Dordrecht. 


HVL. 


Hoogvliet. 


Dreischor. 


HW. 


Hoogwoud. 


Doornspijk. 


HZ. 


Huizen. 


Deventer. 


IJM 


IJmuiden (Velsen). 


Delfzijl. 


IJS. 


IJsselmuiden. 


Elburg. 


IL. 


Ilpendam. 


Eenrum. 


KB. 


Krabbendijke. 


Egmont aan Zee. 


KD. 


Kattendijke, 


Enkhuizen. 


KE. 


Kerkwerve. 


Ellewoutsdijk. 


KH. 


Kolhorn (Barsingerhorn). 


Ezinge. 


KK. 


Kondekerke. 


Finsterwolde. 


KL. 


Klundert. 


Franeker. 


KN. 


Kruiningen. 


Gaasterland. 


KO. 


Koc^ aan de Zaan. 


's Gravendeel. 


KP. 


Kampen. 


Geertruidenberg. 


KU. 


Kuinre. 


Genemuiden. 


KW. 


Katwijk. 


Goedereede. 


LE. 


Lemsterland, 





TABLES. 




LM. 


Landsmeer. 


SIL. 


Schoterland ] 


LP. 


Loppersum. 


STO. 


Stoppeldijke. 


LS. 


Leens. 


SV. 


Stavenisse. 


LW. 


Leeuwarden, 


SVG. 


Sas van Gent. 


MA. 


Maassluis. 


TB. 


Ten Boer. 


MD. 


Middelharnis. 


TD. 


Tietjerksteradeel. 


ME. 


Medemblik. 


TH. 


Tholen. 


MG. 


Middelburg. 


TS. 


Terschelling. 


MK. 


Marken. 


TX. 


Texel. 


ML. 


Maasland. j 


UD. 


Utingeradeel. 


MO. 


Monnikendam. 


UK. 


Urk 


MP. 


Meppel. 1 


UQ. 


Usquert. 


MU. 


Muiden. 


V. 


Veen. 


NB. 


Nieuw-Beijerland. 


VD. 


Volendam (Edam). 


ND. 


Nieuwe Niedorp. 


VE. 


Veere. 


NL 


Nieuwendam. 


VL. 


Vlaardingen. 


NK. 


Nijkerk. 


VLI. 


Vlissingen. 


NV. 


Nieuw-Vossemeer. 


VLL. 


Vlieland. 


NW. 


Noordwijk. 


VN. 


VoUenhoven. 


NZ. 


Ter Neuzen. 


WAN. 


Wanneperveen. 


OD. 


Ouddorp. 


WAR. 


Warder. 


OH. 


Oosthuizen. 


WB. 


Wij mbritseradeel. 


OK. 


Ouwerkerk. 


WDN. 


Wij denes. 


OL. 


Oostdongeradeel. 


WF. 


Wervershoof. 


OO 


Oosterland. 


WFD. 


Wolfaartsdijk. 


OS. 


Ossenisse. 


WIN. 


Winkel. 


OV. 


Oud-Vossemeer. 


WK. 


Workum. 


OWS. 


Oost en West Souburg. 


WL. 


Westdongeradeel. 


OZ. 


Oostzaan. 


WM. 


Willemstad. 


PL 


Philippine. 


WMD 


. Wimeldinge. 


PR. 


Pernis. 


WMH 


. Warmenhuizen. 


PS. 


Sint-Philipsland. 


WOE. 


Woensdrecht. 


PV. 


Poortvliet. 


WON. 


Wonseradeel. 


PU. 


Putten. 


WR. 


Wieringen. 


RD. 


Ransdorp. 


WRW 


'. Wieringerwaard. 


RL. 


Rilland. 


WU. 


Wilsum. 


RO. 


Rotterdam. 


WV. 


Wildervank. 


RP. 


de Rijp. 


YE. 


Yerseke. 


SAL. 


Sint-Annaland. 


YT. 


Ylst. 


SCH. 


Scheveningen ('s Graven- 


ZA. 


Zaandam. 




hage). 


ZD. 


Zuidwolde. 


SDM. 


Schiedam. 


ii^- 


Zijpe. 


SH. 


Schellinkhout. 


Zoutkamp (Ulrum) 


SL. 


Stellendam. 


ZL. 


Zwaluwe. 


SMA. 


SmalHngerland. 


ZO. 


Zoutelande. 


SMD. 


Sint. Maartensdijk. 


ZS. 


Zwartsluis. 


SML 


Smilde. 


i zv. 


Zandvoort. 


SNE. 


Sneek. 


1 zw. 


Zwartewaal. 


SP. 


Spaarndam. 


zz. 


Zierikzee. 


ST. 


Stavoren. 







443 



444 



A. 

AI.' 

AS. 

E. 

F. 

FN. 

H. 

HG. 

ID. 

K. 

KR. 

L. 

LN. 

M. 

MT. 

N. 



AB. 
AC. 
AD. 
AE. 
AF. 
AG. 

it 

AN. 

AO. 

AR. 

AS. 

AT. 

AU. 

AV. 

AW. 

AX. 

AY. 

AZ. 

BB. 

BV. 

BX. 

HC 



DENMARK. 




Aalborg. 


NF. 


Nykjobing (Falster). 


Akureyri. 


NG. 


Nyborg. 


Aarhus. 


O. 


Odense. 


Esbjerg. 


R. 


Ribe. 


Fano. 


RI. 


Ringkjobing. 


Frederikshavn. 


RK. 


Reykjavik (Iceland). 


Helsingfor. 


RO. 


Roune. 


Hjorring. 


RU. 


Rudkjobing. 


Isafjord. 


S. 


Skugen. 


Kjobenhavn (Copen- 


SD. 


SeydisQord. 


hagen). 


SE. 


Svaneke. 


Korsor. 


SG. 


Svendborg. 


Lemvig. 


T. 


Thisted. 


Lokken. 


TN. 


Thorshavn (Faroe 


Marstal. 




lands). 


Middelfart. 


V. 


Varde. 


Nakskov. 






GERM 


[ANY. 




Bensersiel. 


HF. 


Finkenwarder. 


Carolinensiel. 


HH. 


Hamburg. 


Leer. 


LF. 


Finkenwerder. 


Emden. 


LK. 


Liibeck. 


Friedrichsschleuse. 


OB. 


Brake. 


Greetsiel. 


OE. 


Elsfleth. ' 


. ^ist. 


OO. 


Oldenburg. 


; ^angevog. 


OW. 


Wangeroog. 


Norderney. 


PC. 


Branze-am-Elbe. 


Oldersum. 


PG. 


Gustemunde. 


Rhaudernioor. 


SA. 


Amrum. 


Spiekeroog. 


SB. 


Blankenese. 


Terborg. 


SC. 


Brisum. 


Balkum. 


SD. 


Altona. 


Norden. 


SE. 


Elmshorn. 


Wilhelmshaven. 


SG. 


Gluckstadt. 


Borkum. 


SH. 


Husum. 


Norddeich, 


SK. 


Keitum. 


Neuharlingersiel. 


SM. 


Muhlenberg. 


Bremen. 


SP. 


Pellwaren. 


Vegesack. 


SR. 


Kirkeby-am-Romo. 


Bremerhaven. 


SW. 


Wyk-am-Fohr. 


Cuxhaven. 


SY. 


Teufelsbruck. 



Is- 



TABLES. 445 



TABLE XIII. 

The New International Code, compulsory since 
Jan. 1ST, 1902. 

The flags given in this table are those of the New Inter- 
national Code. This code, which has been optional since 
the beginning of the new century (1901), became compulsory 
on Jan. ist, 1902. 

The old code is therefore quite obsolete. 

The international code is used by the ships of all maritime 
nations, and is, in fact, the first and best international 
language ever invented. 

The letters C and D, when used alone, stand respectively 
for 'assent' and 'negative,' C being 'yes,' and D, 'no.' 

The code signal, when used as such, is hoisted under the 
flags, but when used as 'answering pendant' is hoisted 
above them. 



446 



TABLES. 



ToclleXIY. 



Code and Ansv/erind 
Signal^ ami otop. 



^ 



C aract e r isli cju-e" 
Aper^vt'ct Turret. 




TABLES. 447 



TABLE XIV. 

International Code. 

Distant Signals. 

When the distance is so great that the colours of flags 
cannot easily be made out, the signals given in this table 
can be used with great advantage. This code is charac- 
terised by a ' black ball,' which serves also as ' answering ' 
signal and ' stop.' 

These signals not being so frequently used as the flag 
signals, it has not been thought necessary to effect any 
change in them, and, in consequence, they remain un- 
altered. 

The four signals given at the bottom of the plate are 
special signals. They are easily made. A hat or a cap may 
stand for the ball, and a piece of stuff, or a plank, may easily 
be made to represent either the square flag, or pendant. 

Signal I means : " You are running into danger." 

,, 2 ,, : "Fire, or leak, want immediate assist- 
ance." 
„ 3 „ : " Short of provisions, starving." 
„ 4 „ : " Aground, want immediate assistance." 



448 

TableXV. 



TABLES. 




L.J?. 



TABLES. 449 



TABLE XV. 
The Semaphore. 

The French semaphore, now so very generally used, 
consists in a mast provided with three long movable 
wooden arms, represented in the upper part of the plate. 

The semaphore is employed in a variety of ways, and has 
been adapted to the international code. When used in 
connection with this code, the characteristic of this mode 
of communication is the large black disc with a white rim, 
seen on the top of the mast. According to their position 
the arms stand for a ' pendant,' a * ball,' or a ' square flag.' 

Inclined downwards at 45° the arm stands for a ^ pendant.^ 
„ upwards „ 45° „ „ 'squareflag: 

and when horizontal „ " „ ' da//.' 

The semaphore is extremely useful, not only because it 
is seen farther than any flag, but also because the signals 
can be made much more quickly than in any other manner. 

JV.B. — No alteration has been made in the semaphore 
signals used in connection with the International Code. 



29 



450 



TABLES. 



TctiUXVJ. 




2. 







6. 




TABLES. 451 

TABLE XVI. 

Weather Signals. 

The probable weather is indicated by cones and drums, 
in day time, or by lanterns at night. The cones are 3 ft. 
high, and the diameter of the base is also 3 ft. 



Day Signals. 

The cone with the point downwards (No. i) indicates 
probable strong winds, at first from the southward (from 
S.E. round by S. to N.W.). 

The cone with the point upwards (No. 2) indicates strong 
winds, probably from the northward (from N.W. round by 
N. to S.E.). 

The cone, point downwards, with drum over it (No. 3) 
indicates a gale, probably from the southward, whilst No. 4 
indicates a gale probably from the northward. 



Night Signals. 

At night the cones are represented by lanterns fixed on a 
triangular frame (Nos. 5 and 6). Lanterns of any colour 
may be used, provided they are all of the same colour, but 
red is preferable. 

On the French coast certain signals are hoisted indicating 
the state of the weather in the offing. They are as 
follows : — 

A flag of any colour : doubtful weather, the barometer is 
inclined to fall. 



452 TABLES. 

Burgee^ of any colour : appearance of foul weather ; heavy 
sea ; barometer falling. 

Pendant^ of any colour : better appearance ; improving, 
barometer rising. 

Flag above burgee : the entrance of the port is getting 
dangerous. Beware ! 

Burgee above flag \ The lifeboat is going out to you. 

In fine settled weather no signal is made. 

N.B. — In England the drum is not used now, but it is 
still so in France and in Germany. 

In the latter country a black ball indicates an atmos- 
pheric disturbance. A red flag over the ball means " wind 
likely to veer," and two red flags over the ball, " wind likely 
to back." 

In France, telegrams are sent to all the ports when any 
dangerous atmospheric disturbance is likely to occur. The 
telegram is posted in the part frequented by seamen, and a 
cone hoisted at once. 



TABLES. 453 

TABLE XVIL 

Vessels' Lights as seen by the Lookout Man. 
(Refer also to Lights, p. 94.) 

1. Steamer under way, 'bows on.' 

2. „ „ head to ' starboard ' of you. 

3. „ „ „ 'port 'of you. 

4. Steamer towing another vessel, bows on. 

5. ,, ,, ,, when length of tow is 
over 600 ft. 

6. Vessel not under control. 

N,B. — If the vessel is making way she must carry, in 
addition, the green and red sidelights. 

7. Telegraph ship fwt under way. 

8. „ under way^ bows on. 

9. Sailing vessel (or steamer being towed), bows on. 

10. „ head to ' starboard ' of you. 

11. „ „ ' port ' of you. 

12. Steamer under 40 tons, under way. 

13. Vessel under oar or sail of less than 20 tons. 

14. Rowing boat. 

15. Sailing pilot. 

16. Steam pilot engaged on pilotage duty, but tiot making 
way. If making way carries the side lights. 

17. Vessel at anchor, under 150 ft. in length. 

18. „ „ over 

19. ,, aground in, or near a fair way. 

20. Drift net, and line fishing-boat, bows on. 

21. „ ,, ., head to 'port' of you. 

22. „ „ „ head to ' starboard ' of 

you. 

23. Steam trawler of 20 tons, or over, engaged in trawling. 

24. Sailing trawler. 



454 



TABLES. 



Tahuxvm. 



TUU I. 












10 




Gl 




11 



12 



L.D. 



TABLES. 455 

TABLE XVIII. 

Insignes des Grades dans la Marine anglaise. 
Plate I. 

No. I. 'Admiral of the fleet': i galon d'or tres large 
surmonte de 4 galons d'or plus etroits, dont le dernier 
forme une boucle. Cette boucle est la marque distinctive 
de tous les officiers de vaisseau, a partir du grade de 
' sub-lieutenant ' (enseigne). 

No. 2. 'Admiral': i galon d'or tres large surmonte de 
3 autres. 

No. 3. ' Vice-Admiral ' : i galon d'or tres large surmonte 
de 2 autres. 

No. 4. ' Rear- Admiral * : i galon d'or tres large surmonte 
de I autre. 

No. 5. ' Commodore ' : i galon d'or tres large et la 
boucle. 

No. 6. ' Captain ' : 4 galons ordinaires et la boucle. 

No. 7. 'Commander': 3 galons ordinaires et la boucle. 

No. 8. ' Lieutenant ' de huit ans de grade : 2 galons d'or 
ordinaires et un galon plus etroit entre les deux. 

No. 9. ' Lieutenant ' : 2 galons d'or ordinaires et la 
boucle. 

No. 10. 'Sub-lieutenant': i galon d'or ordinaire et la 
boucle. 

No. II. 'Midshipman': i morceau de drap blanc de 
chaque cote du collet. 

No. 12. 'Cadet': i ganse et un bouton de chaque cote 
du collet. 

Officiers de la Branche Civile. 

Les ' Engineers ' ont du drap violet entre les galons d'or. 

Les ' Naval Instructors ' ont du drap bleu entre les 
galons d'or. 

Les ' Medical Officers ' ont du drap rouge entre les 
galons d'or. 

Les ' Paymasters ' ont du drap blanc entre les galons d'or. 

Les galons portes par ces officiers sont toujours simples, 
et sans boucle. 



456 



TABLES. 



Ta.bLe XViri. 



PUte 11. 











L.R 



TABLES. 457 

TABLE XVIIL 

Badges of Rank in the French Navy. 

Plate II. 

No. I. ' Vice-Amiral' : 3 gold stars, and embroidery. 

No. 2. ' Contra- Amiral ' : 2 „ „ 

No. 3. ' Capitaine de vaisseau ' : 5 narrow gold lace 
stripes. 

No. 4. ' Capitaine de fregate ' : 5 narrow stripes, 3 gold 
ones, and 2 silver ones (a and b are silver stripes). 

No. 5. ' Lieutenant de vaisseau ' : 3 narrow gold lace 
stripes. 

No. 6. ' Enseigne ' : 2 narrow gold lace stripes. 

No. 7. 'Aspirant, i^'"*' classe': i narrow gold lace stripe. 

No. 8. 'Aspirant, 2^""" classe, i narrow gold lace stripe 
with parts of blue silk. 

Civilian Officers. 

* Mecaniciens,' purple velvet cuffs. 

' Medecins,' crimson ,, 

' Commissaires ' have silver lace stripes. 

JV.B. — There are no 'Naval Instructors ' in the French 
Navy, and the work of training French cadets devolves on 
executive officers, specially selected for the purpose. 



458 



TABLES. 



TABLE XIX. 



Corresponding Ranks 

IN THE 

English and French 

Navies. 



Rangs Correspondants 

DANS LES 

Marines anglaise et 
fran^aise. 



Executive Officers. 

Admiral of the fleet. 

Admiral. 
Vice- Admiral. 
Rear-Admiral. 
Commodore. 



Captain. 

Commander. 

Lieutenant. 

Sub-lieutenant. 

Midshipman. 

Naval Cadet afloat. 

Naval Cadet (in the 



Britannia "). 



Staff Captains. 
Staff Commanders. 



Officiers de vaisseau. 

Amiral de France (none at 
present). 

Vice-Amiral. 

Contre-Amiral. 

Chef de division (is a captain in 

France). 
Capitaine de vaisseau. 
Capitaine de fregate. 
Lieutenant de vaisseau. 
Enseigne. 

Aspirant de l^^^ classe. 
Aspirant de 2^^^ classe. 
Eleve de Marine (sur le Borda). 

No corresponding rank in France. 



Engineer Officers. 

Engineer-in-Chief of the Navy. 
Chief Inspector of Machinery. 
Inspector of Machinery. 
Fleet Engineer. 
Staff Engineer. 
Chief Engineer. 
Engineer. 
Assistant Engineer. 



Officiers M£caniciens. 

None. 

Mecanicien inspecteur en chef. 

Mecanicien inspecteur. 

Mecanicien en chef. 

None. 

None. 

Mecanicien principal de i^""® classe. 

Mecanicien principal de 2^"^*' classe. 



TABLES. 



459 



Medical Officers. 



Officiers du Corps de Sant^:. 



Director-General of the Medical 

Department of the Navy. 
Inspector-General of Hospitals and 

Fleets. 
Deputy Inspector - General of 

Hospitals and Fleets. 
Fleet Surgeon. 
Staff Surgeon. 
Surgeon. 
No corresponding rank in the 

English Navy. 



Inspecteur General du Service de 

Sante. 
Inspecteur du Service de Sante. 

Inspecteur adjoint. 

Medecin en Chef. * 

Medecin principal. 
Medecin de premiere classe. 
Medecin de 2®™® classe. 
Aide Medecin. 



Paymasters. 



Com MISS AIRES. 



Secretary to Admiral, 

Fleet Paymaster. 
Staff Paymaster. 
None. 
Paymaster. 
Assistant Paymaster. 
Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 



etc., and Commissaire general. 

Commissaire. 
Commissaire adjoint. 
Sous-Commissaire. 
Aide Commissaire. 
Eleve Commissaire. 
Commis du Commissariat. 



46o 



TABLES. 



TABLE XX. 

ENGLISH DISTINGUISH- PAVILLONS DISTINCTIFS 

ING FLAGS. ANGLAIS. 

[See Frontispiece —Plate /.] 



Royal Standard denotes the 

presence of the king, or of a 

member of his family, on 

board a vessel. 

Union Jack denotes— 

At the main — Admiral of the 

Fleet. 

,, fore— ship leaving, or 

entering harbour. 

,, mizen, or T j i • 

" A \ guard ship, 

yard arm, \ ^ ^ 

The Red Ensign denotes a mer- 
chant vessel. 

The White Ensign denotes a 
vessel belonging to the Royal 
Navy. 

The Blue Ensign denotes a mer- 
chant vessel belonging to the 
reserve, etc., etc. 

The Admiralty Flag denotes 
the presence of the Lords of 
the Admiralty. 

The Cinque Ports Flag is the 
flag of the Lord Warden of 
the Cinque Ports. 

Admiral Flags : in three-masted 
vessels all admirals display a 
white flag with St. George's 
cross, as follows : — 

Admirals, at the main ; Vice- 
Admirals^ at the fore ; Rear- 
Admirals, at the mizen. 

In boats or vessels with one mast. 

Admirals — white flag with St. 
George's cross. 

Vice-Admirals — the same, with 
one red ball in the white. 

Rear- Admirals — the same, with 
two red balls in the white. 
Commodores, hoist a swallow- 
tailed flag called * broad-pen- 
dant.' 



Etendard royal indique la 
presence, a bord d'un vaisseau, 
du roi, ou d'un membre de sa 
famille. 
Le Yac anglais indique — 

au grand mat — amiral de la flotte. 
au mat de misaine — vaisseau 
quittantle port ou entrant au port. 
Au mat d'artimon, 1 le station- 
ou au bout de vergue / naire. 

Le pavillon rouge indique un 
batiment de commerce. 

Le pavillon blanc indique un 
batiment de la marine royale. 

Le pavillon bleu indique un 

batiment de commerce de la 

reserve, etc., etc. 
Le pavillon de l'Amiraut^; 

indique la presence des Lords 

de I'Amiraute. 
Le pavillon des Cinq Ports, 

est le pavillon du gouverneur 

des Cinq Ports. 
Pavillons d'Amiraux : sur les 

vaisseaux a trois-mats tous les 

amiraux arborent un pavilion 

blanc avec la croix de St. 

Georges, com me suit : — 
les amiranx — aux grand-mat ; 
les vice-amiraux — :au mdt de mis- 
aine ; les contre amiranx — au mdt 
d'artimon. 
Dans les canots, ou vaisseaux a 

un mat. 
amiraux — pavilion blanc et croix 
de St. Georges. 

Vice-amiraux — le meme, avec 
un disque rouoe dans le blanc. 

Contre amiraux — le meme, avec 
deux disgues rouges dans le blanc. 
Chefs de division, arborent un 

pavilion en queue d'hirondelle 

appele broad pendant. 



TABLES. 



461 



PAVILLONS DISTINCTIFS 
FRANgAIS. 



FRENCH DISTINGUISHING 
FLAGS. 



Pavillon National, est arbore 
par tous les navires franfais : 
vaisseaux de guerre ou bati- 
ments de commerce. 
Si le president de la Republique 
est a bord d'un vaisseau, le pavilion 
national, portant en or, dans la 
partie blanche, les initiales du 
president, est arbore au grand- 
mat, si le vaisseau a troismats, ou 
au seul mat pour les vaisseaux 
n'ayant qu'un mat. 
MiNisTRE DE LA MARINE, arbore 
le pavillon national ordinaire 
de la meme maniere que le 
president. 
Amiral de France, arbore un 
pavilion portant, dans la partie 
bleue, deux batons en sautoir. 
Vice-Amiral, arbore un pavillon 
portant dans la partie bleue 
trois etoiles blanches en 
triangle. 
Contre-Amiral, arbore un 
pavillon portant dans la partie 
bleue deux etoiles blanches 
superposees. 
Sur les vaisseaux a deux mats le 
Contre-Amiral arbore son pavillon 
au grand mat. 

Guidons de chef de division. 
Le chef de division, com- 
mandant seul, arbore un 
guidon portant une etoile 
blanche dans la partie bleue. 
Le chef de division commandant 
en sous-ordre arbore un guidon 
portant une etoile bleue dans la 
partie blanche. 



National Flag, is flown by all 
French vessels, whether men- 
of-war or merchantmen. 

If the President of the Republic 
is on board a vessel, the national 
flag, bearing in gold, in the white 
stripe, the initials of the president, 
is displayed at the main if the 
vessel has three masts, or in the 
case of vessels with one mast, at 
the top of that mast. 
Minister of Marine, flies the 
plain national flag in the 
same manner as the president. 

Admiral of France, flies a flag 
with two crossed batons in 
the blue stripe. 

Vice- Admiral, flies a flag bearing 
in the blue stripe three white 
stars forming a triangle. 

Rear-Admiral, flies a flag bearing 

in the blue stripe two white 

stars placed one above the 

other. 

On board two masted vessels the 

Rear- Admiral hoists his flag at the 

main. 

Commodore's Burgees, a com- 
modore being first in com- 
mand flies a burgee bearing a 
white star in the blue stripe. 

A commodore, second in com- 
mand, flies a burgee bearing a blue 
star in the white stripe. 



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